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1.
Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India): Series B ; : 1-27, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1989473

ABSTRACT

The impact of Covid-19 drastically changed the economical, social, behavioral, and psychological aspects of human life. Just after the official announcement of this pandemic by the World Health Organization, the entire world has locked for several months. As people come across these unpredictable situations, insurance has emerged as one of the ways to financially protect themselves and their families. Consumers were confused in terms of financial gain and risk associated with this disease. In this critical situation, the study on the consumer decision-making process is an integral part to evaluate consumer behavior. An evolutionary improved FLANN is developed to analyze the growth of insurance during the pandemic and observed the insignificance of this pandemic effect on consumer behavior toward life insurance. The proposed study has undertaken an asymmetrical data analysis on 24 life insurance companies of India from January 2015 to December 2020 and predicted the premium collection for the future. The proposed method is compared with other similar machine learning methods and found to be superior.

2.
Pattern Recognit Lett ; 153: 246-253, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1586886

ABSTRACT

Network structures have attracted much interest and have been rigorously studied in the past two decades. Researchers used many mathematical tools to represent these networks, and in recent days, hypergraphs play a vital role in this analysis. This paper presents an efficient technique to find the influential nodes using centrality measure of weighted directed hypergraph. Genetic Algorithm is exploited for tuning the weights of the node in the weighted directed hypergraph through which the characterization of the strength of the nodes, such as strong and weak ties by statistical measurements (mean, standard deviation, and quartiles) is identified effectively. Also, the proposed work is applied to various biological networks for identification of influential nodes and results shows the prominence the work over the existing measures. Furthermore, the technique has been applied to COVID-19 viral protein interactions. The proposed algorithm identified some critical human proteins that belong to the enzymes TMPRSS2, ACE2, and AT-II, which have a considerable role in hosting COVID-19 viral proteins and causes for various types of diseases. Hence these proteins can be targeted in drug design for an effective therapeutic against COVID-19.

3.
SN Comput Sci ; 2(5): 416, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1363828

ABSTRACT

The surge of the novel COVID-19 caused a tremendous effect on the health and life of the people resulting in more than 4.4 million confirmed cases in 213 countries of the world as of May 14, 2020. In India, the number of cases is constantly increasing since the first case reported on January 30, 2020, resulting in a total of 81,997 cases including 2649 deaths as of May 14, 2020. To assist the government and healthcare sector in preventing the transmission of disease, it is necessary to predict the future confirmed cases. To predict the dynamics of COVID-19 cases, in this paper, we project the forecast of COVID-19 for five most affected states of India such as Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Delhi, Gujarat, and Andhra Pradesh using the real-time data. Using Holt-Winters method, a forecast of the number of confirmed cases in these states has been generated. Further, the performance of the method has been determined using RMSE, MSE, MAPE, MAE and compared with other standard algorithms. The analysis shows that the proposed Holt-Winters model generates RMSE value of 76.0, 338.4, 141.5, 425.9, 1991.5 for Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Delhi and Tamil Nadu, which results in more accurate predictions over Holt's Linear, Auto-regression (AR), Moving Average (MA) and Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) model. These estimations may further assist the government in employing strong policies and strategies for enhancing healthcare support all over India.

4.
Arab J Sci Eng ; : 1-18, 2021 Aug 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1349363

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus (COVID-19) is an epidemic that is rapidly spreading and causing a severe healthcare crisis resulting in more than 40 million confirmed cases across the globe. There are many intensive studies on AI-based technique, which is time consuming and troublesome by considering heavyweight models in terms of more training parameters and memory cost, which leads to higher time complexity. To improve diagnosis, this paper is aimed to design and establish a unique lightweight deep learning-based approach to perform multi-class classification (normal, COVID-19, and pneumonia) and binary class classification (normal and COVID-19) on X-ray radiographs of chest. This proposed CNN scheme includes the combination of three CBR blocks (convolutional batch normalization ReLu) with learnable parameters and one global average pooling (GP) layer and fully connected layer. The overall accuracy of the proposed model achieved 98.33% and finally compared with the pre-trained transfer learning model (DenseNet-121, ResNet-101, VGG-19, and XceptionNet) and recent state-of-the-art model. For validation of the proposed model, several parameters are considered such as learning rate, batch size, number of epochs, and different optimizers. Apart from this, several other performance measures like tenfold cross-validation, confusion matrix, evaluation metrics, sarea under the receiver operating characteristics, kappa score and Mathew's correlation, and Grad-CAM heat map have been used to assess the efficacy of the proposed model. The outcome of this proposed model is more robust, and it may be useful for radiologists for faster diagnostics of COVID-19.

5.
IEEE Trans Fuzzy Syst ; 30(8): 2902-2914, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1345879

ABSTRACT

A global pandemic scenario is witnessed worldwide owing to the menace of the rapid outbreak of the deadly COVID-19 virus. To save mankind from this apocalyptic onslaught, it is essential to curb the fast spreading of this dreadful virus. Moreover, the absence of specialized drugs has made the scenario even more badly and thus an early-stage adoption of necessary precautionary measures would provide requisite supportive treatment for its prevention. The prime objective of this article is to use radiological images as a tool to help in early diagnosis. The interval type 2 fuzzy clustering is blended with the concept of superpixels, and metaheuristics to efficiently segment the radiological images. Despite noise sensitivity of watershed-based approach, it is adopted for superpixel computation owing to its simplicity where the noise problem is handled by the important edge information of the gradient image is preserved with the help of morphological opening and closing based reconstruction operations. The traditional objective function of the fuzzy c-means clustering algorithm is modified to incorporate the spatial information from the neighboring superpixel-based local window. The computational overhead associated with the processing of a huge amount of spatial information is reduced by incorporating the concept of superpixels and the optimal clusters are determined by a modified version of the flower pollination algorithm. Although the proposed approach performs well but should not be considered as an alternative to gold standard detection tests of COVID-19. Experimental results are found to be promising enough to deploy this approach for real-life applications.

