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1.
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 88(6): 708-716, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36332088

RESUMO

Pustules in a neonate can be due to various causes. Though the majority of conditions causing pustules in a neonate are benign, it is essential to clearly differentiate these from serious ones. A systematic approach based on detailed history and clinical examination of the neonate along with basic laboratory evaluation narrows down diagnostic possibilities and aids in the correct diagnosis. This review outlines a step-by-step approach so as to avoid clinical dilemmas and unnecessary intervention.


Assuntos
Vesícula , Exantema , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Vesícula/etiologia , Exantema/complicações
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35962510

RESUMO

Background Information on bullous pemphigoid in an Indian context is scarce. Aim To report clinico-demographic profile, associated comorbidities and prescription pattern of bullous pemphigoid patients in India. Methods This was a retrospective study, where past records of all bullous pemphigoid patients diagnosed and treated between November 2013 and October 2019 were accessed and analysed. Patients having a compatible clinical presentation with either histopathological and/or direct immunofluorescence evidence of bullous pemphigoid were included. Results There were 96 bullous pemphigoid patients, with a male: female ratio of 1.6:1. The mean age at diagnosis was 62.5 ± 2.2 years, with mean duration of illness 27.5 ± 4.5 months before presentation. Comorbidities were present in 80 (83%) patients, with type 2 diabetes mellitus (38.5%), hypertension (36.4%) and neurological illness (16.7%) being the commonest ones. Clinically, blisters were the predominant presentation in 81 (84.4%) patients. The majority (87.5%) of patients showed a predominant eosinophilic infiltrate on histopathology. Direct immunofluorescence revealed immunoglobulin G deposits with complement C3 in 77 (80.2%) cases. The majority of patients (77.1%) were treated with oral prednisolone, either alone (11.5%) or in combination (65.6%) with other topical and systemic agents. Topical steroids were used in 29.1%, azathioprine in 28%, dapsone in 16.7% and omalizumab in 6.2% of patients. Limitations The study is retrospective. Immunofluorescence on salt split skin, direct immunofluorescence serration pattern analysis, and immunoblotting were not performed. Hence, there is a possibility that a few included cases were suffering from other subepidermal autoimmune bullous diseases like epidermolysis bullosa acquisita or anti-p200 pemphigoid. Conclusion Bullous pemphigoid patients in this study had a younger age of onset and showed male preponderance. Comorbidities like type 2 diabetes, hypertension and neurological disorders were frequent. Cutaneous blisters were the most frequent clinical presentation. Systemic corticosteroids comprised the mainstay of therapy.

3.
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 88(2): 177-183, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491666

