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Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob ; 21(1): 40, 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071525


BACKGROUND: Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae or Mycobacterium lepromatosis that is mainly transmitted through droplets from the nose and mouth of untreated patients. Owing to the lack of specific serological markers and clinical manifestations, leprosy can be easily confused with other skin lesion-related diseases and is difficult to distinguish. CASE PRESENTATION: This study introduces and summarises the diagnosis and treatment process of a case of leprosy misdiagnosed as erythema multiforme for a long time. A 43-year-old female was admitted to our hospital because of "repeated fever with superficial lymphadenopathy and systemic rash in May". The diagnosis of the patient was based on the two main clinical characteristics of superficial lymphadenopathy and systemic pleomorphic erythema by using a combination of multiple samples of lymph nodes and skin, routine pathological examination, immunohistochemistry, acid-fast, silver hexamine, periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining, and second-generation gene sequencing of fresh biopsy tissue. The patient was treated with dapsone, rifampicin, and clofazimine at the Institute of Dermatology and Venereal Diseases. After treatment for 1 year, her temperature returned to normal, the area of facial erythema decreased, and the volume of axillary lymph nodes had gradually reduced. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, special pathological staining and second-generation gene sequencing show promising advantages in distinguishing leprosy from other skin lesion-related diseases.

Eritema Multiforme , Hanseníase , Linfadenopatia , Adulto , Erros de Diagnóstico , Eritema , Eritema Multiforme/diagnóstico , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Hanseníase/diagnóstico , Linfadenopatia/diagnóstico
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 16(9): e0010695, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36094952


BACKGROUND: Leprosy or Hansen's disease is known to cause disability and disfigurement. A delay in case detection of leprosy patients can lead to severe outcomes. In Ethiopia, the disability rates caused by leprosy among new cases are relatively high compared to other endemic countries. This suggests the existence of hidden leprosy cases in the community and a delay in timely detection. To reduce disability rates, it is crucial to identify the factors associated with this delay. This study aimed to determine the extent of delay in case detection among leprosy cases in Eastern Ethiopia. METHODS: This cross-sectional explorative study was conducted in January and February 2019 among 100 leprosy patients diagnosed ≤6 months prior to inclusion. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data, including the initial onset of symptoms, and the reasons for delayed diagnosis. Descriptive statistics, including percentages and medians, were used to describe the case detection delay. Logistic regression analysis was carried out to evaluate the predictors of delay in case detection of >12 months. FINDINGS: The median age of patients was 35 years, with a range of 7 to 72 years. The majority were male (80%) and rural residents (90%). The median delay in case detection was 12 months (interquartile range 10-36 months) among the included patients. The mean delay in case detection was 22 months, with a maximum delay of 96 months. The overall prevalence of disability among the study population was 42% (12% grade I and 30% grade II). Fear of stigma (p = 0.018) and experiencing painless symptoms (p = 0.018) were highly associated with a delay in case detection of >12 months. CONCLUSIONS: Being afraid of stigma and having painless symptoms, which are often misinterpreted as non-alarming at the onset of the disease, were associated with a delay in case detection. This study showed the need to increase knowledge on early symptoms of leprosy among affected communities. Furthermore, it is important to support initiatives that reduce leprosy related stigma and promote health worker training in leprosy control activities.

Pessoas com Deficiência , Hanseníase , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Hanseníase/complicações , Hanseníase/diagnóstico , Hanseníase/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 16(8): e0010646, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35984857


