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1.
Homeopathy ; 102(3): 172-8, 2013 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23870376

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The study focuses on the anti-urolithiasis potential of ultra-diluted homeopathic potency of Berberis vulgaris (B. vulgaris) root bark, commonly used in homeopathic system to treat renal calculi. METHODOLOGY: B. vulgaris root bark (200c, 20 µl/100 g body weight/day, p.o, for 28 days) was tested in an animal model of urolithiasis. Urolithiasis was induced in male Wistar rats by adding 0.75% ethylene glycol (EG) to drinking water. Urine and serum samples were analyzed for calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, uric acid and creatinine. Enzymic makers of renal damage (alkaline phosphatase, lactate dehydrogenase, leucine aminopeptidase and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase) were assessed in kidney and urine. Renal tissues were analyzed for oxalate content. RESULTS: Administration of EG to rats increased the levels of the stone-forming constituents calcium, phosphorus and uric acid, in urine. Levels were normalized by B. vulgaris treatment. The decrease in the urolithiasis inhibitor magnesium in urine was prevented by treatment with B. vulgaris. Serum creatinine levels were largely normalized by B. vulgaris treatment. Hyperoxaluria induced renal damage was evident from the decreased activities of tissue marker enzymes and an apparent escalation in their activity in the urine in control animals; this was prevented by B. vulgaris treatment. CONCLUSION: Homeopathic B. vulgaris root bark has strong anti-urolithiasis potential at ultra-diluted dose.


Subject(s)
Berberis , Phytotherapy , Urolithiasis/drug therapy , Animals , Calcium/blood , Male , Phosphates/blood , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Urolithiasis/blood
2.
Forsch Komplementmed ; 21(1): 7-12, 2014.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24603624

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress is a major mediator in the pathophysiology of several kidney diseases. The cellular damage is mediated by an alteration in the antioxidant status, which increases the concentration of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the stationary state (oxidative stress). Therefore, interventions favoring the scavenging and/or depuration of ROS should attenuate or prevent the oxidative stress, thereby safeguarding the kidneys against damage. In this sense, this study attempts to evaluate the extent of oxidative stress in experimental urolithiasis by measuring some parameters of oxidant stress and antioxidant defenses in rat kidneys, before and after Berberis vulgaris homeopathic preparation supplementation, and to assess the role, if any, of homeopathic treatment in mitigating free radical toxicity in kidney stone disease. METHODS: Rat model of urolithiasis was established by administering 0.75% ethylene glycol (EG) in drinking water, and the effects of a homeopathic preparation of B. vulgaris root bark (HPBV) on the renal antioxidative defense system as well as on potent markers of free radical activities were investigated. RESULTS: HPBV brought about an augmentation in the activities of enzymatic antioxidants such as superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and improved the nonenzymatic antioxidants, e.g., tocopherol, ascorbic acid, and glutathione. HPBV ameliorated the malondialdehyde and protein carbonyl levels and restored renal thiols almost completely. CONCLUSION: Thus, it is shown that HPBV acts as a renoprotective remedy in alleviating the renal calculi-associated oxidative damage by upregulating the antioxidant status.


Subject(s)
Berberis/chemistry , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Urolithiasis/therapy , Animals , Antioxidants/analysis , Enzyme Activation/drug effects , Free Radicals/analysis , Male , Oxidoreductases/metabolism , Phytotherapy/standards , Plant Bark/chemistry , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Rats
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