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1.
Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol ; 10(11): 786-794, 2022 11.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2106221

Реферат

BACKGROUND: An increased prevalence of diabetic ketoacidosis at diagnosis of type 1 diabetes in children was observed in various diabetes centres worldwide during the COVID-19 pandemic. We aimed to evaluate trends in the prevalence of diabetic ketoacidosis at diagnosis of paediatric type 1 diabetes before and during the COVID-19 pandemic, and to identify potential predictors of changes in diabetic ketoacidosis prevalence during the pandemic. METHODS: For this international multicentre study, we used data from 13 national diabetes registries (Australia, Austria, Czechia, Denmark, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, New Zealand, Norway, Slovenia, Sweden, USA [Colorado], and Wales). The study population comprised 104 290 children and adolescents aged 6 months to younger than 18 years, who were diagnosed with type 1 diabetes between Jan 1, 2006, and Dec 31, 2021. The observed diabetic ketoacidosis prevalence in 2020 and 2021 was compared to predictions based on trends over the pre-pandemic years 2006-19. Associations between changes in diabetic ketoacidosis prevalence and the severity of the COVID-19 pandemic and containment measures were examined with excess all-cause mortality in the whole population and the Stringency Index from the Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker. FINDINGS: 87 228 children and adolescents were diagnosed with type 1 diabetes between 2006 and 2019, 8209 were diagnosed in 2020, and 8853 were diagnosed in 2021. From 2006 to 2019, diabetic ketoacidosis at diagnosis of type 1 diabetes was present in 23 775 (27·3%) of 87 228 individuals and the mean annual increase in the prevalence of diabetic ketoacidosis in the total cohort from 2006 to 2019 was 1·6% (95% CI 1·3 to 1·9). The adjusted observed prevalence of diabetic ketoacidosis at diagnosis of type 1 diabetes was 39·4% (95% CI 34·0 to 45·6) in 2020 and 38·9% (33·6 to 45·0) in 2021, significantly higher than the predicted prevalence of 32·5% (27·8 to 37·9) for 2020 and 33·0% (28·3 to 38·5) for 2021 (p<0·0001 for both years). The prevalence of diabetic ketoacidosis was associated with the pandemic containment measures, with an estimated risk ratio of 1·037 (95% CI 1·024 to 1·051; p<0·0001) per ten-unit increase in the Stringency Index for 2020 and 1·028 (1·009 to 1·047; p=0·0033) for 2021, but was not significantly associated with excess all-cause mortality. INTERPRETATION: During the COVID-19 pandemic, there was a marked exacerbation of the pre-existing increase in diabetic ketoacidosis prevalence at diagnosis of type 1 diabetes in children. This finding highlights the need for early and timely diagnosis of type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents. FUNDING: German Federal Ministry for Education and Research, German Robert Koch Institute, German Diabetes Association, German Diabetes Foundation, Slovenian Research Agency, Welsh Government, Central Denmark Region, and Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Diabetic Ketoacidosis , Adolescent , Child , Humans , Diabetic Ketoacidosis/diagnosis , Diabetic Ketoacidosis/epidemiology , Diabetic Ketoacidosis/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/complications , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Prevalence , Registries
2.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(21)2022 Nov 04.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2099538

Реферат

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases ranked first in terms of the number of deaths in Serbia in 2019, with 52,663 deaths. One fifth of those were from ischemic heart disease (IHD), and half of IHD deaths were from acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We present the ACS mortality time trend in Serbia during a 15-year period using the latest available data, excluding the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: The data on patients who died of ACS in the period from 2005 to 2019 were obtained from the National Statistics Office and processed at the Department of Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases of the Institute of Public Health of Serbia. Number of deaths, crude mortality rates (CR) and age-standardized mortality rates (ASR-E) for the European population were analyzed. Using joinpoint analysis, the time trend in terms of annual percentage change (APC) was analyzed for the female and male population aged 0 to 85+. Age-period-cohort modeling was used to estimate age, cohort and period effects in ACS mortality between 2005 and 2019 for age groups in the range 20 to 90. RESULTS: From 2005 to 2019 there were 90,572 deaths from ACS: 54,202 in men (59.8%), 36,370 in women (40.2%). Over the last 15 years, the number of deaths significantly declined: 46.7% in men, 49.5% in women. The annual percentage change was significant: -4.4% in men, -5.8% in women. Expressed in terms of APC, for the full period, the highest significant decrease in deaths was seen in women aged 65-69, -8.5%, followed by -7.6% for women aged 50-54 and 70-74. In men, the highest decreases were recorded in the age group 50-54, -6.7%, and the age group 55-59, -5.7%. In all districts there was significant decline in deaths in terms of APC for the full period in both genders, except in Zlatibor, Kolubara and Morava, where increases were recorded. In addition, in Bor and Toplica almost no change was observed over the full period for both genders. CONCLUSIONS: In the last 15 years, mortality from ACS in Serbia declined in both genders. The reasons are found in better diagnostic and treatment through an organized network for management of ACS patients. However, there are districts where this decline was small and insignificant or was offset in recent years by an increase in deaths. In addition, there is space for improvement in the still-high mortality rates through primary prevention, which at the moment is not organized.


