Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 149
Filtrar
Más filtros

Medicinas Complementárias
Bases de datos
Tipo del documento
Intervalo de año de publicación
1.
Alcohol ; 99: 49-58, 2022 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34942330

RESUMEN

The potential of micronutrients to ameliorate the impact of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) on attentional regulation skills was explored in a randomized clinical trial conducted in Ukraine. Women who differed in prenatal alcohol use were recruited during pregnancy and assigned to one of three groups [No study-provided supplements, Multivitamin/Mineral Supplement (MVM), or MVM plus Choline]. Their offspring were seen in the preschool period and a reaction time task was administered. Participants were asked to press a response button as quickly as possible as 30 stimuli from the same category (animals) were presented consecutively and then followed by six stimuli from a novel category (vehicles). Number correct, mean latency of the response over trials, and variability in the latency were analyzed separately by sex. During the initial animal trials, boys whose mothers received MVM during pregnancy had more correct responses and reduced response latency compared to boys whose mothers had no MVM treatment. During vehicle trials, maternal choline supplementation was associated with increased response speed in males without a PAE history. Females receiving supplements did not show the same benefits from micronutrient supplementation and were more adversely impacted by prenatal alcohol exposure. Relationships between maternal levels of choline, betaine, and dimethylglycine (DMG) and task performance were also assessed. Although no effects were found for choline after adjusting for multiple comparisons, lower baseline DMG level was associated with greater accuracy and shorter latency of responses in the initial animal trials and shorter latency in the vehicle trials in female preschoolers. Level of betaine in Trimester 3 was associated with reduced variability in the latency of male responses during the animal trials. Maternal micronutrient supplementation in pregnancy appears to improve preschool reaction time performance, but the effects varied as a function of sex and PAE exposure status.


Asunto(s)
Efectos Tardíos de la Exposición Prenatal , Preescolar , Suplementos Dietéticos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Micronutrientes , Embarazo , Tiempo de Reacción , Ucrania
2.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 21(1): 67, 2021 Feb 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33602181

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This descriptive study provides the first examination of global naturopathic education, regulation and practice frameworks that have potential to constrain or assist professional formation and integration in global health systems. Despite increasing public use, a significant workforce, and World Health Organization calls for national policy development to support integration of services, existent frameworks as potential barriers to integration have not been examined. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey utilized purposive sampling of 65 naturopathic organisations (educational institutions, professional associations, and regulatory bodies) from 29 countries. Organizational representatives completed an on-line survey, conducted between Nov 2016 - Aug 2019. Frequencies and cross-tabulation statistics were analyzed using SPSSv.25. Qualitative responses were hand-coded and thematically analysed where appropriate. RESULTS: Sixty-five of 228 naturopathic organizations completed the survey (29% response rate) from 29 of 46 countries (63% country response rate). Most education programs (68%) were delivered via a national framework. Higher education qualifications (60%) predominated. Organizations influential in education were professional associations (75.4%), particularly where naturopathy was unregulated, and accreditation bodies (41.5%) and regulatory boards (33.8%) where regulated. Full access to controlled acts, and to health insurance rebates were more commonly reported where regulated. Attitude of decision-makers, opinions of other health professions and existing legislation were perceived to most impact regulation, which was globally heterogeneous. CONCLUSION: Education and regulation of the naturopathic profession has significant heterogeneity, even in the face of global calls for consistent regulation that recognizes naturopathy as a medical system. Standards are highest and consistency more apparent in countries with regulatory frameworks.


Asunto(s)
Educación Profesional , Salud Global , Naturopatía , Práctica Profesional , Control Social Formal , Acreditación , Actitud , Estudios Transversales , Atención a la Salud , Humanos , Medicina Integrativa , Organizaciones , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
3.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 259, 2019 Sep 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31533782

