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1.
Prog Urol ; 24(11): 697-707, 2014 Sep.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25214451

RESUMEN

AIM: This randomized controlled trial compare the efficacy of pelvic floor muscle training vs. transcutaneous posterior tibial nerve stimulation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Inclusion criteria were EDSS score<7 and presence of lower urinary tract symptoms. Exclusion criteria were multiple sclerosis relapse during the study, active urinary tract infection and pregnancy. The primary outcome was quality of life (SF-Qualiveen questionnaire). Secondary outcomes included overactive bladder (USP questionnaire) score and frequency of urgency episodes (3-day bladder diary). Sample size was calculated after 18 patients were included. Data analysis was blinded. Each patient received 9 sessions of 30 minutes weekly. Patients were randomized in pelvic floor muscles exercises with biofeedback group (muscle endurance and relaxation) or transcutaneous posterior tibial nerve stimulation group (rectangular alternative biphasic current with low frequency). RESULTS: A total of 31 patients were included. No difference appeared between groups for quality of life, overactive bladder and frequency of urgency episodes (respectively P=0.197, P=0.532 et P=0.788). These parameters were significantly improved in pelvic floor muscle training group (n=16) (respectively P=0.004, P=0.002 et P=0.006) and in transcutaneous posterior tibial nerve stimulation group (n=15) (respectively P=0.001, P=0.001 et P=0.031). CONCLUSIONS: Pelvic floor muscle training and transcutaneous posterior tibial nerve stimulation improved in the same way symptoms related to urgency in MS patients with mild disability. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 2.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Ejercicio , Síntomas del Sistema Urinario Inferior/etiología , Síntomas del Sistema Urinario Inferior/terapia , Esclerosis Múltiple/complicaciones , Estimulación Eléctrica Transcutánea del Nervio , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Método Simple Ciego , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
2.
Prog Urol ; 24(4): 222-8, 2014 Mar.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24560290

RESUMEN

AIM: To assess the effectiveness of conservative therapeutic approaches in a multiple sclerosis population. MATERIAL: Review was performed in PubMed, PEDro, Scopus and Cochrane Library using combinations of the following keywords: multiple sclerosis; bladder dysfunction; overactive bladder; detrusor hyperreflexia; urge incontinence; urgency; stress incontinence; pelvic floor muscle; biofeedback; PTNS; tibial nerve; bladder training; physical therapy; physiotherapy; conservative treatment and behavioral therapy. RESULTS: Six randomized articles including 289 patients were selected. Four papers exhibited strong scores for the methodological quality assessment. The parameters always significantly improved concerned: number of incontinence episodes (decreased from 64% to 86% after treatment versus before treatment), quality of life (P≤0.001), severity of irritative symptoms (decreased by more than 50% after treatment versus before treatment), and nocturia (P=0.035 to P<0.001). Activities and participation, maximum flow rate, mean voided volume and daytime frequency were not significantly improved in all trials. CONCLUSIONS: The physical therapy techniques could be effective for the treatment of urinary disorders in multiple sclerosis populations with mild disability. However, the analyses are based on six studies within only four showed good methodological quality. No strong conclusions regarding treatment approaches can be drawn from this review.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Estimulación Eléctrica , Terapia por Ejercicio , Estilo de Vida , Esclerosis Múltiple/complicaciones , Enfermedades Urológicas/etiología , Enfermedades Urológicas/terapia , Humanos , Diafragma Pélvico
3.
Mov Disord ; 17(1): 162-9, 2002 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11835456

RESUMEN

Intramuscular botulinum toxin type A (BT-A) has been shown to reduce spasticity and to improve gait in children with cerebral palsy. To determine whether the efficacy of BT-A may be enhanced by electrical stimulation, as suggested in focal dystonia or in adult spastic patients, 12 children with dynamic foot equinus deformity were randomly assigned to two groups in a blinded, clinically controlled trial. Intramuscular BT-A into calf muscles was followed by adjuvant electrical stimulation in Group A (n = 6) but not in Group B (n = 6). Clinical assessment and instrumented gait analysis were performed before and 1, 3, and 6 months after treatment. The combined treatment of BT-A and electrical stimulation was not superior to BT-A alone. For all patients, improvement of the clinical and gait variables occurred at 1 and 3 months after BT-A injection.


Asunto(s)
Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A/uso terapéutico , Parálisis Cerebral/complicaciones , Terapia por Estimulación Eléctrica/métodos , Pie Equino/complicaciones , Pie Equino/terapia , Fármacos Neuromusculares/uso terapéutico , Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A/administración & dosificación , Niño , Preescolar , Electromiografía , Pie Equino/tratamiento farmacológico , Femenino , Marcha , Humanos , Masculino , Fármacos Neuromusculares/administración & dosificación , Distribución Aleatoria , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad
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