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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(4): 890-895, 2020 Feb.
Article in Zh | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237490

ABSTRACT

The solid wastes of Chinese materia dedica industrialization represented by Salvia miltiorrhiza residues have a strong small-molecule bio-recalcitrance in the process of high-value utilization of biotransformation. Highly tolerant strains were bred to break bio-recalcitrance of Salvia miltiorrhiza residues and produce high-value added cellulose, which has a significant significance for recycling and industrial utilization of solid waste. In this study, a strain of fungus, Penicillium expansum SZ13, was found with small-molecule antibacterial substance tanshinone contained in Salvia miltiorrhiza residues by a biological method. The optimal enzyme production process and peak period of SZ13 were determined. It was found that SZ13 could maintain peak enzyme production for 5 days by degrading residues under the conditions of temperature 35 ℃, rotation speed 180 r·min~(-1), 5% of residues addition, and 5% seed solution addition. Meanwhile, the ability of SZ13 to degrade the enzyme production of multiple types of residues was explored. The results showed a high enzyme activity and stable enzyme production of SZ13 in the process of degrading residues. SZ13 could efficiently utilize various types of Chinese medicine residues, such as Salvia miltiorrhiza residues, to realize the high-value utilization of cellulose in multiple types of residues.


Subject(s)
Cellulase/biosynthesis , Fermentation , Materia Medica , Penicillium/metabolism , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Solid Waste , China , Drug Industry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
2.
Altern Ther Health Med ; 23(4): 56-61, 2017 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28646815

ABSTRACT

Context • Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is commonly defined as an increased number of bacteria and/or an abnormal type of bacteria in the small intestine. Conventional treatment for SIBO is typically focused on antibiotics to eradicate the bacterial overgrowth. Numerous studies have demonstrated the antimicrobial activity of herbs, and a diet low in fermentable oligo-, di-, and monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) has been shown to enhance antibiotic therapy. Objective • The current case study intended to evaluate the benefits of an alternative, multifaceted approach-including botanical and homeopathic therapies in conjunction with a low-FODMAP diet-in the treatment of SIBO and its associated symptoms. Design • The research team performed a case study. Setting • The study was conducted at SCNM Medical Center (Tempe, AZ, USA). Participant • The participant was a female patient at the SCNM Medical Center with chronic, daily, severe abdominal bloating and pain that particularly worsened after meals and by the end of the day. The patient also had a significant history of chronic constipation that had begun approximately 10 y prior to her experiencing the daily abdominal pain. Intervention • Based on a lactulose breath test for hydrogen and methane, the research team diagnosed the patient with a case of mild SIBO. The treatment approach was multifaceted, involving a low-FODMAP diet, antimicrobial botanical therapy, and homeopathic medicine. Results • The patient's abdominal pain and bloating resolved with the treatment of the SIBO, although her underlying constipation, which was likely associated with other factors, remained. Conclusions • This case study supports an alternative, multifaceted approach to the treatment of SIBO and commonly associated symptoms.


Subject(s)
Blind Loop Syndrome/therapy , Diet Therapy , Homeopathy , Phytotherapy , Probiotics/therapeutic use , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Adult , Blind Loop Syndrome/complications , Blind Loop Syndrome/diagnosis , Breath Tests , Chronic Disease , Citrullus colocynthis , Constipation/complications , Disaccharides , Female , Fermentation , Humans , Monosaccharides , Oligosaccharides , Polymers
3.
Pharmazie ; 67(4): 331-44, 2012 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22570940

ABSTRACT

Extraction methods of fresh plants into aqueous-fermented extracts according to German Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia (HAB), regulation nos. 33 and 34 were evaluated. In the course of production, the extraction is accompanied by fermentation and the resulting preparation is stored for at least 6 months until further processing. The present work aimed at revealing the underlying biochemical reactions during manufacture and storage. In addition, the responsible microorganisms were isolated and identified. To study the robustness of the preparation method, formulation components as well as production conditions were varied. Additionally, questions were addressed at the reproducibility of the method and a comparison with an ethanolic extract was also performed. From 2006 to 2009, 110 extracts from the fresh flowering herb of Atropa belladonna var. belladonna (L.) were produced and analyzed. The results show that lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are primarily involved in the fermentation process, mainly producing lactic acid besides acetic acid and ethanol. The homofermentative Lactobacillus plantarum and the heterofermentative Lactobacillus brevis were identified as predominant lactic acid bacteria. Finally, factors for a successful fermentation are proposed.


