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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35389031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Telemedicine is being increasingly used to provide healthcare to patients, particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic. AIMS: The study aimed to study patient perception and satisfaction with a smartphone-based hybrid teledermatology service initiated during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional telephonic survey including patients ≥18 years of age who had received a teledermatology consultation. After noting the demographic, clinical and teleconsultation details, patients were administered the Telemedicine Satisfaction Questionnaire and an additional 6-item questionnaire. Patients were also asked to give qualitative feedback and suggestions for improvement using a semi-structured interview guide. RESULTS: We interviewed 201 subjects. The most common diagnoses were pemphigus (27, 13.4%), superficial fungal infections (24, 11.8%), psoriasis (22, 10.9%) and dermatitis (21, 10.4%). The overall mean Telemedicine Satisfaction Questionnaire score was 4.20± 0.71. One hundred seventy-one (85.1%) patients responded that they would use teledermatology services again, while 168 (83.6%) reported satisfaction with the quality of services. A majority of the patients were largely satisfied with the various components involved, though some concerns were raised about the care perceived as not at par with physical consultations, difficulty in procuring medicines, lack of confidence in photographic diagnoses and the lack of a personal touch. Patients with urticaria (P=0.020), those who were advised a change in treatment (P=0.029) and those with improvement in their skin disease (P=0.026) were more likely to be satisfied. LIMITATIONS: Our study was conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic when patient acceptability was likely to be higher. Only follow-up patients were included in the study. CONCLUSION: Patient satisfaction levels were generally high with teledermatology. Addressing lacunae that negatively impact patient perception and satisfaction will help in greater acceptance of teledermatology services.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34379960

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vitiligo places a significant psycho-social burden on caregivers and family members. AIMS: The aim of the study was to develop and preliminarily validate a scale to measure the psychosocial impact of vitiligo on adult family members. METHODS: Themes that emerged from qualitative interviews and a focus group discussion with family members were used to generate items for a preliminary scale, followed by pre-testing and scale development. The new scale was then tested with two comparator scales and a global question. RESULTS: A preliminary scale with 32 items was pilot tested on 30 participants. Following this, the scale was condensed to 16 items in 12 domains that were administered to 159 participants. Scale scores ranged from 0 to 48 with a mean of 19.75 ± 12.41. The scale had excellent internal consistency with Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.92 (0.70-0.95) and also showed good test-retest reliability at two weeks (r = 0.946). The scale showed criterion, convergent and known group validity. LIMITATIONS: It was conducted in a large teaching hospital which may have resulted in selection of patients with persistent or progressive disease and more worried family members. Vitiligo is highly stigmatized in our country and the performance of the scale may need to be evaluated in other communities and cultures as well where stigma is less oppressive. CONCLUSION: Family Vitiligo Impact Scale appears to be an easy-to-complete, reliable and valid instrument to measure the psychosocial impact of vitiligo in family members of patients. It may be useful as an outcome measure in both clinical and research settings.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Vitiligo/psicologia , Adulto , Família , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria
6.
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 87(3): 341-347, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33943064

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lichen planus pigmentosus can have a negative impact on the quality of life; however, this has not been studied in detail. OBJECTIVES: To study the quality of life in patients with lichen planus pigmentosus and compare it with patients with vitiligo and melasma. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in a tertiary-care center in north India from January 2018 to May 2019. Patients ≥ 18 years of age with lichen planus pigmentosus (n = 125), vitiligo (n = 113) and melasma (n = 121) completed the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) questionnaire and answered a global question on the effect of disease on their lives. In addition, patients with vitiligo completed the Vitiligo Impact Scale (VIS)-22 questionnaire, while those with lichen planus pigmentosus and melasma filled a modified version of VIS-22. RESULTS: The mean DLQI scores in patients with lichen planus pigmentosus, vitiligo and melasma were 10.9 ± 5.95, 9.73 ± 6.51 and 8.39 ± 5.92, respectively, the difference being statistically significant only between lichen planus pigmentosus and melasma (P < 0.001). The corresponding mean modified VIS-22/VIS-22 scores were 26.82 ± 11.89, 25.82 ± 14.03 and 18.87 ± 11.84, respectively. This difference was statistically significant between lichen planus pigmentosus and melasma, and between vitiligo and melasma (P < 0.001 for both). As compared to vitiligo, patients with lichen planus pigmentosus had a significantly greater impact on "symptoms and feelings" domain (P < 0.001) on DLQI, and on "social interactions" (P = 0.02) and "depression" (P = 0.04) domains on VIS-22. As compared to melasma, patients with lichen planus pigmentosus had significantly higher scores for "symptoms and feelings," "daily activities," "leisure" and "work and school" domains of DLQI, and all domains of VIS-22. Female gender was more associated with impairment in quality of life in patients with lichen planus pigmentosus, while lower education, marriage, younger age and increasing disease duration showed a directional trend. LIMITATIONS: Use of DLQI and modified version of VIS-22 scales in the absence of a pigmentary disease-specific quality-of-life instrument. CONCLUSION: Patients with lichen planus pigmentosus have a significantly impaired quality of life. The psychosocial burden of lichen planus pigmentosus is quantitatively similar to that of vitiligo, but significantly greater than melasma.