BACKGROUND: Leprosy continues to be a health problem in Indonesia, with incidence reaching over 10,000 new cases by 2021. Leprosy-related disabilities cause limitation of patients' activity and participation in social activities. To date, no studies have been conducted in Indonesia which investigates disability in terms of bodily function, structure impairment, limitations in performing daily activities, and restrictions in participation in social activities in leprosy patients. This study is aimed to determine the demographic and clinical characteristics that might affect functional activity limitations of leprosy patients in endemic areas in Indonesia. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 267 retrospectively-diagnosed cases of leprosy. The Screening of Activity Limitation and Safety Awareness (SALSA) scale was used to measure functional activity limitation, which comprises five domains: vision, mobility, self-care, work with hands, and dexterity. Differences among variables were evaluated using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney test. The mean age of participants was 51.89±13.66 years, the majority of which were men (62.5%), uneducated (48.3%), and classified as type 2 in the World Health Organization (WHO) disability grading for hands and feet (66.3% and 68.2%, respectively). Assessment using the SALSA Scale showed 28.5% of subjects were without limitation, 43.8% with mild limitation, 13.5% with moderate limitation, 9.4% with severe limitation, and 4.9% with extreme limitation. Significant differences in the total SALSA Scale were found between age groups (p = 0.014), educational level (p = 0.005), occupation (p<0.001), and WHO disability grades (p<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that the most significant factor influencing the total score of SALSA was disability grading for feet (score = 0.31, p <0.001) followed by occupational status, disability grading for eyes, and age. Limitation of functional activity was significantly correlated to becoming unemployed with the odds 2.59. CONCLUSION: People affected by leprosy are prone to have functional activity limitation, especially the elderly, uneducated, unemployed and those with multiple disabilities. If they can overcome their barriers in functional activities, they will have better occupational opportunities.

Avaliação da Deficiência , Hanseníase , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Indonésia/epidemiologia , Hanseníase/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
Indian J Pharmacol ; 54(3): 177-182, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35848688


OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess the efficacy and safety profiles of combined treatment of prednisolone with thalidomide (Gr-A) and prednisolone with clofazimine (Gr. B) in patients with erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL) or type 2 lepra reactions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Efficacy of both regimens was assessed on the basis of clinical recovery of recurrent ENL measured by reaction severity score (RSS), Visual Analog Scale (VAS), and recurrence of type 2 lepra reaction. The causality assessment of adverse drug reactions was done using the WHO UMC causality assessment scale. RESULTS: The average age of patients with recurrent ENL was 42.8 years (male) and 51.8yrs (female) and had mean duration of leprosy and recurrent ENL 2.4 years and 2.09 years, respectively. 80% of nonrecurrence was observed in Gr-A versus 66% in Gr-B. Significant (P < 0.05) lower RSS and VAS was found in both the treatment groups as compared to pretreatment value. The reduction in RSS and VAS was statistically significant (P < 0.05) in Gr-A compared to Gr-B treatment. CONCLUSION: Thalidomide combination with steroid was found to be more efficacious than clofazimine combination with steroid in the treatment of ENL both the treatment regimens showed few tolerable side effects. Improved strategies for the treatment and management of these reactions need to be developed.

Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Eritema Nodoso , Hanseníase Virchowiana , Adulto , Clofazimina/uso terapêutico , Eritema Nodoso/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Hansenostáticos/efeitos adversos , Hanseníase Virchowiana/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Prednisolona/uso terapêutico , Talidomida/efeitos adversos
Front Immunol ; 13: 916319, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35874693


Mycobacterium leprae, the etiologic agent of leprosy, is an acid-fast-staining and slow-growing bacilli that infect macrophages and Schwann cells individually or through forming globi. The clinical presentation of leprosy is broad and depends on the host immune response. We report a case of a 42-year-old Brazilian man presenting with fever of unknown origin (FUO), anemia, wasting syndrome, and neuropathy. The diagnosis of lepromatous leprosy was made after an extensive investigation revealed the presence of M. leprae in the bone marrow. Bone marrow involvement in leprosy is rare and some authors believe the presence of M. leprae in the bone marrow can act as a reservoir of the disease facilitating future relapses. It is important to investigate bone marrow involvement in leprosy, especially when the patient presents with cytopenias and positive epidemiologic history.

Febre de Causa Desconhecida , Hanseníase , Síndrome de Emaciação , Adulto , Medula Óssea , Caquexia , Humanos , Hanseníase/diagnóstico , Hanseníase/microbiologia , Masculino , Mycobacterium leprae
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 16(6): e0010533, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35737675