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Traditional and complementary medicines (T&CM) are any form of medicine, practice, treatment, product, technology, knowledge system or ceremony outside of conventional medical practice that aims to prevent and/or treat illness and/or promote well-being. Alongside conventional cancer treatments, T&CM usage is increasing; with 19% of indigenous Australians with cancer reporting using T&CM. There is limited evidence surrounding T&CM use and disclosure by indigenous patients. Our aim was to explore healthcare providers' views about usage, disclosure/non-disclosure of T&CM by Indigenous cancer patients. METHODS: Semi-structured, in-depth interviews with 18 healthcare providers, including three indigenous providers, at a large urban hospital providing care to Indigenous cancer patients were conducted to explore providers' experiences and attitudes towards T&CM use by Indigenous cancer patients. An interpretive phenomenological approach was used to thematically analyse the data. RESULTS: Analysis revealed six themes: concern about risk; no 'real' benefits; perception of T&CM and conventional medicine as antithetical; barriers to disclosure; 'patients' choice' a double-edged sword; and providers' lack of knowledge about T&CM. Healthcare providers perceived discord between T&CM and conventional medicine. Most lacked knowledge of T&CM, and had concerns around negative-interactions with conventional treatments. They considered T&CM outside their role, citing this as reasoning for their lack of knowledge. Indigenous healthcare providers had greater understanding and openness towards T&CM. CONCLUSIONS: Given the potential usage of T&CM by Indigenous cancer patients, providers need a more comprehensive understanding of T&CM in order to inform discussion and facilitate effective disclosure on this topic. If indigenous Australians with cancer feel that cancer care providers are unreceptive to discussing T&CM, patient care risks being compromised; particularly given the potential for negative interactions between T&CM and conventional cancer treatments. Fostering health care interactions where indigenous patients feel comfortable to discuss T&CM usage should be a priority for all cancer care services.


Asunto(s)
Terapias Complementarias/psicología , Personal de Salud/psicología , Medicina Tradicional/psicología , Neoplasias/terapia , Adulto , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Australia , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias/psicología
4.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 36: 88-93, 2019 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383451

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Indigenous Australian women experience worse gynaecological cancer outcomes than non-Indigenous women. While traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM) is increasingly used by cancer patients alongside conventional treatments, little is known about T&CM use by Indigenous women. This study aimed to explore the beliefs, attitudes and experiences related to T&CM use and disclosure among Indigenous women undergoing gynaecological cancer investigations. METHODS: A mixed-methods design explored T&CM use among Indigenous women who presented for gynaecological cancer investigation at an urban Queensland hospital (September 2016 and January 2018). RESULTS: Fourteen women participated. The reported use (86%) and perceived value of T&CM was high among the participants, however, women reported major challenges in communicating with healthcare providers about T&CM, commonly associated with trust and rapport. CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the need for strategies to facilitate culturally-appropriate doctor-patient communication around T&CM to foster trust and transparency in gynaecological cancer care for Indigenous women.


Asunto(s)
Terapias Complementarias , Neoplasias de los Genitales Femeninos , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud/etnología , Medicina Tradicional , Nativos de Hawái y Otras Islas del Pacífico/etnología , Australia , Femenino , Neoplasias de los Genitales Femeninos/etnología , Neoplasias de los Genitales Femeninos/terapia , Humanos
5.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 1573, 2019 02 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30733573

RESUMEN

Concomitant complementary medicine (CM) and conventional medicine use is frequent and carries potential risks. Yet, CM users frequently neglect to disclose CM use to medical providers. Our systematic review examines rates of and reasons for CM use disclosure to medical providers. Observational studies published 2003-2016 were searched (AMED, CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO). Eighty-six papers reporting disclosure rates and/or reasons for disclosure/non-disclosure of CM use to medical providers were reviewed. Fourteen were selected for meta-analysis of disclosure rates of biologically-based CM. Overall disclosure rates varied (7-80%). Meta-analysis revealed a 33% disclosure rate (95%CI: 24% to 43%) for biologically-based CM. Reasons for non-disclosure included lack of inquiry from medical providers, fear of provider disapproval, perception of disclosure as unimportant, belief providers lacked CM knowledge, lacking time, and belief CM was safe. Reasons for disclosure included inquiry from medical providers, belief providers would support CM use, belief disclosure was important for safety, and belief providers would give advice about CM. Disclosure appears to be influenced by the nature of patient-provider communication. However, inconsistent definitions of CM and lack of a standard measure for disclosure created substantial heterogeneity between studies. Disclosure of CM use to medical providers must be encouraged for safe, effective patient care.


