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Resultados  1-12 de 330

Order Without Intellectual Property Law: Open Science in Influenza.

Autor(es): Kapczynski, Amy
Fonte: Cornell Law Rev;102(6): 1539-648, 2017.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 29048862
Resumo: Today, intellectual property (IP) scholars accept that IP as an approach to information production has serious limits. But what lies beyond IP? A new literature on "intellectual production without IP" (or "IP without IP") has emerged to explore this question, but its examples and explanations have yet to convince skeptics. This Article reorients this new literature via a study of a hard case: a global influenza virus-sharing network that has for decades produced critically important informa (mais)

Disease surveillance in England and Wales.

Fonte: Vet Rec;178(2): 37-40, 2016 Jan 09.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 26744008
Resumo: This issue of Veterinary Record introduces a new look for the monthly disease surveillance report for England and Wales from the APHA. The format and content has been changed to provide a report that brings together data and information from different sources of government-funded and other veterinary scanning surveillance activity. This first report in the new format considers current issues, such as actions to prevent porcine epidemic diarrhea and what to do if it is suspected, and provide (mais)

Assessment of influenza vaccine effectiveness in a sentinel surveillance network 2010-13, United States.

Autor(es): Cowling, Benjamin J; Feng, Shuo; Finelli, Lyn; Steffens, Andrea; Fowlkes, Ashley
Fonte: Vaccine;34(1): 61-6, 2016 Jan 02.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 26611200
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccines are now widely used to reduce the burden of annual epidemics of influenza virus infections. Influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) is monitored annually to determine VE against each season's circulating influenza strains in different groups such as children, adults and the elderly. Few prospective surveillance programs are available to evaluate influenza VE against medically attended illness for patients of all ages in the United States. METHODS: We conducted su (mais)

Influenza vaccine effectiveness for hospital and community patients using control groups with and without non-influenza respiratory viruses detected, Auckland, New Zealand 2014.

Autor(es): Pierse, Nevil; Kelly, Heath; Thompson, Mark G; Bissielo, Ange; Radke, Sarah; Huang, Q Sue; Baker, Michael G; Turner, Nikki
Fonte: Vaccine;34(4): 503-509, 2016 Jan 20.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 26685091
Resumo: BACKGROUND: We aimed to estimate the protection afforded by inactivated influenza vaccine, in both community and hospital settings, in a well characterised urban population in Auckland during 2014. METHODS: We used two different comparison groups, all patients who tested negative for influenza and only those patients who tested negative for influenza and had a non-influenza respiratory virus detected, to calculate the vaccine effectiveness in a test negative study design. Estimates were mad (mais)

Bayesian hierarchical Poisson models with a hidden Markov structure for the detection of influenza epidemic outbreaks.

Autor(es): Conesa, D; Martínez-Beneito, M A; Amorós, R; López-Quílez, A
Fonte: Stat Methods Med Res;24(2): 206-23, 2015 Apr.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 21873301
Resumo: Considerable effort has been devoted to the development of statistical algorithms for the automated monitoring of influenza surveillance data. In this article, we introduce a framework of models for the early detection of the onset of an influenza epidemic which is applicable to different kinds of surveillance data. In particular, the process of the observed cases is modelled via a Bayesian Hierarchical Poisson model in which the intensity parameter is a function of the incidence rate. The (mais)

Influenza-like illness sentinel surveillance in one hospital in Medellin, Colombia. 2007-2012.

Autor(es): Arango, Ana Eugenia; Jaramillo, Sergio; Perez, Juan; Ampuero, Julia S; Espinal, David; Donado, Jorge; Felices, Vidal; Garcia, Josefina; Laguna-Torres, Alberto
Fonte: Influenza Other Respir Viruses;9(1): 1-13, 2015 Jan.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 25100179
Resumo: BACKGROUND: The city of Medellin in Colombia has almost no documentation of the causes of acute respiratory infections (ARIs). As part of an ongoing collaboration, we conducted an epidemiologic surveillance for influenza and other respiratory viruses. It described the influenza strains that were circulating in the region along with their distribution over time, and performing molecular characterization to some of those strains. This will contribute to the knowledge of local and national epi (mais)

Influenza surveillance and incidence in a rural area in China during the 2009/2010 influenza pandemic.

Autor(es): Zhang, Ying; Li, Lin; Dong, Xiaochun; Kong, Mei; Gao, Lu; Dong, Xiaojing; Xu, Wenti
Fonte: PLoS One;9(12): e115347, 2014.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 25542003
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Most influenza surveillance is based on data from urban sentinel hospitals; little is known about influenza activity in rural communities. We conducted influenza surveillance in a rural region of China with the aim of detecting influenza activity in the 2009/2010 influenza season. METHODS: The study was conducted from October 2009 to March 2010. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to confirm influenza cases. Over-the-counter (OTC) drug sales were daily collected in drug (mais)

Influenza-like illness in a Vietnamese province: epidemiology in correlation with weather factors and determinants from the surveillance system.

Autor(es): Minh An, Dao Thi; Ngoc, Nguyen Thi Bich; Nilsson, Maria
Fonte: Glob Health Action;7: 23073, 2014.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 25511881
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Seasonal influenza affects from 5 to 15% of the world's population annually and causes an estimated 250,000-500,000 deaths worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends 'sentinel surveillance' for influenza-like illness (ILI) because it is simple and calls for standardized methods at a relatively low cost that can be implemented throughout the world. In Vietnam, ILI is a key priority for public health also because of its annually recurring temporal pattern. Two major (mais)

Equine disease surveillance: quarterly summary.

Fonte: Vet Rec;175(21): 530-3, 2014 Nov 29.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 25431382
Resumo: Equine influenza in England and Scotland, Significant numbers of outbreaks of equine herpesvirus 1 neurological disease in the USA, Summary of surveillance testing, April to June 2014. These are among matters discussed in the most recent quarterly equine disease surveillance report, prepared by Defra, the Animal Health Trust and the British Equine Veterinary Association.

Influenza season in Réunion dominated by influenza B virus circulation associated with numerous cases of severe disease, France, 2014.

Autor(es): Brottet, E; Vandroux, D; Gauzere, B A; Antok, E; Jaffar-Bandjee, M C; Michault, A; Filleul, L
Fonte: Euro Surveill;19(39)2014 Oct 02.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 25306979
Resumo: The 2014 seasonal influenza in Réunion, a French overseas territory in the southern hemisphere, was dominated by influenza B. Resulting morbidity impacted public health. Relative to the total number of all-cause consultations over the whole season, the rate of acute respiratory infection (ARI) consultations was 6.5%. Severe disease occurred in 32 laboratory-confirmed influenza cases (31.7 per 100,000 ARI consultations), 16 with influenza B. The observed disease dynamics could present a potential scenario for the next European influenza season.
Resultados  1-12 de 330