INTRODUCTION: In the absence of early treatment, leprosy, a neglected tropical disease, due to Mycobacterium leprae or Hansen Bacillus, causes irreversible grade 2 disability (G2D) numerous factors related to the individual, the community and the health care system are believed to be responsible for its late detection and management. This study aims to investigate the factors associated with belated screening for leprosy in Benin. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive, and analytical study conducted from January 1 to June 31, 2019, involving all patients and staff in leprosy treatment centers and public peripheral level health structures in Benin. The dependent variable of the study was the presence or not of G2D, reflecting late or early screening. We used a logistic regression model, at the 5% threshold, to find the factors associated with late leprosy screening. The fit of the final model was assessed with the Hosmer-Lemeshow test. RESULTS: A number of 254 leprosy patients were included with a mean age of 48.24 ± 18.37 years. There was a male dominance with a sex ratio of 1.23 (140/114). The proportion of cases with G2D was 58.27%. Associated factors with its belated screening in Benin were (OR; 95%CI; p) the fear of stigma related to leprosy (8.11; 3.3-19.94; <0.001), multiple visits to traditional healers (5.20; 2.73-9.89; <0.001) and multiple visits to hospital practitioners (3.82; 2.01-7.27; <0.001). The unawareness of leprosy by 82.69% of the health workers so as the permanent decrease in material and financial resources allocated to leprosy control were identified as factors in link with the health system that helps explain this late detection. CONCLUSION: This study shows the need to implement strategies in the control programs to strengthen the diagnostic abilities of health workers, to improve the level of knowledge of the population on the early signs and symptoms of leprosy, to reduce stigmatization and to ban all forms of discrimination against leprosy patients.

Hanseníase , Adulto , Idoso , Benin/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Hanseníase/complicações , Hanseníase/diagnóstico , Hanseníase/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mycobacterium leprae , Doenças Negligenciadas/epidemiologia
Rev Chilena Infectol ; 39(1): 80-85, 2022 02.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35735284


Hansen's disease or leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, mainly affecting the skin and peripheral nerves. In recent years, a better control of the disease has been achieved globally. However, in Chile the incidence of leprosy has continued to increase. We present a case of a 40-year-old patient Haitian nationality with lesions and histopathology compatible with tuberculoid leprosy. We discuss the importance of education on less prevalent diseases in Chile, in conjunction with a review of the pathophysiology, clinic, and classification of Hansen's disease.

Hanseníase Tuberculoide , Adulto , Chile , Haiti , Humanos , Hanseníase , Hanseníase Tuberculoide/diagnóstico , Hanseníase Tuberculoide/tratamento farmacológico , Mycobacterium leprae
Cien Saude Colet ; 27(6): 2255-2258, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35649013


Leprosy is a debilitating, infectious, systemic or localized dermato-neurological disease caused by Mycobacterium lepra. In Brazil, the magnitude and high disabling power keep the disease as a public health problem. Skin spotting and numbness are pathognomonic signs and symptoms in leprosy. The Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE) 2019 National Health Survey (PNS-2019) considered the following question as a proxy to estimate its magnitude in the country. "Do you have a spot with numbness or part of the skin with numbness?". In Brazil, 1,921,289 adults reported having a patch or part of the skin with numbness, with no regional differences. As for the age group, the older, the higher the prevalence, for example, between 18 to 29 years old (235,445) and 30 to 39 years old (236,485), 0.7% had the condition, between 40 to 59 years old (827,887), 1.5% and among the elderly, 1.8% (621,472). Being able to estimate, in population-based surveys, with statistical representativeness, a reported morbidity such as leprosy is essential to support the formulation of public policies, notably those related to primary health care actions. In this way, the IBGE fulfills its constitutional role of portraying the reality of the Brazilian population and today it is the main external evaluator of the Unified Health System (SUS) and of public policies developed by the federal level.

A hanseníase é uma doença dermato-neurológica, infecciosa, sistêmica ou localizada, debilitante, causada por Mycobacterium leprae. No Brasil, a magnitude e o alto poder incapacitante mantêm a doença como um problema de saúde pública. Mancha na pele e dormência são sinais e sintomas patognomônicos na hanseníase. A Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde de 2019 (PNS-2019), do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), considerou a seguinte pergunta como proxy para estimar sua magnitude no país. "O(a) sr(a). tem mancha com dormência ou parte da pele com dormência?". No Brasil, 1.921.289 adultos referiram ter mancha ou parte da pele com dormência, sem diferenças regionais. Com relação ao grupo etário, quanto mais velho, maior a prevalência. Por exemplo, entre os de 18 a 29 anos (235.445) e de 30 a 39 anos (236.485), 0,7% possuía a condição, entre 40 e 59 anos (827.887), 1,5%, e entre os idosos, 1,8% (621.472). Poder estimar, em pesquisas de base populacional, com representatividade estatística, uma morbidade referida tal como a hanseníase é fundamental para apoiar a formulação de políticas públicas, notadamente as relativas às ações da atenção primária à saúde. Dessa forma, o IBGE cumpre seu papel constitucional de retratar a realidade da população brasileira e hoje é o principal avaliador externo do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) e das políticas públicas instituídas no âmbito federal.