Тема - темы
Acute Coronary Syndrome , COVID-19 , Myocardial Ischemia , Humans , Female , Male , Serbia/epidemiology , Acute Coronary Syndrome/epidemiology , Pandemics , Cohort Studies , Registries , Myocardial Ischemia/epidemiology
3.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(21)2022 Nov 02.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2099512

Реферат

We examined the all-cause and COVID-19-specific mortality among World Trade Center Health Registry (WTCHR) enrollees. We also examined the socioeconomic factors associated with COVID-19-specific death. Mortality data from the NYC Bureau of Vital Statistics between 2015-2020 were linked to the WTCHR. COVID-19-specific death was defined as having positive COVID-19 tests that match to a death certificate or COVID-19 mentioned on the death certificate via text searching. We conducted step change and pulse regression to assess excess deaths. Limiting to those who died in 2019 (n = 210) and 2020 (n = 286), we examined factors associated with COVID-19-specific deaths using multinomial logistic regression. Death rate among WTCHR enrollees increased during the pandemic (RR: 1.70, 95% CL: 1.25-2.32), driven by the pulse in March-April 2020 (RR: 3.38, 95% CL: 2.62-4.30). No significantly increased death rate was observed during May-December 2020. Being non-Hispanic Black and having at least one co-morbidity had a higher likelihood of COVID-19-associated mortality than being non-Hispanic White and not having any co-morbidity (AOR: 2.43, 95% CL: 1.23-4.77; AOR: 2.86, 95% CL: 1.19-6.88, respectively). The racial disparity in COVID-19-specific deaths attenuated after including neighborhood proportion of essential workers in the model (AOR:1.98, 95% CL: 0.98-4.01). Racial disparities continue to impact mortality by differential occupational exposure and structural inequality in neighborhood representation. The WTC-exposed population are no exception. Continued efforts to reduce transmission risk in communities of color is crucial for addressing health inequities.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , September 11 Terrorist Attacks , Humans , New York City/epidemiology , Registries , Pandemics
4.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0276806, 2022.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2098761

Реферат

BACKGROUND: Racial and ethnic disparities in COVID-19 outcomes exist, but whether in-hospital care explains this difference is not known. We sought to determine racial and ethnic differences in demographics, comorbidities, in-hospital treatments, and in-hospital outcomes of patients hospitalized with COVID-19. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This was a cohort study using MiCOVID-19, a multi-center, retrospective, collaborative quality improvement registry, which included data on patients hospitalized with COVID-19 across 38 hospitals in the State of Michigan. 2,639 adult patients with COVID-19 hospitalized at a site participating in the MiCOVID-19 Registry were randomly selected. Outcomes included in-hospital mortality, age at death, intensive care unit admission, and need for invasive mechanical ventilation by race and ethnicity. Baseline comorbidities differed by race and ethnicity. In addition, Black patients had higher lactate dehydrogenase, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, creatine phosphokinase, and ferritin levels. Black patients were less likely to receive dexamethasone and remdesivir compared with White patients (4.2% vs 14.3% and 2.2% vs. 11.8%, p < 0.001 for each). Black (18.7%) and White (19.6%) patients experienced greater mortality compared with Asian (13.0%) and Latino (5.9%) patients (p < 0.01). The mean age at death was significantly lower by 8 years for Black patients (69.4 ± 13.3 years) compared with White (77.9 ± 12.6), Asian (77.6 ± 6.6), and Latino patients (77.4 ± 15.5) (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 mortality appears to be driven by both pre-hospitalization clinical and social factors and potentially in-hospital care. Policies aimed at population health and equitable application of evidence-based medical therapy are needed to alleviate the burden of COVID-19.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Adult , Humans , Child , Ethnicity , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Whites , Hospitalization , Registries
5.
Crit Care ; 26(1): 335, 2022 10 31.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2098416

Реферат

BACKGROUND: Early public-access defibrillation (PAD) effectively improves the outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA), but several strategies implemented to prevent the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) could decrease the availability of PAD and worsen outcomes after OHCA. Previous studies have reported conflicting findings, and there is a paucity of nationwide observations. This study aims to investigate the impact of COVID-19 on PAD and OHCA outcomes using a nationwide OHCA registry in Japan, where PAD is well-documented. METHODS: This secondary analysis of the All-Japan Utstein Registry, a prospective population-based nationwide registry of OHCA patients, included patients aged ≥ 18 years with bystander-witnessed OHCA and an initial shockable rhythm who were transported to medical facilities between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2020. The analytical parameters of this study were the proportion of patients who underwent PAD and patients with one-month survival with favorable neurological outcomes, defined as a cerebral performance category score of 1 or 2. We compared the data between 2019 and 2020 using a multivariable logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: During the study period, 1,930,273 OHCA patients were registered; of these, 78,302 were eligible for the analysis. Before the COVID-19 pandemic, the proportion of OHCA patients who underwent PAD and demonstrated favorable neurological outcomes increased gradually from 2005 to 2019 (P for trend < 0.001). The proportion of patient who had PAD were 17.7% (876/4959) in 2019 and 15.1% (735/4869) in 2020, respectively. The proportion of patient who displayed favorable neurological outcomes were 25.1% (1245/4959) in 2019 and 22.8% (1109/4869) in 2020, respectively. After adjusting for potential confounders, a significant reduction in the proportion of PAD was observed compared to that in 2019 (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 0.86; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.76-0.97), while no significant reduction was observed in favorable neurological outcomes (AOR, 0.97; 95% CI 0.87-1.07). CONCLUSION: The proportion of PAD clearly decreased in 2020, probably due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Japan. In contrast, no significant reduction was observed in favorable neurological outcomes.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Emergency Medical Services , Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest , Humans , Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest/epidemiology , Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest/therapy , Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest/complications , Defibrillators , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/therapy , Prospective Studies , Pandemics , Japan/epidemiology , Electric Countershock , Registries
6.
BMC Med Res Methodol ; 22(1): 221, 2022 08 10.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2098312

