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1.
ESMO Open ; 6(3): 100134, 2021 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33984676

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The impact of the first coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) wave on cancer patient management was measured within the nationwide network of the Unicancer comprehensive cancer centers in France. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The number of patients diagnosed and treated within 17 of the 18 Unicancer centers was collected in 2020 and compared with that during the same periods between 2016 and 2019. Unicancer centers treat close to 20% of cancer patients in France yearly. The reduction in the number of patients attending the Unicancer centers was analyzed per regions and cancer types. The impact of delayed care on cancer-related deaths was calculated based on different hypotheses. RESULTS: A 6.8% decrease in patients managed within Unicancer in the first 7 months of 2020 versus 2019 was observed. This reduction reached 21% during April and May, and was not compensated in June and July, nor later until November 2020. This reduction was observed only for newly diagnosed patients, while the clinical activity for previously diagnosed patients increased by 4% similar to previous years. The reduction was more pronounced in women, in breast and prostate cancers, and for patients without metastasis. Using an estimated hazard ratio of 1.06 per month of delay in diagnosis and treatment of new patients, we calculated that the delays observed in the 5-month period from March to July 2020 may result in an excess mortality due to cancer of 1000-6000 patients in coming years. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the delays in cancer patient management were observed only for newly diagnosed patients, more frequently in women, for breast cancer, prostate cancer, and nonmetastatic cancers. These delays may result is an excess risk of cancer-related deaths in the coming years.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Neoplasias/complicaciones , COVID-19/complicaciones , Femenino , Francia , Humanos , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Br J Cancer ; 110(5): 1148-54, 2014 Mar 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24407191

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This trial evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of combined sorafenib and irinotecan (NEXIRI) as second- or later-line treatment of patients with KRAS-mutated metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), who had progressed after irinotecan-based chemotherapy. METHODS: In Phase I, in a 3+3 dose escalation schedule, patients received irinotecan (125, 150 or 180 mg m(-2) every 2 weeks), in combination with 400 mg sorafenib b.d. The primary end point was the maximum-tolerated dose of irinotecan. In Phase II, the primary end point was disease control rate (DCR). Secondary end points were progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and toxicity. RESULTS: Phase I included 10 patients (median age 63 (49-73)); no dose-limiting toxicity was seen. In Phase II, 54 patients (median age 60 (43-80) years) received irinotecan 180 mg m(-)(2) every 2 weeks with sorafenib 400 mg b.d. Nine patients (17%) remained on full-dose sorafenib. The DCR was 64.9% (95% CI, 51-77). Median PFS and OS were 3.7 (95% CI, 3.2-4.7) and 8.0 (95% CI, 4.8-9.7) months, respectively. Toxicities included Grade 3 diarrhoea (37%), neutropenia (18%), hand-foot syndrome (13%) and Grade 4 neutropenia (17%). CONCLUSION: The NEXIRI regimen showed promising activity as second- or later-line treatment in this heavily pretreated mCRC population (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00989469).


Asunto(s)
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias Colorrectales/tratamiento farmacológico , Mutación , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas/genética , Proteínas ras/genética , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Camptotecina/administración & dosificación , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias Colorrectales/genética , Progresión de la Enfermedad , Supervivencia sin Enfermedad , Femenino , Humanos , Irinotecán , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Niacinamida/administración & dosificación , Niacinamida/análogos & derivados , Compuestos de Fenilurea/administración & dosificación , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas p21(ras) , Sorafenib
3.
Ann Oncol ; 20(4): 674-80, 2009 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19179549