Asunto(s)
Terapias Complementarias , Personal de Salud , Revelación de la Verdad , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Prevalencia , Sesgo de Publicación
6.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(1_Supple_A): 25-31, 2019 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30648494

RESUMEN

AIMS: Despite declining frequency of blood transfusion and electrolyte supplementation following total joint arthroplasty, postoperative blood analyses are still routinely ordered for these patients. This study aimed to determine the rate of blood transfusion and electrolyte restoration in arthroplasty patients treated with a perioperative blood conservation protocol and to identify risk factors that would predict the need for transfusion and electrolyte supplementation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing primary total joint arthroplasty of the hip or knee between July 2016 and February 2017 at a single institution were included in the study. Standard preoperative and postoperative laboratory data were collected and reviewed retrospectively. A uniform blood conservation programme was implemented for all patients. Need for blood transfusion or potassium supplementation was determined through a coordinated decision by the care team. Rates of transfusion and supplementation were observed, and patient risk factors were noted. RESULTS: The overall rate of blood transfusion was 1.06% in the study population of 1132 total joint arthroplasties performed in 1023 patients. Of the 12 patients requiring transfusion, 11 were female, ten occurred in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty, and all 12 patients had a preoperative haemoglobin level less than 130 g/l. Operative duration and surgical blood loss were significantly greater in those patients requiring blood transfusion. Nearly all patients requiring transfusion had a history of, or risk factors for, cardiovascular disease. Potassium supplementation was required in 15.5% of the study cohort; 72% of these patients receiving potassium presented with a potassium level less than 4 mmol/l during preoperative testing, while the remaining 28% had a past medical history of either significant anaemia, cardiopulmonary, cardiovascular, or renal diseases that had required substantial medical management. CONCLUSION: A consistent blood-conserving perioperative strategy effectively minimized need for blood transfusion in total joint arthroplasty patients below previously reported rates in the literature. We suggest that postoperative full blood counts and basic metabolic panels should not routinely be ordered in these patients unless their preoperative haemoglobin and potassium is below 130 g/dl or 4 mmol/l respectively, and they have medical comorbidities.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Rodilla , Pérdida de Sangre Quirúrgica/prevención & control , Hemoglobinas/análisis , Potasio/sangre , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Transfusión Sanguínea/estadística & datos numéricos , Suplementos Dietéticos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Cuidados Posoperatorios/métodos , Potasio/uso terapéutico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo
8.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 33: 100-106, 2018 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30396606

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study examines the relationship between the use of complementary medicine (CM) interventions or consultations with CM practitioners and women's choice of contraceptive method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A secondary analysis of a cross-sectional survey of Australian Women aged 34-39 years from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH) was conducted. Associations between use of CM and contraception were analysed using Chi-squared tests and multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: Based on the responses from the included women (n = 7299), women who consulted a naturopath/herbalist were less likely to use implant contraceptives (OR 0.56; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.33; 0.95). Those consulting a chiropractor (OR 1.54; 95%CI 1.05; 2.25) or an osteopath (OR 2.16; 95% CI 1.32; 3.54) were more likely to use natural contraception. CONCLUSION: There may be a link between women's choice of contraceptive method and their use of CM, in particular, with CM practitioner consultations.


Asunto(s)
Conducta de Elección , Terapias Complementarias , Anticoncepción , Adulto , Australia/epidemiología , Terapias Complementarias/métodos , Terapias Complementarias/psicología , Terapias Complementarias/estadística & datos numéricos , Anticoncepción/métodos , Anticoncepción/psicología , Anticoncepción/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Estudios Longitudinales , Derivación y Consulta , Salud de la Mujer
9.
J Interprof Care ; 31(6): 734-743, 2017 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28876144