Реферат

BACKGROUND: In response to the COVID-19 pandemic many clinical studies have been initiated leading to the need for efficient ways to track and analyze study results. We expanded our previous project that tracked registered COVID-19 clinical studies to also track result articles generated from these studies. Our objective was to develop a data science approach to identify and analyze all publications linked to COVID-19 clinical studies and generate a prioritized list of publications for efficient understanding of the state of COVID-19 clinical research. METHODS: We conducted searches of ClinicalTrials.gov and PubMed to identify articles linked to COVID-19 studies, and developed criteria based on the trial phase, intervention, location, and record recency to develop a prioritized list of result publications. RESULTS: The performed searchers resulted in 1 022 articles linked to 565 interventional trials (17.8% of all 3 167 COVID-19 interventional trials as of 31 January 2022). 609 publications were identified via abstract-link in PubMed and 413 via registry-link in ClinicalTrials.gov, with 27 articles linked from both sources. Of the 565 trials publishing at least one article, 197 (34.9%) had multiple linked publications. An attention score was assigned to each publication to develop a prioritized list of all publications linked to COVID-19 trials and 83 publications were identified that are result articles from late phase (Phase 3) trials with at least one US site and multiple study record updates. For COVID-19 vaccine trials, 108 linked result articles for 64 trials (14.7% of 436 total COVID-19 vaccine trials) were found. CONCLUSIONS: Our method allows for the efficient identification of important COVID-19 articles that report results of registered clinical trials and are connected via a structured article-trial link. Our data science methodology also allows for consistent and as needed data updates and is generalizable to other conditions of interest.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Publications , COVID-19 Vaccines , Humans , Pandemics , Periodicals as Topic , PubMed , Registries
7.
RMD Open ; 8(2)2022 11.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2098011

Реферат

OBJECTIVES: To assess the tolerance and efficacy of targeted therapies prescribed off-label in refractory low-prevalence autoimmune and inflammatory systemic diseases. METHODS: The TATA registry (TArgeted Therapy in Autoimmune Diseases) is a prospective, observational, national and independent cohort follow-up. The inclusion criteria in the registry are as follows: age >18 years; low-prevalence autoimmune and inflammatory systemic disease treated with off-label drugs started after 1 January 2019. RESULTS: Hundred (100) patients (79 women) were enrolled. The median age was 52.5 years (95% CI 49 to 56) and the median disease duration before enrolment was 5 years (3 to 7). The targeted therapies at enrolment were as follows: Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription inhibitors (44%), anti-interleukin (IL)-6R (22%), anti-IL-12/23, anti-IL-23 and anti-IL-17 (9%), anti-B cell activating factor of the tumour necrosis factor family (5%), abatacept (5%), other targeted treatments (9%) and combination of targeted treatments (6%). 73% of patients were receiving corticosteroid therapy at enrolment (median dose 10 mg/day). The current median follow-up time is 9 months (8 to 10).Safety: 11 serious infections (incidence rate of 14.8/100 patient-years) and 1 cancer (1.3 cancers/100 patient-years) were observed. Two patients died from severe COVID-19 (2.7 deaths/100 patient-years).Efficacy: the targeted treatment was considered effective by the clinician in 56% of patients and allowed, in responders, a median reduction of oral corticosteroids of 15 (9 to 21) mg/day, below 7.5 mg/day in 76% of patients, while 28% discontinued. CONCLUSION: These initial results of the TATA registry confirm the diversity of targeted treatments prescribed off-label in refractory autoimmune diseases and their corticosteroid-sparing effect when effective. Tolerance was acceptable in these refractory patients with a long history of treatment with immunosuppressive drugs.


Тема - темы
Autoimmune Diseases , COVID-19 , Adolescent , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Interleukin-23 , Off-Label Use , Prospective Studies , Registries
8.
Nurs Res ; 71(6): 421-431, 2022.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2097526

Реферат

BACKGROUND: Nursing professional organizations and media sources indicated early in the pandemic that the physical and psychological effects of COVID-19 might be distinct and possibly greater in nurses than in other types of healthcare workers (HCWs). OBJECTIVES: Based on survey data collected in Healthcare Worker Exposure Response and Outcomes (HERO), a national registry of U.S. HCWs, this study compared the self-reported experiences of nurses with other HCWs during the first 13 months of the pandemic. METHODS: Nurse responses were compared to responses of nonnurse HCWs in terms of viral exposure, testing and infection, access to personal protective equipment (PPE), burnout, and well-being. Logistic regression models were used to examine associations between nurse and nonnurse roles for the binary end points of viral testing and test positivity for COVID-19. We also examined differences by race/ethnicity and high-risk versus low-risk practice settings. RESULTS: Of 24,343 HCWs in the registry, one third self-identified as nurses. Nurses were more likely than other HCWs to report exposure to SARS-CoV-2, problems accessing PPE, and decreased personal well-being, including burnout, feeling tired, stress, trouble sleeping, and worry. In adjusted models, nurses were more likely than nonnurse HCWs to report viral testing and test positivity for COVID-19 infection. Nurses in high-risk settings were more likely to report viral exposure and symptoms related to well-being; nurses in low-risk settings were more likely to report viral testing and test positivity. Black or Hispanic nurses were most likely to report test positivity. DISCUSSION: Differences were identified between nurses and nonnurse HCWs in access to PPE, physical and mental well-being measures, and likelihood of reporting exposure and infection. Among nurses, testing and infection differed based on race and ethnicity, and type of work setting. Our findings suggest further research and policy are needed to elucidate and address social and occupational disparities.