6.
Neurocomputing ; 457: 40-66, 2021 Oct 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1272633

ABSTRACT

The unprecedented surge of a novel coronavirus in the month of December 2019, named as COVID-19 by the World Health organization has caused a serious impact on the health and socioeconomic activities of the public all over the world. Since its origin, the number of infected and deceased cases has been growing exponentially in almost all the affected countries of the world. The rapid spread of the novel coronavirus across the world results in the scarcity of medical resources and overburdened hospitals. As a result, the researchers and technocrats are continuously working across the world for the inculcation of efficient strategies which may assist the government and healthcare system in controlling and managing the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, this study provides an extensive review of the ongoing strategies such as diagnosis, prediction, drug and vaccine development and preventive measures used in combating the COVID-19 along with technologies used and limitations. Moreover, this review also provides a comparative analysis of the distinct type of data, emerging technologies, approaches used in diagnosis and prediction of COVID-19, statistics of contact tracing apps, vaccine production platforms used in the COVID-19 pandemic. Finally, the study highlights some challenges and pitfalls observed in the systematic review which may assist the researchers to develop more efficient strategies used in controlling and managing the spread of COVID-19.

7.
Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India): Series B ; 2021.
Article in English | PMC | ID: covidwho-1220603
9.
Expert Syst ; 39(3): e12677, 2022 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1105267

ABSTRACT

The recent outbreak of a novel coronavirus, named COVID-19 by the World Health Organization (WHO) has pushed the global economy and humanity into a disaster. In their attempt to control this pandemic, the governments of all the countries have imposed a nationwide lockdown. Although the lockdown may have assisted in limiting the spread of the disease, it has brutally affected the country, unsettling complete value-chains of most important industries. The impact of the COVID-19 is devastating on the economy. Therefore, this study has reported about the impact of COVID-19 epidemic on various industrial sectors. In this regard, the authors have chosen six different industrial sectors such as automobile, energy and power, agriculture, education, travel and tourism and consumer electronics, and so on. This study will be helpful for the policymakers and government authorities to take necessary measures, strategies and economic policies to overcome the challenges encountered in different sectors due to the present pandemic.

10.
Journal of Interdisciplinary Mathematics ; : 1-26, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1066105
11.
Appl Intell (Dordr) ; 51(5): 2908-2938, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1029538

ABSTRACT

This 21st century is notable for experiencing so many disturbances at economic, social, cultural, and political levels in the entire world. The outbreak of novel corona virus 2019 (COVID-19) has been treated as a Public Health crisis of global Concern by the World Health Organization (WHO). Various outbreak models for COVID-19 are being utilized by researchers throughout the world to get well-versed decisions and impose significant control measures. Amid the standard methods for COVID-19 worldwide epidemic prediction, easy statistical, as well as epidemiological methods have got more consideration by researchers and authorities. One main difficulty in controlling the spreading of COVID-19 is the inadequacy and lack of medical tests for detecting as well as identifying a solution. To solve this problem, a few statistical-based advances are being enhanced and turn into a partial resolution up-to some level. To deal with the challenges of the medical field, a broad range of intelligent based methods, frameworks, and equipment have been recommended by Machine Learning (ML) and Deep Learning. As ML and DL have the ability of identifying and predicting patterns in complex large datasets, they are recognized as a suitable procedure for producing effective solutions for the diagnosis of COVID-19. In this paper, a perspective research has been conducted in the applicability of intelligent systems such as ML, DL and others in solving COVID-19 related outbreak issues. The main intention behind this study is (i) to understand the importance of intelligent approaches such as ML and DL for COVID-19 pandemic, (ii) discussing the efficiency and impact of these methods in the prognosis of COVID-19, (iii) the growth in the development of type of ML and advanced ML methods for COVID-19 prognosis,(iv) analyzing the impact of data types and the nature of data along with challenges in processing the data for COVID-19,(v) to focus on some future challenges in COVID-19 prognosis to inspire the researchers for innovating and enhancing their knowledge and research on other impacted sectors due to COVID-19.

12.
Chaos Solitons Fractals ; 138: 109947, 2020 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-436919

ABSTRACT

The World Health Organization (WHO) declared novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), an infectious epidemic caused by SARS-CoV-2, as Pandemic in March 2020. It has affected more than 40 million people in 216 countries. Almost in all the affected countries, the number of infected and deceased patients has been enhancing at a distressing rate. As the early prediction can reduce the spread of the virus, it is highly desirable to have intelligent prediction and diagnosis tools. The inculcation of efficient forecasting and prediction models may assist the government in implementing better design strategies to prevent the spread of virus. In this paper, a state-of-the-art analysis of the ongoing machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) methods in the diagnosis and prediction of COVID-19 has been done. Moreover, a comparative analysis on the impact of machine learning and other competitive approaches like mathematical and statistical models on COVID-19 problem has been conducted. In this study, some factors such as type of methods(machine learning, deep learning, statistical & mathematical) and the impact of COVID research on the nature of data used for the forecasting and prediction of pandemic using computing approaches has been presented. Finally some important research directions for further research on COVID-19 are highlighted which may facilitate the researchers and technocrats to develop competent intelligent models for the prediction and forecasting of COVID-19 real time data.

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