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Pesquisa | Influenza A (H1N1)

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Resultados  1-12 de 149

Health Beliefs of Wearing Facemasks for Influenza A/H1N1 Prevention: A Qualitative Investigation of Hong Kong Older Adults.

Autor(es): Zhang, Chun-Qing; Chung, Pak-Kwong; Liu, Jing-Dong; Chan, Derwin K C; Hagger, Martin S; Hamilton, Kyra
Fonte: Asia Pac J Public Health;31(3): 246-256, 2019 04.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 31007032
Resumo: Although vaccination is the first-line strategy controlling and preventing influenza A/H1N1 for older adults, personal protective measures, such as wearing facemasks, are also important preventive behaviors to reduce the risk of becoming infected with influenza A/H1N1 during a pandemic. In the current study, we aimed to explore the belief-related psychological factors of wearing facemasks for influenza A/H1N1 prevention in a sample of Hong Kong older adults. Community-dwelling Chinese adult (mais)

Modeling the Effectiveness of Respiratory Protective Devices in Reducing Influenza Outbreak.

Autor(es): Yan, Jing; Guha, Suvajyoti; Hariharan, Prasanna; Myers, Matthew
Fonte: Risk Anal;39(3): 647-661, 2019 03.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 30229968
Resumo: Outbreaks of influenza represent an important health concern worldwide. In many cases, vaccines are only partially successful in reducing the infection rate, and respiratory protective devices (RPDs) are used as a complementary countermeasure. In devising a protection strategy against influenza for a given population, estimates of the level of protection afforded by different RPDs is valuable. In this article, a risk assessment model previously developed in general form was used to estimate (mais)

Understanding attitudes toward hygiene mask use in Japanese daily life by using a repeated cross-sectional survey.

Autor(es): Morishima, Mika; Kishida, Koya
Fonte: Work;61(2): 303-311, 2018.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 30373980
Resumo: BACKGROUND: During the 2009 H1N1 influenza epidemic, roughly half of survey respondents reported having worn a hygiene mask. However, most were unsatisfied with commercially available masks. OBJECTIVE: The long-term goal was to develop a comfortable, high-performance hygiene mask. This study investigated holistic attitudes of mask wearers and identified the most prominent problems as a basis for developing a new mask. METHODS: In 2009, 2012, and 2015, identical surveys were conducted among (mais)

Assessment of half-mask elastomeric respirator and powered air-purifying respirator reprocessing for an influenza pandemic.

Autor(es): Lawrence, Caryn; Harnish, Delbert A; Sandoval-Powers, Megan; Mills, Devin; Bergman, Michael; Heimbuch, Brian K
Fonte: Am J Infect Control;45(12): 1324-1330, 2017 Dec 01.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 28844381
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Health care facilities are considering the use of reusable respiratory protective devices (RPDs) to mitigate a potential N95 filtering facepiece respirator shortage caused by an influenza pandemic. US regulators are also considering stockpiling reusable RPDs for pandemic preparedness, but limited data exist on the effectiveness of cleaning and disinfection of these devices. This study defines reprocessing protocols and evaluates their effectiveness against a pandemic influenza s (mais)

Personal Protective Equipment Supply Chain: Lessons Learned from Recent Public Health Emergency Responses.

Autor(es): Patel, Anita; D'Alessandro, Maryann M; Ireland, Karen J; Burel, W Greg; Wencil, Elaine B; Rasmussen, Sonja A
Fonte: Health Secur;15(3): 244-252, 2017.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 28636443
Resumo: Personal protective equipment (PPE) that protects healthcare workers from infection is a critical component of infection control strategies in healthcare settings. During a public health emergency response, protecting healthcare workers from infectious disease is essential, given that they provide clinical care to those who fall ill, have a high risk of exposure, and need to be assured of occupational safety. Like most goods in the United States, the PPE market supply is based on demand. Th (mais)

Effectiveness of personal protective measures in reducing pandemic influenza transmission: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Autor(es): Saunders-Hastings, Patrick; Crispo, James A G; Sikora, Lindsey; Krewski, Daniel
Fonte: Epidemics;20: 1-20, 2017 09.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 28487207
Resumo: The goal of this review was to examine the effectiveness of personal protective measures in preventing pandemic influenza transmission in human populations. We collected primary studies from Medline, Embase, PubMed, Cochrane Library, CINAHL and grey literature. Where appropriate, random effects meta-analyses were conducted using inverse variance statistical calculations. Meta-analyses suggest that regular hand hygiene provided a significant protective effect (OR=0.62; 95% CI 0.52-0.73; I2=0 (mais)

What Transmission Precautions Best Control Influenza Spread in a Hospital?

