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1.
Indian Heart J ; 45(1): 45-7, 1993.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8365740

RESUMO

Disturbances in cardiac autonomic functions are known to occur in patients of lepromatous leprosy and dilated cardiomyopathy. We have analyzed the number of cardiac autonomic ganglion cells in patients of lepromatous leprosy (2 cases), dilated cardiomyopathy (2 cases) and compared with those of control subjects (2 cases). The average number of ganglion cells in cases of dilated cardiomyopathy (1164) and leprosy (1138) did not show any significant deviation from the average neuronal number of control subjects (1352).


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/patologia , Gânglios Autônomos/patologia , Hanseníase Virchowiana/patologia , Neurônios/patologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
3.
Postgrad Med J ; 59(697): 707-11, 1983 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-6647188

RESUMO

Sixty consecutive patients with leprosy were investigated for renal involvement. Clinically overt renal disease was present in 4 patients; 3 presented with a nephrotic state and one patient with progressive renal failure. Urinalysis showed daily protein loss ranging from 0.4 to 8.9 g in 8 patients and microscopic haematuria in 4 cases. Elevated levels of blood urea and creatinine were seen only in one patient with diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis. Of the 36 patients in whom distal tubular functions were evaluated, concentration and/or acidification defects were detected in 9 patients (25%). Renal histology revealed no abnormality in any of these patients. Serum C3 levels were decreased in 5 patients with lepromatous leprosy and 3 patients with borderline leprosy. Histological evidence of renal involvement was detected in 9 patients (15%). Amyloid deposits were seen in 3 (5%) patients of whom 2 had lepromatous leprosy and one had tuberculoid leprosy with chronic trophic ulcers. Mesangial proliferative lesions were seen in 5 (8.3%) and diffuse proliferative lesions (with crescents in more than 70% of glomeruli) in one patient. All of them had lepromatous leprosy. Three of the 5 patients with mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis had erythema nodosum leprosum at the time of biopsy. Immunofluorescence studies revealed granular deposits of IgA, IgM and C3 in one patient with mesangial proliferation and IgA/IgM with or without C3 in 3 more patients in whom renal histology was normal. Glomerulonephritis associated with leprosy appears to be immune mediated but confirmation requires identification of lepra antigen in the glomerular immune complex deposits.


Assuntos
Nefropatias/etiologia , Hanseníase/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Amiloidose/etiologia , Eritema Nodoso , Feminino , Glomerulonefrite/etiologia , Humanos , Túbulos Renais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
4.
s.l; s.n; 1983. 4 p. ilus.
Não convencional em Inglês | SES-SP, HANSEN, SESSP-ILSLACERVO, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1233835

Assuntos
Hanseníase
5.
Lepr India ; 54(1): 48-55, 1982 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-7098442

RESUMO

Twenty five patients of lepromatous leprosy were studied clinically and histopathologically for testicular involvement. Testicular pain or swelling was the commonest complaint (68%) followed by sterility (28%) and impotence (4%). Reduced testicular size associated with soft feel was observed in 76% patients. Gynaecomastia was present in 36% and altered sexual hair pattern in 24%. Eleven out of sixteen (69%) patients had oligo/azoospermia. Out of the twenty testicular biopsies 15 (75%) had definite histological evidence of leprous pathology, irrespective of testicular size, semen picture and clinical signs and symptoms. One out of three epididymal biopsies showed minimal changes. Histopathological changes varied markedly, it was not possible to categorize these into vascular, interstitial and obliterative phases.


Assuntos
Hanseníase/patologia , Orquite/patologia , Testículo/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Atrofia , Humanos , Hanseníase/complicações , Hanseníase/imunologia , Células Intersticiais do Testículo/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Orquite/etiologia , Orquite/imunologia , Túbulos Seminíferos/patologia
6.
s.l; s.n; jan. 1982. 8 p. ilus.
Não convencional em Inglês | SES-SP, HANSEN, SESSP-ILSLACERVO, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1240443

RESUMO

Twenty five patients of lepromatous leprosy were studied clinically and histopathologically for testicular involvement. Testicular pain or swelling was the commonest complaint (68%) followed by sterility (28%) and impotence (4%). Reduced testicular size associated with soft feel was observed in 76% patients. Gynaecomastia was present in 36% and altered sexual hair pattern in 24%. Eleven out of sixteen (69%) patients had oligo/azoospermia. Out of the twenty testicular biopsies 15 (75%) had definite histological evidence of leprous pathology, irrespective of testicular size, semen picture and clinical signs and symptoms. One out of three epididymal biopsies showed minimal changes. Histopathological changes varied markedly, it was not possible to categorize these into vascular, interstitial and obliterative phases.


