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2.
Pol Arch Intern Med ; 132(11)2022 Nov 25.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2204737
3.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 7169, 2022 Nov 23.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2133431

Реферат

Population-based studies can provide important evidence on the safety of COVID-19 vaccines. Here we compare rates of thrombosis and thrombocytopenia following vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 with the background (expected) rates in the general population. In addition, we compare the rates of the same adverse events among persons infected with SARS-CoV-2 with background rates. Primary care and linked hospital data from Catalonia, Spain informed the study, with participants vaccinated with BNT162b2 or ChAdOx1 (27/12/2020-23/06/2021), COVID-19 cases (01/09/2020-23/06/2021) or present in the database as of 01/01/2017. We included 2,021,366 BNT162b2 (1,327,031 with 2 doses), 592,408 ChAdOx1, 174,556 COVID-19 cases, and 4,573,494 background participants. Standardised incidence ratios for venous thromboembolism were 1.18 (95% CI 1.06-1.32) and 0.92 (0.81-1.05) after first- and second dose BNT162b2, and 0.92 (0.71-1.18) after first dose ChAdOx1. The standardised incidence ratio for venous thromboembolism in COVID-19 was 10.19 (9.43-11.02). Standardised incidence ratios for arterial thromboembolism were 1.02 (0.95-1.09) and 1.04 (0.97-1.12) after first- and second dose BNT162b2, 1.06 (0.91-1.23) after first-dose ChAdOx1 and 4.13 (3.83-4.45) for COVID-19. Standardised incidence ratios for thrombocytopenia were 1.49 (1.43-1.54) and 1.40 (1.35-1.45) after first- and second dose BNT162b2, 1.28 (1.19-1.38) after first-dose ChAdOx1 and 4.59 (4.41- 4.77) for COVID-19. While rates of thrombosis with thrombocytopenia were generally similar to background rates, the standardised incidence ratio for pulmonary embolism with thrombocytopenia after first-dose BNT162b2 was 1.70 (1.11-2.61). These findings suggest that the safety profiles of BNT162b2 and ChAdOx1 are similar, with rates of adverse events seen after vaccination typically similar to background rates. Meanwhile, rates of adverse events are much increased for COVID-19 cases further underlining the importance of vaccination.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Thrombocytopenia , Thrombosis , Venous Thromboembolism , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Spain/epidemiology , Venous Thromboembolism/epidemiology , Venous Thromboembolism/etiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , BNT162 Vaccine , Thrombocytopenia/epidemiology , Thrombocytopenia/etiology , Thrombosis/epidemiology , Thrombosis/etiology , Vaccination/adverse effects
4.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 7167, 2022 Nov 23.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2133430

Реферат

Population-based studies can provide important evidence on the safety of COVID-19 vaccines. Using data from the United Kingdom, here we compare observed rates of thrombosis and thrombocytopenia following vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 and infection with SARS-CoV-2 with background (expected) rates in the general population. First and second dose cohorts for ChAdOx1 or BNT162b2 between 8 December 2020 and 2 May 2021 in the United Kingdom were identified. A further cohort consisted of people with no prior COVID-19 vaccination who were infected with SARS-Cov-2 identified by a first positive PCR test between 1 September 2020 and 2 May 2021. The fourth general population cohort for background rates included those people in the database as of 1 January 2017. In total, we included 3,768,517 ChAdOx1 and 1,832,841 BNT162b2 vaccinees, 401,691 people infected with SARS-CoV-2, and 9,414,403 people from the general population. An increased risk of venous thromboembolism was seen after first dose of ChAdOx1 (standardized incidence ratio: 1.12 [95% CI: 1.05 to 1.20]), BNT162b2 (1.12 [1.03 to 1.21]), and positive PCR test (7.27 [6.86 to 7.72]). Rates of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis were higher than otherwise expected after first dose of ChAdOx1 (4.14 [2.54 to 6.76]) and a SARS-CoV-2 PCR positive test (3.74 [1.56 to 8.98]). Rates of arterial thromboembolism after vaccination were no higher than expected but were increased after a SARS-CoV-2 PCR positive test (1.39 [1.21 to 1.61]). Rates of venous thromboembolism with thrombocytopenia were higher than expected after a SARS-CoV-2 PCR positive test (5.76 [3.19 to 10.40]).