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This multicenter adjuvant phase III trial evaluated the addition of irinotecan to LV5FU2 in colon cancer patients at high risk of relapse. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 400 patients with histologically proven primary colon cancer with postoperative N1 detected by occlusion/perforation or N2 were randomised to: A-LV5FU2 [leucovorin 200 mg/m(2), 2-h infusion, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) 400 mg/m(2) bolus, 600 mg/m(2) 22-h continuous infusion, days 1 and 2] or B-LV5FU2 + IRI (irinotecan 180 mg/m(2) 90-min infusion day 1 + LV5FU2) fortnightly for 12 cycles. Primary end point was disease-free survival (DFS). RESULTS: Median follow-up was 63 months. Significantly more T4 tumours and 15 or more positive lymph nodes were observed in arm B. 5-FU relative dose intensity (RDI) was >0.80 for 94% and 77% in arms A and B, respectively (P < 0.001). Irinotecan RDI was >0.80 for 70% patients. There were more grades 3 and 4 neutropenia in arm B (4% versus 28%, P < 0.001). The 3-year DFS was 60% [95% confidence interval (CI) 53% to 66%] and 51% (95% CI 44% to 58) in arms A and B, respectively. No difference was observed [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.12, 95% CI 0.85-1.47, P = 0.42] even when adjusted for prognostic factors (adjusted HR = 0.98, 95% CI 0.74-1.31, P = 0.92). The 5-year overall survival (OS) was 67% (95% CI 59% to 73%) and 61% (95% CI 53% to 67%) in arms A and B, respectively. CONCLUSION: Adjuvant LV5FU2 + IRI compared with LV5FU2 alone in patients at high risk of relapse showed no improvement in DFS and OS.


Asunto(s)
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias del Colon/tratamiento farmacológico , Anciano , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efectos adversos , Camptotecina/administración & dosificación , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Supervivencia sin Enfermedad , Femenino , Fluorouracilo/administración & dosificación , Humanos , Irinotecán , Leucovorina/administración & dosificación , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Recurrencia , Medición de Riesgo
4.
Ann Oncol ; 12(3): 397-404, 2001 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11332154

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To analyse toxicity and response to a new scheme of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (CT) and concomitant radiochemotherapy (RT-CT) for locally advanced anal canal squamous-cell carcinoma (ACC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty patients with an ACC > 40 mm and/or with lymph node involvement were included (1 T1, 52 T2, 14 T3, 13 T4, 18 N0, 30 N1, 32 N2-N3). Two cycles of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and CDDP were delivered as neoadjuvant CT and two during RT-CT. Pelvic (+/- inguinal) RT delivered 45 Gy in 25 fractions of 1.8 Gy. Involved fields were boosted after a one to two month gap (15-20 Gy). The median follow-up was 29 months. RESULTS: One patient died of a pulmonary embolism on day 4. All patients received the entire treatment, with reduced 5-FU doses in 27% of the cases because of acute toxicity. Sixty-four grade 3 and five grade 4 toxicities were observed. No toxic death occurred. Complete response (CR) and partial response (PR) rates were, respectively, 10% and 51% after neoadjuvant CT, 67% and 28% after RT-CT and 93% and 5% after treatment completion (including 4 abdomino-perineal resections). The three-year actuarial overall, tumour-specific, colostomy-free, relapse-free, disease-free and event-free survivals were 86%, 88%, 73%, 70%, 67% and 63%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Tolerance was good. After neoadjuvant CT, most of the patients were objective responders. After treatment completion, all but five achieved CR. The long-term results confirm the durability of local control and low toxicity on the sphincter. An ongoing phase III intergroup trial analyses the impact of neoadjuvant CT, and the benefit of a high-dose boost irradiation, on local control and colostomy-free survival.


Asunto(s)
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias del Ano/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias del Ano/radioterapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamiento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/radioterapia , Adulto , Anciano , Antimetabolitos Antineoplásicos/administración & dosificación , Antineoplásicos/administración & dosificación , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efectos adversos , Neoplasias del Ano/cirugía , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirugía , Quimioterapia Adyuvante , Cisplatino/administración & dosificación , Femenino , Fluorouracilo/administración & dosificación , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Terapia Neoadyuvante , Estudios Prospectivos , Dosis de Radiación , Terapia Recuperativa
5.
Bull Cancer ; 88(12): 1177-206, 2001 Dec.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11792611

