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1.
Skinmed ; 8(2): 87-92; quiz 92, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20527139

RESUMO

Gynecomastia involves enlargement of the male breast secondary to the proliferation of mammary ductules. It is seen in a number of conditions such as cirrhosis, chronic renal failure, Klinefelter syndrome, and leprosy. Recognition of the cutaneous manifestations of these conditions can help in identifying the correct etiology of the gynecomastia.


Assuntos
Ginecomastia/etiologia , Dermatopatias/etiologia , Alcoolismo/complicações , Ginecomastia/complicações , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Humanos , Hipopituitarismo/complicações , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Síndrome de Klinefelter/complicações , Lentigo/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Masculino , Tireotoxicose/complicações
2.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 26(3): 141-6, maio-jun. 1999. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-273944

RESUMO

Ginecomastia é o aumento da mama masculina que pode acometer até 65 por cento dos indivíduos deste sexo na fase infanto-puberal, compreendida entre 13 e 16 anos. Tem como principais cuasas hepatite ou cirrose hepática, carcinoma ou doenças inflamatórias pulmonares crônicas, carcinomas ou disfunções testiculares, tumores glandulares (pituitária, supra-renal), alterações dos níveis séricos de testosterona, síndromes genéticas (síndrome de Klinefelter, p.ex.), uso de drogas como heroína, maconha ou anabolizantes e hanseníase. Podemos classificar a ginecomastia quanto ao volume, quanto aos tecidos que a compõem (gordurosa ou pseudoginecomastia, glandular e mista), ou quanto ao tratamento necessário para sua correção cirúrgica (pequena, moderada e grave). O tratamento das formas mais graves de ginecomastia é muito diferente daquele aplicado às formas mais suaves, pois nas formas graves, além da ressecção dos tecidos gorduroso e glandular, existe a necessidade de ressecção da pele em excesso e o reposicionamento do complexo aréolo-mamilar. O objetivo deste trabalho é descrever uma técnica cirúrgica específica para estes pacientes portadores de formas graves de ginecomastia, através de dois pedículos dermogordurosos, um lateral e um medial, com aproximadamente 2cm de espessura, mantendo assim a nutrição do complexo aréolo-mamilar. Esses pedículos são delimitados entre as bissetrizes dos quadrantes súpero-lateral e ínfero-lateral, e súpero-medial e ínfero-medial, tendo o mamilo como vértice. Na área de pele excessiva periareolar, obtida através do pinçamento interdigital, é realizada a desepidermização dos pedículos lateral e medial e ressecção de toda pele e tecido celular subcutâneo até a fáscia peitoral nas regiões superior e inferior aos pedículos; a síntese é realizada em dois planos, sendo periareolar a cicatriz resultante. Foram operados com esta técnica vinte pacientes com forma grave de ginecomastia, com média etária de 23,3 anos; sendo seis pacientes da raça negra. O bom posicionamento do complexo aréolo-mamilar e uma cicatriz periareolar resultante, bem como a retirada de conteúdo suficiente, foram as principais vantagens observadas. Como complicações, tivemos assimetria das placas aréolo-mamilares em dois casos, nos quais havia acentuada diferença entre os dois lados na avaliação pré-operatória; cicatrização hipertrófica em um paciente da raça negra, cuja cicatriz foi atenuada com injeções intracicatriciais de triancinolona...


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Adulto , Ginecomastia/etiologia , Ginecomastia/cirurgia
3.
Br J Surg ; 79(2): 182-3, 1992 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1555077
4.
s.l; s.n; 1992. 2 p.
Não convencional em Inglês | SES-SP, HANSEN, SESSP-ILSLACERVO, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1237302
5.
Indian J Lepr ; 60(1): 77-83, 1988 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-3204278

RESUMO

Sixty male leprosy patients (mean age 27.2 +/- 5.04 years) selected at random, were studied for gonadal involvement with the mean duration of illness 4.17 +/- 3.27 years. Only lerpomatous and borderline leprosy cases developed testicular and epididymal changes. Testicular pain and/or swelling (lepromatous 62.5%, borderline 30%) was the main presenting feature. Altered sexual function was observed in 34(56.6%) cases, and 11 patients revealed altered sexual hair pattern. Gynecomastia was seen in 9 cases. Reduced testicular size along with its soft feeling was present in 25% of cases while no testicular sensation was felt in 8 (13.3%) cases, and impaired testicular sensation in 9 (15%) of them. Spermogram revealed azoospermia in 19 (35%) and oligospermia in 16 (26.6%) cases. Histo-pathology revealed evidences of leprous pathology irrespective of testicular size, semen picture and clinical manifestations. There was marked variation in histopathological findings in testes and hence it was difficult to categorise them into vascular, interstitial and obliterative phase.