Тема - темы
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Thrombocytopenia , Thrombosis , Venous Thromboembolism , Humans , BNT162 Vaccine , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , SARS-CoV-2 , Thrombocytopenia/epidemiology , Thrombocytopenia/etiology , Thrombosis/epidemiology , Thrombosis/etiology , Vaccination/adverse effects , Venous Thromboembolism/epidemiology , Venous Thromboembolism/etiology , United Kingdom
5.
J Med Internet Res ; 24(10): e35860, 2022 10 21.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2089625

Реферат

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 has been observed to be associated with venous and arterial thrombosis. The inflammatory disease prolongs hospitalization, and preexisting comorbidities can intensity the thrombotic burden in patients with COVID-19. However, venous thromboembolism, arterial thrombosis, and other vascular complications may go unnoticed in critical care settings. Early risk stratification is paramount in the COVID-19 patient population for proactive monitoring of thrombotic complications. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this exploratory research was to characterize thrombotic complication risk factors associated with COVID-19 using information from electronic health record (EHR) and insurance claims databases. The goal is to develop an approach for analysis using real-world data evidence that can be generalized to characterize thrombotic complications and additional conditions in other clinical settings as well, such as pneumonia or acute respiratory distress syndrome in COVID-19 patients or in the intensive care unit. METHODS: We extracted deidentified patient data from the insurance claims database IBM MarketScan, and formulated hypotheses on thrombotic complications in patients with COVID-19 with respect to patient demographic and clinical factors using logistic regression. The hypotheses were then verified with analysis of deidentified patient data from the Research Patient Data Registry (RPDR) Mass General Brigham (MGB) patient EHR database. Data were analyzed according to odds ratios, 95% CIs, and P values. RESULTS: The analysis identified significant predictors (P<.001) for thrombotic complications in 184,831 COVID-19 patients out of the millions of records from IBM MarketScan and the MGB RPDR. With respect to age groups, patients 60 years and older had higher odds (4.866 in MarketScan and 6.357 in RPDR) to have thrombotic complications than those under 60 years old. In terms of gender, men were more likely (odds ratio of 1.245 in MarketScan and 1.693 in RPDR) to have thrombotic complications than women. Among the preexisting comorbidities, patients with heart disease, cerebrovascular diseases, hypertension, and personal history of thrombosis all had significantly higher odds of developing a thrombotic complication. Cancer and obesity were also associated with odds>1. The results from RPDR validated the IBM MarketScan findings, as they were largely consistent and afford mutual enrichment. CONCLUSIONS: The analysis approach adopted in this study can work across heterogeneous databases from diverse organizations and thus facilitates collaboration. Searching through millions of patient records, the analysis helped to identify factors influencing a phenotype. Use of thrombotic complications in COVID-19 patients represents only a case study; however, the same design can be used across other disease areas by extracting corresponding disease-specific patient data from available databases.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Thrombosis , Humans , Female , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/epidemiology , Thrombosis/epidemiology , Thrombosis/etiology , Risk Factors , Retrospective Studies , Odds Ratio
6.
Circulation ; 146(12): 892-906, 2022 Sep 20.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2089002

Реферат

BACKGROUND: Infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) induces a prothrombotic state, but long-term effects of COVID-19 on incidence of vascular diseases are unclear. METHODS: We studied vascular diseases after COVID-19 diagnosis in population-wide anonymized linked English and Welsh electronic health records from January 1 to December 7, 2020. We estimated adjusted hazard ratios comparing the incidence of arterial thromboses and venous thromboembolic events (VTEs) after diagnosis of COVID-19 with the incidence in people without a COVID-19 diagnosis. We conducted subgroup analyses by COVID-19 severity, demographic characteristics, and previous history. RESULTS: Among 48 million adults, 125 985 were hospitalized and 1 319 789 were not hospitalized within 28 days of COVID-19 diagnosis. In England, there were 260 279 first arterial thromboses and 59 421 first VTEs during 41.6 million person-years of follow-up. Adjusted hazard ratios for first arterial thrombosis after COVID-19 diagnosis compared with no COVID-19 diagnosis declined from 21.7 (95% CI, 21.0-22.4) in week 1 after COVID-19 diagnosis to 1.34 (95% CI, 1.21-1.48) during weeks 27 to 49. Adjusted hazard ratios for first VTE after COVID-19 diagnosis declined from 33.2 (95% CI, 31.3-35.2) in week 1 to 1.80 (95% CI, 1.50-2.17) during weeks 27 to 49. Adjusted hazard ratios were higher, for longer after diagnosis, after hospitalized versus nonhospitalized COVID-19, among Black or Asian versus White people, and among people without versus with a previous event. The estimated whole-population increases in risk of arterial thromboses and VTEs 49 weeks after COVID-19 diagnosis were 0.5% and 0.25%, respectively, corresponding to 7200 and 3500 additional events, respectively, after 1.4 million COVID-19 diagnoses. CONCLUSIONS: High relative incidence of vascular events soon after COVID-19 diagnosis declines more rapidly for arterial thromboses than VTEs. However, incidence remains elevated up to 49 weeks after COVID-19 diagnosis. These results support policies to prevent severe COVID-19 by means of COVID-19 vaccines, early review after discharge, risk factor control, and use of secondary preventive agents in high-risk patients.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Thrombosis , Vascular Diseases , Venous Thromboembolism , Venous Thrombosis , Adult , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19 Vaccines , Cohort Studies , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Thrombosis/complications , Thrombosis/epidemiology , Vascular Diseases/complications , Venous Thromboembolism/etiology , Venous Thrombosis/epidemiology , Wales/epidemiology
7.
BMJ ; 379: e071594, 2022 10 26.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2088782