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) has not been evaluated in Indian patients having epidermolysis bullosa (EB). AIMS: The aims of the study were to measure health-related QoL in Indian patients having EB using the quality of life in epidermolysis bullosa (QoLEB) questionnaire, and to find its correlation with clinically measured disease severity. METHODS: In this observational cross-sectional study, the QoLEB questionnaire was translated from English to Hindi (QoLEB-Hin) and culturally adapted without a change in concept following standard guidelines. QoLEB-Hin and three clinical scores that have been independently validated in EB, that is, Birmingham Epidermolysis Bullosa severity score (BEBs), Instrument for Scoring Clinical Outcomes of Research for Epidermolysis Bullosa (iscorEB) and Epidermolysis Bullosa Disease Activity and Scarring Index (EBDASI), were administered to EB patients/their parents in the presence of an expert. This was followed by validity and correlation studies. RESULTS: Fifty-four patients were recruited (19-females, 35-males; median age 5 years, range 0.025-36 years and 12 patients with an age >13 years). The parents answered the questions for 42 patients (age <13 years). Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa was diagnosed in 32 (59.2%) patients (dominant dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa [DDEB]-19 [35.2%] and recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa [RDEB]-13 [24.1%]). Junctional epidermolysis bullosa (JEB) and epidermolysis bullosa simplex (EBS) were each diagnosed in 11 (20.4%) patients. The mean ± standard deviation (SD) of QoLEB-Hin score of all epidermolysis bullosa patients was 11.3 ± 7.6 (range 0-28; median and interquartile range [IQR], 10, 10) and reflected an overall moderate degree of affliction on QoL of patients. Mean ± SD of QoLEB-Hin scores for EBS, JEB, DDEB and RDEB were 5.4 ± 3.7 (range, 1-13; median and IQR, 6, 6), 11 ± 6.2 (range, 1-22; median and IQR, 10, 6), 9 ± 5.7 (range, 0-19; median and IQR, 10, 10) and 20.1 ± 6.4 (range, 12-28; median and IQR, 19, 12.5), respectively (P < 0.001, Kruskal-Wallis analysis of variance). Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.946 was obtained for all items indicating excellent internal consistency and reliability. Mean sample adequacy was 0.91; absolute fit based off diagonal values was 0.99; indices root mean square error of approximation and root mean square residual were 0.04 and 0.05, respectively, and Tucker Lewis index was >1 indicating overfit. The mean time taken to complete the questionnaire was 6.1 min (range, 6-8 min). QoLEB-Hin correlated significantly (P < 0.001) with BEBs (ρ = 0.79), iscorEB (ρ= 0.63) and EBDASI (ρ = 0.77). Three multiple linear regression models were used to ascertain the strength of relationship between QoL-Hin, and BEBs, iSCOREB and EBDASI, respectively, after adjusting for age, gender and disease subtype. The EBDASI clinical score accounted for approximately 74% (R2 = 0.736, P < 0.001) of the variability in QOL-Hin, as compared to 73% and 55% by BEBs (R2 = 0.731, P < 0.001) and iscorEB (R2 = 0.545, P < 0.001), respectively. LIMITATIONS: Parents filled out the questionnaires for many patients and probably led to an overall moderate degree of affliction of QoL. Comparison with Dermatology Life Quality Index and other QoL scores were not done in this study. Furthermore, the scoring was done at one point in time, and test-retest measurements could not be performed. CONCLUSION: This study validated QoLEB-Hin in an Indian population finding an overall moderate reduction in QoL due to EB. Maximally affected QoL was seen in patients with RDEB. Furthermore, QoLEB-Hin had a variable positive correlation and association with all clinical severity assessment scores.


Assuntos
Epidermólise Bolhosa/complicações , Qualidade de Vida , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Lactente , Masculino , Tradução , Adulto Jovem
5.
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 87(5): 611-620, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245525

RESUMO

Autoimmune bullous diseases can be intraepidermal (pemphigus group of disorders) or subepidermal (pemphigoid group of disorders). The treatment of these disorders chiefly comprises corticosteroids and immunosuppressant adjuvants like azathioprine and mycophenolate mofetil. Autoantibodies are the main mediators of these diseases. Rituximab, a chimeric anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody targeting B-cells, has emerged as an excellent treatment option for refractory pemphigus vulgaris in the last decade. Since then, many new biologics have been proposed/explored for managing autoimmune bullous diseases. These hold potential for greater efficacy and lesser adverse effects than conventional immunosuppressants. In this review, we discuss the role of various biologics in the treatment of autoimmune bullous diseases, followed by a brief discussion on the drawbacks to their use and new developments in this area.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Dermatopatias Vesiculobolhosas/tratamento farmacológico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Autoanticorpos/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos Biossimilares/uso terapêutico , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Inibidores Enzimáticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Omalizumab/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Dermatopatias Vesiculobolhosas/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia
8.
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 86(6): 649-655, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643632