RESUMEN

CONTEXT: The "Standards, Options and Recommendations" (SOR) project, started in 1993, is a collaboration between the French National Federation of Comprehensive Cancer Centers (FNCLCC), the 20 French Cancer Centers and specialists from French Public University or General Hospitals, and Private Clinics. The main objective is the development of clinical practice guidelines to improve the quality of health care and outcome of cancer patients. The methodology is based on literature review and critical appraisal by a multidisciplinary group of experts, with feedback from specialists in cancer care delivery. OBJECTIVES: To define, according to the definitions of the Standards, Options and Recommendations project, the characteristics of the main tumor markers in colorectal cancer and their potential role in the management of patients with this malignancy. METHODS: Data were identified by searching Medline and the personal reference lists of members of the expert groups. Once the guidelines were defined, the document was submitted for review to 117 independent reviewers, and to the medical committees of the 20 French Cancer Centers. RESULTS: The main recommendations for the tumor markers in colorectal cancer are: 1) The carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is the reference serum marker (standard). 2) All the analyses for a given patient must be performed in the same laboratory, using the same technique (standard, expert agreement). 3) CEA or CA 19-9 should not be used for screening or diagnosis (standard, level of evidence B2). 4) High initial serum concentration of CEA is of bad predictive value (standard, level of evidence C). CEA is an independent prognostic factor of survival in colorectal cancers with lymph node metastases (standard, level of evidence B2). 5) CEA is the most sensitive biological parameter for the screening of hepatic metastases (standard, level of evidence B2). 6) CEA serum concentration before palliative chemotherapy is an independent prognostic factor of survival (standard, level of evidence B2). The combination of CEA assay with imagery techniques and clinical examination can help monitor the response to palliative chemotherapy (standard), in particular in non measurable disease (standard, expert agreement). 7) In 65% of the cases, CEA is the first indicator of relapse (standard, level of evidence B2). CEA is the choice marker for monitoring patients with colorectal cancer (standard, level of evidence B2). 8) A sustained biological follow-up including CEA assay can be used to predict the operability of recurring tumors (standard, level of evidence B2). Nevertheless, no survival advantage has been shown (standard).


Asunto(s)
Biomarcadores de Tumor/sangre , Neoplasias Colorrectales/sangre , Antígenos de Carbohidratos Asociados a Tumores/sangre , Biomarcadores de Tumor/normas , Antígeno CA-19-9/sangre , Antígeno Carcinoembrionario/sangre , Neoplasias Colorrectales/diagnóstico , Francia , Humanos , Ácido N-Acetilneuramínico/sangre , Pronóstico , Sensibilidad y Especificidad
6.
Ann Oncol ; 8(6): 575-81, 1997 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9261527

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy (5-fluorouracil-mitomycin C) concomitant with radiotherapy (RT) increases local control and colostomy-free survival in advanced anal canal carcinomas (ACC). The purpose of this prospective trial was to analyse the toxicity of and response to an induction chemotherapy combining 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and CDDP administered concomitantly with irradiation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty patients (24 F/6 M, mean age 60, range 38-74) with an advanced ACC > 40 mm and/or with node involvement were prospectively treated (1 T1, 16 T2, 8 T3, 5 T4, 10 N1, 1 N2, 8 N3) from November 1994 to January 1996. Two induction and two concomitant cycles of 5-FU (800 mg/ m2 D1-4 infusion) and CDDP (80 mg/i.v./m2 at D1) were delivered. RT consisted of 45 Gy (1.8 Gy/fr, 5 fr/w) on pelvis +/- inguinal nodes or 30 Gy (3 Gy/fr, 4 fr/w) by direct perineal field. A boost (15-20 Gy) was delivered six weeks later. TOXICITY: one patient died of a pulmonary embolism on D4. The remaining 29 received the entire treatment, with reduced 5-FU doses in 11 patients because of acute toxicity. The RT boost was delayed for one patient (aplasia). In 109 cycles, 3 grade 4 and 17 grade 3 toxicities were observed; there were no toxic deaths. Tumor response: the complete response (CR) and partial response (PR) rates were, respectively, 11% and 61% after induction chemotherapy, 59% and 31% after concomitant radiochemotherapy and 96% and 0% two months after completion of the treatment. No tumor progression was observed. CONCLUSION: the treatment was well tolerated and there was good compliance. After induction chemotherapy, most of the patients were in PR, with some even in CR. After completion of the treatment all but one were in CR. The tumor response and the long term results of 50 patients will be analysed before initiation of a randomised trial is considered.