Реферат

OBJECTIVE: To quantify the comparative risk of thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome or thromboembolic events associated with use of adenovirus based covid-19 vaccines versus mRNA based covid-19 vaccines. DESIGN: International network cohort study. SETTING: Routinely collected health data from contributing datasets in France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, the UK, and the US. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (age ≥18 years) registered at any contributing database and who received at least one dose of a covid-19 vaccine (ChAdOx1-S (Oxford-AstraZeneca), BNT162b2 (Pfizer-BioNTech), mRNA-1273 (Moderna), or Ad26.COV2.S (Janssen/Johnson & Johnson)), from December 2020 to mid-2021. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome or venous or arterial thromboembolic events within the 28 days after covid-19 vaccination. Incidence rate ratios were estimated after propensity scores matching and were calibrated using negative control outcomes. Estimates specific to the database were pooled by use of random effects meta-analyses. RESULTS: Overall, 1 332 719 of 3 829 822 first dose ChAdOx1-S recipients were matched to 2 124 339 of 2 149 679 BNT162b2 recipients from Germany and the UK. Additionally, 762 517 of 772 678 people receiving Ad26.COV2.S were matched to 2 851 976 of 7 606 693 receiving BNT162b2 in Germany, Spain, and the US. All 628 164 Ad26.COV2.S recipients from the US were matched to 2 230 157 of 3 923 371 mRNA-1273 recipients. A total of 862 thrombocytopenia events were observed in the matched first dose ChAdOx1-S recipients from Germany and the UK, and 520 events after a first dose of BNT162b2. Comparing ChAdOx1-S with a first dose of BNT162b2 revealed an increased risk of thrombocytopenia (pooled calibrated incidence rate ratio 1.33 (95% confidence interval 1.18 to 1.50) and calibrated incidence rate difference of 1.18 (0.57 to 1.8) per 1000 person years). Additionally, a pooled calibrated incidence rate ratio of 2.26 (0.93 to 5.52) for venous thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome was seen with Ad26.COV2.S compared with BNT162b2. CONCLUSIONS: In this multinational study, a pooled 30% increased risk of thrombocytopenia after a first dose of the ChAdOx1-S vaccine was observed, as was a trend towards an increased risk of venous thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome after Ad26.COV2.S compared with BNT162b2. Although rare, the observed risks after adenovirus based vaccines should be considered when planning further immunisation campaigns and future vaccine development.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 Vaccines , Thrombocytopenia , Thromboembolism , Thrombosis , Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Ad26COVS1/adverse effects , BNT162 Vaccine/adverse effects , Cohort Studies , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Thrombocytopenia/epidemiology , Thromboembolism/epidemiology , Thrombosis/epidemiology , Venous Thrombosis/epidemiology
9.
Viruses ; 14(11)2022 Oct 24.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2081920

Реферат

Patients with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are at increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE); however, data on arterial thromboembolism (ATE) is still limited. We report a case series of thromboembolic events (TE) in 290 COVID-19 patients admitted between October and December 2020 to a Portuguese hospital. Admission levels of various laboratory parameters were evaluated and compared between COVID-19 patients with (TE) and without thrombotic events (non-TE). The overall incidence of isolated ATE was 5.52%, isolated VTE was 2.41% and multiple mixed events was 0.7%. A total of 68% events were detected upon admission to the hospital with 76% corresponding to ATE. Admissions to the Intensive Care Unit were higher in patients with TE, when comparing with the non-TE group (44% vs. 27.2%; p = 0.003). Patients with ATE presented significantly lower levels of CRP (p = 0.007), ferritin (p = 0.045), LDH (p = 0.037), fibrinogen (p = 0.010) and higher monocyte counts (p = 0.033) comparatively to the non-TE patients. These results point to an early occurrence of TE and an increased incidence of ATE over VTE. The less prominent inflammation markers in patients with TE and the early presence of TE in patients with otherwise no reason for hospitalization, may suggest a direct role of SARS-CoV-2 in the thrombotic process.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Hemostatics , Thrombosis , Venous Thromboembolism , Humans , COVID-19/diagnosis , Venous Thromboembolism/epidemiology , Venous Thromboembolism/etiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Retrospective Studies , Thrombosis/epidemiology , Hospitalization , Biomarkers , Hospitals
10.
S Afr Med J ; 112(7): 472-477, 2022 07 01.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2073605