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many international guidelines on psoriasis management have emphasized upon the need to identify risk factors for liver fibrosis and that the risk may be increased after a certain total cumulative dose of methotrexate. METHODS: Consecutive patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis were assessed for liver fibrosis using transient elastography and noninvasive scores. Based on the presence of significant liver fibrosis, the Odds ratio associated with various factors was calculated using logistic regression analysis. Receiver operating characteristic curves were calculated to find maximal cutoff values of noninvasive tests to detect fibrosis. RESULTS: In this cross-sectional study, 134 patients completed the study. Significant fibrosis (liver stiffness measurement ≥7, corresponding to F2 fibrosis or higher) was seen in 33 (24.6%) patients. Neither methotrexate exposure nor total cumulative dose of ≥1.5 was associated with significant fibrosis. Female sex (P = 0.024) and the presence of metabolic syndrome (P = 0.034) were the two variables associated with significant liver fibrosis. On logistic regression analysis, the odds ratio for the female gender and metabolic syndrome was estimated to be 2.51 (95% confidence interval - 1.09-5.81) and 2.33 (95% confidence interval - 1.03-5.27), respectively. Aspartate transaminase to platelet ratio index, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease score and the fibrosis-4 index had low sensitivity in comparison to transient elastography. LIMITATIONS: These included small sample size, small number of patients with a total cumulative methotrexate dose of >3-4.5 g, and lack of control group consisting of healthy persons. Another is the absence of liver biopsies considered as the gold standard in the diagnosis of liver fibrosis. CONCLUSIONS: Metabolic syndrome and female sex are associated with the development of significant liver fibrosis in patients with psoriasis. Methotrexate exposure does not seem to be significantly associated with significant liver fibrosis.


Assuntos
Fármacos Dermatológicos/uso terapêutico , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Psoríase/complicações , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Feminino , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
9.
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 86(3): 233-239, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898637

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pemphigus vulgaris is a potentially fatal autoimmune epidermal blistering disease with a chronic and relapsing course. It is difficult to predict clinical relapse. Identification of clinical and immunological factors that are associated with early clinical relapse in a prospective study design may help in planning treatment for better maintenance of clinical remission. AIM: The aim of our study was to identify clinical and immunological factors associated with clinical relapse within 9 months of study inclusion in patients with pemphigus vulgaris in clinical remission. METHODS: Forty consecutive consenting patients who had been diagnosed to have pemphigus vulgaris and were in clinical remission on minimal therapy or off therapy were included. The patients were followed up every 3 months until 9 months. Clinical factors considered relevant were recorded at the beginning of the study. Immunological factors such as CD19+ B-cell count and CD19+CD27+ memory B cells/plasma cell count in peripheral blood were assessed at baseline [anti-desmoglein (Dsg) 1 and 3 titers were first assessed at 3 months, not at baseline] and repeated every 3 months, until 9 months or clinical relapse whichever was earlier. Direct immunofluorescence (DIF) of skin biopsy specimen was performed at study initiation and again at the time of clinical relapse or study completion, whichever occurred earlier. All patients completed the study. RESULTS: Of 40 patients, 11 (27.5%) experienced relapse as per definition, while 29 (72.5%) remained in complete remission. Clinical relapse during study duration was significantly more common in those who had onset of disease in oral mucosa [odds ratio (OR), 10.71; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.21-94.86, P = 0.02], pruritus (OR 8.4; 95% CI 1.76-40.02, P = 0.01), and extensive cutaneous involvement during previous disease activity (OR 7.36; 95% CI 1.34-40.55, P = 0.03) and also pruritus during remission (P = 0.004). Immunological factors found to be significantly associated with early clinical relapse were raised CD19+ B-cell count at baseline (OR 7.84; 95% CI 1.39 - 53.41, P = 0.01), immunoglobulin G (OR 4.85; 95% CI 1.09-23.44, P = 0.04), and C3 (OR 20.33; 95% CI 3.02-199.5, P < 0.001) positivity in the intercellular space of the epidermis on DIF at study onset and rising anti-Dsg 3 antibody titers (OR 19.96; 95% CI 1.85- 310.9, P = 0.03). LIMITATIONS: Limited sample size, short follow-up duration, and inability to perform anti-Dsg enzyme linked immunosorbent assay for all the patients at all the time points of assessment are limitations of this study. CONCLUSION: Immunological relapse can be determined before clinical relapse, so that treatment can be restarted/modified and clinical remission can be maintained.