Hipestesia , Hanseníase , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Hanseníase/diagnóstico , Hanseníase/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde Pública , Adulto Jovem
Skeletal Radiol ; 51(10): 2027-2037, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35501494


OBJECTIVE: Radiographs are first-line imaging in ankle trauma but lack sensitivity to detect ligamentous injuries and undisplaced fractures. Our hypothesis was that ankle injuries occur in predefined sequences along two osteoligamentous rings, so that occult injuries non-visible on initial radiographs can be predicted. We, therefore, aimed to validate a ring model of progressive damages in the interpretation of ankle trauma radiographs. METHODS: This study retrospectively enrolled 277 adult patients that presented an acute fibular fracture on ankle radiographs between May and November 2019. Four different types of fibula fracture were differentiated, each being considered to correspond to a different mechanism of injury. Patients were classified into four groups, upon the appearance of their fibular fracture. Then, injuries to the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis, medial malleolus, and deltoid ligament (medial clear space) were assessed in each patient radiographs. Traumatic injuries were independently evaluated by a resident and an experienced MSK radiologist. For each patient, observed features were compared to those predicted by the ring concept. Inter- and intraobserver agreements were calculated. RESULTS: Injuries were observed according to the predictable sequence in 266 of the 277 patients (96%). In the 11 remaining patients, discordances were presumably due to undisplaced injuries to the syndesmosis or deltoid ligament. Agreements were considered very good for each evaluated item. CONCLUSION: The Lauge-Hansen ring concept was found to be highly accurate and reproducible for radiographic assessment of ankle injuries. Discordances to the predicted sequence might reflect occult injuries, especially of the syndesmosis or deltoid ligament.

Fraturas do Tornozelo , Traumatismos do Tornozelo , Fraturas Ósseas , Adulto , Tornozelo , Traumatismos do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 25(287): 7553-7567, abr.2022.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1372473


Objetivo: identificar a prevalência de pacientes notificados com hanseníase em São Luís, Maranhão, durante 2010-2020. Método: estudo descritivo, exploratório, retrospectivo, transversal, quantitativo, realizado no Banco de Dados público do DATASUS cuja coleta ocorreu em agosto de 2021. A amostra foi composta por 9.387 pacientes notificados com Hanseníase. Resultados: observa-se prevalência amostral em maio de 2012, sexo masculino, faixa etária entre 30-39 anos, Ensino Médio completo, pardos, casos multibacilares, avaliação de incapacidade física e de cura no estágio Grau 0, apresentaram mais que cinco lesões, baciloscopia negativa, episódios sem reação,sendo abordados como casos novos cuja forma prevalente foi a dimorfa, tendo como esquema terapêutico mais prescrito a poliquimioterapia durante 12 meses e prevalência de cura. Conclusão: houve uma prevalência dos casos de hanseníase em homens jovens com bom grau de instrução escolar. Apesar da alta prevalência de casos novos, o tratamento foi efetivo de modo a levá-los à cura.(AU)

Objective: to identify the prevalence of patients notified with leprosy in São Luís, Maranhão, during 2010-2020. Method: descriptive, exploratory, retrospective, cross-sectional, quantitative study, conducted in the public database of the DATASUS whose collection occurred in August 2021. The sample was composed of 9,387 patients notified with Leprosy. Results: sample prevalence was observed in May 2012, male gender, age range 30-39 years, complete High School, brown, multibacillary cases, evaluation of physical disability and cure in Grade 0 stage, presented more than five lesions, negative bacilloscopy, episodes without reaction, being addressed as new cases whose prevalent form was the dimorphic, having as the most prescribed therapeutic scheme the polychemotherapy for 12 months and prevalence of cure. Conclusion: there was a prevalence of leprosy cases in young men with good schooling. Despite the high prevalence of new cases, the treatment was effective in order to lead them to cure(AU)