Subject(s)
Atropa belladonna/chemistry , Acetates/analysis , Acids/metabolism , Alcohols/analysis , Aldehydes/analysis , Atropa belladonna/microbiology , Bacterial Load , Carbohydrate Metabolism/drug effects , Drug Compounding , Drug Storage , Endotoxins/analysis , Ethanol , Fermentation , Honey/analysis , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Lactates/analysis , Materia Medica , Monosaccharides/analysis , Odorants , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Reference Standards , Solvents , Yeasts/chemistry
4.
Zhong Yao Cai ; 34(8): 1180-2, 2011 Aug.
Article in Zh | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22233030

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the change of the content of cantharidin in Mylabris before and after biotransformation. METHODS: The content of cantharidin was determined by gas chromatography (GC). The conditions of GC were as follows: HP-5 column, vanillin as internal standard, the column temperature maintained at 175 degrees for 5 min, rised to 240 degrees C at the speed of 4 degrees C/min and the remained for 5 min. RESULTS: The GC method was good reproducibility. The content of cantharidin in Myabris before and after botransformation was 0.7% and 1.29% respectively. After biotranformation, the content of cantharidin was increased. CONCLUSION: Mylabris fermentated with Trametes cinnabarina has great significance for increasing the content of cantharidn and provides experimentd basis for efficient use of Mylabris.


Subject(s)
Cantharidin/analysis , Coleoptera , Materia Medica/chemistry , Trametes/metabolism , Animals , Antineoplastic Agents/chemistry , Biotransformation , Chromatography, Gas/methods , Coleoptera/chemistry , Coleoptera/metabolism , Fermentation , Materia Medica/metabolism , Reproducibility of Results , Solubility
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 32(11): 1028-31, 2007 Jun.
Article in Zh | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17672334

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Investigating the antioxidant activities of water and ethanol extracts of natural Cordyceps sinensis and Cordyceps militaris and their fermentation preparations. METHOD: The samples were tested through 6 assays: inhibition ability of linoleic acid oxidation; scavenging activity of DPPH, hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radical and superoxide anion; and metal chelating activity. RESULT: Samples showed different antioxidant ability, and there was not an extract that exhibited high activity in all assays; however, water extract of natural C. militaris could be regarded as the most powerful antioxidant among 8 samples. It had high activity in inhibition of linoleic acid oxidation, chelating metal ions, and scavenging DPPH and hydroxyl radical. The research also indicated that the contents of phenolic compounds in water and ethanol extracts of natural and cultured Cordyceps sp. had huge difference. CONCLUSION: Natural Cordyceps sp. and its fermentation preparations could be used as potential natural antioxidants. The fermented process affected the antioxidant ability of cultured Cordyceps sp., and the antioxidant activity of both natural and cultured Cordyceps sp. did not significantly related with the quantity of phenolics.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants/pharmacology , Cordyceps/chemistry , Free Radical Scavengers/pharmacology , Materia Medica/pharmacology , Antioxidants/isolation & purification , Chelating Agents/isolation & purification , Chelating Agents/pharmacology , Cordyceps/growth & development , Cordyceps/metabolism , Ethanol , Fermentation , Flavonoids/analysis , Flavonoids/metabolism , Free Radical Scavengers/isolation & purification , Linoleic Acid/metabolism , Materia Medica/isolation & purification , Oxidation-Reduction/drug effects , Phenols/analysis , Phenols/metabolism , Polyphenols
6.
Int. j. high dilution res ; 21(1): 18-18, May 6, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, HomeoIndex (homeopathy) | ID: biblio-1396574