Assuntos
Fatores Imunológicos/imunologia , Pênfigo/diagnóstico , Pênfigo/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucosa Bucal/imunologia , Mucosa Bucal/patologia , Pênfigo/sangue , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30264742

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Urticaria is a common dermatosis affecting approximately 25% of the population. Childhood chronic urticaria is frequently encountered, however, epidemiologic data on pediatric urticaria are limited. AIM: The objective of this study was to study the clinico-epidemiological profile of children with chronic urticaria. METHODS: A retrospective study including children less than 14 years with chronic urticaria was conducted from January 2010 to December 2015. Detailed history, clinical examination, investigation results, treatment taken, and follow-up details were recorded on a prefixed proforma. As per the practice of the urticaria clinic, the children were investigated only in case of inadequate therapeutic response or had features of atopy/autoimmune disorders. RESULTS: Two hundred and ninety-six children (166 boys, 130 girls; mean age, 11.3 years) with chronic urticaria were included in the study. Urticaria was spontaneous in onset in 57.1% (169) children; precipitating factors were reported in 42.9% children, most common being physical factors, food allergy, drug intake and infections. Investigations were done in 48 (16.2%) patients; Antinuclear antibody was negative in all patients, raised serum IgE in 20/48 (41.6%), positive autologous serum skin test in 32/48 (66.6%) and raised anti-TPO titre in 10/48 (20.8%) children. A diagnosis of chronic spontaneous urticaria was made in 245 (82.77%) children, chronic dermographic urticaria in 35 (11.82%), cholinergic urticaria and drug-induced urticaria in 5 (1.69%) each, aquagenic urticaria in 4 (1.35%) and cold-induced urticaria in 2 (0.68%) children. Two hundred and fifteen (72.6%) children responded to nonsedating antihistamines alone, 61 (20.6%) required addition of a sedating antihistamine, 7 (0.02%) required addition of montelukast, 3 (0.01%) ranitidine and 10 (20.8%) required a short course of oral corticosteroids to control acute flare. None of the patients required any long-term immunomodulatory or immunosuppressive agent. The mean duration of treatment required was 3 to 12 months. LIMITATIONS: The main limitation is the study being retrospective in nature with associated drawbacks of data loss. In addition, we did not use objective scoring system such as urticaria severity score and not all children were extensively investigated. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic spontaneous urticaria is the most common type of chronic urticaria in children. Majority of these children can be managed conservatively with long-term antihistamines.


Assuntos
Urticária Crônica/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Urticária Crônica/diagnóstico , Urticária Crônica/terapia , Feminino , Antagonistas dos Receptores Histamínicos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Atenção Terciária à Saúde
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31089006

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rituximab is being increasingly used for the treatment of pemphigus. Data derived from single-center studies following a uniform treatment protocol are limited. Effect of demography and disease type on treatment response is poorly characterized. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess the effectiveness of biosimilar rituximab in pemphigus patients who had received rituximab as per rheumatoid arthritis protocol (2 doses, 1g each, infused 14 days apart). METHODS: It was a retrospective review of 146 eligible patients to assess the proportion of patients achieving complete remission off treatment, time to achieve complete remission off treatment, proportion of patients who relapsed after achieving complete remission off treatment, time taken to relapse, duration and total cumulative dose of corticosteroids administered after rituximab. Additionally, we tried to find whether a correlation existed between age, gender, total duration of illness before rituximab and pemphigus disease type with the above-mentioned outcome measures. RESULTS: Of 146 patients, 107 (73.3%) attained complete remission off treatment. Mean interval between first dose rituximab administration and complete remission off treatment was 6.6 ± 3.4months. Complete remission off treatment was sustained for a mean duration of 9.1 ± 8.5 months before relapse. Over a mean follow-up duration of 24.9 ± 17.1 months (median 23, maximum 68 months), 75 of 107 patients (76.5%) who had achieved complete remission after first cycle of rituximab relapsed. A mean total cumulative dose of 3496 ± 2496 mg prednisolone was prescribed over a mean duration of 7.2 ± 4.7 months after first cycle of rituximab. Time taken to achieve remission was significantly longer in pemphigus foliaceus and these patients required significantly higher cumulative dose of prednisolone over a longer duration after rituximab. No deaths and long-term complications were recorded. LIMITATIONS: Only clinical parameters were assessed. Immunological parameters including B-cell counts and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for anti-desmoglein antibody titers were not carried out. CONCLUSION: This study reinforces the beneficial role of rituximab in pemphigus. Pemphigus foliaceus patients required a higher total cumulative dose of prednisolone over a longer time to achieve remission and the remission lasted longer than that in pemphigus vulgaris.


