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Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16707820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Insights into the pathogenesis of psoriasis have provided opportunities to target key steps in the disease process. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF- alpha) being crucial to the pathogenesis of psoriasis, monoclonal antibodies against this cytokine have proved useful in its treatment. AIM: To study the efficacy of chimeric monoclonal antibody to TNF- alpha (infliximab) in Indian patients with recalcitrant psoriasis vulgaris. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three patients with recalcitrant psoriasis vulgaris were studied. Baseline haemogram, biochemical parameters, chest radiograph and Mantoux skin test were performed. A loading dose regimen of 5 mg/kg infliximab was administered at weeks 0, 2 and 6. PASI assessment, adverse drug event monitoring and laboratory assessments were carried out at 2-week intervals until week 10. Patients were followed up until week 22 for relapse. RESULTS: Infliximab was well tolerated. The mean PASI was 25.4 at presentation and declined to 5.5 at 10 weeks. PASI 75 was attained at a mean of 9.6 weeks. Relapse occurred at a mean of 18.6 weeks after the first infusion. CONCLUSIONS: This study on Indian patients brings out the importance of cytokine-based therapies in psoriasis. Indigenous production could make these therapies a viable therapeutic option for psoriasis patients in the near future.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Infliximab , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Psoríase/patologia
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