RESUMEN

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is an increasingly prevalent part of contemporary health care. Whilst there have been some attempts to understand the dynamics of CAM integration in the health care system from the perspective of conventional care providers and patients, little research has examined the view of CAM practitioners. This study aims to identify the experiences of integration within a conventional healthcare system as perceived by naturopaths. Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted using a purposeful sample of 20 practising naturopaths in South East Queensland, Australia to discuss their experiences and perceptions of integrating with conventional medical providers. Analysis of the interviews revealed five broad challenges for the integration of CAM according to naturopaths: competing paradigms between CAM and conventional medicine; co-option of CAM by conventional medical practitioners; the preservation of separate CAM and conventional medical worlds by patients and providers due to lack of formalised relations; negative feedback and biases created through selective or limited experience or information with CAM; and indifferent, reactive and one-sided interaction between CAM and conventional medical providers. Naturopaths support the integration of health services and attempt to provide safe and appropriate care to their patients through collaborative approaches to practice. The challenges identified by naturopaths associated with integration of CAM with conventional providers may impact the quality of care of patients who choose to integrate CAM and conventional approaches to health. Given the significant role of naturopaths in contemporary health-care systems, these challenges require further research and policy attention.


Asunto(s)
Conducta Cooperativa , Relaciones Interprofesionales , Medicina , Naturopatía/psicología , Percepción , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Australia , Humanos , Medicina Integrativa/organización & administración , Entrevistas como Asunto , Investigación Cualitativa , Queensland
10.
Mil Med ; 182(9): e1951-e1957, 2017 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28885961

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The procedure of wrapping a heat casualty in ice-water soaked bed sheets to reduce core temperature has received little investigation, despite the practice and recommendation for its use in some military settings. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the cooling efficacy of ice-sheet cooling (ISC) following exertional hyperthermia. METHODS: 13 (11 males, 2 females) participants (age = 23 ± 3 years, height = 176.5 ± 10.3 cm, mass = 78.6 ± 15.3 kg, body fat = 19.6 ± 8.6%, and body surface area = 1.95 ± 0.22 m2) volunteered to complete 2 randomized, crossover design trials on an outdoor recreation field (34.4 ± 1.4°C, 54.4 ± 4.1% relative humidity). Each trial consisted of exercise (self-paced 400-m warm-up, 1,609-m run, and 100-m sprints) followed by 15 minutes of either lying supine in the shade with no treatment (control [CON]) or being treated with ice-water soaked sheets wrapped around their body (ISC). Physiological (rectal temperature [Tre], heart rate, mean-weighted skin temperature) and perceptual measures (thermal sensation, rating of perceived exertion) were assessed after each exercise protocol, every 3 minutes during treatment, and every 5 minutes during recovery. FINDINGS: By design, there were no differences during exercise between ISC and CON for Tre (p = 0.16), skin temperature (p = 0.52), heart rate (p = 0.62), thermal sensation (p = 0.89), or rating of perceived exertion (p = 0.99). There were greater decreases in Tre at 3 (ISC 0.33 ± 0.26°C vs. CON 0.03 ± 0.30°C, p = 0.01) and 6 minutes (ISC 0.47 ± 0.27°C vs. CON 0.30 ± 0.19°C, p = 0.05) of treatment; however, the overall rate of cooling was not different between trials (CON 0.05 ± 0.02°C/min vs. ISC 0.06 ± 0.02°C/min, p = 0.72). Skin temperature (Tsk) was significantly reduced from 3 minutes (ISC 34.4 ± 1.7°C vs. CON 36.6 ± 0.5°C, p = 0.007) through 15 minutes (ISC 32.4 ± 1.5 vs. CON 36.1 ± 0.4°C, p < 0.001) of treatment. There was a trend for lower heart rate with ISC (p = 0.051). Thermal sensation was reduced from 3 minutes of treatment (ISC 3.5 ± 0.9 vs. CON 4.5 ± 0.6, p = 0.002) through 15 minutes (ISC 2.8 ± 1.0 vs. CON 3.9 ± 0.4, p = 0.005). DISCUSSION: ISC does not provide effective reduction in Tre following exertional hyperthermia compared to no treatment. However, perceptual benefits may warrant the use of ISC in settings where rapid reductions in core temperature are not a concern (i.e., recovery from exercise). Thus, clinicians should continue to utilize validated techniques (i.e., cold-water immersion) for the treatment of exertional heat illnesses.