ABSTRACT

Studies have shownthat homeopathy modulates the activity of both single-and multi-celled organisms;therefore, we propose a study into the action of Arnica Montanaand S. cerevisiae fungus nosode on growth "in vitro", and on the fermentation of S. cerevisiaeon brewer's wort. Methods:250 µL of medication in 30% alcohol were placed in 5 mL of Sabouraud Broth (SB) or wort, with 20 µL of fungus ata McFarland standard of 0.5 and in a dilution of 1:100. Fungal growth was evaluated via spectrophotometry at 600 nm or a cell count in a Neubauer chamber in a kinetic of 1 to 5 days' incubation at 25ºC. The production of alcohol by the fungus was evaluated using the BRIX index in the samekinetic. 1x107fungi/mL were previously incubated with medication for 5 days and, afterwards, placed in 20 mL of fresh wort, incubated at 25ºC for 7 days and evaluated for growth and sugar consumption. Resultsand Discussion: The SB results revealed that after 2days incubation with Arnica30CH, an increase in fungal growth was observed (p<0.0001), whilewith nosode 6 and 30CH there was a reduction in growth after 2 and 5 days incubation (p<0.001). The fungi incubated with Arnica30CH exhibited increased sugar consumption after 2 and5 days incubation (p<0.05), while the nosode 30CH resulted in lower sugar consumption after 2 and 3 days incubation (p<0.05). The results for fungal growth and sugar consumption with the wort were similar to those using SB.The fungalcultures previously incubated with homeopathic medication and subsequent incubation with fresh wortindicated a loss of distinction, bothin terms of fungal growth and sugar consumption. This piece of data may suggest action by the homeopathic medication only when in contact with the cells. Conclusion: The treatment of the S. cerevisiae fungus using Arnica and the S. cerevisiae nosode produced a significant modulation in fungal growth and sugar consumption.


Subject(s)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolism , In Vitro Techniques , Fermentation , Homeopathy
7.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; 25(7): 347-51, 2006 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16898162

ABSTRACT

Copious historical reviews of Calabrese and Baldwin (Hum Exp Toxicol 2000; 19: 2-31; 32-40) attribute the description of the reversal of cellular activities from stimulation at low doses to inhibition at high doses by Schulz (Pflüg Arch 1988; 42: 517-41) as the prioritizing contribution to the phenomenon which was later called hormesis. However, an extended search of the older literature uncovers Virchow (Virch Arch 1854; 6: 133-34) as the first descriptor, three and a half decades in advance of Schulz. Virchow observed an increase of the beating activity of the ciliae of tracheal epithelia of postmortem mucosa by sodium and potassium hydroxide at low concentrations, and a concentration-dependent decrease to arrest at higher concentrations. This observation constituted a cornerstone in Virchow's 'cellular pathology', which was based on the theory of cellular 'irritation and irritability'. Schulz's experiment was essentially triggered by the psychiatrist Rudolf Arndt, an ardent protagonist of homeopathy. Schulz's pre-occupation with homeopathic principles, which dominates his scientific oeuvre over his lifetime, may be seen as one of the reasons for the marginalization of hormesis.


Subject(s)
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Respiratory Mucosa/drug effects , Toxicology/history , Animals , Fermentation , History, 19th Century , History, 20th Century , Homeopathy/history , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Mercuric Chloride/toxicity , Respiratory Mucosa/pathology , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/drug effects , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolism , Sodium Hydroxide/toxicity
8.
Water Sci Technol ; 43(11): 233-41, 2001.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11443967

ABSTRACT

The results of membrane and ozonation experiments carried out on various agro-industry effluents including fermentation (baker's yeast), corrugated board, opium alkaloid and textile dying industries are presented. The experiments were performed using lab-scale membrane and ozonation reactors. Color removals were in the range of 80 to 99% for the membrane treatment studies. Ozonation experiments have shown that color removals in the range of 83 to 98% are possible for the investigated wastewaters. Final color levels were lower than 100 Pt-Co unit, which is quite acceptable aesthetically. The relative unit treatment costs of ozonation were about two times higher than membrane systems especially for very strong colored effluents including fermentation and opium alkaloid industries. The study has demonstrated that both membrane and ozonation technologies are viable options for color removal.


Subject(s)
Industrial Waste/analysis , Ozone/metabolism , Waste Disposal, Fluid/methods , Water Purification/methods , Agriculture , Book Industry/economics , Color , Coloring Agents/metabolism , Fermentation , Filtration/methods , Industrial Waste/economics , Membranes, Artificial , Opium/chemistry , Opium/economics , Opium/metabolism , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolism , Textile Industry/economics , Textile Industry/methods , Turkey , Waste Disposal, Fluid/economics , Water Purification/economics
9.
J Med Food ; 15(9): 774-80, 2012 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22870931