Asunto(s)
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias del Ano/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias del Ano/radioterapia , Adulto , Anciano , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efectos adversos , Neoplasias del Ano/cirugía , Quimioterapia Adyuvante , Cisplatino/administración & dosificación , Terapia Combinada , Relación Dosis-Respuesta en la Radiación , Esquema de Medicación , Femenino , Fluorouracilo/administración & dosificación , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos , Terapia Recuperativa
7.
J Clin Oncol ; 15(1): 251-60, 1997 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8996150

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of irinotecan (CPT-11) in the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer in both chemotherapy-naive and pretreated patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two hundred thirteen patients (aged 18 to 75 years) with metastatic colorectal cancer, World Health Organization (WHO) performance status < or = 2, and life expectancy > or = 3 months were treated with CPT-11 350 mg/m2 every 3 weeks. All 178 patients eligible for efficacy analysis had not received more than one prior fluorouracil (5-FU)-based chemotherapy regimen (adjuvant or palliative) and had adequate hematologic, renal, and hepatic function. RESULTS: Primary tumor sites were the colon (71%) and rectum (28%). Sixty-six percent of the patients had > or = two metastatic sites. Ninety-eight percent of the patients had undergone previous surgery, and 77.5% had received prior chemotherapy. Thirty-two of 178 eligible patients achieved on objective response (four complete responses [CRs] and 28 partial responses [PRs]; response rate, 18%; 95% confidence interval, 12.6% to 24.4%), 65 were stable, and 59 progressed. The response rate was 17.7% in the pretreated group and 18.8% in the chemotherapy-naive group. Within the former subgroup, response rates of 16.1% were reported in patients who were progressive on prior 5-FU chemotherapy and 19.1% in patients who were progressive off such treatment. The median duration of objective response (9.1 months) and median time to achievement of a response (9.3 weeks) did not differ between chemotherapy-naive and pretreated patients. The most frequent adverse events were neutropenia, which developed in 80% of the patients, delayed diarrhea (87%), alopecia (88%), fatigue (81%), and nausea/vomiting (77%). All these adverse events were manageable. Severe (WHO grade 3 or 4) neutropenia was only observed in 18% of the cycles, leukopenia in 11%, delayed diarrhea in 11%, and nausea and vomiting in 3%. Development of simultaneous grade 3 or 4 neutropenia and delayed diarrhea during 4% of the cycles was the safety issue of greatest concern. CONCLUSION: CPT-11 has definite activity in the treatment of advanced metastatic colorectal cancer both in chemotherapy-naive and in pretreated patients who experienced disease progression on 5-FU, which suggests a lack of cross-resistance between CPT-11 and 5-FU. Diarrhea and neutropenia, the major toxicities of CPT-11, contribute to the risk to develop febrile neutropenic sepsis.


Asunto(s)
Antineoplásicos Fitogénicos/uso terapéutico , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias del Colon/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias del Recto/tratamiento farmacológico , Adulto , Anciano , Antimetabolitos Antineoplásicos/uso terapéutico , Antineoplásicos Fitogénicos/efectos adversos , Camptotecina/efectos adversos , Camptotecina/uso terapéutico , Diarrea/inducido químicamente , Progresión de la Enfermedad , Esquema de Medicación , Femenino , Fiebre/etiología , Fluorouracilo/uso terapéutico , Humanos , Irinotecán , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neutropenia/inducido químicamente , Inducción de Remisión
9.
J Infus Chemother ; 5(4): 201-5, 1995.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8934728