Asunto(s)
Fiebre/terapia , Hipertermia Inducida/métodos , Hipertermia Inducida/normas , Esfuerzo Físico , Adulto , Temperatura Corporal/fisiología , Regulación de la Temperatura Corporal/fisiología , Femenino , Humanos , Hipertermia Inducida/efectos adversos , Cubierta de Hielo , Masculino , Monitoreo Fisiológico/instrumentación , Monitoreo Fisiológico/métodos , Gravedad Específica
12.
Int J Clin Pract ; 70(9): 712-22, 2016 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27354244

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is increasingly used by those suffering from constipation. This paper reports the first critical integrative review of CAM use for people with constipation focusing upon the prevalence, type and cost of CAM use, as well as CAM users' profile, perception and motivations. METHODS: A comprehensive search of international literature was conducted in MEDLINE, Academic Search Complete (EBSCO), and Allied and Complementary Medicine Database (AMED). The search was limited to original research peer-reviewed English language articles concerning CAM use for constipation published with an abstract and full text between 2005 and 2015. RESULTS: A total of 35 papers met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review. The review shows approximately one in every three people suffering from constipation use CAM with herbal medicine the most commonly used CAM treatment for constipation and a large proportion of CAM use occurring concurrent with or in addition to conventional medical treatments. While early investigation suggests the cost of herbal medicine use in constipation care may be lower than that associated with the use other CAM modalities and conventional medications, this issue requires further research. CONCLUSIONS: Although a high percentage of people with constipation using CAM consider these treatments effective, there remains a need for further in-depth examination of both patient and provider perspectives as well as communication and decision-making around CAM use for constipation to inform safe, effective and coordinated care for patients with constipation.


Asunto(s)
Terapias Complementarias/estadística & datos numéricos , Estreñimiento/terapia , Costo de Enfermedad , Adulto , Terapias Complementarias/economía , Estreñimiento/economía , Femenino , Salud Global , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Motivación , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Satisfacción del Paciente , Percepción
13.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 20(6): 637-44, 2016.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27273353

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There has been a dramatic increase in the use of dietary supplements over the last few decades and both omega-3 fatty acids and glucosamine are two of the best-selling dietary supplements in many countries. An understanding of omega-3 fatty acids and glucosamine consumption is of significance to health care providers and for future health promotion activities. METHODS: This research involved analysis of data collected from a nationally-representative sample of Australian women as part of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH). Participants' use of omega-3 fatty acids (FA), glucosamine, their demographics, health status and health care utilisation were measured. Analysis included logistic regression modelling. RESULTS: Of the 10,638 women in the study, 26.8% reported use of omega-3 FA and 15.9% glucosamine. Women with osteoarthritis (OR=2.529; 95% CI: 2.190, 2.921), other arthritis (OR= 1.618; 95% CI: 1.375, 1.905), and joint pain (OR= 2.699; 95% CI: 2.305, 3.160) were more likely to use glucosamine (all p<0.001). In contrast, those with diabetes (OR= 0.471; 95% CI: 0.343, 0.646) or depression (OR= 0.764; 95% CI: 0.657, 0.887) were less likely to use glucosamine (both p<0.001). Women with osteoarthritis (OR=1.481; 95% CI: 1.297, 1.691) and joint pain (OR= 1.456; 95% CI: 1.306, 1.622) were more likely to use omega-3 FA (all p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Substantial prevalence rates for use of glucosamine and omega-3 FA amongst mid-aged women highlights the need for health practitioners and policymakers to be mindful of the possible significant role of such supplement use as part of patient health-seeking behaviours.


Asunto(s)
Suplementos Dietéticos/estadística & datos numéricos , Ácidos Grasos Omega-3/uso terapéutico , Glucosamina/uso terapéutico , Salud de la Mujer , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Australia/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prevalencia , Adulto Joven
14.
Complement Ther Med ; 25: 67-70, 2016 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27062951

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This manuscript presents a preliminary examination of the characteristics of women who choose intrapartum hypnosis for pain management. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of 2445 women (31-36 years) from a sub-study of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH), employing Fisher exact tests. SETTING: Australia. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Use of intrapartum hypnosis, or hypnobirthing, for pain management during labour and birth. RESULTS: Women using hypnobirthing were more likely to have consulted with an acupuncturist or naturopath, or attended yoga/meditation classes during pregnancy (p<0.0001). Use of CM products such as herbal medicines, aromatherapy oils, homoeopathy, herbal teas or flower essences (p<0.001) was also more common amongst these women. Women choosing hypnotherapy for intrapartum pain management less commonly identified as feeling safer knowing that an obstetrician is providing their care (p<0.001), and were more likely to labour in a birth centre or in a community centre (i.e. at home). CONCLUSIONS: This analysis provides preliminary analysis into an as yet unexamined topic in contemporary maternity health service utilisation. The findings from this analysis may be useful for maternity health professionals and policy makers when responding to the needs of women choosing to use hypnotherapy for intrapartum pain management.