Тема - темы
Burnout, Professional , COVID-19 , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Pandemics , Personal Protective Equipment , Health Personnel/psychology , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Registries
9.
G Ital Cardiol (Rome) ; 23(2 Suppl 1): e3-e14, 2022 02.
Статья в Итальянский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2089544

Реферат

Razionale. In Italia la pandemia COVID-19 ha determinato importanti riorganizzazioni logistiche nell'erogazione delle cure ospedaliere e di specialistica ambulatoriale. Ciò ha spinto clinici e decisori pubblico-amministrativi della Sanità ad adottare nuovi modelli organizzativi in molteplici scenari clinici. Materiali e metodi. Il registro OIBOH (Optimal Intensification therapy in a Broad Observed High risk patient population with coronary disease) è uno studio osservazionale "cross-sectional" condotto in vari centri italiani di cardiologia ambulatoriale per valutare durante la pandemia COVID-19 la capacità di identificare in breve tempo i pazienti ad altissimo rischio cardiovascolare residuo dopo un evento coronarico recente (<12 mesi). Successivamente alla valutazione clinica iniziale, venivano arruolati i pazienti ritenuti ad altissimo rischio, registrando le caratteristiche cliniche e di trattamento in una scheda di raccolta dati elettronica.Risultati. Al registro hanno partecipato 134 centri di cardiologia ambulatoriale che hanno arruolato 1428 pazienti su 3227 esaminati fra quelli che avevano avuto accesso ad una visita cardiologica durante la pandemia nel periodo ottobre 2020-marzo 2021. Il criterio di arruolamento era costituito dall'aver avuto una diagnosi di coronaropatia confermata angiograficamente negli ultimi 12 mesi, per sindrome coronarica acuta (SCA) o cronica (SCC). La SCA come evento indice era presente nel 93% dei pazienti arruolati mentre la SCC nel 7%. L'età media era 67 ± 10 anni, il 25% era di sesso femminile. Il 96.1% dei pazienti con SCA e il 67.6% dei pazienti con SCC sono stati sottoposti a rivascolarizzazione coronarica. Il 46% e 47% dei pazienti con SCA e SCC, rispettivamente, era diabetico. Oltre il 65% dei pazienti presentava una malattia coronarica multivasale. È stata osservata una importante prevalenza di arteriopatia periferica (17.5% nei pazienti con SCA e 19.6% nei pazienti con SCC). I valori di pressione arteriosa e frequenza cardiaca risultavano ben controllati (128 ± 25.2 mmHg e 65 ± 12.3 b/min nei pazienti con SCA; 127 ± 23.4 mmHg e 67 ± 13.2 b/min nei pazienti con SCC). Viceversa, è stato riportato uno scarso controllo dei livelli di colesterolemia LDL, con un valore medio di 88.8 ± 38.6 mg/dl nei pazienti con SCA e 86 ± 36.6 mg/dl nei pazienti con SCC. Solo il 16.4% dei pazienti con SCA raggiungeva i livelli raccomandati dalle attuali linee guida europee. Nonostante l'estensivo uso di statine (>90%), si è rilevato un utilizzo limitato dell'associazione statina ad alta intensità + ezetimibe (solo il 22.4% dei pazienti). Estremamente basso è stato l'utilizzo di inibitori di PCSK9 (2.5%). La duplice terapia antiaggregante piastrinica (DAPT) è risultata complessivamente ben condotta fin dalla dimissione ospedaliera. Nei pazienti in DAPT, l'inibitore P2Y12 più utilizzato è risultato il ticagrelor alla dose di 90 mg, soprattutto dopo un evento coronarico acuto (in circa l'80% dei pazienti con SCA). Nella stragrande maggioranza dei casi (>90%) i cardiologi ambulatoriali hanno posto indicazione a prosecuzione della DAPT oltre i 12 mesi con aspirina e ticagrelor 60 mg bid. Conclusioni. La gestione del paziente con coronaropatia in fase cronica stabilizzata è molto complessa. Tale complessità logistico-gestionale si è accentuata durante la pandemia COVID-19. Il registro OIBOH ha evidenziato un'ottima capacità di identificare le problematiche clinico-prognostiche delle cardiologie ambulatoriali italiane, specie nei pazienti ad altissimo rischio residuo. Rimangono importanti aree di miglioramento come uno stretto controllo della colesterolemia LDL, mentre altre raccomandazioni delle linee guida, come la prosecuzione della DAPT con ticagrelor 60 mg oltre i 12 mesi, risultano ben applicate. L'implementazione dell'assistenza con la medicina digitale e l'intelligenza artificiale potrebbe migliorare di molto la performance dei clinici.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Coronary Disease , Animals , Bees , Disease Outbreaks , Humans , Pandemics/prevention & control , Proprotein Convertase 9 , Registries , Secondary Prevention
10.
Eur J Intern Med ; 105: 69-76, 2022 11.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2086144