RESUMEN

FEC (5-FU 500 mg/m2, epirubicin 50 mg/m2, and cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m2) administered as a conventional bolus schedule is widely used in treatment of advanced breast cancer. 5-FU is thought to be more efficient when administered at high doses as a continuous infusion. The aim of this study was to compare the response rate, time to treatment failure, and overall survival obtained with standard FEC regimen (group A) and FEC with high-dose infusional 5-FU (750 mg/m2 per day/days 1 to 5) (group B). One hundred and seventy-eight patients entered this study, 89 in each arm; 10 were noneligible. Both groups were comparable for age, performance status, menopausal status, hormonal receptor status and prior treatment of the initial tumor, duration of relapse free interval, and type and number of disease sites. One hundred and forth patients were evaluable for efficacy. The response rate was 33.3% in group A (1.4% complete response-CR), and 39.4% in group B (9.8% CR) (ns). In an intent to treat basis (n = 168) the response rates were 26.8% and 34.1%, respectively, in groups A and B (ns). The response rate in liver metastasis was significantly higher in group B (57.1%) than in group A (20.0%) (P = 0.03). The time to treatment failure and overall survival were not different between the two groups. One hundred and fifty-three patients were evaluable for toxicity. 10.7% of the patients in group A and 16.0% in group B stopped treatment due to toxicity. Stomatitis was more frequently observed in group B than in group A (46.7% versus 2.6%, respectively, p < 10(-9)). The rates of other side effects were similar in the two groups. In conclusion, the two regimens gave similar overall response rates, time to treatment failure and survival, but infusional 5-FU yielded a better response rate in the liver metastasis.


Asunto(s)
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administración & dosificación , Neoplasias de la Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , Adulto , Neoplasias de la Mama/patología , Ciclofosfamida/administración & dosificación , Epirrubicina/administración & dosificación , Femenino , Fluorouracilo/administración & dosificación , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estereoisomerismo
10.
Rev Prat ; 44(20): 2706-13, 1994 Dec 15.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-7878360

RESUMEN

Early colorectal cancer produces no symptom, thus justifying efforts at detection in screening programs. Symptoms are usually secondary to obstruction, local invasion, perforation or bleeding. Any fecal bleeding must be investigated to rule out a colorectal cancer. The initial imaging study to identify a colorectal cancer is often colonoscopy, which is frequently supplemented with a double contrast barium enema. Once the presence of cancer is histologically proven, the preoperative evaluation includes detection of hepatic and extrahepatic spread, especially with ultrasound and CT scan. Endorectal ultrasonography has been shown to be a significant advance for staging rectal cancer. It provides the best staging in selecting patients for preservation of sphincter function and for adjuvant therapies. The most useful prognostic factors in tumors without distant metastases are the depth of tumor extension, the number of positive lymph nodes and the histologic grade. Preoperative CEA level, vascular invasion and ploidy are also important prognostic factors.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Colorrectales/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorrectales/clasificación , Neoplasias Colorrectales/patología , Humanos , Estadificación de Neoplasias , Pronóstico , Factores de Riesgo
11.
Ann Oncol ; 4(5): 426-8, 1993 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8353077

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: FAMTX (5-fluorouracil, adriamycin, methotrexate) is one of the most effective drug combinations in gastric cancer. Therefore, modifications of FAMTX appear of interest and the FEMTX-P regiment was conceived. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty patients with unresectable locally advanced and/or metastatic gastric carcinoma were treated with methotrexate 1500 mg/m2 i.v. and 5-fluorouracil 1500 mg/m2 i.v. on day 1; leucovorin rescue 15 mg/m2 orally every 6 hours for 8 doses on days 2 and 3; epirubicin 60 mg/m2 i.v. and cisplatin 50 mg/m2 i.v. on day 15, q 4 weeks. RESULTS: Of forty-seven patients evaluable for response, five (11%) achieved complete responses and seventeen (36%) partial responses (total response rate 47%). The median duration of response was 8+ months (range: 5-25+ months). Four of 14 patients with locally advanced disease were successfully downstaged and subsequently resected. The median duration of survival of all patients was 10 months (range: 1-25+ months). Leukopenia grade 4 occurred in 18% of patients and thrombocytopenia grade 4 and mucositis grade 4 in 4% and 2%, respectively. Treatment postponement for hematologic toxicity was necessary in 54% of patients. CONCLUSIONS: The FEMTX-P regimen is an active regimen in advanced gastric carcinoma, with acceptable toxicity.