Assuntos
Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Pênfigo/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25751327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both phototherapy and photochemotherapy have been used in all stages of mycosis fungoides since they improve the symptoms and have a favourable adverse effect profile. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed an extensive search of published literature using keywords like "phototherapy", "photochemotherapy", "NBUVB", "PUVA", "UVA1", "mycosis fungoides", and "Sezary syndrome", and included systematic reviews, meta-analysis, national guidelines, randomized controlled trials (RCTs), prospective open label studies, and retrospective case series. These were then arranged according to their levels of evidence. RESULTS: Five hundred and forty three studies were evaluated, of which 107 fulfilled the criteria for inclusion in the guidelines. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: Photochemotherapy in the form of psoralens with ultraviolet A (PUVA) is a safe, effective, and well tolerated first line therapy for the management of early stage mycosis fungoides (MF), that is, stage IA, IB, and IIA (Level of evidence 1+, Grade of recommendation B). The evidence for phototherapy in the form of narrow-band UVB (NB-UVB) is less robust (Level of evidence 2++, Grade of recommendation B) but may be considered at least as effective as PUVA in the treatment of early-stage MF as an initial therapy. In patients with patches and thin plaques, NB-UVB should be preferentially used. PUVA may be reserved for patients with thick plaques and those who relapse after initial NB-UVB therapy. For inducing remission, three treatment sessions per week of PUVA phototherapy or three sessions per week of NB-UVB phototherapy may be advised till the patient achieves complete remission. In cases of relapse, patients may be started again on PUVA monotherapy or PUVA may be combined with adjuvants like methotrexate and interferon (Level of evidence 2+, Grade of recommendation B). Patients with early-stage MF show good response to combination treatments like PUVA with methotrexate, bexarotene or interferon-α-2b. However, whether these combinations hold a significant advantage over monotherapy is inconclusive. For late stage MF, the above-mentioned combination therapy may be used as first-line treatment (Level of evidence 3, Grade of recommendation C). Currently, there is no consensus regarding maintenance therapy with phototherapy once remission is achieved. Maintenance therapy should not be employed for PUVA routinely and may be reserved for patients who experience an early relapse after an initial course of phototherapy (Level of evidence 2+, Grade of recommendation B). Bath-water PUVA may be tried as an alternative to oral PUVA in case the latter cannot be administered as the former may show similar efficacy (Level of evidence 2-, Grade of recommendation C). In pediatric MF and in hypopigmented MF, both NB-UVB and PUVA may be tried (Level of evidence 3, Grade of recommendation D).


