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Results  1-12 de 340

Factors associated with adverse outcomes during influenza outbreaks in aged care facilities.

Author(s): Tennant, Elaine; Fletcher, Stephanie; Kakar, Sheena; Najjar, Zeina; Lord, Heidi; Clark, Penelope; Gupta, Leena
Source: Aust N Z J Public Health;44(1): 65-72, 2020 Feb.
MEDLINE - International Database for Medical Literature PMID: 31617654
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To explore factors associated with adverse outcomes during influenza outbreaks in residential aged care facilities. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of all outbreaks reported to three Sydney metropolitan Public Health Units during 2017. RESULTS: A total of 123 outbreaks affected 1,787 residents and 543 staff. Early notification to a Public Health Unit was associated with shorter outbreak duration (p<0.001; B=0.674). Resident attack rates and resident mortality rates were low (more)

Accuracy of real-time multi-model ensemble forecasts for seasonal influenza in the U.S.

Author(s): Reich, Nicholas G; McGowan, Craig J; Yamana, Teresa K; Tushar, Abhinav; Ray, Evan L; Osthus, Dave; Kandula, Sasikiran; Brooks, Logan C; Crawford-Crudell, Willow; Gibson, Graham Casey; Moore, Evan; Silva, Rebecca; Biggerstaff, Matthew; Johansson, Michael A; Rosenfeld, Roni; Shaman, Jeffrey
Source: PLoS Comput Biol;15(11): e1007486, 2019 11.
MEDLINE - International Database for Medical Literature PMID: 31756193
Abstract: Seasonal influenza results in substantial annual morbidity and mortality in the United States and worldwide. Accurate forecasts of key features of influenza epidemics, such as the timing and severity of the peak incidence in a given season, can inform public health response to outbreaks. As part of ongoing efforts to incorporate data and advanced analytical methods into public health decision-making, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has organized seasonal i (more)

Managing Influenza Outbreaks Through Social Interaction on Social Media: Research Transformation Through an Engaged Scholarship Approach.

Author(s): Bunker, Deborah; Ehnis, Christian; Shahbazi, Maryam
Source: Stud Health Technol Inform;259: 39-44, 2019.
MEDLINE - International Database for Medical Literature PMID: 30923270
Abstract: This research project seeks to develop our understanding of the spread of influenza through social interactions, individual and group activities as well as through public attitudes towards official health responses as they occur on social media platforms. We propose to conduct a series of workshops to: 1) develop a deep understanding of current social media crisis communications practices during influenza outbreaks; and 2) to assist public health agencies and health professionals to manage (more)

Prescription surveillance for early detection system of emerging and reemerging infectious disease outbreaks.

Author(s): Sugawara, Tamie; Ohkusa, Yasushi; Kawanohara, Hirokazu; Kamei, Miwako
Source: Biosci Trends;12(5): 523-525, 2018.
MEDLINE - International Database for Medical Literature PMID: 30473564
Abstract: Based on prescriptions filled at external pharmacies, prescription surveillance (PS) in Japan has been reporting the estimated numbers of influenza and varicella patients and people prescribed certain drugs since 2009. Every morning, this system estimates the numbers of patients from the numbers of prescriptions filled nationwide for neuraminidase inhibitors, anti-herpes virus drugs, antibiotic drugs, antipyretic analgesics, and multi-ingredient cold medications. Moreover, it can detect "un (more)

[Study on early warning threshold values for 7 common communicable diseases in Gansu province, 2016].

Author(s): Cheng, Y; Liu, X F; Meng, L; Yang, X T; Liu, D P; Wei, K F; Jiang, X J; Liu, H X; Zheng, Y H
Source: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi;39(3): 352-356, 2018 Mar 10.
MEDLINE - International Database for Medical Literature PMID: 29609253
Abstract: Objective: To optimize the warning threshold values of common communicable diseases in Gansu province, and improve the early warning effect. Method: An early warning model was set up for influenza, scarlet fever, other infectious diarrheal diseases, dysentery, typhoid and paratyphoid, viral hepatitis type E and hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) respectively in Gansu by using the moving percentile method and cumulative sum method. By calculating the sensitivity, specificity, predictive valu (more)

Contagion! The BBC Four Pandemic - The model behind the documentary.

Author(s): Klepac, Petra; Kissler, Stephen; Gog, Julia
Source: Epidemics;24: 49-59, 2018 09.
MEDLINE - International Database for Medical Literature PMID: 29576516
Abstract: To mark the centenary of the 1918 influenza pandemic, the broadcasting network BBC have put together a 75-min documentary called 'Contagion! The BBC Four Pandemic'. Central to the documentary is a nationwide citizen science experiment, during which volunteers in the United Kingdom could download and use a custom mobile phone app called BBC Pandemic, and contribute their movement and contact data for a day. As the 'maths team', we were asked to use the data from the app to build and run a mo (more)

Much ado about flu: A mixed methods study of parental perceptions, trust and information seeking in a pandemic.

Author(s): King, Catherine L; Chow, Maria Y K; Wiley, Kerrie E; Leask, Julie
Source: Influenza Other Respir Viruses;12(4): 514-521, 2018 07.
MEDLINE - International Database for Medical Literature PMID: 29437291
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Effective public health messaging is essential in both the planning phase and duration of a pandemic. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to gain an understanding of parental information seeking, trusted sources and needs in relation to pandemic influenza A 2009 (pH1N1) to inform future policy planning and resource development. PATIENTS/METHODS: We conducted a mixed methods study; parents from 16 childcare centres in Sydney, Australia, were surveyed between 16 November and 9 December 2 (more)

Identification of Keywords From Twitter and Web Blog Posts to Detect Influenza Epidemics in Korea.

Author(s): Woo, Hyekyung; Sung Cho, Hyeon; Shim, Eunyoung; Lee, Jong Koo; Lee, Kihwang; Song, Gilyoung; Cho, Youngtae
Source: Disaster Med Public Health Prep;12(3): 352-359, 2018 06.
MEDLINE - International Database for Medical Literature PMID: 28756796
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Social media data are a highly contextual health information source. The objective of this study was to identify Korean keywords for detecting influenza epidemics from social media data. METHODS: We included data from Twitter and online blog posts to obtain a sufficient number of candidate indicators and to represent a larger proportion of the Korean population. We performed the following steps: initial keyword selection; generation of a keyword time series using a preprocessing (more)

Epidemiologic patterns of influenza outbreaks in institutional settings.

Author(s): Subelj, M
Source: Public Health;155: 23-25, 2018 Feb.
MEDLINE - International Database for Medical Literature PMID: 29288876
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: Congregate environments facilitate spread of influenza viruses and could result in serious outcomes among residents. METHODS: We reviewed the epidemiology and identified factors that affect outbreak outcomes, using descriptive statistics and generalized estimating equations (GEE) regression. Outbreak duration, attack rate, hospitalization rate, case fatality rate, and the proportion of laboratory tests performed among infected residents were calculated by viral etiology, time to (more)

Surveillance and laboratory detection for non-polio enteroviruses in the European Union/European Economic Area, 2016.

Author(s): Harvala, Heli; Jasir, Aftab; Penttinen, Pasi; Pastore Celentano, Lucia; Greco, Donato; Broberg, Eeva
Source: Euro Surveill;22(45)2017 Nov.
MEDLINE - International Database for Medical Literature PMID: 29162204
Abstract: Enteroviruses (EVs) cause severe outbreaks of respiratory and neurological disease as illustrated by EV-D68 and EV-A71 outbreaks, respectively. We have mapped European laboratory capacity for identification and characterisation of non-polio EVs to improve preparedness to respond to (re)-emerging EVs linked to severe disease. An online questionnaire on non-polio EV surveillance and laboratory detection was submitted to all 30 European Union (EU)/European Economic Area (EEA) countries. Twenty (more)

After-action review of the 2009-10 H1N1 Influenza Outbreak Response: Ohio's Public Health System's performance.

Author(s): Mase, William A; Bickford, Beth; Thomas, Casey L; Jones, Shamika D; Bisesi, Michael
Source: J Emerg Manag;15(5): 325-334, 2017.
MEDLINE - International Database for Medical Literature PMID: 29165783
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: In early 2009, H1N1 influenza was identified within the human population. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) officials responded with focused assessment, policy development, and assurances. The response was mobilized through efforts including procurement of adequate vaccine supply, local area span of control, materials acquisition, and facilities and resource identification. METHODS: Qualitative evaluation of the assurance functions specific to the system's ability (more)

Assessing the reporting quality of influenza outbreaks in the community.

Author(s): Lo, Calvin; Mertz, Dominik; Loeb, Mark
Source: Influenza Other Respir Viruses;11(6): 556-563, 2017 11.
MEDLINE - International Database for Medical Literature PMID: 29054122
Abstract: BACKGROUND: High-quality reporting of outbreak characteristics is fundamental to understand the behaviour of various strains of influenza virus and the impact of outbreak management strategies. However, few studies have systematically evaluated the quality of outbreak reporting. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic analysis and assessment for reporting quality of influenza outbreaks based on a modified version of the STROBE statement, and to examine characteristics associated with reporting (more)
Results  1-12 de 340