Реферат

BACKGROUND: An increased incidence of thromboembolic events in hospitalised COVID­19 patients has been demonstrated despite the use of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH). Antiplatelet therapy prior to admission and early in the disease course has been hypothesised to be protective against thrombosis. OBJECTIVES: To describe the bleeding and thrombosis outcomes in hospitalised patients with confirmed COVID­19 receiving LMWH, with and without concomitant antiplatelet therapy. Secondary objectives were to explore predictors of bleeding and thrombosis outcomes, and dosing practices of antiplatelet therapy and LMWH. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive, cross-sectional study of bleeding and thrombosis outcomes at Tygerberg Academic Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa, during the first COVID­19 wave, in 808 hospitalised patients with confirmed COVID­19 receiving LMWH with and without concomitant antiplatelet therapy. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed if predictors were deemed statistically and clinically significant. RESULTS: Patients receiving both LMWH and antiplatelet therapy had similar bleeding outcomes compared with patients only receiving LMWH (odds ratio (OR) 1.5; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.6 - 4.0). Patients receiving both LMWH and antiplatelet therapy had increased odds of developing thrombosis compared with patients only receiving LMWH (OR 4.8; 95% CI 2.1 - 10.7). CONCLUSION: The bleeding risk in COVID­19 patients receiving both LMWH and antiplatelet therapy was not significantly increased. A potentially higher risk of thrombosis in patients receiving LMWH and antiplatelet therapy was observed. However, this could reflect confounding by indication. Randomised studies are required to further evaluate the use of antiplatelet therapy to treat hospitalised patients with COVID­19.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Thrombosis , Anticoagulants/adverse effects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Heparin/adverse effects , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight/adverse effects , Humans , South Africa/epidemiology , Thrombosis/epidemiology , Thrombosis/etiology , Thrombosis/prevention & control
11.
JAMA ; 328(7): 637-651, 2022 08 16.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2013212

Реферат

Importance: The incidence of arterial thromboembolism and venous thromboembolism in persons with COVID-19 remains unclear. Objective: To measure the 90-day risk of arterial thromboembolism and venous thromboembolism in patients hospitalized with COVID-19 before or during COVID-19 vaccine availability vs patients hospitalized with influenza. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective cohort study of 41 443 patients hospitalized with COVID-19 before vaccine availability (April-November 2020), 44 194 patients hospitalized with COVID-19 during vaccine availability (December 2020-May 2021), and 8269 patients hospitalized with influenza (October 2018-April 2019) in the US Food and Drug Administration Sentinel System (data from 2 national health insurers and 4 regional integrated health systems). Exposures: COVID-19 or influenza (identified by hospital diagnosis or nucleic acid test). Main Outcomes and Measures: Hospital diagnosis of arterial thromboembolism (acute myocardial infarction or ischemic stroke) and venous thromboembolism (deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism) within 90 days. Outcomes were ascertained through July 2019 for patients with influenza and through August 2021 for patients with COVID-19. Propensity scores with fine stratification were developed to account for differences between the influenza and COVID-19 cohorts. Weighted Cox regression was used to estimate the adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for outcomes during each COVID-19 vaccine availability period vs the influenza period. Results: A total of 85 637 patients with COVID-19 (mean age, 72 [SD, 13.0] years; 50.5% were male) and 8269 with influenza (mean age, 72 [SD, 13.3] years; 45.0% were male) were included. The 90-day absolute risk of arterial thromboembolism was 14.4% (95% CI, 13.6%-15.2%) in patients with influenza vs 15.8% (95% CI, 15.5%-16.2%) in patients with COVID-19 before vaccine availability (risk difference, 1.4% [95% CI, 1.0%-2.3%]) and 16.3% (95% CI, 16.0%-16.6%) in patients with COVID-19 during vaccine availability (risk difference, 1.9% [95% CI, 1.1%-2.7%]). Compared with patients with influenza, the risk of arterial thromboembolism was not significantly higher among patients with COVID-19 before vaccine availability (adjusted HR, 1.04 [95% CI, 0.97-1.11]) or during vaccine availability (adjusted HR, 1.07 [95% CI, 1.00-1.14]). The 90-day absolute risk of venous thromboembolism was 5.3% (95% CI, 4.9%-5.8%) in patients with influenza vs 9.5% (95% CI, 9.2%-9.7%) in patients with COVID-19 before vaccine availability (risk difference, 4.1% [95% CI, 3.6%-4.7%]) and 10.9% (95% CI, 10.6%-11.1%) in patients with COVID-19 during vaccine availability (risk difference, 5.5% [95% CI, 5.0%-6.1%]). Compared with patients with influenza, the risk of venous thromboembolism was significantly higher among patients with COVID-19 before vaccine availability (adjusted HR, 1.60 [95% CI, 1.43-1.79]) and during vaccine availability (adjusted HR, 1.89 [95% CI, 1.68-2.12]). Conclusions and Relevance: Based on data from a US public health surveillance system, hospitalization with COVID-19 before and during vaccine availability, vs hospitalization with influenza in 2018-2019, was significantly associated with a higher risk of venous thromboembolism within 90 days, but there was no significant difference in the risk of arterial thromboembolism within 90 days.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Influenza, Human , Ischemic Stroke , Myocardial Infarction , Pulmonary Embolism , Venous Thrombosis , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/therapeutic use , Female , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Incidence , Influenza, Human/epidemiology , Ischemic Stroke/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Public Health Surveillance , Pulmonary Embolism/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk , Risk Assessment , Thromboembolism/epidemiology , Thrombosis/epidemiology , United States/epidemiology , Venous Thrombosis/epidemiology
12.
Vaccine ; 40(38): 5585-5593, 2022 09 09.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1996602