Assuntos
Líquen Plano/psicologia , Melanose/psicologia , Transtornos da Pigmentação/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Vitiligo/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Líquen Plano/complicações , Masculino , Estado Civil , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos da Pigmentação/etiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto Jovem
10.
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 86(6): 656-662, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32611883

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Segmental vitiligo has a different clinical course and prognosis as compared to nonsegmental vitiligo, which necessitates its correct diagnosis. It may be difficult to distinguish segmental vitiligo from the limited or focal types of nonsegmental vitiligo. OBJECTIVE: To validate the previously proposed diagnostic criteria for segmental vitiligo. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional validation study involving patients with limited vitiligo. The diagnostic criteria were used to classify vitiligo lesions as segmental or nonsegmental, and was compared with the experts' diagnosis, which was considered as the "gold standard". RESULTS: The study included 200 patients with 225 vitiligo lesions. As per the diagnostic criteria, 146 vitiligo lesions were classified as segmental and 79 as nonsegmental. The experts classified 147 vitiligo lesions as segmental and 39 as nonsegmental, while the diagnosis either was labeled "unsure" or could not be agreed upon for 39 lesions. As compared with the experts' opinions ("for sure" cases, n = 186), the sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic criteria was 91.8% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 86.2%-95.7%) and 100% (95% CI: 91%-100%), respectively. The positive predictive value was 100% (95% CI: 97.3-100%), while the negative predictive value was 76.5% (95% CI: 62.5%-87.2%). There was a 93.5% agreement between the clinical criteria and experts' opinions (k = 0.83, P < 0.001). LIMITATION: The diagnostic criteria were compared with the experts' opinion in the absence of an established diagnostic "gold standard". CONCLUSIONS: The proposed diagnostic criteria for segmental vitiligo performed well, and can be used in clinical practice, as well as in research settings.


Assuntos
Vitiligo/classificação , Vitiligo/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Adulto Jovem
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525105
12.
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 86(5): 519-525, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32167071

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite an interest in the editorial process at biomedical journals, not much information is available on this topic. AIMS: To study the characteristics of the submissions to the Indian Journal of Dermatology Venereology and Leprology (IJDVL) and analyze the editorial and peer-review process and factors influencing the final outcome. METHODS: Retrospective review of the manuscripts submitted to the IJDVL from January 1, 2016, to June 30, 2016. RESULTS: The IJDVL received 639 manuscripts during the study period, most being Case reports (35%), Research articles (30%), and Letters to editor (20%). The proportion of submissions from Indian (53%) and foreign (47%) authors was comparable. About 55% (n = 353/639) of the submissions were editorially rejected. Some of the common reasons for editorial rejection included "sub-optimal images," "no novelty," "incomplete information or results," and "incorrect diagnosis or interpretation of results." The acceptance rate during this period was 19%. The median number of days to reach the final decision was 14 days for editorial rejection, 146 days for acceptance, and 85 days for rejection after external peer-review. The acceptance rates were higher for submissions from Indian authors [odds ratio (OR) 1.96], those submitted as Letters (OR 2.06), or in the area of tropical infections (OR 2.17). Submissions as research articles (expB = 1.23), those from Indian authors (expB = 1.15), final decision being acceptance (expB = 1.56), and those requiring preliminary author revisions (expB = 3.34), external re-reviews (expB = 2.22), and repeated author re-revisions (expB = 2.34) were associated with longer times to reach final decision. LIMITATIONS: A relatively short study period of 6 months. CONCLUSION: The IJDVL attracts submissions both from India and abroad. Articles submitted in the Letters category or related to tropical infections were most likely to be accepted. There is scope for improving the time taken for editorial processing of manuscripts.