Assuntos
Micose Fungoide/terapia , Fototerapia/métodos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/terapia , Humanos , Micose Fungoide/diagnóstico , Terapia PUVA/métodos , Terapia PUVA/tendências , Fototerapia/tendências , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Terapia Ultravioleta/métodos , Terapia Ultravioleta/tendências
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25566890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of these guidelines is to review the available published literature regarding the effectiveness of phototherapy and photochemotherapy in atopic dermatitis and put forward recommendations regarding their use in atopic dermatitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was performed to collect data from PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library published till March 2014. Keywords used were "phototherapy", "photochemotherapy", "NB-UVB", "BBUVB", "PUVA", "UVA1", "atopic dermatitis", and "atopic eczema". Systematic reviews, meta-analysis, national guidelines, randomized controlled trials, prospective open label studies, and retrospective case series in English literature mentioning use of above-mentioned keywords were reviewed. RESULTS: Six hundred and eighty eight studies were evaluated, 38 of which fulfilled the criteria for inclusion in the guidelines. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: Both UV1 and narrow-band UVB are effective in significantly decreasing the eczema severity although UV1 may be preferred in acute flares and narrow-band UVB in chronic eczema, especially in adults (Level of evidence 1+, Grade of recommendation A). Among various doses of UVA1, medium dose UVA1 may be preferred over others as its efficacy is similar to high dose and better than low dose UVA1 phototherapy. Narrow-band UVB is preferred to broad-band UVB (Level of evidence 1+, Grade of recommendation A). Medium-dose UVA1 is similar in efficacy to narrow-band UVB (Level of evidence 1+, Grade of recommendation A). In children, despite its efficacy, narrow-band UVB phototherapy should be used only as a second line therapy due to its potential for long-term adverse effects (Level of evidence 2+, Grade of recommendation B).


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica/terapia , Fotoquimioterapia , Terapia Ultravioleta , Dermatite Atópica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24448120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral minocycline has been recently shown to halt disease progression in active vitiligo. AIMS: The present study was planned to compare the efficacy and tolerability of oral minocycline with oral mini pulse (OMP) corticosteroids in active vitiligo. METHODS: A total of 50 patients with actively spreading vitiligo were randomized to receive either minocycline 100 mg/day (Group I-25 patients) or OMP 2.5 mg dexamethasone on 2 consecutive days in a week (Group II-25 patients) for 6 months. These were followed-up at every 2 weeks interval. Mean vitiligo disease activity score (VIDA) and mean Vitiligo Area Scoring Index (VASI) were assessed in all patients in addition to the photographic comparison before and after treatment. RESULTS: Both groups showed a significant decrease in VIDA from 4.0 to 1.64±0.86 (P<0.001) in Group I and from 4.0 to 1.68±0.69 (P<0.001) in Group II. However, the difference between the mean VIDA scores in the two groups was not statistically significant (P=0.60) at the end of treatment period. The mean VASI declined from 1.71±1.45 to 1.52±1.43 Group I (P=0.06) and from 1.39±1.31 to 1.17±1.34 in Group II (P=0.05). The difference between VASI in Group I and II was not significant at the end of 24 weeks of treatment (P=0.11). CONCLUSION: Both dexamethasone OMP and oral minocycline are effective drugs for managing the arrest of disease activity in vitiligo.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Minociclina/administração & dosagem , Vitiligo/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Oral , Adolescente , Adulto , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Anti-Inflamatórios/efeitos adversos , Dexametasona/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Minociclina/efeitos adversos , Fotografação , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Vitiligo/patologia , Adulto Jovem
20.
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 79 Suppl 7: S1-9, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23974689

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory papulosquamous disease characterized by multiple remissions and relapses. For long, it was believed to be primarily a disorder of keratinization. However, the successful use of traditional immunosupressants and newer immunomodulatory agents in the treatment of psoriasis led to the belief that psoriasis is primarily a disease of Th1 cell immune dysregulation. Recent developments have brought up several new findings such as the role of Th17 cells and evidence of skin barrier dysfunction in psoriasis, akin to atopic dermatitis. The present review aims to focus on these new developments and explain the pathogenesis of psoriasis on the basis of currently available information.


Assuntos
Imunidade Adaptativa , Imunidade Inata , Psoríase/fisiopatologia , Pele/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Psoríase/genética , Psoríase/imunologia , Pele/lesões , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th17/imunologia
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