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Mol Cancer Ther ; 10(9): 1542-52, 2011 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21764904


We describe here the identification and characterization of 2 novel inhibitors of the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) family of receptor tyrosine kinases. The compounds exhibit selective inhibition of FGFR over the closely related VEGFR2 receptor in cell lines and in vivo. The pharmacologic profile of these inhibitors was defined using a panel of human tumor cell lines characterized for specific mutations, amplifications, or translocations known to activate one of the four FGFR receptor isoforms. This pharmacology defines a profile for inhibitors that are likely to be of use in clinical settings in disease types where FGFR is shown to play an important role.

Antineoplásicos/farmacología , Factores de Crecimiento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Inhibidores de Proteínas Quinasas/farmacología , Receptores de Factores de Crecimiento de Fibroblastos/antagonistas & inhibidores , Animales , Antineoplásicos/química , Línea Celular Tumoral , Proliferación Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Supervivencia Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Diseño de Fármacos , Evaluación Preclínica de Medicamentos , Humanos , Ratones , Ratones Endogámicos BALB C , Ratones Desnudos , Modelos Moleculares , Neoplasias/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Inhibidores de Proteínas Quinasas/química , Inhibidores de Proteínas Quinasas/uso terapéutico , Receptores de Factores de Crecimiento de Fibroblastos/genética , Transducción de Señal/efectos de los fármacos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Ensayos Antitumor por Modelo de Xenoinjerto
Curr Opin Chem Biol ; 11(5): 485-93, 2007 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17851109


Approaches which start from a study of the interaction of very simple molecules (fragments) with the protein target are proving to be valuable additions to drug design. Fragment-based screening allows the complementarity between a protein active site and drug-like molecules to be rapidly and effectively explored, using structural methods. Recent improvements in the intensities of laboratory X-ray sources permits the collection of greater amounts of high-quality diffraction data and have been matched by developments in automation, crystallisation and data analysis. Developments in NMR screening, including the use of cryogenically cooled NMR probes and (19)F-containing reporter molecules have expanded the scope of this technique, while increasing the availability of binding site and quantitative affinity data for the fragments. Application of these methods has led to a greater knowledge of the chemical variety, structural features and energetics of protein-fragment interactions. While fragment-based screening has already been shown to reduce the timescales of the drug discovery process, a more detailed characterisation of fragment screening hits can reveal unexpected similarities between fragment chemotypes and protein active sites leading to improved understanding of the pharmacophores and the re-use of this information against other protein targets.

Evaluación Preclínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Proteínas/química , Sitios de Unión , Cristalografía por Rayos X , Ligandos , Espectroscopía de Resonancia Magnética
Chembiochem ; 6(3): 506-12, 2005 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15696598


This article describes the application of a high-throughput X-ray crystallographic fragment-based screening methodology to identify low-molecular-weight leads for structure-based optimisation into protein kinase inhibitors. The identification of two novel p38alpha MAP kinase inhibitors (with IC50=65 and 150 nM) starting from low-molecular-weight fragments is described.

Evaluación Preclínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Proteína Quinasa 14 Activada por Mitógenos/antagonistas & inhibidores , Inhibidores de Proteínas Quinasas/química , Inhibidores de Proteínas Quinasas/farmacología , Cristalografía por Rayos X , Evaluación Preclínica de Medicamentos/instrumentación , Humanos , Proteína Quinasa 14 Activada por Mitógenos/química , Proteína Quinasa 14 Activada por Mitógenos/metabolismo , Fragmentos de Péptidos/antagonistas & inhibidores , Fragmentos de Péptidos/química , Fragmentos de Péptidos/metabolismo