Assuntos
Dermatologia/tendências , Políticas Editoriais , Hanseníase , Manuscritos Médicos como Assunto , Revisão da Pesquisa por Pares/tendências , Venereologia/tendências , Dermatologia/normas , Humanos , Índia , Revisão da Pesquisa por Pares/normas , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/normas , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/tendências , Venereologia/normas
14.
Indian J Dermatol ; 65(6): 461-464, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33487700

RESUMO

The various lesions seen in the clinical presentation of post kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) are reflected in the histopathology of the type of lesion biopsied. The cells that form the dermal infiltrate include lymphocytes, histiocytes, and plasma cells in varying proportions. The infiltrate, which is mild and confined to the superficial dermis in macular lesion becomes denser with the increasing severity of the lesion. Leishman-Donovan bodies (LDB) in general are rarely demonstrable in macules and somewhat infrequently in the rest, though at times they may be numerous; mucosal lesions offer a greater chance of visualizing LDB than biopsies from the skin. A characteristic histomorphology in nodules is prominent follicular plugging with a dense plasma cell-rich lymphohistiocytic dermal infiltrate that shows an abrupt cut-off in the lower dermis, an appearance highly suggestive of PKDL even in the absence of LDB. Russell bodies within plasma cells, vascular changes, and xanthoma-like hue have been seen in plaques from chronic PKDL. The histopathologic picture in some may also mimic that seen in tuberculoid and lepromatous leprosy, and other granulomatous dermatoses. In contrast to Indian PKDL, epithelioid cell granulomas with giant cells are more common in African PKDL, and vascular changes are rare though neuritis showing LDB has been described.

15.
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 86(3): 240-250, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793491

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spontaneous regression is well documented in several chronic skin diseases such as psoriasis, alopecia areata, and atopic dermatitis. However, information on vitiligo is scarce. AIMS: We studied the frequency, extent, and factors affecting spontaneous repigmentation in vitiligo. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was undertaken in 167 patients with vitiligo with an emphasis on history of spontaneous repigmentation. Where available, photographs documenting spontaneous repigmentation were also obtained. Repigmentation was defined as spontaneous if it occurred when the patient was off treatment for at least 3 consecutive months. RESULTS: Spontaneous repigmentation occurred in 36 (21.5%) patients with complete repigmentation in 6 (3.6%) patients. The extent varied from 0.5% to 100% (mean, 35.4 ± 37.9%) of vitiliginous skin. It occurred after 3 months to 47 years (mean, 8.7 ± 9.5 years) of onset of vitiligo and persisted for 2 months to 27 years (mean, 4.4 ± 6.2 years). Diffuse repigmentation was the most common pattern observed in 20 (55.6%) patients and there was a good color match in 26 (72.2%) patients. Likelihood of spontaneous repigmentation was 3.5 times greater in patients with more than 3 years of stable disease (P = 0.001). LIMITATIONS: The chief limitation was the dependence on patient recall for the data, except when documented by images. CONCLUSION: Spontaneous repigmentation occurs in one-fifth of patients with vitiligo. In some patients, the repigmentation is clinically significant and long-lasting. Considering its frequency and extent, spontaneous repigmentation should be taken into account both when evaluating novel interventions and counselling patients about the course of the disease.


Assuntos
Remissão Espontânea , Pigmentação da Pele/fisiologia , Vitiligo/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vitiligo/patologia , Adulto Jovem
17.
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 86(4): 386-391, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30688218

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypopigmented macules are seen in a variety of disorders and the diagnosis rests on clinicopathological correlation. However, some cases are difficult to classify and pose a diagnostic challenge. AIM: To describe the clinical and histopathological features of patients with hypopigmented macules and follicular spongiosis on histopathology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We undertook a retrospective analysis of clinical and histopathological findings in 12 patients who presented with clinically nondiagnostic hypopigmented macules and showed follicular spongiosis on skin biopsy, at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India between January 2015 and October 2016. The findings were compared with 12 patients with "unclassified" hypopigmented macules, who did not show follicular spongiosis on skin biopsy. RESULTS: A total of 12 patients with hypopigmented macules showed spongiosis affecting the follicular epithelium on histopathology. There were eight men and four women, most in their second decade (mean age 19.1 ± 8.05 years), presenting with hypopigmented macules most commonly on the upper limbs, for a mean duration of 6.33 ± 5.10 months. Clinically evident lesional hair loss was seen in all patients, and follicular prominences in seven (58%) patients. Histological features suggestive of other diagnosis, namely leprosy, mycosis fungoides or sarcoidosis were not seen in any biopsy. Alcian blue stain revealed an minimal amount of mucin in one biopsy. Clinically apparent hair loss and follicular prominences were found to be statistically significantly associated with histological evidence of follicular spongiosis (P < 0.001 and 0.003, respectively). LIMITATIONS: Our study is limited by its retrospective design and small sample size. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with hypopigmented macules and follicular spongiosis on histopathology may represent a distinct clinicopathological entity that is associated with lesional hair loss and follicular prominences. It is probably a variant of an endogenous dermatitis similar to pityriasis alba.


Assuntos
Alopecia/patologia , Folículo Piloso/patologia , Hipopigmentação/patologia , Adolescente , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Alopecia/complicações , Alopecia/tratamento farmacológico , Biópsia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Hipopigmentação/complicações , Hipopigmentação/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
20.
JAMA Dermatol ; 155(10): 1107-1108, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389975
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