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Transmission of viral pathogens in a social network of university students: the eX-FLU study.
Zivich, P N; Eisenberg, M C; Monto, A S; Uzicanin, A; Baric, R S; Sheahan, T P; Rainey, J J; Gao, H; Aiello, A E.
  • Zivich PN; Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
  • Eisenberg MC; Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
  • Monto AS; Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
  • Uzicanin A; Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
  • Baric RS; Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.
  • Sheahan TP; Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
  • Rainey JJ; Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
  • Gao H; Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
  • Aiello AE; Division of Global Health Protection, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.
Epidemiol Infect ; 148: e267, 2020 08 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-912841
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Viral Pathogenesis PROCESS_OF Social Networks
Subject
Viral Pathogenesis
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Social Networks
2. Viral Pathogenesis PROCESS_OF Social Networks
Subject
Viral Pathogenesis
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Social Networks
ABSTRACT
Previous research on respiratory infection transmission among university students has primarily focused on influenza. In this study, we explore potential transmission events for multiple respiratory pathogens in a social contact network of university students. University students residing in on-campus housing (n = 590) were followed for the development of influenza-like illness for 10-weeks during the 2012-13 influenza season. A contact network was built using weekly self-reported contacts, class schedules, and housing information. We considered a transmission event to have occurred if students were positive for the same pathogen and had a network connection within a 14-day period. Transmitters were individuals who had onset date prior to their infected social contact. Throat and nasal samples were analysed for multiple viruses by RT-PCR. Five viruses were involved in 18 transmission events (influenza A, parainfluenza virus 3, rhinovirus, coronavirus NL63, respiratory syncytial virus). Transmitters had higher numbers of co-infections (67%). Identified transmission events had contacts reported in small classes (33%), dormitory common areas (22%) and dormitory rooms (17%). These results suggest that targeting person-to-person interactions, through measures such as isolation and quarantine, could reduce transmission of respiratory infections on campus.
Subject(s)
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Respiratory Tract Infections / Students / Virus Diseases / Social Networking Limits: Female / Humans / Male Country/Region as subject: North America Language: English Journal: Epidemiol Infect Journal subject: Communicable Diseases / Epidemiology Year: 2020 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: S0950268820001806

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Respiratory Tract Infections / Students / Virus Diseases / Social Networking Limits: Female / Humans / Male Country/Region as subject: North America Language: English Journal: Epidemiol Infect Journal subject: Communicable Diseases / Epidemiology Year: 2020 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: S0950268820001806