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1.
Ann Surg ; 272(2): e106-e111, 2020 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32675511

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To summarize the multi-specialty strategy and initial guidelines of a Case Review Committee in triaging oncologic surgery procedures in a large Comprehensive Cancer Center and to outline current steps moving forward after the initial wave. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The impetus for strategic rescheduling of operations is multifactorial and includes our societal responsibility to minimize COVID-19 exposure risk and propagation among patients, the healthcare workforce, and our community at large. Strategic rescheduling is also driven by the need to preserve limited resources. As many states have already or are considering to re-open and relax stay-at-home orders, there remains a continued need for careful surgical scheduling because we must face the reality that we will need to co-exist with COVID-19 for months, if not years. METHODS: The quality officers, chairs, and leadership of the 9 surgical departments in our Division of Surgery provide specialty-specific approaches to appropriately triage patients. RESULTS: We present the strategic approach for surgical rescheduling during and immediately after the COVID-19 first wave for the 9 departments in the Division of Surgery at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, Texas. CONCLUSIONS: Cancer surgeons should continue to use their oncologic knowledge to determine the window of opportunity for each surgical procedure, based on tumor biology, preoperative treatment sequencing, and response to systemic therapy, to safely guide patients through this cautious recovery phase.


Asunto(s)
Citas y Horarios , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Oncología Quirúrgica/tendencias , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Toma de Decisiones , Humanos , Pandemias , Selección de Paciente , SARS-CoV-2 , Texas/epidemiología , Triaje
2.
JAMA Surg ; 152(7): 665-670, 2017 07 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28423171

RESUMEN

Importance: A pathologic complete response (pCR; no invasive or in situ cancer) occurs in 40% to 50% of patients with HER2-positive (HER2+) and triple-negative (TN) breast cancer. The need for surgery if percutaneous biopsy of the breast after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) indicates pCR in the breast (hereinafter referred to as breast pCR) has been questioned, and appropriate management of the axilla in such patients is unknown. Objective: To identify patients among exceptional responders to NCT with a low risk for axillary metastases when breast pCR is documented who may be eligible for an omission of surgery clinical trial design. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective cohort study at a single-institution academic national comprehensive cancer center included 527 consecutive patients with HER2+/TN (T1/T2 and N0/N1) cancer treated with NCT followed by standard breast and nodal surgery from January 1, 2010, through December 31, 2014. Main Outcomes and Measures: Patients who achieved a breast pCR were compared with patients who did not based on subtype, initial ultrasonographic findings, and documented pathologic nodal status. Incidence of positive findings for nodal disease on final pathologic review was calculated for patients with and without pCR and compared using relative risk ratios with 95% CIs. Results: The analysis included 527 patients (median age, 51 [range, 23-84] years). Among 290 patients with initial nodal ultrasonography showing N0 disease, 116 (40.4%) had a breast pCR and 100% had no evidence of axillary lymph node metastases after NCT. Among 237 patients with initial biopsy-proved N1 disease, 69 of 77 (89.6%) with and 68 of 160 (42.5%) without a breast pCR had no evidence of residual nodal disease (P < .01). Patients without a breast pCR had a relative risk for positive nodal metastases of 7.4 (95% CI, 3.7-14.8; P < .001) compared with those with a breast pCR. Conclusions and Relevance: Breast pCR is highly correlated with nodal status after NCT, and the risk for missing nodal metastases without axillary surgery in this cohort is extremely low. These data provide the fundamental basis and rationale for management of the axilla in clinical trials of omission of cancer surgery when image-guided biopsy indicates a breast pCR.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/cirugía , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/cirugía , Carcinoma Intraductal no Infiltrante/cirugía , Escisión del Ganglio Linfático , Ganglios Linfáticos/fisiología , Receptor ErbB-2/análisis , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Antineoplásicos/uso terapéutico , Axila , Biopsia con Aguja Fina , Neoplasias de la Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias de la Mama/patología , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/secundario , Carcinoma Intraductal no Infiltrante/tratamiento farmacológico , Carcinoma Intraductal no Infiltrante/patología , Quimioterapia Adyuvante , Ensayos Clínicos como Asunto , Femenino , Humanos , Ganglios Linfáticos/diagnóstico por imagen , Metástasis Linfática , Persona de Mediana Edad , Terapia Neoadyuvante , Estadificación de Neoplasias , Selección de Paciente , Estudios Prospectivos , Medición de Riesgo , Ultrasonografía , Adulto Joven
3.
J Clin Oncol ; 34(10): 1072-8, 2016 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26811528

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Placing clips in nodes with biopsy-confirmed metastasis before initiating neoadjuvant therapy allows for evaluation of response in breast cancer. Our goal was to determine if pathologic changes in clipped nodes reflect the status of the nodal basin and if targeted axillary dissection (TAD), which includes sentinel lymph node dissection (SLND) and selective localization and removal of clipped nodes, improves the false-negative rate (FNR) compared with SLND alone. METHODS: A prospective study of patients with biopsy-confirmed nodal metastases with a clip placed in the sampled node was performed. After neoadjuvant therapy, patients underwent axillary surgery and the pathology of the clipped node was compared with other nodes. Patients undergoing TAD had SLND and selective removal of the clipped node using iodine-125 seed localization. The FNR was determined in patients undergoing complete axillary lymphadenectomy (ALND). RESULTS: Of 208 patients enrolled in this study, 191 underwent ALND, with residual disease identified in 120 (63%). The clipped node revealed metastases in 115 patients, resulting in an FNR of 4.2% (95% CI, 1.4 to 9.5) for the clipped node. In patients undergoing SLND and ALND (n = 118), the FNR was 10.1% (95% CI, 4.2 to 19.8), which included seven false-negative events in 69 patients with residual disease. Adding evaluation of the clipped node reduced the FNR to 1.4% (95% CI, 0.03 to 7.3; P = .03). The clipped node was not retrieved as an SLN in 23% (31 of 134) of patients, including six with negative SLNs but metastasis in the clipped node. TAD followed by ALND was performed in 85 patients, with an FNR of 2.0% (1 of 50; 95% CI, 0.05 to 10.7). CONCLUSION: Marking nodes with biopsy-confirmed metastatic disease allows for selective removal and improves pathologic evaluation for residual nodal disease after chemotherapy.


Asunto(s)
Antineoplásicos/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias de la Mama/patología , Escisión del Ganglio Linfático/métodos , Ganglios Linfáticos/patología , Terapia Neoadyuvante/métodos , Biopsia del Ganglio Linfático Centinela , Adulto , Anciano , Axila , Neoplasias de la Mama/cirugía , Quimioterapia Adyuvante , Reacciones Falso Negativas , Femenino , Humanos , Ganglios Linfáticos/cirugía , Metástasis Linfática , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estadificación de Neoplasias , Neoplasia Residual/patología , Estudios Prospectivos
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