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Dysfibrinogenemia in childhood: two cases of congenital dysfibrinogens.

Kotlín, Roman; Blazek, Bohumír; Suttnar, Jirí; Malý, Martin; Kvasnicka, Jan; Dyr, Jan E.
Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis; 21(7): 640-8, 2010 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20829681

Resumen

A 2-year-old asymptomatic boy and his relatives were investigated for a suspected fibrinogen mutation after coagulation tests revealed a decreased functional fibrinogen level (family A). Eight-year-old and 1-year-old asymptomatic brothers were investigated for a suspected fibrinogen mutation after coagulation tests revealed a decreased functional fibrinogen level and prolonged thrombin time (family B). To identify whether genetic mutations were responsible for these dysfibrinogens, DNA extracted from the blood was analyzed. Fibrin polymerization and fibrinolysis were measured by a turbidimetric method at 450 nm. DNA analysis was performed by the Sanger method. Mass spectroscopy was performed on a Biflex IV mass spectrometer. DNA sequencing showed the heterozygous point mutation Aα Arg16His in the fibrinogen of family A and the heterozygous point mutation Aα Arg16Cys in the fibrinogen of family B. Kinetics of fibrinopeptide release, fibrinolysis, and fibrin polymerization were impaired in the carriers of the mutations in both families. Mass spectroscopy showed the presence of mutant fibrinogen chains in circulation. Scanning electron microscopy revealed thicker fibrin fibers, differing significantly from the normal control in both cases. Two cases of asymptomatic dysfibrinogenemias, found by routine coagulation testing, were genetically identified as new cases of fibrinogen variants Aα Arg16His and Aα Arg16Cys.