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1.
Indian J Lepr ; 78(3): 217-29, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17120505

RESUMO

To assess the level of awareness about the different provisions of the Persons with Disability Act (PWD Act) among leprosy patients and other disabled, 233 disabled persons from the self-help groups formed by Vadathorasalur Leprosy Control Unit have been interviewed using a structured interview checklist. The results show that 74.7% of the respondents were aware that identity cards are available for the disabled, 56.2% were aware of the free education benefit to the disabled, as low as 35.6% were aware of the scholarships, 33% knew about the employment reservations, 24.9% heard about the housing scheme of the government for the disabled, but 24.5% only knew about law against discrimination, 31.8% came in contact with institutions for the severely disabled and only 16% were aware of the unemployment allowance to the disabled. The level of awareness is low among women with regard to all components of the Act. It was found that students studying up to secondary level were not aware of the availability of scholarships and free education, which needs to be seriously looked into, especially by educational institutions. The level of formal education played a significant role in increasing awareness about the Act among literates. The knowledge is low among persons of all occupations. The study showed that there is a great need for an educational intervention programme to publicize the provisions of the Act among the disabled and their families.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência/legislação & jurisprudência , Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia , Hanseníase/psicologia , Mycobacterium leprae , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Discriminação Psicológica , Educação , Emprego , Feminino , Habitação , Humanos , Índia , Institucionalização , Hanseníase/economia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Grupos de Autoajuda , Desemprego
2.
Eur J Clin Nutr ; 54(8): 643-9, 2000 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-10951513

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the socioeconomic and nutritional status of cured leprosy patients with residual deformity, and their household members, was lower than that of cured leprosy patients without deformity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: One hundred and fifty-five index cases with deformity, 100 without deformity. Also 616 household members comprising 48% of the total members enumerated. MEASUREMENTS: Nutritional status was evaluated using anthropometry. Disease characteristics, socio-economic parameters and household information were recorded using a questionnaire. RESULTS: Index cases with deformity had lower community acceptance (P<0.001), and employment (P<0.001) than those cases without deformity. Households of index cases with deformity had a lower income (P<0.01) and a lower expenditure on food (P<0.05). The presence of deformity (odds ratio (OR): 2.1-3.2, P<0.01), unemployment (OR: 2.3-4.3, P<0.01) and female gender (OR: 2.4, P<0. 01) significantly increased the risk of index cases being undernourished, as judged by body mass index (BMI) alone, or BMI and mid-upper arm circumference. A low BMI (<18.5) in the index case significantly increased the odds of other adults (OR 2.2), adolescents (OR 2.9-3.8) and children (OR 2.2) in the household being undernourished. CONCLUSIONS: Cured leprosy index cases with physical deformity are more undernourished than index cases without deformity. This is associated with a reduced expenditure on food, possibly brought on by increased unemployment, and a loss of income. Undernutrition in the index case increases the risk of undernutrition in other members of the family. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2000) 54, 643-649.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Hanseníase/complicações , Transtornos Nutricionais/etiologia , Estado Nutricional , Adolescente , Adulto , Antropometria , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Renda , Índia , Hanseníase/economia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos Nutricionais/economia , Saúde da População Rural , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Desemprego
6.
Lepr India ; 51(3): 369-75, 1979 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-159979

RESUMO

116 patients consisting of 54 males and 62 females, all engaged in agriculture were interviewed to find out the cause of their unemployment. Deformity seemed to be the major factor responsible for the loss of job among them, which was prevalent among advanced age group (Males--50, Females--53.5). Since the measures to rehabilitate them are rather difficult, it is essential to educate them on the methods of prevention of deformities and their importance. If not, they invariably loose their job at an age when they cannot train themselves for a suitable alternative job to earn their livelihood.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Hanseníase , Desemprego , Adulto , Agricultura , Feminino , Deformidades Adquiridas do Pé/etiologia , Deformidades Adquiridas da Mão/etiologia , Humanos , Hanseníase/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Fatores de Tempo
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