Реферат

BACKGROUND: The characteristics and outcome of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)-positive patients with ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) are still poorly known. METHODS: The PANDEMIC study was an investigator-initiated, collaborative, individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis of registry-based studies. MEDLINE, ScienceDirect, Web of Sciences, and SCOPUS were searched to identify all registry-based studies describing the characteristics and outcome of SARS-CoV-2-positive STEMI patients undergoing PPCI. The control group consisted of SARS-CoV-2-negative STEMI patients undergoing PPCI in the same time period from the ISACS-STEMI COVID 19 registry. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality; the secondary outcome was postprocedural reperfusion assessed by TIMI flow. RESULTS: Of 8 registry-based studies identified, IPD were obtained from 6 studies including 941 SARS-CoV-2-positive patients; the control group included 2005 SARS-CoV-2-negative patients. SARS-CoV-2-positive patients showed a significantly higher in-hospital mortality (p < 0.001) and worse postprocedural TIMI flow (<3, p < 0.001) compared with SARS-CoV-2-negative subjects. The increased risk for SARS-CoV-2-positive patients was significantly higher in males compared to females for both the primary (pinteraction = 0.001) and secondary outcome (pinteraction = 0.023). In SARS-CoV-2-positive patients, age ≥ 75 years (OR = 5.72; 95%CI: 1.77-18.5), impaired postprocedural TIMI flow (OR = 11.72; 95%CI: 2.64-52.10), and cardiogenic shock at presentation (OR = 11.02; 95%CI: 2.84-42.80) were independent predictors of mortality. CONCLUSIONS: In STEMI patients undergoing PPCI, SARS-CoV-2 positivity is independently associated with impaired reperfusion and with a higher risk of in-hospital mortality, especially among male patients. Age ≥ 75 years, cardiogenic shock, and impaired postprocedural TIMI flow independently predict mortality in this high-risk population.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction , Female , Humans , Male , Aged , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/surgery , SARS-CoV-2 , Shock, Cardiogenic/etiology , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Registries , Angioplasty , Treatment Outcome
11.
Nephrol Dial Transplant ; 37(4): 673-680, 2022 03 25.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2077817

Реферат

BACKGROUND: The Seraph® 100 Microbind® Affinity Blood Filter is a haemoperfusion device that is licensed for the reduction of pathogens, including several viruses, in the blood. It received Emergency Use Authorization for the treatment of severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Several studies have shown that the blood viral load of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) correlates with adverse outcomes and removal of the nucleocapsid of the SARS-CoV-2 virus by the Seraph® 100 has been recently demonstrated. The aim of this registry was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Seraph® 100 treatment for COVID-19 patients. METHODS: Twelve hospitals from six countries representing two continents documented patient and treatment characteristics as well as outcome parameters without reimbursement. Additionally, mortality and safety results of the device were reported. A total of 102 treatment sessions in 82 patients were documented in the registry. Four patients were excluded from mortality analysis due to incomplete outcome data, which were available in the other 78 patients. RESULTS: Overall, a 30-day mortality rate of 46.2% in the 78 patients with complete follow-up was reported. The median treatment time was 5.00 h (4.00-13.42) and 43.1% of the treatments were performed as haemoperfusion only. Adverse events of the Seraph® 100 treatment were reported in 8.8% of the 102 treatments and represented the premature end of treatment due to circuit failure. Patients who died were treated later in their intensive care unit (ICU) stay and onset of COVID symptoms. They also had higher ferritin levels. Multivariate Cox regression revealed that delayed Seraph® 100 treatment after ICU admission (>60 h), as well as bacterial superinfection, were associated with mortality. While average predicted mortality rate according to Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score in ICU patients was 56.7%, the observed mortality was 50.7%. In non-ICU patients, Coronavirus Clinical Characterisation Consortium (4C) score average predicted a mortality rate of 38.0%, while the observed mortality rate was 11.1%. CONCLUSIONS: The treatment of COVID-19 patients with Seraph® 100 is well tolerated and the circuit failure rate was lower than previously reported for kidney replacement therapy (KRT) in COVID-19 patients. Mortality correlated with late initiation of Seraph treatment after ICU admission and bacterial superinfection. Compared with predicted mortality according to 4C and SOFA scores, mortality of Seraph® 100-treated patients reported in the registry was lower.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Hemoperfusion , COVID-19/therapy , Critical Care , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Registries , SARS-CoV-2
12.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 775, 2022 Oct 18.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2079400

Реферат

BACKGROUND: Studies of preterm delivery after COVID-19 are often subject to selection bias and do not distinguish between early vs. late infection in pregnancy, nor between spontaneous vs. medically indicated preterm delivery. This study aimed to estimate the risk of preterm birth (overall, spontaneous, and indicated) after COVID-19 during pregnancy, while considering different levels of disease severity and timing. METHODS: Pregnant and recently pregnant people who were tested for or clinically diagnosed with COVID-19 during pregnancy enrolled in an international internet-based cohort study between June 2020 and July 2021. We used several analytic approaches to minimize confounding and immortal time bias, including multivariable regression, time-to-delivery models, and a case-time-control design. RESULTS: Among 14,264 eligible participants from 70 countries who did not report a pregnancy loss before 20 gestational weeks, 5893 had completed their pregnancies and reported delivery information; others were censored at time of their last follow-up. Participants with symptomatic COVID-19 before 20 weeks' gestation had no increased risk of preterm delivery compared to those testing negative, with adjusted risks of 10.0% (95% CI 7.8, 12.0) vs. 9.8% (9.1, 10.5). Mild COVID-19 later in pregnancy was not clearly associated with preterm delivery. In contrast, severe COVID-19 after 20 weeks' gestation led to an increase in preterm delivery compared to milder disease. For example, the risk ratio for preterm delivery comparing severe to mild/moderate COVID-19 at 35 weeks was 2.8 (2.0, 4.0); corresponding risk ratios for indicated and spontaneous preterm delivery were 3.7 (2.0, 7.0) and 2.3 (1.2, 3.9), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Severe COVID-19 late in pregnancy sharply increased the risk of preterm delivery compared to no COVID-19. This elevated risk was primarily due to an increase in medically indicated preterm deliveries, included preterm cesarean sections, although an increase in spontaneous preterm delivery was also observed. In contrast, mild or moderate COVID-19 conferred minimal risk, as did severe disease early in pregnancy.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Premature Birth , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Premature Birth/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Gestational Age , Registries , Pregnancy Outcome/epidemiology
13.
BMJ Open ; 12(10): e064118, 2022 10 17.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2078990