Asunto(s)
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamiento farmacológico , Adulto , Anciano , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efectos adversos , Cisplatino/administración & dosificación , Epirrubicina/administración & dosificación , Femenino , Fluorouracilo/administración & dosificación , Humanos , Leucopenia/inducido químicamente , Masculino , Metotrexato/administración & dosificación , Persona de Mediana Edad , Trombocitopenia/inducido químicamente
12.
Bull Cancer ; 80(3): 255-60, 1993 Mar.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8173178

RESUMEN

In this phase II study, fifty patients with unresectable locally advanced and/or metastatic gastric carcinoma were treated with methotrexate 1.5 g/m2 iv and 5-fluorouracil 1.5 g/m2 iv on day 1; leucovorin rescue 15 mg/m2 orally every 6 h for 8 doses on day 2 and 3; epirubicin 60 mg/m2 iv and cisplatin 50 mg/m2 iv on day 15, q 4 weeks. The median age of the patients was 59 years and their median performance status 1. In forty-eight patients evaluable for response, five (10.4%) of the patients achieved a complete response and seventeen (35.6%) obtained a partial response (total response rate 46%; 95% confidence interval: 32%-60%). The median duration of response was 8+ months (range: 5-25 months). The median duration of survival of all patients was 10 months (range: 1-25+ months). Toxicities > grade 2 included vomiting grade 3 (31%), leucopenia grade 4 (18%) and thrombocytopenia grade 4 (4%). Treatment postponement or dose reduction for hematologic toxicity was necessary in 54% of patients. Median survival was 10 months. In conclusion, the FEMTX-P regimen is an active treatment in advanced gastric carcinoma with acceptable toxicity.


Asunto(s)
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamiento farmacológico , Adulto , Anciano , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efectos adversos , Cisplatino/administración & dosificación , Cisplatino/efectos adversos , Epirrubicina/administración & dosificación , Epirrubicina/efectos adversos , Femenino , Fluorouracilo/administración & dosificación , Fluorouracilo/efectos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Metotrexato/administración & dosificación , Metotrexato/efectos adversos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Metástasis de la Neoplasia , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia , Resultado del Tratamiento
13.
J Clin Oncol ; 9(5): 827-31, 1991 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-2016625

RESUMEN

In a prospective phase III multicenter trial, 213 patients with advanced measurable or nonmeasurable gastric cancer were randomized to receive methotrexate (MTX), fluorouracil (5-FU), and Adriamycin (doxorubicin; Farmitalia Carlo Erba, Milan, Italy) (FAMTX) or 5-FU, Adriamycin, and mitomycin (FAM). The results show a significantly superior response rate (41% v 9% [P less than .0001]), and survival (median, 42 weeks v 29 weeks [P = .004]) for FAMTX. There was a cumulative thrombocytopenia in FAM and not in FAMTX. The FAMTX protocol should be the reference treatment in future clinical trials that seek to improve the therapeutic outcome in advanced gastric cancer.


Asunto(s)
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamiento farmacológico , Adulto , Anciano , Doxorrubicina/administración & dosificación , Femenino , Fluorouracilo/administración & dosificación , Humanos , Masculino , Metotrexato/administración & dosificación , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estadificación de Neoplasias , Estudios Prospectivos , Inducción de Remisión , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidad , Neoplasias Gástricas/patología , Análisis de Supervivencia
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