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An observational study on sport-induced modulation of negative attitude towards disability.

Ottoboni, Giovanni; Milani, Melissa; Setti, Annalisa; Ceciliani, Andrea; Chattat, Rabih; Tessari, Alessia.
PLoS One; 12(11): e0187043, 2017.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29140984

Resumen

The present study investigates whether sport activities involving children with a disability can reduce negative attitudes towards disability in children without disability. We compared the effect of being schoolmate or member of the same football team whereby a child with disability was member of the class/team or not. This lead to four groups that were assessed both at the beginning and at the end of the school year. Two measures were collected: an ad-hoc questionnaire and an Implicit Association Test. The two assessments were designed to measure explicit and implicit attitudes towards children with disabilities. Results suggested that sport activities over one school year reduced more (p < .001) the implicit negative attitude towards disability (Mean = -.17, sd = .10) than the contact with the classmate in the school context (Mean = -.03, sd = .14), possibly due to their team building characteristic.