Реферат

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of COVID-19 on pregnancy-related healthcare utilisation and differences across social groups. DESIGN: Nationwide longitudinal prospective registry-based study. SETTING: Norway. PARTICIPANTS: Female residents aged 15-50 years (n=1 244 560). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pregnancy-related inpatient, outpatient and primary care healthcare utilisation before the COVID-19 pandemic (prepandemic: 1 January to 11 March 2020), during the initial lockdown (first wave: 12 March to 3 April 2020), during the summer months of low restrictions (summer period: 4 April to 31 August 2020) and during the second wave to the end of the year (second wave: 1 September to 31 December 2020). Rates were compared with the same time periods in 2019. RESULTS: There were 130 924 inpatient specialist care admissions, 266 015 outpatient specialist care consultations and 2 309 047 primary care consultations with pregnancy-related diagnostic codes during 2019 and 2020. After adjusting for time trends and cofactors, inpatient admissions were reduced by 9% (adjusted incidence rate ratio (aIRR)=0.91, 95% CI 0.87 to 0.95), outpatient consultations by 17% (aIRR=0.83, 95% CI 0.71 to 0.86) and primary care consultations by 10% (aIRR=0.90, 95% CI 0.89 to 0.91) during the first wave. Inpatient care remained 3%-4% below prepandemic levels throughout 2020. Reductions according to education, income and immigrant background were also observed. Notably, women born in Asia, Africa or Latin America had a greater reduction in inpatient (aIRR=0.87, 95% CI 0.77 to 0.97) and outpatient (aIRR 0.90, 95% CI 0.86 to 0.95) care during the first wave, compared with Norwegian-born women. We also observed that women with low education had a greater reduction in inpatient care during summer period (aIRR=0.88, 95% CI 0.83 to 0.92), compared with women with high educational attainment. CONCLUSION: Following the introduction of COVID-19 mitigation measures in Norway in March 2020, there were substantial reductions in pregnancy-related healthcare utilisation, especially during the initial lockdown and among women with an immigrant background.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Prenatal Care , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Communicable Disease Control , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Registries , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Norway/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Longitudinal Studies , Prospective Studies
14.
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) ; 75(12): 1040-1049, 2022 Dec.
Статья в английский, испанский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2076672

Реферат

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The Interventional Cardiology Association of the Spanish Society of Cardiology (ACI-SEC) presents its annual activity report for 2021. METHODS: All Spanish centers with catheterization laboratories were invited to participate. Data were collected online and were analyzed by an external company, together with the members of the ACI-SEC. RESULTS: A total of 121 centers participated (83 public and 38 private). Compared to 2020, both diagnostic coronary angiograms and percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) increased by 11,4% and 10,3%, respectively. The radial approach was the most used access (92,8%). Primary PCI also increased by 6.2% whereas rescue PCI (1,8%) and facilitated PCI (2,4%) were less frequently conducted. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation was one of the interventions with the most relevant increase. A total of 5720 transcatheter aortic valve implantation procedures were conducted with an increase of 34,9% compared to 2020 (120 per million in 2021 and 89,4 per million in 2020). Other structural interventions like transcatheter mitral or tricuspid repair, left atrial appendage occlusion and patent foramen oval closure also experienced a significant increase. CONCLUSIONS: The 2021 registry demonstrates a clear recovery of the activity both in coronary and structural interventions showing a relevant increase compared to 2020, the year of the COVID-19 pandemic.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Cardiology , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Humans , Pandemics , Stents , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cardiac Catheterization , Registries
15.
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) ; 75(12): 1029-1039, 2022 Dec.
Статья в английский, испанский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2076671

Реферат

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The results of the 2021 Spanish catheter ablation registry are presented. METHODS: Data collection was carried out retrospectively by filling in and sending a specific form by the participating centers. RESULTS: Data from 93 centers (65 public, 28 private) were analyzed. A total of 17941 ablation procedures were reported with a mean of 193 ± 133 cases per centre. Recovery of activity from SARS-CoV-2 pandemic lockdown has led to a notable increase in the number of procedures (+2772 procedures, +18%) despite a small decrease in participating centers (4 centers less than in 2020). Atrial fibrillation ablation continues to be the leading procedure, with 5848 procedures (32,6%). Together with ablation of the cavotricuspid isthmus (3766; 21%) and atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (3132; 17,5%) they constitute the 3 most frequently approached substrates. The total success rate reported (94%) is similar to previous years with a similar rate of complications (2%) and mortality (0.07). A total of 401 procedures were performed in pediatric patients (3,8%). CONCLUSIONS: The Spanish catheter ablation registry systematically and continuously collects the national activity, which has recovered significantly from the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic impact in 2020. Success rate for 2021 remains high, with a low complication rate.


