Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 7 de 7
Filtrar
1.
J Atten Disord ; 25(3): 448-457, 2021 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30078340

RESUMEN

Background: Sham-controlled neurofeedback (NFB) trials consistently find no separation on ADHD outcome measures leading many to conclude that NFB's beneficial effects are due to placebo. Method: We deconstruct the NFB training methodology and findings of six sham-controlled trials that assessed for evidence of learning. Results: All six studies found no evidence NFB subjects learned to self-modulate the targeted electroencephalogram (EEG). Careful analyses revealed these studies' training methodologies were antithetical to the established science of operant conditioning thereby preventing subjects from learning to self-modulate. These findings are in marked contrast to NFB studies whose methodology mirror the best practices of operant conditioning. Conclusion: The premise that NFB's beneficial effects are due to placebo phenomenon is unproven as these studies compared two forms of false-feedback, not operant conditioning of the EEG. Because these studies are highly cited and considered the gold standard in scientific rigor, a reappraisal of the evidence is urgently needed.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad , Neurorretroalimentación , Electroencefalografía , Humanos , Aprendizaje
2.
J Am Coll Radiol ; 16(5): 691-699, 2019 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30322793

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Stereotactic breast biopsy (SBB) is a common, anxiety-producing procedure. Nonpharmacologic methods to manage acute anxiety are needed. METHODS: In this single-blind trial, women were recruited before SBB and randomized in a 2:2:1 ratio to a single session of guided mindfulness-based meditation (GM; n = 30), focused breathing (FB; n = 30), or standard care (SC; n = 16). Anxiety and pain were assessed at baseline after a 10-min prebiopsy group-specific activity (GM, FB, or SC), every 4 min during SBB, and after biopsy. Electroencephalographic activity in the medial prefrontal cortex, insula, anterior cingulate cortex, and precuneus was collected throughout the study. RESULTS: Women in the GM group reported a steeper reduction in anxiety than women in the FB and SC groups (P < .001 for all, Cohen's d > 0.4 for all). There were no group differences in pain ratings during the biopsy. Women in the GM group experienced increased beta activity during biopsy in the insula (P = .006, Cohen's d = 1.4) and anterior cingulate cortex (P = .019, Cohen's d = 1.0) compared with women in the SC group, and there was a trend toward the same effect compared with women in the FB group (P < .10 for both). Women in the GM and FB groups experienced a nonsignificant decrease in delta activity in the precuneus during biopsy compared with those in the SC group (P < .40 for both, Cohen's d > 0.6 for both), which was associated with a steeper reduction in anxiety during the biopsy (r = 0.51, P < .01). CONCLUSIONS: Brief, guided meditation may provide effective anxiety relief during an acute medical procedure and affect neuronal activity in regions associated with attention, self-awareness, and emotion regulation.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad/prevención & control , Biopsia con Aguja Gruesa/psicología , Neoplasias de la Mama/patología , Meditación , Atención Plena , Electroencefalografía , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Dimensión del Dolor , Método Simple Ciego
5.
Clin EEG Neurosci ; 45(4): 238-248, 2014 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24590872

RESUMEN

Low-resolution brain electomagnetic tomography (LORETA) neurofeedback provides a mechanism to influence the electrical activity of the brain in intracranial space. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of LORETA neurofeedback (LNFB) in the precuneus as a mechanism for improving self-regulation in controls and a heterogeneous diagnostic group (DX). Thirteen participants completed between 10 and 20 sessions of LNFB training in a 3-voxel cluster in the left precuneus. The participants included 5 nonclinical university students, and 8 adults with heterogeneous psychiatric diagnoses. We assessed the effects of LNFB with neurophysiological measures as well as pre- and post-Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) subscales and selected subtests from the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System (DKEFS). There was a significant total relative power increase at the precuneus for baseline contrasts for the control group. The DX group did not reach significant levels. All participants showed improvements in executive functions and tended to report significantly less psychopathology. The basic neural mechanisms of self-regulation are poorly understood. The data obtained in this study demonstrate that LNFB in a heterogeneous population enhances executive functions while concordantly decreasing endorsement of psychological symptoms. The alpha frequency in the brain may represent integrative functioning relative to operant efficiency and self-regulatory mechanisms.


Asunto(s)
Condicionamiento Operante/fisiología , Electroencefalografía , Neurorretroalimentación/fisiología , Neuroimagen , Lóbulo Parietal/fisiopatología , Adulto , Encéfalo/fisiopatología , Encefalopatías/fisiopatología , Mapeo Encefálico , Electroencefalografía/métodos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neuroimagen/métodos , Adulto Joven
6.
Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback ; 33(1): 1-28, 2008 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18214670

RESUMEN

Electroencephalographic (EEG) biofeedback has been employed in substance use disorder (SUD) over the last three decades. The SUD is a complex series of disorders with frequent comorbidities and EEG abnormalities of several types. EEG biofeedback has been employed in conjunction with other therapies and may be useful in enhancing certain outcomes of therapy. Based on published clinical studies and employing efficacy criteria adapted by the Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback and the International Society for Neurofeedback and Research, alpha theta training-either alone for alcoholism or in combination with beta training for stimulant and mixed substance abuse and combined with residential treatment programs, is probably efficacious. Considerations of further research design taking these factors into account are discussed and descriptions of contemporary research are given.


Asunto(s)
Alcoholismo/rehabilitación , Biorretroalimentación Psicológica/métodos , Electroencefalografía , Drogas Ilícitas , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/rehabilitación , Alcoholismo/genética , Alcoholismo/fisiopatología , Ritmo alfa , Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad/genética , Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad/fisiopatología , Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad/terapia , Ritmo beta , Mapeo Encefálico , Estimulantes del Sistema Nervioso Central , Terapia Cognitivo-Conductual , Comorbilidad , Potenciales Relacionados con Evento P300/fisiología , Lóbulo Frontal/fisiopatología , Humanos , Trastornos Mentales/fisiopatología , Trastornos Mentales/terapia , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/genética , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/fisiopatología , Ritmo Teta , Resultado del Tratamiento
7.
Int J Neurosci ; 117(3): 337-57, 2007 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17365119

RESUMEN

This study examines the efficacy of neurofeedback training in the cognitive division of the anterior cingulate gyrus and describes its relationship with cortical regions known to be involved in executive functions. This study was conducted with eight non-clinical students, four male and four female, with a mean age of twenty-two. Learning occurred in the ACcd at significant levels over sessions and in the anterior regions that receive projections from the AC. There appears to be a multidimensional executive circuit that increases in the same frequency in apparent synchrony with the AC and it may be possible to train this sub-cortical region using LNFB.


Asunto(s)
Biorretroalimentación Psicológica/métodos , Cognición/fisiología , Giro del Cíngulo/fisiología , Adulto , Mapeo Encefálico , Electroencefalografía/métodos , Electromiografía/métodos , Femenino , Humanos , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Psicometría/métodos
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA