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Pesquisa | Influenza A (H1N1)

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Resultados  1-12 de 136

Capture of 0.1-µm aerosol particles containing viable H1N1 influenza virus by N95 filtering facepiece respirators.

Autor(es): Harnish, Delbert A; Heimbuch, Brian K; Balzli, Charles; Choe, Melanie; Lumley, April E; Shaffer, Ronald E; Wander, Joseph D
Fonte: J Occup Environ Hyg;13(3): D46-9, 2016.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 26554291
Resumo: Nosocomial infections pose an escalating threat to both patients and healthcare workers (HCWs). A widely recommended device for individual respiratory protection, the N95 filtering facepiece respirator (FFR) has been shown to provide efficient filtration of inert particles larger and smaller than the nominal most-penetrating particle size (MPPS) range, 0.03-0.3 µm. Humans generate respiratory aerosols in the MPPS range, suggesting that short-range disease transmission could occur via smal (mais)

Pediatric craniomaxillofacial injuries after road traffic crashes: characteristics of injuries and protective equipment use.

Autor(es): Yunus, Siti Salmiah Mohd; Ngeow, Wei Cheong; Ramli, Roszalina
Fonte: Am J Emerg Med;33(9): 1253-7, 2015 Sep.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 26026365
Resumo: OBJECTIVE: A cross-sectional study to determine the pattern of craniomaxillofacial (CMF) injuries among children involved in road traffic crashes was performed. The association of protective equipment use with the CMF injuries was evaluated. METHODS: Retrospective records of children treated in the University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, after road traffic crashes between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2012 were reviewed, and, after that, telephone interviews were made. (mais)

Ebola Virus Disease: essential public health principles for clinicians.

Autor(es): Koenig, Kristi L; Majestic, Cassondra; Burns, Michael J
Fonte: West J Emerg Med;15(7): 728-31, 2014 Nov.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 25493109
Resumo: Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) has become a public health emergency of international concern. The World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have developed guidance to educate and inform healthcare workers and travelers worldwide. Symptoms of EVD include abrupt onset of fever, myalgias, and headache in the early phase, followed by vomiting, diarrhea and possible progression to hemorrhagic rash, life-threatening bleeding, and multi-organ failure in the later phase. T (mais)

Effectiveness of common healthcare disinfectants against H1N1 influenza virus on reusable elastomeric respirators.

Autor(es): Subhash, Shobha S; Cavaiuolo, Maria; Radonovich, Lewis J; Eagan, Aaron; Lee, Martin L; Campbell, Sheldon; Martinello, Richard A
Fonte: Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol;35(7): 894-7, 2014 Jul.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 24915224
Resumo: This study evaluated the efficacy of 3 common hospital disinfectants to inactivate influenza virus on elastomeric respirators. Quaternary ammonium/isopropyl alcohol and bleach detergent wipes eliminated live virus, whereas 70% isopropyl alcohol alone was ineffective.

Respiratory protection policies and practices among the health care workforce exposed to influenza in New York State: evaluating emergency preparedness for the next pandemic.

Autor(es): Hines, Leah; Rees, Elizabeth; Pavelchak, Nicholas
Fonte: Am J Infect Control;42(3): 240-5, 2014 Mar.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 24457143
Resumo: BACKGROUND: New York State hospitals are required to implement a respiratory protection program (RPP) consistent with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration respirator standard. Guidance provided during the 2009 novel H1N1 pandemic expanded on earlier recommendations, emphasizing the need to keep staff in all health care settings healthy to maintain services. METHODS: New York State hospitals with emergency departments having more than 1,000 visits annually were invited to partic (mais)

Influenza outbreak control practices and the effectiveness of interventions in long-term care facilities: a systematic review.

Autor(es): Rainwater-Lovett, Kaitlin; Chun, Kevin; Lessler, Justin
Fonte: Influenza Other Respir Viruses;8(1): 74-82, 2014 Jan.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 24373292
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Evaluation of influenza control measures frequently focuses on the efficacy of chemoprophylaxis and vaccination, while the effectiveness of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPI) receives less emphasis. While influenza control measures are frequently reported for individual outbreaks, there have been few efforts to characterize the real-world effectiveness of these interventions across outbreaks. OBJECTIVES: To characterize influenza case and outbreak definitions and control mea (mais)

Influenza outbreaks management in a French psychiatric hospital from 2004 to 2012.