Реферат

BACKGROUND: Post-marketing surveillance for COVID-19 vaccines during the pandemic identified an extremely rare thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome (TTS) reported post-vaccination, requiring further characterisation to improve diagnosis and management. METHODS: We searched the AstraZeneca Global Safety Database (through April 26, 2021) for cases with co-reported thrombocytopenia and thrombosis (using standardised MedDRA queries/high-level terms) following AZD1222 (ChAdOx1 nCoV-19). Cases were adjudicated by experts as 'typical','possible', 'no' or 'unknown' according to available TTS criteria. Additional confirmatory datasets (May 20-June 20, October 1-December 28) were evaluated. FINDINGS: We identified 573 reports, including 273 (47.6 %) 'typical' and 171 (29.8 %) 'possible' TTS cases. Of these 444 cases, 275 (61.9 %) were female, median age was 50.0 years (IQR: 38.0-60.0). Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis was reported in 196 (44.1 %) cases, splanchnic venous thrombosis in 65 (14.6 %) and thromboses at multiple sites in 119 (26.8 %). Median time to onset was 12.0 days (IQR: 9.0-15.0). Comparison with a pre-pandemic reference population indicated higher rates of autoimmune disorders (13.8 %, 4.4 %), previous heparin therapy (7.4 %, 1.2 %), history of thrombosis (5.5 %, 1.4 %), and immune thrombocytopenia (6.1 %, 0.2 %). Fatality rate was 22.2 % (127/573) overall and 23.6 % (105/444) in 'typical'/'possible' TTS, which decreased from 39.0 % (60/154) in February/March to 15.5 % (45/290) in April. Overall patterns were similar in confirmatory datasets. CONCLUSIONS: The reporting rate of 'typical'/'possible' TTS post first-dose vaccination in this dataset is 7.5 per million vaccinated persons; few cases were reported after subsequent doses, including booster doses. Peak reporting coincided with media-driven attention. Medical history differences versus a reference population indicate potentially unidentified risk factors. The decreasing fatality rate correlates with increasing awareness and publication of diagnostic/treatment guidelines. Adjudication was hindered by unreported parameters, and an algorithm was developed to classify potential TTS cases; comprehensive reporting could help further improve definition and management of this extremely rare syndrome.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Thrombocytopenia , Thrombosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Thrombocytopenia/chemically induced , Thrombocytopenia/epidemiology , Thrombosis/chemically induced , Thrombosis/epidemiology , Vaccination/adverse effects
13.
Am J Cardiol ; 181: 38-44, 2022 10 15.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1982506

Реферат

Atrial fibrillation/flutter (AF) and COVID-19 are associated with an elevated risk of arterial and venous thrombosis. Whether preadmission oral anticoagulation (OAC) for AF reduces the incidence of in-hospital death or thrombotic events among patients with COVID-19 is unknown. We identified 630 patients with pre-existing AF and a hospitalization diagnosis of COVID-19 and stratified them according to preadmission OAC use. Multivariable logistic regression was employed to relate preadmission OAC to composite in-hospital mortality or thrombotic events. Unadjusted composite in-hospital mortality or thrombotic complications occurred less often in those on than not on preadmission OAC (27.1% vs 46.8%, p <0.001). After adjustment, the incidence of composite in-hospital all-cause mortality or thrombotic complications remained lower with preadmission OAC (odds ratio 0.37, confidence interval 0.25 to 0.53, p <0.0001). Secondary outcomes including all-cause mortality (16.3% vs 24.9%, p = 0.007), intensive care unit admission (14.7% vs 29.0%, p <0.001), intubation (6.4% vs 18.6%, p <0.001), and noninvasive ventilation (18.6% vs 27.5%, p = 0.007) occurred less frequently, and length of stay was shorter (6 vs 7 days, p <0.001) in patients on than those not on preadmission OAC. A higher CHA2DS2-VASc score was associated with an increased risk of thrombotic events. In conclusion, among patients with baseline AF who were hospitalized with COVID-19, those on preadmission OAC had lower rates of death, arterial and venous thrombotic events, and less severe COVID-19.