Asunto(s)
Terapias Complementarias/estadística & datos numéricos , Hipnosis/estadística & datos numéricos , Dolor de Parto/epidemiología , Dolor de Parto/terapia , Adulto , Australia , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Manejo del Dolor , Embarazo
15.
J Hum Hypertens ; 30(12): 783-787, 2016 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27121442

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and incidence of hypertension in women, and describe their self-care and health-seeking behaviours. This research was conducted as part of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health, a study comprising a nationally representative sample of Australian women in three age groups. The focus of this research is 14 099 women born in 1946-1951, who have been surveyed six times (1996-2010). Student t-tests were used to compare women who did or did not have hypertension by their health-care utilization. Longitudinal analyses were conducted using a Poisson generalized estimating equation model. The incidence of hypertension among this cohort during 1996 to 2010 ranged from 400 to 597 participants per survey, resulting in an increase in prevalence of hypertension from 20.9% in 1996 to 41.3% in 2010. For all survey periods, women with hypertension had a significantly higher average number of visits to doctors and allied health practitioners compared with women without hypertension (P<0.005). The use of complementary medicine (practitioners and self-prescribed treatments) by women with hypertension was significantly lower compared to women without hypertension (P<0.005). Over time, conventional health-care utilization was higher for women with hypertension compared with women without hypertension (adjusted RR=1.18; 95% CI: 1.14, 1.22; P<0.0001). Our findings show that women with hypertension are using a range of conventional and complementary and alternative medicine: with hypertensive women using more conventional medicine and less complementary and alternative medicine than non-hypertensive women. As such, health-care providers should communicate with their patients regarding their use of complementary and alternative medicine in their efforts to provide safe, effective and coordinate care.


Asunto(s)
Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Recursos en Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Hipertensión/terapia , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud , Autocuidado/estadística & datos numéricos , Mujeres/psicología , Adolescente , Anciano , Australia/epidemiología , Terapia Combinada , Terapias Complementarias/estadística & datos numéricos , Prestación Integrada de Atención de Salud , Femenino , Encuestas de Atención de la Salud , Humanos , Hipertensión/diagnóstico , Hipertensión/epidemiología , Hipertensión/psicología , Incidencia , Estudios Longitudinales , Persona de Mediana Edad , Visita a Consultorio Médico/estadística & datos numéricos , Prevalencia , Factores Sexuales , Factores de Tiempo , Salud de la Mujer , Adulto Joven
16.
Sci Total Environ ; 572: 1636-1644, 2016 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26996523

RESUMEN

To predict ecosystem responses to anthropogenic change it is important to understand how and where plant productivity is limited by macronutrient availability. Nitrogen (N) is required in large quantities for plant growth, and is readily lost through leaching or gas fluxes, but reactive nitrogen can be obtained through dinitrogen fixation, and phosphorus (P) is often considered a more fundamental long-term constraint to growth and carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems. Phosphorus limitation may be becoming more prevalent due to widespread pollution by atmospheric N. Assessments of the effects of macronutrient availability on productivity in natural ecosystems are however scarce. We measured standing biomass of bracken Pteridium aquilinum as a proxy for productivity across sites with similar climate but varied geology. Total above-ground biomass varied from 404 to 1947gm-2, yet despite 12-fold to 281-fold variation in soil macronutrient stocks these were remarkably poor at explaining variation in productivity. Soil total nitrogen, organic phosphorus, calcium, magnesium and zinc had no relationship with productivity, whether expressed as concentrations, stocks or element/C ratios, and nor did foliar N/P. Soil potassium (K) and molybdenum stocks both showed weak relationships with productivity. The stock of K in bracken biomass was considerably greater as a proportion of soil stock than for other nutrient elements, suggesting that this nutrient element can be important in determining productivity. Moisture availability, as indicated by environmental trait scores for plant species present, explained considerably more of the variation in productivity than did K stock, with less production in wetter sites. Soil N/C ratio and organic P stock were relatively unimportant in determining productivity across these bracken sites. It is possible that more-direct measures of N and P availability would explain variation in productivity, but the study shows the importance of considering other essential elements and other environmental factors when predicting productivity.


