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A Contact Matrix-Based Approach for Predicting COVID-19 Using Influenza Data
2022 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Joint Conference on Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology, WI-IAT 2022 ; : 782-787, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2322024
ABSTRACT
The global pandemic Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become one of the deadliest epidemics in human history, bringing enormous harm to human society. To help health policymakers respond to the threat of COVID-19, prediction of outbreaks is needed. Research on COVID-19 prediction usually uses data-driven models and mechanism models. However, in the early stages of the epidemic, there were not enough data to establish a data-driven model. The inadequate understanding of the virus that causes COVID-19, SARS-COV-2, has also led to the inaccuracies of the mechanism model. This has left the government with the toughest Non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) to curb the spread of the virus, such as the lockdown of Wuhan in 2020. Yet man is a social animal, and social relations and interactions are necessary for his existence. The novel coronavirus and containment measures have challenged human and community interactions, affecting the lives of individuals and collective societies. To help governments take appropriate and necessary actions in the early stages of an epidemic, and to mitigate its impact on people's psychology and lives, we used the COVID-19 pandemic as an example to develop a model that uses surveillance data from one epidemic to predict the development trend of another. Based on the fact that both influenza and COVID-19 are transmitted through infectious respiratory droplets, we hypothesized that they may have the same underlying contact structure, and we proposed the influenza data-based COVID-19 prediction (ICP) model. In this model, the underlying contact pattern is firstly inferred by using a singular value decomposition method from influenza surveillance data. Then the contact matrix was used to simulate the influenza virus transmission through close contact of people, and the influenza virus transmission model was established. In order to be able to simulate the spread of COVID-19 virus using influenza transmission models, we used influenza contact matrix and COVID-19 infection data to estimate the risk of a population contracting COVID-19, i.e. force of infection of COVID-19. Finally, we used force of infection and influenza virus transmission model to simulate and predict the spread of COVID-19 in the population. We obtained age-disaggregated influenza and COVID-19 infection data for the United States in 2020, as well as data for Europe, which was not disaggregated by age. We use correlation coefficients as an evaluation indicator, and the final results prove that the predicted value and the actual value are positively correlated. So, the development trend of COVID-19 can be predicted using influenza surveillance data. © 2022 IEEE.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados de organismos internacionais Base de dados: Scopus Tipo de estudo: Estudo experimental / Estudo prognóstico Idioma: Inglês Revista: WIC Ano de publicação: 2022 Tipo de documento: Artigo

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados de organismos internacionais Base de dados: Scopus Tipo de estudo: Estudo experimental / Estudo prognóstico Idioma: Inglês Revista: WIC Ano de publicação: 2022 Tipo de documento: Artigo