Тема - темы
Atrial Fibrillation , Atrial Flutter , COVID-19 , Stroke , Thrombosis , Administration, Oral , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Atrial Fibrillation/drug therapy , Atrial Fibrillation/epidemiology , Atrial Flutter/drug therapy , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/epidemiology , Hospital Mortality , Hospitalization , Humans , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Stroke/epidemiology , Thrombosis/epidemiology , Thrombosis/etiology , Thrombosis/prevention & control
14.
Minerva Med ; 113(4): 695-706, 2022 Aug.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1975625

Реферат

BACKGROUND: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2)-related disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease characterized by systemic inflammation, which might enhance baseline thrombotic risk, especially in hospitalized patients. Little is, however, known about predictors of thrombotic complications in patients with COVID-19. METHODS: We prospectively followed up 180 hospitalized COVID-19 patients. Demographics, clinical and laboratory features at presentation and past medical history were tested as predictors of the first thrombotic complication through multivariate Cox regression analysis and a categorical score generated based on the results. RESULTS: Sixty-four thromboses were recorded in 54 patients, of whom seven with thrombosis on admission and 47 with thrombosis during hospitalization. Patients with thrombosis were mainly Caucasian and diabetic, had marked baseline signs of inflammation and organ damage, lower PaO2/FiO2 ratio, higher D-dimer levels and history of major hemorrhages. The latter three variables were independently associated to thrombotic complications and concurred to a 0-5 score, which accounted for 80% of the total sample variability. Patients with three or more points of the newly generated score were at higher risk for thrombotic complications (HR=4.9, P<0.001). Patients with thrombotic complications were more likely to be admitted to intensive care and/or to die (HR=1.9, P=0.036). Five of 180 patients were diagnosed with disseminated intravascular coagulation and three of them died. Eleven minor and no major bleeding events were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with COVID-19 are at increased risk for thrombosis and might be stratified on admission based on lower Pao2/FiO2 ratio, higher D-dimer levels and history of major hemorrhages.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Thromboembolism , Thrombosis , Algorithms , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/epidemiology , Hemorrhage , Humans , Inflammation , Preliminary Data , SARS-CoV-2 , Thromboembolism/epidemiology , Thromboembolism/etiology , Thrombosis/epidemiology , Thrombosis/etiology
15.
Int Angiol ; 41(4): 356-363, 2022 Aug.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1964957

Реферат

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) infection and thrombosis are of great clinical importance as this association has shown to increase mortality. We intend to estimate the incidence of thrombotic events (TE) and their impact on clinical outcomes in hospitalized COVID-19 patients. METHODS: This was an analytical cross-sectional study. The study population comprised of hospitalized COVID-19 patients between 1st March 2021 and 31st May 2021. The clinico-demographic data, thrombotic events, and clinical outcomes were collected from electronic health records. RESULTS: A total of 1274 patients were analyzed. The median age of the study population was 56 years (IQR: 44-66 years). The estimated incidence of TE was 5.8% (N.=74); 60.8% of these TE occurred in patients having severe/critical COVID-19 illness and 70.3% of TE occurred in patients in the intensive care unit. Venous events (3.9%) were common compared to arterial events(1.9%). On multivariate logistic regression analysis, total leukocyte count, C-reactive protein, and D-dimer level were found to be the independent predictors of having TE. Receiver operator curve revealed a cut-off point of 872.5 DDU µg/L for D-dimer level (sensitivity: 67.6% and specificity: 72.1%; P<0.001, area under curve 0.78) for predicting TE. Patients with TE had significantly higher mortality compared to those without TE (58.1% vs. 22.2%; P<0.001); and the presence of TE (OR=2.94; 95% CI:1.7-5.1, P<0.001) was found to be the independent predictor of mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of TE is high for hospitalized COVID-19 patients and it is even higher in severe/critical COVID illness. Its presence has shown to double the mortality compared to those without it.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Thrombosis , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , Critical Illness , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Incidence , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Thrombosis/epidemiology
16.
BMC Prim Care ; 23(1): 147, 2022 06 08.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1951067

Реферат

BACKGROUND: The risk of thromboembolic events and COVID-19 complications in anticoagulated patients once hospitalized has been widely analyzed. We aim to assess these outcomes in primary health care (PHC) patients chronically treated with oral anticoagulants (OAC) in comparison with non-treated. METHODS: Cohort study including adults with COVID-19 diagnosis in the PHC records in Catalonia, Spain; from March to June 2020. Patients were matched between exposed and non-exposed to OAC based on age and gender in a 1:2 design. Data source is the Information System for Research in Primary Care (SIDIAP). RESULTS: We included 311,542 individuals with COVID-19. After propensity score matching, we obtained a cohort of 20,360 people, 10,180 exposed and 10,180 non-exposed to OAC. Their mean age was 79.9 and 52.1% were women. Patients exposed to OAC had a higher frequency of comorbidities than non-exposed. Anticoagulated patients had a higher risk of hospital admission (IRR 1.16, 95% CI 1.03-1.29), and of stroke and pulmonary embolism than non-anticoagulated (IRR 1,80, 95% CI 1.06-3.06). The risk of pneumonia was not different between groups (IRR 1.04, 95% CI 0.84-1.30). We found a lower risk of death in patients exposed to OAC (IRR 0.60, 95% CI 0.55-0.65). CONCLUSIONS: OAC users in our study had more comorbidities and were older than non-users, well known risks for hospitalization being confirmed with our results. We also found in our study that OAC exposure was not associated to an increased risk in the mortality rate, and it was associated with higher risks of hospital admission and thromboembolic events, although we cannot assess the effect of the interventions applied during hospital admission on the outcomes studied, as our database is a PHC database. TRIAL REGISTRATION: EUPAS register: EUPAS37205 .


