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Acta Leprol ; (86-87): 97-109, 1982.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-6816003


The authors carried out 3 double blind trials to determine the correlation between the early and the late lepromin reactions and to verify the practical and control values of the 48 hours or Fernandez reaction. Children and adolescents non-contacts were tested with human lepromin (40 x 10(6) bacilli/ml) and different concentrations of armadillo lepromin (160, 40, 20, 10, 5, 2,5, and 1 x 10(6) bacilli/ml). The conclusions are as follows: 1. The coefficients of correlation (r values) point out that the correlation between the two reactions is poor or almost null. 2. The negative or doubtful reactions, the most often observed, have no practical value because they are almost always followed by a positive Mitsuda reaction. 3. The positive Fernandez reaction was always followed by a positive Mitsuda reaction. Thus it has practical importance. However as the frequency of early positivity is low with human and armadillo lepromin of lower concentrations, recommended in routine testing, the 48 hours reading is unnecessary and without control value. It would represent a loss of time and money.

Antígenos de Bactérias/imunologia , Antígeno de Mitsuda , Hanseníase/imunologia , Adolescente , Criança , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Testes Cutâneos , Fatores de Tempo
Dermatologica ; 163(1): 78-93, 1981.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-7274519


A total of 9,955 schoolchildren aged 6-16 years have been examined in a tropical region. The prevalence of dermatosis varied from 21 to 87% in the municipalities surveyed. The most common dermatoses were pediculosis (prevalence 50%), nevi (16.8%), pityriasis versicolor (13.2%), pyoderma (12.2%), pityriasis alba (9.9%), dermatophytosis (6.2%), viral dermatosis (6.2%), scabies (3.0%) and acne vulgaris (2.7%). The prevalence of angular stomatitis, miliaria rubra, candidiasis, piedra nigra, keratosis pilaris, ephelides and geographic tongue is lower but still relatively high. Females had higher rates of pediculosis capitis and males higher prevalence of pityriasis alba. The prevalence of pityriasis versicolor, pigmented nevus and scabies was similar in males and females. Folliculitis, macular pigmented nevi and especially pityriasis versicolor tended to increase with age. Leprosy is hyperendemic in the surveyed area and its rate in the schoolchildren examined was 0.08%. Population movement (urbanization), socioeconomic situation, living conditions, promiscuity, and lack of hygiene may be the cause of such high prevalence and of association of two or more skin conditions. Climatic conditions might have enhanced the prevalence of certain dermatoses (pityriasis versicolor, dermatophytosis, piedra nigra, candidiasis, miliaria rubra).

Dermatopatias/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Brasil , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde da População Rural , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Saúde da População Urbana