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Molecules ; 28(2)2023 Jan 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677851


Wedelia chinensis is a folk medicine used in many Asian countries to treat various ailments. Earlier investigations reported that the petroleum ether extract of the plant has potential biological activity, but the compounds responsible for activity are not yet completely known. Therefore, the current work was designed to isolate and characterize the compounds from the petroleum ether extract and to study their bioactivities. Four compounds including two diterepenes (-) kaur-16α-hydroxy-19-oic acid (1) and (-) kaur-16-en-19-oic acid (2), and two steroids ß-sitosterol (3), and cholesta-5,23-dien-3-ol (4) were isolated and characterized. Among the compounds, the diterpenes were found to have more biological activities than the steroidal compounds. Compound 1 showed the highest cytotoxicity with LC50 of 12.42 ± 0.87 µg/mL. Likewise, it possesses good antioxidant activity in terms of reducing power. On the contrary, compound 2 exerted the highest antiacetylcholinesterase and antibutyrylcholinesterase activity. Both the diterpenes showed almost similar antibacterial and antifungal activity. The identification of diterpenoid and steroid compounds with multifunctional activities suggests that W. chinensis may serve as an important source of bioactive compounds which should be further investigated in animal model for therapeutic potential in the treatment of different chronic diseases.

Diterpenos , Wedelia , Animales , Inhibidores de la Colinesterasa/farmacología , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Antibacterianos , Extractos Vegetales/farmacología
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9154406, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34805409


Mistletoes are considered to be the potential medicinal herbs due to their rich traditional uses. Loranthus globosus is a Bangladeshi mango mistletoe that has been reported as folk medicine for various ailments and diseases. In an attempt to explore its effectiveness in Alzheimer's disease (AD), we investigated the antioxidant and acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity of L. globosus. We report that the crude methanol extract (CME) of the plant contains a good amount of polyphenolics and possesses antioxidant and cholinesterase inhibitory activity. Fractionation of CME with solvents of varying polarity revealed the highest activity and polyphenolic content in the ethylacetate fraction (EAF). Correlation analysis revealed a significant (P < 0.05) association of polyphenolics with the antioxidant and cholinesterase inhibitory properties. Using column chromatography with diaion resin, the polyphenolics (EAF-PP) were isolated from the EAF that displayed the potent antioxidant and cholinesterase inhibitory activities. Kinetic analysis showed that EAF-PP exhibited a competitive type of inhibition. A total of thirty-six compounds including catechin and its different derivatives were identified in the EAF-PP by LC/MS analysis. Bioactivity-guided separation approach afforded the isolation of the two major active compounds catechin and catechin dimer from the EAF-PP. Hence, EAF-PP represents a potential source of antioxidants and cholinesterase inhibitors, which can be used in the management of AD.

Antioxidantes/aislamiento & purificación , Inhibidores de la Colinesterasa/aislamiento & purificación , Loranthaceae/química , Plantas Medicinales/química , Polifenoles/aislamiento & purificación , Enfermedad de Alzheimer/tratamiento farmacológico , Animales , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Bangladesh , Inhibidores de la Colinesterasa/farmacología , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Ratones , Estrés Oxidativo/efectos de los fármacos , Fitoquímicos/aislamiento & purificación , Fitoquímicos/farmacología , Fitoterapia , Polifenoles/farmacología
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 21(1): 204, 2021 Jul 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315449


BACKGROUND: Wedelia chinensis has been reported as a folk medicine for the treatment of different diseases including neurodegenerative disease. Although the plant has been studied well for diverse biological activities, the effect of this plant in neurological disorder is largely unknown. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the cholinesterase inhibitory and antioxidant potential of W. chinensis. METHODS: The extract and fractions of the plant were evaluated for acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase inhibitory activity by modified Ellman method. The antioxidant activity was assessed in several in vitro models/assays such as reducing power, total antioxidant capacity, total phenolic and flavonoid content, scavenging of 2,2'-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical and hydroxyl radical, and inhibition of brain lipid peroxidation. Chromatographic and spectroscopic methods were used to isolate and identify the active compound from the extract. RESULTS: Among the fractions, aqueous fraction (AQF) and ethylacetate fraction (EAF) exhibited high inhibition against acetylcholinesterase (IC50: 40.02 ± 0.16 µg/ml and 57.76 ± 0.37 µg/ml) and butyrylcholinesterase (IC50: 31.79 ± 0.18 µg/ml and 48.41 ± 0.05 µg/ml). Similarly, the EAF and AQF had high content of phenolics and flavonoids and possess strong antioxidant activity in several antioxidant assays including DPPH and hydroxyl radical scavenging, reducing power and total antioxidant activity. They effectively inhibited the peroxidation of brain lipid in vitro with IC50 values of 45.20 ± 0.10 µg/ml and 25.53 ± 0.04 µg/ml, respectively. A significant correlation was observed between total flavonoids and antioxidant and cholinesterase inhibitory activity. Activity guided chromatographic separation led to the isolation of a major active compound from the EAF and its structure was elucidated as apigenin by spectral analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The potential ability of W. chinensis to inhibit the cholinesterase activity and peroxidation of lipids suggest that the plant might be useful for the management of AD.

Antioxidantes/farmacología , Apigenina/aislamiento & purificación , Inhibidores de la Colinesterasa/farmacología , Wedelia , Apigenina/farmacología , Peroxidación de Lípido/efectos de los fármacos , Fotoquímica , Extractos Vegetales/aislamiento & purificación , Extractos Vegetales/farmacología