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Thrombosis , Adult , Anticoagulants/adverse effects , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19 Testing , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Primary Health Care , SARS-CoV-2 , Spain/epidemiology , Thrombosis/epidemiology
17.
Intensive Care Med ; 48(8): 1039-1052, 2022 08.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1930382

Реферат

PURPOSE: To describe bleeding and thrombotic events and their risk factors in patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and to evaluate their impact on in-hospital mortality. METHODS: The ECMOSARS registry included COVID-19 patients supported by ECMO in France. We analyzed all patients included up to March 31, 2022 without missing data regarding bleeding and thrombotic events. The association of bleeding and thrombotic events with in-hospital mortality and pre-ECMO variables was assessed using multivariable logistic regression models. RESULTS: Among 620 patients supported by ECMO, 29% had only bleeding events, 16% only thrombotic events and 20% both bleeding and thrombosis. Cannulation site (18% of patients), ear nose and throat (12%), pulmonary bleeding (9%) and intracranial hemorrhage (8%) were the most frequent bleeding types. Device-related thrombosis and pulmonary embolism/thrombosis accounted for most of thrombotic events. In-hospital mortality was 55.7%. Bleeding events were associated with in-hospital mortality (adjusted odds ratio (adjOR) = 2.91[1.94-4.4]) but not thrombotic events (adjOR = 1.02[0.68-1.53]). Intracranial hemorrhage was strongly associated with in-hospital mortality (adjOR = 13.5[4.4-41.5]). Ventilation duration before ECMO ≥ 7 days and length of ECMO support were associated with bleeding. Thrombosis-associated factors were fibrinogen ≥ 6 g/L and length of ECMO support. CONCLUSIONS: In a nationwide cohort of COVID-19 patients supported by ECMO, bleeding incidence was high and associated with mortality. Intracranial hemorrhage incidence was higher than reported for non-COVID patients and carried the highest risk of death. Thrombotic events were less frequent and not associated with mortality. Length of ECMO support was associated with a higher risk of both bleeding and thrombosis, supporting the development of strategies to minimize ECMO duration.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Thrombosis , Anticoagulants/adverse effects , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/therapy , Cohort Studies , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation/adverse effects , Hemorrhage/chemically induced , Hemorrhage/etiology , Humans , Intracranial Hemorrhages/epidemiology , Intracranial Hemorrhages/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Thrombosis/epidemiology , Thrombosis/etiology
18.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 86: 35-42, 2022 Oct.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1914174

Реферат

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 infection is associated not only with venous thromboses but also with arterial thromboses (COV-ATs) in relation with an endothelial dysfunction, a coagulopathy and rhythm disorders. The incidence, the topography, and the prognosis of COV-ATs remain poorly known. The objective of this study was to report the overall experience of the Greater Paris University Hospitals (Assistance Publique - Hopitaux de Paris, AP-HP) during the first pandemic wave of COVID-19 infection. METHODS: After approval by the ethics committee, a study using the AP-HP clinical data warehouse was carried out between March and May 2020. Overall, 124,609 patients had a polymerase chain reaction for COVID-19 in our hospitals, of which 25,345 were positive. From 20,710 exploitable stays, patients tested positive for COVID who presented an episode of acute COV-AT (except coronary and intracranial arteries) were selected on the basis of the French medical classification for clinical procedures codes. The data are presented as absolute values with percentages and/or means with standard deviation. RESULTS: Over the studied period, 60 patients (aged 71±14 years, 42 men) presented a COV-AT at the time of their hospitalization, an incidence of 0.2%. The arterial complication occurred 3±7 days after the COVID infection and was inaugural in 30% of the cases (n = 18). The sites of COV-AT were the lower extremities (n = 35%, 58%), the abdominal aorta (n = 10%, 17%), the thoracic aorta (n = 7%, 12%), the upper limbs (n = 7%, 12%), the cerebral arteries (n = 7%, 12%), the digestive arteries (n = 6%, 10%), the renal arteries (n = 2%, 3%), and the ophthalmic artery (n = 1%, 2%). Multiple COV-ATs were observed in 13 patients (22%). At the time of diagnosis, 20 (33%) patients were in intensive care, including six (10%) patients who were intubated. On computed tomography angiography, COVID lesions were classified as moderate and severe in 25 (42%) and 21 (35%) cases, respectively. Revascularization was attempted in 27 patients (45%), by open surgery in 16 cases, using endovascular techniques in 8 cases and with a hybrid approach in three cases. Six patients (22%) required reinterventions. The duration of hospitalization was 12±9 days. Early mortality (in-hospital or at 30 days) was 30% (n = 18). Nine (15%) patients presented severe nonlethal ischemic complications. CONCLUSIONS: Arterial involvement is rare during COVID-19 infection. The aorta and the arteries of the limbs are the privileged sites. The morbi-mortality of these patients is high. Future studies will have to determine if the systematization of anticoagulation therapy decreases the incidence and the severity of the condition.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Thrombosis , Male , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome , Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Thrombosis/epidemiology , Thrombosis/therapy , Arteries
19.
Expert Rev Hematol ; 15(7): 635-643, 2022 07.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1908641

