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1.
Cien Saude Colet ; 20(4): 1135-41, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25923624

RESUMO

Studies on the work of Mascarenhas analyze his contribution to the history of health in Sao Paulo and the aspects of his work which place him in what is entitled the second generation of health workers of São Paulo state - being the first generation the one led by Emílio Ribas. This article recaptures these points and highlights his last works on preventive and community medicine. We argue that the conception of public health consolidated during his education was essential for his interest in the new model of medicine that was starting to spread in the country.


Assuntos
Saúde Pública/história , Brasil , História do Século XX , Medicina Preventiva/história
2.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 20(4): 1135-1141, 04/2015.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-744893

RESUMO

Studies on the work of Mascarenhas analyze his contribution to the history of health in Sao Paulo and the aspects of his work which place him in what is entitled the second generation of health workers of São Paulo state - being the first generation the one led by Emílio Ribas. This article recaptures these points and highlights his last works on preventive and community medicine. We argue that the conception of public health consolidated during his education was essential for his interest in the new model of medicine that was starting to spread in the country.


Os estudos que comentam a obra de Mascarenhas analisam sua contribuição à história da saúde em São Paulo e os aspectos de seu trabalho que o enquadram no que se convencionou chamar de segunda geração de sanitaristas paulistas - a primeira seria liderada por Emílio Ribas. Esse artigo retoma esses pontos e destaca seus trabalhos mais recentes, relacionados à medicina preventiva e comunitária. Argumentamos que a concepção de saúde pública consolidada em sua formação foi central para seu interesse no novo modelo de medicina que começava a se difundir no país.


Assuntos
História do Século XX , Saúde Pública/história , Brasil , Medicina Preventiva/história
3.
Panminerva Med ; 53(3 Suppl 1): 105-18, 2011 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22108486

RESUMO

Plant-derived elements used for pharmacological applications constitute an increasing research field. Centella asiatica is widely used mainly as an extract (TECA). Triterpenic fractions, the primary constituents of Centella asiatica, produce a wide range of preventive and therapeutic effects. The modulation of collagen production and deposition in wound healing is of primary importance. TECA is also used to treat several microcirculatory problems, inflammatory skin conditions (leprosy, lupus, varicose ulcers, eczema, atopic dermatitis, psoriasis) and also intestinal problems, fever, amenorrhea and genitourinary conditions. Cognitive functions, anxiety and mental impairment may be also affected by TECA administration. New applications in neurology include nerve growth factor enhancement and applications in neurological degenerative conditions. Interaction with other products is also indicated in this document. The multiplicity of actions of TECA is associated to six important mechanisms, all inter-connected and modulating each other: 1) edema - and capillary filtration - control; 2) a strong antioxidant power, effective on several forms of oxidative stress associated to inflammation or infections and synergic with other antioxidant products; 3) an anti-inflammatory action; 4) a modulation of the collagen production avoiding slower scarring or faster, hyperthrophic scarring and cheloids; 5) a modulating action of local growth factors; 6) a modulation of angiogenesis. This "status" paper - resulting from an expert meeting held in Cobham, Surrey, indicates most of the therapeutic potential of TECA, still to be explored in further studies. The status paper constitutes the basis for a consensus document on TECA to be developed in the next future. This "status" paper opens a new window on an ancient but still partially unexplored product that may become an important value in prevention and treatment of several pre-clinical and risk conditions and in clinically significant disease both as a single products and in association with other 'natural' products.


Assuntos
Centella , Microcirculação/efeitos dos fármacos , Triterpenos/uso terapêutico , Doenças Vasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Centella/química , Angiopatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fitoterapia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Medicina Preventiva , Triterpenos/química , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
Indian J Tuberc ; 55(1): 34-41, 2008 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18361309

RESUMO

Methodological considerations in clinical trials apply to prophylaxis studies also. In addition, there are certain aspects that need special attention. These are the identification of a valid group of controls, the choice of the unit of randomization and its impact on subsequent analyses, the specificity and the sensitivity of case diagnosis and their impact on estimated efficacy and its reliability. The ethical aspects of the trial also need special consideration, bearing in mind that the intervention is on healthy individuals, and not patients with disease. These are discussed in the context of community prophylaxis trials of tuberculosis and leprosy undertaken in south India.