Objetivo: identificar la prevalencia de pacientes con lepra notificados en São Luís, Maranhão, durante 2010-2020. Método: estudio descriptivo, exploratorio, retrospectivo, transversal, cuantitativo, realizado en la base de datos pública DATASUS, la cual fue recolectada en agosto de 2021. La muestra estuvo conformada por 9.387 pacientes reportados con lepra. Resultados: se tiene una muestra de prevalencia en mayo de 2012, sexo masculino, grupo etario entre 30-39 años, bachillerato completo, pardos, casos multibacilares, valoración de incapacidad física y curación en la etapa Grado 0, presentaba más de cinco lesiones, baciloscopía negativa , episodios sin reacción, siendo abordados como casos nuevos cuya forma prevalente fue borderline, siendo el régimen terapéutico más prescrito la polimedicación durante 12 meses y prevalencia de cura.Conclusión: había una prevalencia de casos de lepra en hombres jóvenes con buena escolaridad. A pesar de la alta prevalencia de casos nuevos, el trataminto fue eficaz de manera que los curará(AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Adulto Jovem , Notificação de Doenças , Hanseníase/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde , Fatores Sociodemográficos
J Korean Med Sci ; 37(14): e113, 2022 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35411731


BACKGROUND: Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) is a useful index to assess exercise capacity. However, there is no reference value for Koreans. This study aimed to compare actual VO2 max and predicted VO2 max using exercise capacity equations in Korean subjects. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 383 patients who underwent cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) with incremental maximal cycle ergometer test at Asan Medical Center from January 2020 to May 2021. Stage 1 and 2 lung cancer patients with normal lung function and healthy persons of 50 subjects who had maximal CPET were analyzed. RESULTS: The subjects were aged 65 ± 13 years and predominantly male (74%). CPET results were as follows: absolute VO2 max, 1.2 ± 0.3 L/min; body weight referenced VO2 max, 20 ± 3.9 mL/kg/min; peak work rate, 94 ± 24 watts; peak heart rate, 142 ± 21 bpm; peak O2 pulse, 10 ± 3 mL/beat; minute ventilation, 59 ± 14 L/min; peak respiratory rate, 34 ± 6 breaths per minute; and peak breathing reserve, 41 ± 18%. There was significant discordance between the measured and predicted absolute VO2 max using the Jones, Hansen, and Wasserman prediction equations developed for Caucasian population (P < 0.001). Agreement using Bland-Altman test between true and predicted absolute VO2 max was the best in Chinese equation (-0.03, 2SD = 0.55) compared to Jones (0.42, 2SD = 1.07), Hansen (0.44, 2SD = 0.86), and Wasserman (0.42, 2SD = 0.86) equations. CONCLUSION: The reference value and prediction equation from studies including primarily Caucasians may not be appropriate for Koreans. Since the mean difference is the lowest in Chinese equation, the Chinese equation might be used for the Korean adult population.

Tolerância ao Exercício , Consumo de Oxigênio , Adulto , Teste de Esforço , Humanos , Masculino , República da Coreia , Estudos Retrospectivos
Pan Afr Med J ; 41: 35, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35382042


Leprosy is a chronic granulomatous disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae with various clinical symptoms. Even though the incidence of leprosy has diminished in Saudi Arabia, it still has not been eliminated. We present two cases of leprosy from India residing in Saudi Arabia that were successfully managed with multidrug therapy. The first patient was a 33-year-old man with a history of enlarging erythematous patch and nose deformity on his face and upper and lower extremities started two years ago. The second patient was a 25-year-old man who presented with multiple hyperpigmented plaques on the upper and lower extremities in the last two years. The patient was firstly misdiagnosed and treated as tinea corporis without improvement. In both patients, the histological study from cutaneous lesions confirmed lepromatous leprosy. This report aimed to introduce the manifestations of leprosy, emphasizing the nose's involvement in the first case and the misdiagnosis of leprosy in the second case.

Hanseníase Virchowiana , Hanseníase , Adulto , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Hansenostáticos/uso terapêutico , Hanseníase/tratamento farmacológico , Hanseníase Virchowiana/diagnóstico , Hanseníase Virchowiana/tratamento farmacológico , Hanseníase Virchowiana/patologia , Masculino , Mycobacterium leprae
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35389030


Primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma is a kind of cluster of differentiation 30+ primary cutaneous lymphoproliferative disorders with a relatively good prognosis in the absence of high-stage disease. Primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma shows a higher frequency in males and commonly affects the head and neck. Palpebral involvement is very rare. We present a 42-year-old lady patient with primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma involving the eyelid which was initially misdiagnosed as stye. The patient underwent a total excision of the lesion and showed complete regression of the lesion after surgery without any other treatment. There was no evidence of local or systemic disease during follow-up after nine months.

Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes , Linfoma Anaplásico Cutâneo Primário de Células Grandes , Dermatopatias , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Adulto , Pálpebras/patologia , Pálpebras/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/diagnóstico , Linfoma Anaplásico Cutâneo Primário de Células Grandes/diagnóstico , Linfoma Anaplásico Cutâneo Primário de Células Grandes/patologia , Masculino , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia
Foot (Edinb) ; 51: 101897, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35255405


BACKGROUND: Lauge-Hansen supination external rotation (SER)-type ankle fractures are very common and account for up to 75% of all ankle fractures. Assessing deltoid integrity is key for surgical decision making. Ultrasound has been used recently to assess the integrity of the deltoid ligament and differentiate between SER II and SER IV fractures. The aim of this article is to review the literature for studies assessing the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound in this group of patients. METHODS: After registering the protocol with PROSPERO, Embase, Ovid MEDLINE, Web of Science Core Collection, and Google Scholar were systematically searched. Studies that satisfied the following inclusion criteria were assessed: (1) Adult patients (>16 years), (2) Acute SER-type ankle fractures assessed within 2 weeks of the injury, (3) Diagnostic accuracy studies. Risk of bias assessment was conducted and a narrative synthesis of the results presented. RESULTS: A total of five studies satisfied our inclusion criteria and were included for review. These had a total of 175 patients studied. All studies showed a sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 90-100% for detecting a complete tear of the deltoid. All papers had a significant risk of bias inherent to the design. Only patients undergoing surgery were exposed to the gold standard of operative intervention. CONCLUSION: Ultrasound scan has shown excellent diagnostic accuracy for detecting complete deltoid ruptures in SER ankle fractures. These results however should be interpreted with caution. Perhaps a different approach is needed to assess the efficacy of ultrasound scans in patient with SER type fractures.

Fraturas do Tornozelo , Adulto , Fraturas do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Articulação do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Ligamentos Articulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamentos Articulares/lesões , Ruptura , Supinação , Ultrassonografia
Porto Alegre; Editora Rede Unida; 20220324. 210 p.
Monografia em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377854


Em um contexto de retrocessos políticos, sociais, sanitários e civilizatórios, deparamo-nos com a 16ª Conferência Nacional de Saúde, carinhosamente apelidada de 8ª + 8, para tornar visível o encontro com a conferência-marco da reforma sanitária brasileira. Durante a conferência foi realizada a pesquisa "Saúde e democracia: estudos integrados sobre participação social na 16ª Conferência Nacional de Saúde", cujo objetivo foi analisar a participação social no processo da 16ª Conferência Nacional de Saúde em dimensões que permitissem sistematizar evidências da relevância e da abrangência do processo participativo nas etapas e atividades que a compuseram. A partir das experiências vivenciadas pelos estudantes pesquisadores, afetivamente reconhecidos como "verdinhos e verdinhas", em alusão à camiseta de cor verde que os identificava entre os participantes da 16ª CNS, elaborou-se a chamada de manuscritos que culminou neste livro. Encontram-se aqui reunidos aproximadamente 30 narrativas, somadas a alguns manuscritos feitos sob demanda dos organizadores. Agradecemos a cada uma das pessoas que ofereceu sua narrativa, a cada esforço necessário para compor uma estética capaz de dizer do lugar de aprendizagem que cada um e cada uma das pessoas que estiveram conosco nesse grande laboratório de democracia e cidadania que foi a 16ª Conferência Nacional de Saúde. E a cada leitor e leitora que, sensivelmente, compreender que cada um dos textos é um convite para a defesa do SUS, do ensino da saúde pautado pelo compromisso ético com todas as saúdes dos territórios e com o SUS como política pública.

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Participação da Comunidade , Conferências de Saúde , Conselhos de Planejamento em Saúde , Política Pública , Sistema Único de Saúde , Conselhos de Saúde , Participação Social