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Falls, non-accidental falls and syncope in community-dwelling adults aged 50 years and older: Implications for cardiovascular assessment.

Bhangu, Jaspreet; King-Kallimanis, Bellinda L; Donoghue, Orna A; Carroll, Laura; Kenny, Rose Anne.
PLoS One; 12(7): e0180997, 2017.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28732008


OBJECTIVES: To calculate the prevalence of all falls, non-accidental falls and syncope in an older population and characterize cardiovascular risk profiles. DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: The first two waves of data from the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA). PARTICIPANTS: 8172 community-dwelling adults aged 50 years and older resident in the Republic of Ireland. MEASUREMENTS: Self-reported history of all falls, non-accidental falls and syncope in the year preceding the first two waves of data collection. Demographic factors and self-reported cardiovascular conditions were used to characterize cardiovascular risk profiles. RESULTS: The prevalence of all falls in the past year was 19.2% or 192 per thousand persons and increased with age (50-64 years 17.5%; 65-74 years 19.4%; 75+ years 24.4%). Non-accidental falls had an estimated prevalence of 5.1% or 51 falls per thousand persons and accounted for 26.5% of all falls reported and also increased with age (50-64 years 4.0%; 65-74 years 5.5%; 75+ years 8.0%). The prevalence for syncope was estimated to be 4.4% or 44per thousand persons but did not show a similar age gradient. Participants with at least 5 cardiovascular conditions were more likely to report all falls (OR = 2.07, 95% CI 1.18-3.64, p<0.05) and NAF (OR = 2.89, 95%CI 1.28-6.52, p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of all falls and non-accidental falls increases with age but the same pattern was not consistently observed for syncope. There is an increased odds of reporting all three outcomes with increasing number of self-reported cardiovascular conditions. Further work is needed to uncover the interplay between cardiovascular disease and subsequent falls.