Тема - темы
Atrial Fibrillation , COVID-19 , Cardiology , Catheter Ablation , Humans , Child , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Registries , Atrial Fibrillation/epidemiology , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery
16.
Przegl Epidemiol ; 76(2): 243-254, 2022.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2067623

Реферат

OBJECTIVE: Aim of the study was the assessment of hepatitis B epidemiological situation in Poland in 2019 compared to previous years, taking into consideration the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic during that time. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data for 2020 included in individual reports on hepatitis B and HBV infections recorded by sanitary and epidemiological stations at EpiBaza, i.e. in the electronic epidemiological surveillance system on infectious diseases, were analyzed. In the assessment of the epidemiological situation, data published in the annual bulletins: "Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland in 2020" and "Vaccinations in Poland in 2020" were also used. Data on deaths were obtained from the Statistics Poland (GUS). RESULTS: In 2020, 2,854 cases of hepatitis B were reported, which corresponds to the incidence of 2.59 per 100,000 population, lower by 65.1% than in 2019. 14 cases of acute hepatitis B were reported, constituting 1.4% of all registered cases. The incidence of acute hepatitis B was 0.04 per 100,000 population and was lower by 67% compared to 2019 and lower by 71% compared to the median for the years 2014-2018. There were no cases of acute disease in the age group 0-29 years. A total of 978 chronic and unknown hepatitis B cases (UNK) were registered and the diagnosis rate was 2.56 per 100,000 population, lower by 64.2% than in 2019. Compared to the median diagnosis rate of chronic hepatitis B in 2014-2018, a decrease of 70.4% was observed. In the age group 0-19 years, there was no case reported. In 2020, 24 people died due to hepatitis B, including 22 from chronic hepatitis B. CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in a significant reduction in the number of HBV tests performed and, consequently, a reduction in the number of diagnosed infections. A decrease in the number of detected infections was observed from the second quarter of 2020, i.e. from the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, although already in the first quarter of 2020 the number of registered hepatitis B cases was lower than in the same period in 2019. No acute cases were reported among people who were vaccinated against hepatitis B during childhood. Vaccination with three doses of hepatitis B vaccine in children in the second year of life was only slightly lower than in 2019, which proves the stability of the implementation of the preventive vaccination program, despite the limited access to primary health care during the pandemic.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Communicable Diseases , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Hepatitis B , Adolescent , Age Distribution , COVID-19/epidemiology , Child , Child, Preschool , Communicable Diseases/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Hepatitis B/epidemiology , Hepatitis B/prevention & control , Hepatitis B Vaccines/therapeutic use , Hepatitis B, Chronic/epidemiology , Hepatitis B, Chronic/prevention & control , Humans , Incidence , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Pandemics , Poland/epidemiology , Registries , Rural Population , Urban Population , Young Adult
17.
Przegl Epidemiol ; 76(2): 233-242, 2022.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2067622

Реферат

BACKGROUND: The year 2020 in the extent of HCV infection was set for the first milestones on the road to the eradication of HCV infection in 2030. In addition, in 2020 there was a global public health crisis - the COVID-19 pandemic. The aim of this paper was to assess the epidemiological situation of HCV infection based on epidemiological surveillance data in Poland in 2020. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analysis of: 1) individual data from surveillance in 2020 conducted by EpiBaza system; 2) diagnosis rate from bulletins "Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland" for the years 2014-2020; and 3) data about deaths due to hepatitis C from the Demographic Surveys and Labour Market Department of Statistics Poland. RESULTS: In 2020, there was a significant decrease in the number of reported cases and thus in the diagnosis rate of HCV infection in Poland - 955 HCV infections were reported (2.49/100,000 - in comparison with 2019, 3.5 times less). The decrease occurred in all voivodeships (ranging from 0.50 to 6.37/100,000), we observe more districts in which HCV infections were not detected (in 2020 - 35.3%; in 2019 - 16.8%). The diagnosis rate of HCV infection in women and men was at a similar level. However, large disproportions are visible if age groups are considered in addition to gender. For years, we have observed a variation of the diagnosis rate of HCV infection depending on the environment of residence - also in 2020, higher values were reported overall in residents of urban than in rural areas (2.90 vs. 1.88/100,000). In 2.9% of newly diagnosed HCV infections, at the same time cirrhosis was already present, 0.4% had liver failure, and 0.1% had hepatocellular carcinoma. Among exposures of HCV infection, those related to nosocomial transmission still dominate (59%), also in acute hepatitis C (60%). One-third of reported infections were diagnosed in primary health care, and one in four were diagnosed during hospitalization. CONCLUSIONS: The data presented in this paper show that the COVID-19 pandemic deepened the inequalities observed for years in HCV areas. Establishing a diverse system of testing and linking to care in Poland, reaching those in the greatest risk of ongoing transmission of HCV infection, and providing methodologically correct studies to assess progress in the eradication of HCV infection is becoming increasingly urgent to achieve the planned 2030 WHO targets.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Hepatitis C , Age Distribution , COVID-19/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Female , Hepacivirus , Hepatitis C/diagnosis , Hepatitis C/epidemiology , Humans , Incidence , Infant , Male , Pandemics , Poland/epidemiology , Registries , Rural Population , Sex Distribution , Urban Population
18.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(22): e017364, 2020 11 17.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2064368