ABSTRACT

This study examined the effect of fermentation on the ability of antler to act as a stimulator of hematopoietic activity. Hemolytic anemia was induced by phenylhydrazine (PHZ) in female Sprague-Dawley rats. The vehicle or antler extract (nonfermented or fermented) mixed in drinking water was administered from Days 2 to 15 after PHZ injection. On Day 15, red blood cell counts in the fermented antler group (6.33×106/µL) were significantly higher than those in the nonfermented antler group (5.90×106/µL) (P<.05), and rats treated with fermented antler extract tended to have higher hemoglobin compared with rats treated with nonfermented antler extract, but not significantly. In addition, rats treated with fermented antler extract had slightly lower serum erythropoietin levels compared with nonfermented antler extract, which were not statistically different from serum erythropoietin levels of nonanemic rats. We conclude therefore that the hematopoietic activity of antler might be increased by the fermentation process.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Hemolytic/diet therapy , Antlers/chemistry , Bacillus subtilis/metabolism , Food, Preserved/microbiology , Hematinics/therapeutic use , Hematopoiesis , Materia Medica/therapeutic use , Anemia, Hemolytic/blood , Animals , Deer , Erythrocyte Count , Erythropoietin/blood , Female , Fermentation , Food, Preserved/adverse effects , Hematinics/adverse effects , Hematinics/metabolism , Hemoglobins/analysis , Humans , Male , Materia Medica/adverse effects , Materia Medica/metabolism , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Osmotic Fragility , Phenylhydrazines , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
11.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 25(6): 914-9, 2009 Jun.
Article in Zh | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19777822

ABSTRACT

We studied the effects of several medicinal insects on biosynthesis of polysaccharides from Ganoderma lucidum in submerged culture. The results showed that the medicinal insect, Catharsius molossus at 5 g/L significantly promoted the biosynthesis of intracellular polysaccharides (IPS) and extracellular polysaccharides (EPS) of G. lucidum, and compared with control, IPS and EPS yields markedly enhanced from (1.93 +/- 0.09) g/L to (2.41 +/- 0.12) g/L and (520.3 +/- 20.2) mg/L to (608.9 +/- 20.2) mg/L, respectively (P < 0.05). Both IPS and EPS consisted of five kinds of components, and IPS-1 and EPS-1 were the major components of IPS and EPS, respectively. Further separation studies showed that IPS-1 was made up of three single compounds, while EPS-1 was made up of two single compounds. There were no new components in both IPS and EPS obtained from G lucidum in submerged culture by the addition of the insect, C. molossus, suggesting the biosynthetic pathways of the major components of IPS and EPS had not been changed.


Subject(s)
Cockroaches/chemistry , Materia Medica/pharmacology , Polysaccharides/biosynthesis , Reishi/metabolism , Animals , Culture Media/chemistry , Fermentation , Polysaccharides/chemistry , Reishi/growth & development
12.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 25(6): 880-6, 2009 Jun.
Article in Zh | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19777816

ABSTRACT

We studied the effects of Catharsius molossus (a Chinese medicinal insect) on the cell growth, fermentation kinetics of key bioactive substances and anti-cancer activity of Ganoderma lucidum in submerged fermentation. The results showed that C. molossus at all the tested concentrations had no stimulatory effect on the cell growth. However, addition of C. molossus at 5 g/L lead to significant effects on the fermentation kinetics of polysaccharides and triterpenoids of G lucidum, and at 7th day in fermentation process, the yields of polysaccharides and triterpenoids reached 2.81 g/L and 539.0 mg/L, respectively, while they were 2.25 g/L and 428.2 mg/L in control. In vivo anti-cancer studies showed that the inhibitory rates of control fermented G lucidum (CFG) and a combination of water extract from C. molossus and CFG on the developed tumor (Heps) in mice were 41.61% and 42.24%, respectively. Moreover, the inhibitory rate of the G lucidum fermented with C. molossus (GFC) reached 57.21%, which was enhanced 37.49%, compared to the inhibitory rate of the control fermented G lucidum. These results suggest that supplementation of C. molossus in submerged fermentation of G lucidum lead to a significant enhancement of the anti-cancer activity of cultured G lucidum.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/biosynthesis , Cockroaches/chemistry , Materia Medica/pharmacology , Polysaccharides/biosynthesis , Reishi/metabolism , Animals , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/therapeutic use , Culture Media/chemistry , Female , Fermentation , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Male , Mice , Polysaccharides/pharmacology , Reishi/growth & development , Triterpenes/metabolism , Triterpenes/pharmacology
13.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 65(5): 1357-1366, out. 2013. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-689752