Asunto(s)
Carbono/metabolismo , Nitrógeno/metabolismo , Fósforo/metabolismo , Pteridium/crecimiento & desarrollo , Suelo/química , Biomasa , Secuestro de Carbono , Pteridium/metabolismo
17.
J Obstet Gynaecol ; 36(4): 462-7, 2016 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26472482

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to analyse women's attitudes towards the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) products during pregnancy. The study sample was obtained via the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health or ALSWH. A response rate of 79.2% (n = 1,835) was attained. Women who use herbal medicines (34.5%, n = 588) view CAM as a preventative measure, are looking for something holistic and are concerned about evidence of clinical efficacy when considering the use of these products during pregnancy. Women who use aromatherapy (17.4%, n = 319) and homoeopathy (13.3%, n = 244) want more personal control over their body and are concerned more about their own personal experience of the efficacy of CAM than clinical evidence of efficacy. As CAM use in pregnancy appears to be increasingly commonplace, insights into women's attitudes towards CAM are valuable for maternity healthcare providers.


Asunto(s)
Actitud Frente a la Salud , Terapias Complementarias/psicología , Mujeres Embarazadas/psicología , Adolescente , Adulto , Australia , Femenino , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Embarazo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
18.
Alcohol ; 49(7): 647-56, 2015 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26493109

RESUMEN

The potential of micronutrients to ameliorate the impact of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) was explored in a clinical trial conducted in Ukraine. Cardiac orienting responses (ORs) during a habituation/dishabituation learning paradigm were obtained from 6 to 12 month-olds to assess neurophysiological encoding and memory. Women who differed in prenatal alcohol use were recruited during pregnancy and assigned to a group (No study-provided supplements, multivitamin/mineral supplement, or multivitamin/mineral supplement plus choline supplement). Heart rate was collected for 30 s prior to stimulus onset and 12 s post-stimulus onset. Difference values (∆HR) for the first 3 trials of each condition were aggregated for analysis. Gestational blood samples were collected to assess maternal nutritional status and changes as a function of the intervention. Choline supplementation resulted in a greater ∆HR on the visual habituation trials for all infants and for the infants with no PAE on the dishabituation trials. The latency of the response was reduced in both conditions for all infants whose mothers received choline supplementation. Change in gestational choline level was positively related to ∆HR during habituation trials and levels of one choline metabolite, dimethylglycine (DMG), predicted ∆HR during habituation trials and latency of responses. A trend was found between DMG and ∆HR on the dishabituation trials and latency of the response. Supplementation did not affect ORs to auditory stimuli. Choline supplementation when administered together with routinely recommended multivitamin/mineral prenatal supplements during pregnancy may provide a beneficial impact to basic learning mechanisms involved in encoding and memory of environmental events in alcohol-exposed pregnancies as well as non- or low alcohol-exposed pregnancies. Changes in maternal nutrient status suggested that one mechanism by which choline supplementation may positively impact brain development is through prevention of fetal alcohol-related depletion of DMG, a metabolic nutrient that can protect against overproduction of glycine, during critical periods of neurogenesis.


Asunto(s)
Depresores del Sistema Nervioso Central/efectos adversos , Suplementos Dietéticos , Etanol/efectos adversos , Trastornos del Espectro Alcohólico Fetal/prevención & control , Procesos Mentales/efectos de los fármacos , Micronutrientes , Efectos Tardíos de la Exposición Prenatal/prevención & control , Efectos Tardíos de la Exposición Prenatal/psicología , Adulto , Colina/administración & dosificación , Colina/uso terapéutico , Femenino , Frecuencia Cardíaca/efectos de los fármacos , Humanos , Lactante , Recién Nacido , Aprendizaje/efectos de los fármacos , Pruebas Neuropsicológicas , Embarazo , Sarcosina/análogos & derivados , Sarcosina/metabolismo , Factores Socioeconómicos , Ucrania
19.
Climacteric ; 18(4): 551-8, 2015.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25418796