Assuntos
Hanseníase/patologia , Testículo/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Ginecomastia/etiologia , Humanos , Hanseníase/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oligospermia/etiologia , Testículo/fisiopatologia
6.
Indian J Lepr ; 56(3): 578-86, 1984.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-6549327

RESUMO

The prevalence of Gynaecomastia (GM), a well known complication of leprosy in adult male patients was studied in 790 cases of whom 641 were the inmates of five leprosy hospitals and the remaining 149 mostly from the clinics of field area attached to the Central Leprosy Teaching and Research Institute, Chengalpattu during 1982-83. The overall prevalence rate was found to be 19.24%. Among the hospitalised patients, it was 22.15% against 6.71% among the patients attending the clinics in the field area. The youngest and the oldest patient in this study was 16 years and 83 years respectively. The highest rate of 32.89% was in the 36-45 age group. Only 152 GM cases were detected; the rates in the lepromatous, borderline lepromatous, borderline tuberculoid were 29.21%, 9.64% and 3.68% respectively. Those who gave a history of frequent ENL reactions had a higher rate of GM i.e. 34.55 as against 21.52 without or with very infrequent ENL reaction. Early treatment had a remarkable effect in the reduction of GM. Only 14% developed GM when the treatment was started within 2 years after the onset of leprosy as against 46.9% when the same was started after 16 years. In the latter group, the longer duration of the disease could also play a contributory role. Sterility rate was more than double in those with GM i.e. 34.14% against 14% without it.


Assuntos
Ginecomastia/etiologia , Hanseníase/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Humanos , Infertilidade Masculina/etiologia , Hanseníase/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo
7.
Hansenol Int ; 9(1-2): 10-20, 1984.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-6600032

RESUMO

Sixty male patients of leprosy (mean age = 27.2 +/- 5.04 years) selected at random, were studied for gonadal involvement and therapeutic efficacy of two indigenous drugs. Of these 34 were married, with the mean duration of illness 4.17 +/- 3.27 years. Only those with lepromatous and dimorphous leprosy developed testicular and epididymal changes. Testicular pain and/or swelling (lepromatous = 62.5%, dimorphous = 30%) was the commonest presenting feature. Altered sexual function was observed in 34 (56.6%) cases, while 11 patients revealed altered sexual hair pattern and nine gynaecomastia. Reduced testicular size associated with soft feel was present in 25% of cases with no testicular sensation in 8 (13.3%) and impaired testicular sensation in 9 (15%) patients. Spermogram revealed azoospermia in 19 (35%) and oligospermia in 16 (26.6%) patients. Histopathological findings of testicle biopsy revealed evidence of leprous pathological irrespective of testicular size, semen picture and clinical manifestations. Histopathological changes had shown marked variation and so did not enable categorising them into vascular, interstitial and obliterative phases. These changes were believed to be due to the altered gonadal state in leprosy. The therapeutic efficacy of the indigenous preparations, Speman and Tentex forte (Himalaya) was evaluated subjectively as well as objectively in 34 patients. 82.3% of cases showed subjective improvement while objective improvement in spermogram was noted in 87.5% cases with oligospermia. The drugs have no side effect and were well tolerated.


Assuntos
Epididimo , Ginecomastia/etiologia , Hansenostáticos/uso terapêutico , Hanseníase/complicações , Oligospermia/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Testiculares/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oligospermia/etiologia
8.
Int J Lepr Other Mycobact Dis ; 49(1): 31-6, 1981 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-6788722

RESUMO

In a preliminary study, 11 male patients with lepromatous leprosy were evaluated with regard to endocrinopathy and hormonal status. Basal circulating hormone levels were estimated with a view to correlating the biochemical findings and clinical features. Thyroid hormones T3 and T4, Free Thyroxine Index (FTI), TSH, and cortisol were within normal limits, indicating that further study of these hormones would not be worthwhile. The finding of elevated levels of prolactin as well as the gonadotrophins LH and FSH, however, promises to yield more valuable information if studied in greater detail in a larger group of patients.


Assuntos
Hormônios/sangue , Hanseníase/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/sangue , Ginecomastia/etiologia , Humanos , Hidrocortisona/sangue , Hanseníase/complicações , Hormônio Luteinizante/sangue , Masculino , Orquite/etiologia , Prolactina/sangue , Hormônios Tireóideos/sangue
9.
Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) ; 6(4): 299-303, 1977 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-324661

RESUMO

Basal LH, FSH, 17 beta-oestradiol and testosterone and the gonadotrophin responses to luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) were studied in male patients with leprosy (twenty-four with lepromatous and six with tuberculoid leprosy). The mean basal LH and FSH was significantly elevated in the lepromatous group and was associated with an excessive response of both gonadotrophins following LHRH administration. The mean basal testosterone and 17 beta-oestradiol values in the lepromatous group were significantly lower than those of the tuberculoid and control groups. The abnormal gonadotrophin and sex steroid values in the lepromatous group are in keeping with the testicular atrophy and gynaecomastia accompanying this form of leprosy. However, the lack of a significant correlation between basal FSH and testicular atrophy should be noted. In addition, no correlation between any of these hormonal values and gynaecomastia could be demonstrated. The patients with tuberculoid leprosy had essentially normal hormonal profiles (except for two who had raised 17 beta-oestradiol values). This is compatible with the lack of gonadal involvement in these patients.