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o desempenho e os parâmetros sanguíneos de bezerros que consumiram colostro bovino fermentado sob condições anaeróbias. Após o nascimento, 18 bezerros da raça Holandês foram alojados em abrigos individuais e passaram a receber 4L da dieta líquida, sucedâneo lácteo ou silagem de colostro, divididos em duas refeições. O consumo de concentrado inicial e o escore fecal foram registrados diariamente, enquanto a pesagem e as colheitas de amostras de sangue para a determinação das concentrações plasmáticas de glicose, nitrogênio ureico, ácidos graxos livres, β-hidroxibutirato e proteínas totais séricas foram realizadas semanalmente. Os animais alimentados com silagem de colostro apresentaram menores consumo de concentrado, ganho de peso diário e peso vivo. Todos os parâmetros sanguíneos avaliados foram afetados pelos tratamentos, exceto a concentração plasmática de proteínas totais. O escore fecal foi afetado pelos tratamentos durante a segunda semana de vida, com animais alimentados com silagem de colostro apresentando fezes anormais e secas. O fornecimento de silagem de colostro como dieta líquida exclusiva não resultou em desempenho animal adequado, não sendo uma boa alternativa de substituto de leite.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance and plasma metabolites of calves fed colostrum fermented under anaerobic conditions as an exclusive liquid feed during the whole milk-feeding period. After birth, eighteen Holstein male calves were housed in individual hutches and fed four liters of liquid diet, milk replacer or colostrum silage, divided into two meals. The starter feed intake and fecal scores were recorded daily, and body weight and blood samples for the determination of plasma glucose, urea nitrogen, free fatty acids, β-hydroxybutyrate and serum total protein were taken weekly. Animals fed colostrum silage had lower intake of starter feed during the experimental period. Significant effects were also observed for average daily gain and body weight. All blood parameters measured were affected by the treatments, except the total protein plasma concentration. The fecal score was affected by treatments during the second week of life, with animals fed colostrum silage presenting abnormal and very dry feces. Feeding colostrum silage as exclusive liquid diet during the whole milk-feeding period resulted in inadequate animal performance, being considered a bad alternative as milk replacer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Infant , Cattle , Blood Group Antigens/administration & dosage , Blood Group Antigens/analysis , Blood Group Antigens , /administration & dosage , /analysis , Fermentation
14.
Early Sci Med ; 7(1): 31-64, 2002.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12049065

ABSTRACT

This paper examines Georg Ernst Stahl's first book, the Zymotechnia Fundamentalis, in the context of contemporary natural philosophy and the author's career. I argue that the Zymotechnia was a mechanical theory of fermentation written consciously against the influential "fermentational program" of Joan Baptista van Helmont and especially Thomas Willis, Stahl's theory of fermentation introduced his first conception of phlogiston, which was in part a corpuscular transformation of the Paracelsian sulphur principle. Meanwhile some assumptions underlying this theory, such as the composition of matter, the absolute passivity of matter and the "passions" of sulphur, reveal the combined scholastic and mechanistic character of Stahl's natural philosophy. In the conclusion I show that Stahl's theory of fermentation undermined the old fermentational program and paved the way for his dualist vitalism.


Subject(s)
Chemistry/history , Fermentation , Physics/history , Textbooks as Topic/history , Germany , History, 17th Century
16.
Acta odontol. venez ; 37(2): 21-6, mayo-ago. 1999. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-288452

ABSTRACT

En este estudio se evaluó la frecuencia y biotipos de Cándida sp. en la saliva de portadores sanos, tomando en consideración la actividad cariogénica de dichos individuos a través de informaciones epidemiológicas. La muestra consistió en 239 niños tomados al azar, divididos en cinco estratos sociales. La saliva de cada uno de estos pacientes fue, cultivadas en medios específicos para el crecimiento del hongo. Posterior al crecimiento de las levaduras, las mismas fueron identificadas bioquímicamente mediante pruebas de fermentación. Los resultados obtenidos demostraron que Cándida albicans fue la especia de mayor prevalencia en todas las categorías socioeconómicas evaluadas. En 5 por ciento de las muestras se evidenció la presencia de más de una especie de Cándida coexistiendo en la cavidad bucal, incluyendo asociación de C. albicans con C. tropicalis, C. parapsilosis y C. krusei. En ninguno de los casos las especies fueron detectadas individualmente


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Biotypology , Candida albicans/isolation & purification , Saliva/microbiology , Saliva/metabolism , Brazil , Culture Media , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Fermentation , Random Allocation , Socioeconomic Factors
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