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Environmental Homeopathy: Homeopathic Potencies Regulate the Growth and Toxicity of Raphidiopsis raciborskii (cyanobacteria) and Can be Tracked Physico-Chemically. Part 2: Physico-chemical Results.
Mohammad, Suham Nowrooz; Pinto, Andreia Adelaide G; Silva, Rodrigo Augusto da; Suffredini, Ivana Barbosa; Tournier, Alexander L; Cartwright, Steven J; Yunes, João Sarkis; Bonamin, Leoni V.
Affiliation
  • Mohammad SN; Research Center-UNIP, Graduate Program on Environmental and Experimental Pathology, University Paulista, São Paulo, Brazil.
  • Pinto AAG; Research Center-UNIP, Graduate Program on Environmental and Experimental Pathology, University Paulista, São Paulo, Brazil.
  • Silva RAD; Research Center-UNIP, Graduate Program on Environmental and Experimental Pathology, University Paulista, São Paulo, Brazil.
  • Suffredini IB; Research Center-UNIP, Graduate Program on Environmental and Experimental Pathology, University Paulista, São Paulo, Brazil.
  • Tournier AL; Institute of Complementary and Integrative Medicine, University of Bern, Switzerland.
  • Cartwright SJ; Cherwell Laboratory for Fundamental Research in Homeopathy, Oxford, United Kingdom.
  • Yunes JS; Federal University of Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
  • Bonamin LV; Research Center-UNIP, Graduate Program on Environmental and Experimental Pathology, University Paulista, São Paulo, Brazil.
Homeopathy ; 2024 May 06.
Article in En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710227
ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION:

The control of cyanobacterial toxicity and growth by homeopathic potencies was described in Part 1 of this two-part report. Here, a parallel approach characterized the physico-chemical features of the potencies used and the liquid media treated with them, correlating these results with their respective biological effects.

OBJECTIVES:

Our objective was to establish if physico-chemical parameters can track homeopathic potencies in seawater or artificial seawater medium (ASM)-1 and to discover whether these parameters correlate with previously described biological effects.

METHOD:

Artemia franciscana (brine shrimp) cysts were cultivated in seawater challenged with Raphidiopsis raciborskii extract and treated with different homeopathic potencies chosen from a screening process. Cultures of R. raciborskii maintained in ASM-1 were also treated with previously screened homeopathic potencies, and their growth was monitored as a function of time. The physico-chemical properties of the treated media (seawater or ASM-1) were evaluated by their interaction with solvatochromic dyes and changes in pH, conductivity and temperature.

RESULTS:

Coumarin 7 was found to be a marker for Nitric acidum 6cH and Isotherapic (R. raciborskii extract) 200cH in seawater (analysis of variance [ANOVA], p = 0.0015). Nile red was found to be a marker for Nitric acidum 200cH and Mercurius solubilis 30cH in ASM-1 (ANOVA, p ≤ 0.001). An increase in pH of ASM-1 and endothermic effects were observed after these treatments (two-way ANOVA, p = 0.0001). Seawater and ASM-1 to which potencies had been added were also subjected to a constant unidirectional 2,400 Gauss static magnetic field and found to have enhanced effects on the solvatochromic dyes tested.

CONCLUSION:

Homeopathic potencies were specifically traceable in aqueous media using solvatochromic dyes, especially when the samples were subjected to a magnetic field. Results from monitoring other physical parameters, such as pH and temperature, were less specific in relation to potency tracking. However, potency-induced endothermic effects might provide valuable thermodynamic data relating to the nature of potencies.

Full text: 1 Database: MEDLINE Language: En Journal: Homeopathy Year: 2024 Type: Article

Full text: 1 Database: MEDLINE Language: En Journal: Homeopathy Year: 2024 Type: Article