Autor(es): Blanco, Natalia; Eisenberg, Marisa C; Stillwell, Terri; Foxman, Betsy
Fonte: Am J Epidemiol;183(11): 1045-54, 2016 06 01.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 27188950
Resumo: Influenza is a significant problem within hospitals, leading to extended hospital stays, excess morbidity and mortality, and economic loss. Prevention and control strategies are generally "bundled"; therefore, the individual effects of particular strategies and the value of combined strategies cannot be determined directly, making it difficult to discern the optimal strategy. To quantify the individual and joint effectiveness of several known influenza infection control measures used in gen (mais)

Modeling risk of occupational zoonotic influenza infection in swine workers.

Autor(es): Paccha, Blanca; Jones, Rachael M; Gibbs, Shawn; Kane, Michael J; Torremorell, Montserrat; Neira-Ramirez, Victor; Rabinowitz, Peter M
Fonte: J Occup Environ Hyg;13(8): 577-87, 2016 08.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 26950677
Resumo: Zoonotic transmission of influenza A virus (IAV) between swine and workers in swine production facilities may play a role in the emergence of novel influenza strains with pandemic potential. Guidelines to prevent transmission of influenza to swine workers have been developed but there is a need for evidence-based decision-making about protective measures such as respiratory protection. A mathematical model was applied to estimate the risk of occupational IAV exposure to swine workers by con (mais)

Capture of 0.1-µm aerosol particles containing viable H1N1 influenza virus by N95 filtering facepiece respirators.

Autor(es): Harnish, Delbert A; Heimbuch, Brian K; Balzli, Charles; Choe, Melanie; Lumley, April E; Shaffer, Ronald E; Wander, Joseph D
Fonte: J Occup Environ Hyg;13(3): D46-9, 2016.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 26554291
Resumo: Nosocomial infections pose an escalating threat to both patients and healthcare workers (HCWs). A widely recommended device for individual respiratory protection, the N95 filtering facepiece respirator (FFR) has been shown to provide efficient filtration of inert particles larger and smaller than the nominal most-penetrating particle size (MPPS) range, 0.03-0.3 µm. Humans generate respiratory aerosols in the MPPS range, suggesting that short-range disease transmission could occur via smal (mais)

Social capital and health-protective behavior intentions in an influenza pandemic.

Autor(es): Chuang, Ying-Chih; Huang, Ya-Li; Tseng, Kuo-Chien; Yen, Chia-Hsin; Yang, Lin-hui
Fonte: PLoS One;10(4): e0122970, 2015.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 25874625
Resumo: Health-protective behaviors, such as receiving a vaccine, wearing a face mask, and washing hands frequently, can reduce the risk of contracting influenza. However, little is known about how social capital may influence health-protective behavior in the general population. This study examined whether each of the social capital dimensions (bonding, bridging, and linking) contributed to the intention to adopt any of the health-protective behaviors in an influenza pandemic. The data of this stu (mais)

Comparative Cost of Stockpiling Various Types of Respiratory Protective Devices to Protect the Health Care Workforce During an Influenza Pandemic.

Autor(es): Baracco, Gio; Eisert, Sheri; Eagan, Aaron; Radonovich, Lewis
Fonte: Disaster Med Public Health Prep;9(3): 313-8, 2015 Jun.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 25874891
Resumo: Specific guidance on the size and composition of respiratory protective device (RPD) stockpiles for use during a pandemic is lacking. We explore the economic aspects of stockpiling various types and combinations of RPDs by adapting a pandemic model that estimates the impact of a severe pandemic on a defined population, the number of potential interactions between patients and health care personnel, and the potential number of health care personnel needed to fulfill those needs. Our model ca (mais)
Resultados  1-12 de 149