Autor(es): Gaspard, Philippe; Mosnier, Anne; Gunther, Dominique; Lochert, Céline; Larocca, Sabrina; Minery, Pascale; Stoll-Keller, Françoise; Bertrand, Xavier; Talon, Daniel
Fonte: Gen Hosp Psychiatry;36(1): 46-52, 2014 Jan-Feb.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 24095038
Resumo: OBJECTIVE: Influenza epidemics can have consequences in terms of morbidity and mortality for the patients. This work assesses influenza outbreaks in order to validate and optimize alert and control measures in a psychiatric hospital. METHOD: The prospective monitoring of influenza episodes was conducted for 8 years in 19 units of a mental health hospital. Rapid influenza diagnostic tests were used. The study of the episodes with confirmed influenza cases was carried out. RESULTS: Influenza (mais)

Testing the efficacy of homemade masks: would they protect in an influenza pandemic?

Autor(es): Davies, Anna; Thompson, Katy-Anne; Giri, Karthika; Kafatos, George; Walker, Jimmy; Bennett, Allan
Fonte: Disaster Med Public Health Prep;7(4): 413-8, 2013 Aug.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 24229526
Resumo: OBJECTIVE: This study examined homemade masks as an alternative to commercial face masks. METHODS: Several household materials were evaluated for the capacity to block bacterial and viral aerosols. Twenty-one healthy volunteers made their own face masks from cotton t-shirts; the masks were then tested for fit. The number of microorganisms isolated from coughs of healthy volunteers wearing their homemade mask, a surgical mask, or no mask was compared using several air-sampling techniques. RE (mais)

Insufficient preparedness of primary care practices for pandemic influenza and the effect of a preparedness plan in Japan: a prefecture-wide cross-sectional study.

Autor(es): Tomizuka, Taro; Kanatani, Yasuhiro; Kawahara, Kazuo
Fonte: BMC Fam Pract;14: 174, 2013 Nov 19.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 24252688
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Cases of emerging infectious diseases, including H5N1 influenza, H7N9 influenza, and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, have been reported in recent years, and the threat of pandemic outbreaks persists. In Japan, primary care is the frontline against emerging infectious diseases in communities. Although the importance of pandemic preparedness in primary care has been highlighted previously, few studies have thus far investigated the preparedness among primary care practices (PCPs (mais)

Swine worker awareness and behavior regarding prevention of zoonotic influenza transmission.

Autor(es): Rabinowitz, Peter; Fowler, Heather; Odofin, Lynda Osadepe; Messinger, Chelsea; Sparer, Judy; Vegso, Sally
Fonte: J Agromedicine;18(4): 304-11, 2013.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 24125045
Resumo: ABSTRACT A convenience survey of swine workers on large and small commercial farms in the Northeast and Midwest United States regarding zoonotic influenza awareness and precautions was conducted. Workers reported low levels of concern regarding the risk of contracting influenza from swine, and were generally not aware of national guidelines for influenza prevention. Use of personal protective equipment (PPE) varied by task, N95 respirator use was rare, and no workers were enrolled in respir (mais)

Evaluation of respiratory protection programs and practices in California hospitals during the 2009-2010 H1N1 influenza pandemic.

Autor(es): Beckman, Stella; Materna, Barbara; Goldmacher, Suzi; Zipprich, Jennifer; D'Alessandro, Maryann; Novak, Debra; Harrison, Robert
Fonte: Am J Infect Control;41(11): 1024-31, 2013 Nov.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 23932825
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Emergence of the novel 2009 influenza A H1N1 virus in California led to an evaluation of hospital respiratory protection programs (RPPs) and practices by the California Department of Public Health during the 2009-2010 influenza season. METHODS: Onsite evaluation of 16 hospitals consisted of interviews with managers and health care workers about RPPs and practices, review of written RPPs, and limited observations of personnel using respirators. Data were analyzed using descriptiv (mais)
Resultados  1-12 de 136