Реферат

OBJECTIVES: The present paper aimed to study the available literature on the hypercoagulability state of pediatric patients affected by COVID-19, and the current management of thrombosis in these patients, considering that no guidelines have been published since now in this age group. METHODS: N 244 titles were screened using the selected MESH words, 180 abstracts and 120 full texts were read, 12 articles were included, and four were analyzed by meta-analysis. RESULTS: Over 1128 COVID-19 positive patients, nearly half of them developed inflammatory sequelae, and 7.35% (40 patients over 544 who developed MIS-C) had thrombotic events. Less than 50% of patients with inflammatory disease were under anticoagulant prophylactic treatment, and doses of anticoagulant protocols vary from different centers. Thrombotic events prevented after the start of unfractionated heparin (UFH) therapy, even if 1.06% (4 patients) died. Only two patients presented complications after anticoagulant treatment, with non-fatal bleeding after UFH treatment. No other complications were reported. No difference in the incidence of thrombotic events between patients under prophylactic low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and those without was found in meta-analysis (p = 0.32). CONCLUSIONS: Little is known on the incidence and management of hyper coagulopathy in pediatric COVID-19 infection. Further studies have to clarify this topic.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Thrombosis , Adolescent , Anticoagulants , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/epidemiology , Child , Heparin , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight , Humans , Incidence , SARS-CoV-2 , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome , Thrombosis/epidemiology , Thrombosis/etiology , Thrombosis/prevention & control
20.
Vaccine ; 40(33): 4788-4795, 2022 08 05.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1895478

Реферат

OBJECTIVE: Describe a case series of vaccine-induced immune thrombotic thrombocytopenia (VITT) after COVID-19 vaccination in Brazil that included ChAdOx1 nCoV-19, Ad26.COV2.S and BNT162b2 vaccines, describing their clinical and laboratory characteristics. METHODOLOGY: Descriptive case series study using Bio-Manguinhos/Fiocruz/AstraZeneca Brazil and National Immunization Program/Ministry of Health (NIP/MoH) data on COVID-19 AEFI surveillance. We obtained patient-level data from pharmacovigilance for AEFI surveillance and used both the NIP/MoH and Bio-Manguinhos/Fiocruz pharmacovigilance databases to create the study database. Thirty-nine cases of suspect VITT were included, 36 after ChAdOx1 nCoV-19, one after BNT162b2 and two after Ad26.COV2.S vaccine. All cases were based on meeting the Brighton Collaboration criteria for VITT. The primary outcomes were clinical and laboratory features, site of thrombosis, and anti-PF4 ELISA, when available. RESULTS: Thirty-nine cases met the criteria, 38 of which were classified as level 1 and one as level 3 according to Brighton Collaboration. Most cases had the central nervous system (CNS) as the main site of thrombosis (21/39) and happened after the vaccine first dose (34/39). The median age of the cases was 41 years old (23 to 86 yo). Most of the cases (61.5%) occurred in women. The median interval between vaccination and onset of symptoms was 8 days (0-37 days). The platelet count and D-dimer count had median values of 34,000/µL and 19,235 µg FEU/L, respectively. The ELISA anti-PF4 antibody was positive in 18 samples. The overall mortality rate was 51% and was higher in cases of CNS thrombosis with intracerebral bleeding. CONCLUSION: Our case series shows that Brazilian VITT cases have similar clinical and laboratory profiles as demonstrated in the literature. Brazil has administered more than 300 million doses of COVID-19 vaccines (more than 110 million from ChAdOx1 nCoV-19). VITT seems to be a very rare but serious adverse event following COVID-19 immunization, especially adenoviral vector immunization.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Thrombocytopenia , Thrombosis , Ad26COVS1 , Adult , BNT162 Vaccine , Brazil/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 , Female , Humans , Thrombocytopenia/chemically induced , Thrombocytopenia/epidemiology , Thrombosis/chemically induced , Thrombosis/epidemiology , Vaccination/adverse effects , Vaccines/adverse effects
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