Реферат

Background Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) utilizes the angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE-2) receptor to enter human cells. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and angiotensin II receptor antagonists (ARB) are associated with ACE-2 upregulation. We hypothesized that antecedent use of ACEI/ARB may be associated with mortality in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Methods and Results We used the Coracle registry, which contains data of patients hospitalized with COVID-19 in 4 regions of Italy, and restricted analyses to those ≥50 years of age. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. Among these 781 patients, 133 (17.0%) used an ARB and 171 (21.9%) used an ACEI. While neither sex nor smoking status differed by user groups, patients on ACEI/ARB were older and more likely to have hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and congestive heart failure. The overall mortality rate was 15.1% (118/781) and increased with age (PTrend<0.0001). The crude odds ratios (ORs) for death for ACEI users and ARB users were 0.98, 95% CI, 0.60-1.60, P=0.9333, and 1.13, 95% CI, 0.67-1.91, P=0.6385, respectively. After adjusting for age, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and congestive heart failure, antecedent ACEI administration was associated with reduced mortality (OR, 0.55; 95% CI, 0.31-0.98, P=0.0436); a similar, but weaker trend was observed for ARB administration (OR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.32-1.07, P=0.0796). Conclusions In those aged ≥50 years hospitalized with COVID-19, antecedent use of ACEI was independently associated with reduced risk of inpatient death. Our findings suggest a protective role of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibition in patients with high cardiovascular risk affected by COVID-19.


Тема - темы
Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , COVID-19/therapy , Hospitalization , Age Factors , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/mortality , Female , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Italy , Male , Middle Aged , Protective Factors , Registries , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
19.
Diabetes Care ; 45(11): 2594-2601, 2022 Nov 01.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2054839

Реферат

OBJECTIVE: To analyze whether the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic increased the number of cases or impacted seasonality of new-onset type 1 diabetes (T1D) in large pediatric diabetes centers globally. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed data on 17,280 cases of T1D diagnosed during 2018-2021 from 92 worldwide centers participating in the SWEET registry using hierarchic linear regression models. RESULTS: The average number of new-onset T1D cases per center adjusted for the total number of patients treated at the center per year and stratified by age-groups increased from 11.2 (95% CI 10.1-12.2) in 2018 to 21.7 (20.6-22.8) in 2021 for the youngest age-group, <6 years; from 13.1 (12.2-14.0) in 2018 to 26.7 (25.7-27.7) in 2021 for children ages 6 to <12 years; and from 12.2 (11.5-12.9) to 24.7 (24.0-25.5) for adolescents ages 12-18 years (all P < 0.001). These increases remained within the expected increase with the 95% CI of the regression line. However, in Europe and North America following the lockdown early in 2020, the typical seasonality of more cases during winter season was delayed, with a peak during the summer and autumn months. While the seasonal pattern in Europe returned to prepandemic times in 2021, this was not the case in North America. Compared with 2018-2019 (HbA1c 7.7%), higher average HbA1c levels (2020, 8.1%; 2021, 8.6%; P < 0.001) were present within the first year of T1D during the pandemic. CONCLUSIONS: The slope of the rise in pediatric new-onset T1D in SWEET centers remained unchanged during the COVID-19 pandemic, but a change in the seasonality at onset became apparent.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Adolescent , Child , Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/epidemiology , Pandemics , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Communicable Disease Control , Registries
20.
Crit Care ; 26(1): 301, 2022 10 03.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2053945

Реферат

BACKGROUND: It is unclear if the impact of frailty on mortality differs between patients with viral pneumonitis due to COVID-19 or other causes. We aimed to determine if a difference exists between patients with and without COVID-19 pneumonitis. METHODS: This multicentre, retrospective, cohort study using the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Adult Patient Database included patients aged ≥ 16 years admitted to 153 ICUs between 01/012020 and 12/31/2021 with admission diagnostic codes for viral pneumonia or acute respiratory distress syndrome, and Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS). The primary outcome was hospital mortality. RESULTS: A total of 4620 patients were studied, and 3077 (66.6%) had COVID-19. The patients with COVID-19 were younger (median [IQR] 57.0 [44.7-68.3] vs. 66.1 [52.0-76.2]; p < 0.001) and less frail (median [IQR] CFS 3 [2-4] vs. 4 [3-5]; p < 0.001) than non-COVID-19 patients. The overall hospital mortality was similar between the patients with and without COVID-19 (14.7% vs. 14.9%; p = 0.82). Frailty alone as a predictor of mortality showed only moderate discrimination in differentiating survivors from those who died but was similar between patients with and without COVID-19 (AUROC 0.68 vs. 0.66; p = 0.42). Increasing frailty scores were associated with hospital mortality, after adjusting for Australian and New Zealand Risk of Death score and sex. However, the effect of frailty was similar in patients with and without COVID-19 (OR = 1.29; 95% CI: 1.19-1.41 vs. OR = 1.24; 95% CI: 1.11-1.37). CONCLUSION: The presence of frailty was an independent risk factor for mortality. However, the impact of frailty on outcomes was similar in COVID-19 patients compared to other causes of viral pneumonitis.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic , Frailty , Pneumonia, Viral , Adult , Australia/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Data Analysis , Frailty/complications , Frailty/diagnosis , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Intensive Care Units , New Zealand/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Registries , Retrospective Studies
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