Assuntos
Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Adolescente , Atrofia , Células Intersticiais do Testículo/patologia , Hanseníase/complicações , Hanseníase/imunologia , Hanseníase/patologia , Orquite/etiologia , Orquite/imunologia , Orquite/patologia , Testículo/patologia , Túbulos Seminíferos/patologia
7.
Postgrad Med J ; 57(663): 31-5, 1981 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-7279820

RESUMO

Two hundred and thirty-three patients with renal amyloidosis were studied in an attempt to identify the incidence and pattern of the disease in northern India. The incidence of amyloidosis was 1.01% of 6431 post-mortems and 8.4% of 1980 renal biopsies from patients who presented with clinical evidence of glomerular disease. Two hundred and three patients (87.1%) had secondary amyloidosis, 22 (9.4%) had primary amyloid and 8 patients (3.5%) had amyloidosis associated with multiple myeloma. Tuberculosis of various organs was the commonest predisposing disease accounting for 59.1% of secondary amyloidosis, followed by chronic suppurative lung disease in 24.1%. Rheumatoid arthritis, chronic osteomyelitis and lepromatous leprosy were seen in a small percentage of patients (2 to 8%). Proteinuria of varying degree was present in all the 233 patients and 12.9% of them had a daily protein excretion of more than 10 g. Post-mortem examination of 65 patients with renal amyloidosis showed that 75.3% also had amyloid deposit in the spleen, 63% in the liver, and 50.8% in the adrenals. Clinical evidence of disappearance of proteinuria was observed in 3 patients with secondary amyloidosis; in 2 of them, the regression of amyloidosis was confirmed by serial renal biopsy performed 3 and 5 years after the initial diagnosis.


Assuntos
Amiloidose/epidemiologia , Nefropatias/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Amiloidose/complicações , Amiloidose/patologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteinúria/complicações
9.
s.l; s.n; july 1978. 01 p. tab.
Não convencional em Inglês | SES-SP, HANSEN, SESSP-ILSLACERVO, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1240850

RESUMO

Impotency, sterility, loss of libido, loss of sexual hair and gynecomastia are well documented in patients suffering from leprosy. They occur with greater frequency in lepromatous leprosy as compared to dimorphous and tuberculois types.


Assuntos
Masculino , Humanos , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Ginecomastia/fisiopatologia , Hanseníase/fisiopatologia , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/sangue , Infertilidade Masculina/etiologia , Testículo/fisiopatologia , Testículo/patologia
10.
Am J Med Sci ; 274(2): 139-46, 1977.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-602954

RESUMO

Acute renal failure due to intravascular hemolysis is a common clinical problem in North Indian patients. It constituted 21.5 percent of 325 patients dialyzed for acute renal failure over an 11-year period at Chandigarh. Thirty patients had developed acute intravascular hemolysis in association with erythrocyte glucose-6 phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6PD) deficiency, 17 due to copper sulphate intoxication and 8 due to envenomation by snakes. Less frequent causes were insect stings, incompatible blood transfusion, intake of anti-leprosy drug--dapsone in non-G-6PD-deficient patients, and mercuric chloride toxicity in two patients each; naphthalene poisoning in one; and uncertain causes in six patients. Renal histology was available in 55 patients. Acute tubular necrosis was seen in 54 and bilateral diffuse cortical necrosis in one patient. Fifty patients (71.43 percent) survived and 20(28.6 percent) diet. G-6PD erythrocyte deficiency, which is present in 4.5 percent of the North Indian population, was the most frequent cause of acute renal failure in this group.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Anemia Hemolítica/complicações , Injúria Renal Aguda/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Anemia Hemolítica/induzido quimicamente , Anemia Hemolítica/etiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cobre/envenenamento , Dapsona/efeitos adversos , Grupos Étnicos , Feminino , Deficiência de Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/complicações , Humanos , Índia , Lactente , Túbulos Renais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mordeduras de Serpentes/complicações , Sulfatos/envenenamento
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