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Resultados  1-12 de 332

Emerging respiratory infections threatening public health in the Asia-Pacific region: A position paper of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology.

Autor(es): Park, Sunghoon; Park, Ji Young; Song, Yuanlin; How, Soon Hin; Jung, Ki-Suck
Fonte: Respirology;24(6): 590-597, 2019 06.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 30985968
Resumo: In past decades, we have seen several epidemics of respiratory infections from newly emerging viruses, most of which originated in animals. These emerging infections, including severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV), Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) and the pandemic influenza A(H1N1) and avian influenza (AI) viruses, have seriously threatened global health and the economy. In particular, MERS-CoV and AI A(H7N9) are still causing infections in several (mais)

Hospital-acquired influenza in an Australian tertiary Centre 2017: a surveillance based study.

Autor(es): Parkash, Nikita; Beckingham, Wendy; Andersson, Patiyan; Kelly, Paul; Senanayake, Sanjaya; Coatsworth, Nicholas
Fonte: BMC Pulm Med;19(1): 79, 2019 Apr 16.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 30991976
Resumo: BACKGROUND: In 2017, Australia experienced its highest levels of influenza virus activity since the 2009 pandemic. This allowed detailed comparison of the characteristics of patients with community and hospital-acquired influenza, and infection control factors that contributed to influenza spread. METHODS: A surveillance based study was conducted on hospitalised patients with laboratory-confirmed influenza at the Canberra Hospital during April-October 2017. Differences between the hospital- (mais)

Transmission and prevention of acute viral respiratory tract infections in hospitals.

Autor(es): Wilson, Peter; Zumla, Alimuddin
Fonte: Curr Opin Pulm Med;25(3): 220-224, 2019 05.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 30730312
Resumo: PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Transmission of acute respiratory tract viral infections in healthcare environments is a major problem worldwide. We review recent literature of viruses imported to hospitals from the local community and from abroad, their modes of transmission and measures required to reduce and contain them. RECENT FINDINGS: Common causes of outbreaks include influenza viruses, respiratory syncytial virus, adenovirus, and coronaviruses. Major lethal outbreaks of viral respiratory infect (mais)

Modeling the Effectiveness of Respiratory Protective Devices in Reducing Influenza Outbreak.

Autor(es): Yan, Jing; Guha, Suvajyoti; Hariharan, Prasanna; Myers, Matthew
Fonte: Risk Anal;39(3): 647-661, 2019 03.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 30229968
Resumo: Outbreaks of influenza represent an important health concern worldwide. In many cases, vaccines are only partially successful in reducing the infection rate, and respiratory protective devices (RPDs) are used as a complementary countermeasure. In devising a protection strategy against influenza for a given population, estimates of the level of protection afforded by different RPDs is valuable. In this article, a risk assessment model previously developed in general form was used to estimate (mais)

Understanding barriers to effective management of influenza outbreaks by residential aged care facilities.

Autor(es): Huhtinen, Essi; Quinn, Emma; Hess, Isabel; Najjar, Zeina; Gupta, Leena
Fonte: Australas J Ageing;38(1): 60-63, 2019 Mar.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 30537166
Resumo: OBJECTIVE: To identify the perceived barriers to the implementation of the Australian national guidelines on influenza outbreak management with Sydney Local Health District (SLHD) residential aged care facility (RACF) staff. METHODS: All SLHD RACFs were invited to participate in a telephone interview. The questionnaire collected information about demographic characteristics and participants' level of agreement with statements regarding perceived barriers to implementing the national guideli (mais)

An increasing trend of rural infections of human influenza A (H7N9) from 2013 to 2017: A retrospective analysis of patient exposure histories in Zhejiang province, China.

Autor(es): Chen, Enfu; Wang, Maggie H; He, Fan; Sun, Riyang; Cheng, Wei; Zee, Benny C Y; Lau, Steven Y F; Wang, Xiaoxiao; Chong, Ka Chun
Fonte: PLoS One;13(2): e0193052, 2018.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 29447278
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Although investigations have shown that closing live poultry markets (LPMs) is highly effective in controlling human influenza A (H7N9) infections, many of the urban LPMs were shut down, but rural LPMs remained open. This study aimed to compare the proportional changes between urban and rural infections in the Zhejiang province from 2013 to 2017 by analyzing the exposure histories of human cases. METHODS: All laboratory-confirmed cases of H7N9 from 2013 (the first wave) to 2017 (mais)

Current prevention and control of health care-associated infections in long-term care facilities for the elderly in Japan.

Autor(es): Kariya, Naoko; Sakon, Naomi; Komano, Jun; Tomono, Kazunori; Iso, Hiroyasu
Fonte: J Infect Chemother;24(5): 347-352, 2018 May.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 29336918
Resumo: Residents of long-term care facilities for the elderly are vulnerable to health care-associated infections. However, compared to medical institutions, long-term care facilities for the elderly lag behind in health care-associated infection control and prevention. We conducted a epidemiologic study to clarify the current status of infection control in long-term care facilities for the elderly in Japan. A questionnaire survey on the aspects of infection prevention and control was developed ac (mais)

Influenza in long-term care facilities.

Autor(es): Lansbury, Louise E; Brown, Caroline S; Nguyen-Van-Tam, Jonathan S
Fonte: Influenza Other Respir Viruses;11(5): 356-366, 2017 09.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 28691237
Resumo: Long-term care facility environments and the vulnerability of their residents provide a setting conducive to the rapid spread of influenza virus and other respiratory pathogens. Infections may be introduced by staff, visitors or new or transferred residents, and outbreaks of influenza in such settings can have devastating consequences for individuals, as well as placing extra strain on health services. As the population ages over the coming decades, increased provision of such facilities se (mais)
Resultados  1-12 de 332