Assuntos
Ginecomastia/etiologia , Hanseníase/complicações , Doenças Testiculares/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Atrofia , Estradiol/sangue , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/sangue , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/farmacologia , Humanos , Hormônio Luteinizante/sangue , Masculino , Testículo/patologia , Testosterona/sangue , Fatores de Tempo
10.
s.l; s.n; apr. 1977. 5 p. graf.
Não convencional em Inglês | SES-SP, HANSEN, SESSP-ILSLACERVO, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1240418

RESUMO

Basal LH, FSH, 17 beta-oestradiol and testosterone and the gonadotrophin responses to luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) were studied in male patients with leprosy (twenty-four with lepromatous and six with tuberculoid leprosy). The mean basal LH and FSH was significantly elevated in the lepromatous group and was associated with an excessive response of both gonadotrophins following LHRH administration. The mean basal testosterone and 17 beta-oestradiol values in the lepromatous group were significantly lower than those of the tuberculoid and control groups. The abnormal gonadotrophin and sex steroid values in the lepromatous group are in keeping with the testicular atrophy and gynaecomastia accompanying this form of leprosy. However, the lack of a significant correlation between basal FSH and testicular atrophy should be noted. In addition, no correlation between any of these hormonal values and gynaecomastia could be demonstrated. The patients with tuberculoid leprosy had essentially normal hormonal profiles (except for two who had raised 17 beta-oestradiol values). This is compatible with the lack of gonadal involvement in these patients.


Assuntos
Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Adolescente , Doenças Testiculares/etiologia , Estradiol/sangue , Ginecomastia/etiologia , Hanseníase/complicações , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/sangue , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/farmacologia , Hormônio Luteinizante/sangue , Testosterona/sangue , Testículo/patologia
11.
Int J Lepr Other Mycobact Dis ; 44(4): 469-74, 1976.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1035585

RESUMO

The androgenic status of 24 lepromatous leprosy male patients, 12 with and 12 without gynecomastia, was studied in comparison with that of 12 normal healthy males. Plasma testosterone levels were significantly diminished in the gynecomastia group as compared to levels in either of the control groups. The patients without gynecomastia showed values not significantly lower than those of normal males. Histopathologic examination of the leprous testes showed a variable admixture of inflammatory, degenerative anf fibrotic changes which were more severe and more frequent in the patients with gynecomastia than in those without it. Parenchymatous liver function tests showed greater derangement in the gynecomastia group as compared to the controls Histopathology of the liver showed lepromatous infiltration in patients with and without gynecomastia though the changes in liver were minimal in patients who showed total testicular degeneration in the biopsies.


Assuntos
Ginecomastia/sangue , Hanseníase/sangue , Testosterona/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Fertilidade , Ginecomastia/etiologia , Ginecomastia/patologia , Humanos , Hanseníase/complicações , Hanseníase/patologia , Fígado/patologia , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testículo/patologia
12.
s.l; s.n; January-Feb. 1976. 7 p. ilus, tab.
Não convencional em Inglês | SES-SP, HANSEN, SESSP-ILSLACERVO, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1240478

RESUMO

Sixty-six male patients with leprosy were studied. Only those with the lepromatous type developed testicular and epididymal changes. Nine of the 38 patients showed decreased sexual function, and 7 developed gynecomastia. These changes were believed to be due to the altered gonadal state.


Assuntos
Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adolescente , Doenças Testiculares/etiologia , Doenças Testiculares/patologia , Epididimo/patologia , Espermatogênese , Ginecomastia/etiologia , Ginecomastia/patologia , Hanseníase/complicações , Hanseníase/patologia , Infertilidade Masculina/etiologia
13.
Int J Dermatol ; 15(1): 52-8, 1976.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1245370

RESUMO

Sixty-six male patients with leprosy were studied. Only those with the lepromatous type developed testicular and epididymal changes. Nine of the 38 patients showed decreased sexual function, and 7 developed gynecomastia. These changes were believed to be due to the altered gonadal state.


Assuntos
Epididimo , Ginecomastia/etiologia , Hanseníase/complicações , Doenças Testiculares/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Epididimo/patologia , Ginecomastia/patologia , Humanos , Infertilidade Masculina/etiologia , Hanseníase/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espermatogênese , Doenças Testiculares/patologia
18.
Lancet ; 1(7585): 101, 1969 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-4177986
20.
s.l; s.n; December 21, 1968. 2 p. tab.
Não convencional em Inglês | SES-SP, HANSEN, SESSP-ILSLACERVO, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1240442

RESUMO

Urinary total gonadotrophins, urinary oestrogens, and plasma-testosterone have been studied in patients with leprosy with and without gynaecomastia and testicular atrophy. Patients with gynaecomastia and testicular atrophy had significantly raised levels of gonadotrophins and lowered plasmatestosterone. It is suggested that leprous orchitis represents a form of acquired Klinefelter's syndrome.


Assuntos
Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Adolescente , Doenças Testiculares/etiologia , Ginecomastia/etiologia , Hanseníase/complicações , Hanseníase/metabolismo , Hanseníase/sangue , Hanseníase/urina , Síndrome de Klinefelter/metabolismo
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