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The fiqh of disaster: The mitigation of Covid-19 in the perspective of Islamic education-neuroscience.
Nuryana, Zalik; Fauzi, Niki Alma Febriana.
  • Suyadi; Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
  • Nuryana Z; Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
  • Fauzi NAF; School of Education Science, Nanjing Normal University, China.
Int J Disaster Risk Reduct ; 51: 101848, 2020 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1023594
ABSTRACT
Fikih Kebencanaan (Coping with Disaster) is a product of Muhammadiyah's ijtihad to respond to contemporary problems, especially geological and non-geological disasters, which later become the normative foundation for the mitigation of health disasters such as the Covid-19 pandemic. The paradigm of the present research is a transdisciplinary qualitative type with a phenomenological approach. The research analyzed the reasoning of Fikih Kebencanaan and its actualization in Covid-19 mitigation, the medical health movement and the reconstruction of fiqh of worship during an emergency in particular, and how to deal with the disaster theologically in general. The results showed that the reasoning of Fikih Kebencanaan was expanded in terms of medical, theological, and educational movements. Medical movement is a health movement in the form of providing 74 Covid-19 Standby Hospitals capable of accommodating 3917 patients or 36.15% of the total number of cases in Indonesia, followed by the distribution of masks, gloves, and foods to 401,209 Covid-19 affected victims. The theological movement was in the form of religious provision in which Muhammadiyah attempted to reconstruct classical Islamic jurisprudence of the rule of worship to adapt to an emergency. In contrast, the Indonesian Council of Ulema (MUI) applied zoning. The educative movement was a preventive effort to counter narration stemming from micro-celebrity Da'i (Islamic preacher) & Influencers (religious preachers) tried to circumvent religious provisions with their viral statements on social media. This effort was realized by developing neuroscience Islamic education with learning media in visualization that combined modern comics and contemporary cartoons with cinematic narratives. The neuroscience Islamic education movement tried not to use the dogmatic-monolithic approach as in classical education.

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Document Type: Article Type of study: Case report / Qualitative research Language: English Journal: Int J Disaster Risk Reduct Year: 2020

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Document Type: Article Type of study: Case report / Qualitative research Language: English Journal: Int J Disaster Risk Reduct Year: 2020
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