Assuntos
Quimioprevenção , Medicina Preventiva/métodos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Vacinas , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Humanos , Medicina Preventiva/ética , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
6.
Trends Parasitol ; 22(8): 378-84, 2006 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16809067

RESUMO

Recently retired as head of the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI) secretariat and as a health advisor to leading global entities, Tore Godal is now a Special Advisor to the Norwegian Prime Minister. He is nevertheless continuing to fight for better global health, cogently articulating the needs of the world's poor and disadvantaged. He is a leading leprosy expert, ex-director of the world's premier agency for research and training in tropical diseases, instigator and prime mover of some global innovative public-private health sector partnerships, adept fund mobilizer, and advocate of the 'let's get it done' school of leadership. Few individuals are, therefore, more experienced or better suited for such a crucial and much-needed role.


Assuntos
Saúde Global , Pobreza , Medicina Preventiva/história , Saúde Pública/história , África , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Cooperação Internacional/história , Hanseníase/história , Noruega , Pobreza/história , Medicina Preventiva/organização & administração , Medicina Preventiva/normas
8.
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen ; 120(30): 3702-5, 2000 Dec 10.
Artigo em Norueguês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11215942

RESUMO

More than every second Norwegian 19th century physician made one or more study trips abroad. Some of them were probably more inspired by love of adventure than by the prospect of gaining new medical insight. This was probably also true of my great-grandfather, Eyvind Kraft. Shortly after completing medical school in 1879, he left Norway on the "Musca", an emigrant vessel, bound for Hawaii. He returned home approximately six years later to establish a sanatorium. In the meantime he worked as a ship's doctor, made a contribution to the understanding of the contagiousness of leprosy, and was among the founding members of the first medical society in the state of Wisconsin. Back in Norway he worked at the sanatorium, but also as a general practitioner and among fishermen during the seasonal fisheries. He had to travel to the Continent in an attempt to cure his "nerve disease". Eyvind Kraft's life tells an exciting story of exotic places and of the view of disease in his time.


Assuntos
Medicina de Família e Comunidade/história , Epidemiologia/história , Hawaii , Estâncias para Tratamento de Saúde/história , História do Século XIX , Humanos , Hanseníase/história , Noruega , Medicina Preventiva/história , Sociedades Médicas/história , Viagem/história , Wisconsin
9.
Asclepio ; 46(2): 79-91, 1994.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11640394

RESUMO

The present work deals with the measures taken in Spain during the first half of the XX century to fight leprosy. The main policy to curb this infectious and contagious disease consisted first in isolating the patients; nevertheless, as knowledge concerning the disease grew up considerably, its preventive measures started to evolve along the period. Another point of decisive influence regarding the fight against leprosy was the intervention of the health authorities in the different historical moments and the social response to this evil.


Assuntos
Hanseníase/história , Medicina Preventiva/história , História do Século XX , Humanos , Saúde Pública/história , Espanha
11.
Hansen. int ; 4(2): 93-97, dez. 1979. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | SES-SP, HANSEN, SESSP-ILSLACERVO, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1226343

RESUMO

A receptividade da infância e adolescência, registrada no ambiente familiar dos focos poli-infectantes, constitui o ponto vulnerável da luta contra ambas as endemias; pela imunização preventiva e tratamento dos casos precoces, diminui-se e estanca-se a infectuosidade do doente foco, com os recursos atuais da vacina de Calmette Guerin e da quimioterapia específica pelas medicações antimicrobianas biostáticas, de acordo com os esquemas de tratamento mistos estabelecidos pela prática para uma e outra das infecções irmãs. Dentro da moderna estrutura sanitária de controle da saúde da comunidade pelos Centros de Saúde de ação dispensarial integralizada por equipes de médicos sanitaristas, visitadoras e técnicos de laboratório, impõe-se paralelamente a formação de Unidades Móveis de atuação emmeio familiar, para vigilância sanitária periódica de contatos e doentes contagiantes, segundo os preceitos da Medicina Preventiva, harmonizando-se com os Médicos de Família, obedecendo-se ao critério formulado pelos Hansenólogos e Tisiólogos


Assuntos
Hanseníase/prevenção & controle , Tuberculose/prevenção & controle , Diagnóstico , Medicina Preventiva
12.
In. Korean Leprosy Institute. Diagnosis and treatment of Hansens disease. s.l, s.n, 1979. p.38-40.
Monografia em Inglês | SES-SP, HANSEN, SESSP-ILSLACERVO, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1243592
15.
Sao Paulo; s.n; 1975. 24 p. ilus, 31cm.
Monografia em Português | LILACS, HANSEN, SESSP-ILSLACERVO, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1083943
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