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations between consultations with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) practitioners and menopause-related symptoms. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a nationally representative sample of 10 011 women aged 59-64 years from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health, conducted in 2010. Women, including those with hysterectomy, oophorectomy and natural menopause, were asked about their consultations with a range of CAM practitioners and menopause-related symptoms experienced. RESULTS: Acupuncturists were more likely to be consulted by women with hysterectomy experiencing night sweats (odds ratio, OR = 2.21), but were less likely to be consulted by those experiencing hot flushes (OR = 0.53). Acupuncturists were also more likely to be consulted by women with oophorectomy (OR = 3.11) and natural menopausal women (OR = 1.57) experiencing back pain. Massage therapists were more likely to be consulted by women with oophorectomy experiencing back pain (OR = 1.98), women with hysterectomy experiencing anxiety (OR = 1.52), and natural menopausal women experiencing back pain (OR = 1.54) and/or anxiety (OR = 1.29). Naturopaths/herbalists were more likely to be consulted by women with oophorectomy experiencing leaking urine (OR = 2.08). Chiropractors/osteopaths were more likely to be consulted by women across all menopausal status experiencing back pain (OR = 2.52, 2.31 and 2.25 for women with oophorectomy, hysterectomy and natural menopause, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: There are substantial levels of CAM practitioners' consultations amongst menopausal women, with a range of menopause-related symptoms associated with the use of specific CAM practitioner modalities. It is important that health-care providers are mindful of CAM practitioner use in order to ensure safe, effective and coordinated treatment and support for menopausal women in their care.


Asunto(s)
Terapias Complementarias/estadística & datos numéricos , Menopausia , Australia , Dolor de Espalda/terapia , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Encuestas de Atención de la Salud , Sofocos/terapia , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Incontinencia Urinaria/terapia
20.
Osteoporos Int ; 26(2): 637-44, 2015 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25266484

RESUMEN

SUMMARY: Children born prematurely often have reduced skeletal mineralization. The aim in this study was to compare the cortical thickness of the lower jaw on radiographs of 8- to 10-year-old children with histories of preterm or full term births. There were no significant differences in cortical thickness between full term and preterm children at this age. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare the cortical thickness of the mandible on panoramic radiographs of 8- to 10-year-old children with histories of preterm or full term births. METHODS: Panoramic radiography was performed on 36 extremely preterm, 38 very preterm and 42 full term children at the age of 8 to 10 years. Five observers independently measured the mandibular cortical width on the panoramic radiographs at four defined sites bilaterally. Altogether, 928 sites were available. Measurements were performed twice on a random 24% of the sites by four observers. One-way analysis of variance with Tukey's post hoc test was used to test differences between groups. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was calculated for interobserver agreement while intra-observer agreement was expressed as measurement precision. RESULTS: Significant differences of mandibular cortical width were found between extremely preterm and very preterm children for five of the eight measurement sites with the very preterm showing the highest value. No significant differences were found between full term and either very preterm or extremely preterm except for one measurement site, with the extremely preterm showing the lowest value. ICC varied between 0.30 and 0.83 for the different sites (mean 0.62). The precision of a single measurement varied between 0.11 and 0.45 mm (mean 0.25 mm). CONCLUSIONS: From the evidence that very preterm children had significantly thicker mandibular cortices than extremely preterm children, we suggest that these findings may reflect the effect of mineral supplementation provided to premature infants, causing a 'shifting up' of bone mineral status relative to the full term peer group while maintaining the difference between very preterm and extremely preterm born children.


Asunto(s)
Recien Nacido Prematuro/fisiología , Mandíbula/fisiología , Peso al Nacer/fisiología , Densidad Ósea/fisiología , Niño , Femenino , Edad Gestacional , Humanos , Recien Nacido Extremadamente Prematuro/fisiología , Recién Nacido , Masculino , Mandíbula/anatomía & histología , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagen , Variaciones Dependientes del Observador , Embarazo , Efectos Tardíos de la Exposición Prenatal , Radiografía Panorámica/métodos , Sistema de Registros
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA