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Integr Med Res ; 11(1): 100755, 2022 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34354922


BACKGROUND: This study examined changes in spirituality and psychosocial outcomes among African American and rural adults participating in a culturally-adapted mind-body intervention. METHODS: African American (n = 22) and rural (n = 38) adults in Harmony & Health attended mind-body sessions twice a week for eight weeks and completed questionnaires on spirituality and psychosocial distress at baseline and post-intervention. Linear regression and repeated measures analyses were used to examine associations between intervention attendance and spirituality. RESULTS: Attendance was significantly associated with increased spirituality (ß=0.168, p = 013). Repeated measures analyses revealed a significant three-way interaction between attendance, spirituality, and study site (F(9,31)=2.891, p = 013). Urban African American participants who attended ≥75% of sessions reported greater increases in spirituality. CONCLUSION: Findings suggest that mind-body practices may foster spirituality in urban African American adults. Additional adaptations are needed to strengthen spirituality in rural residents and to improve psychosocial health and wellbeing in this underserved population.

Womens Health Issues ; 21(4): 265-71, 2011.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21536455


PURPOSE: To investigate the long-term (6- and 12-month) effects of the Strong Healthy Women intervention on health-related behaviors, weight and body mass index (BMI), and weight gain during pregnancy. Strong Healthy Women is a small-group behavioral intervention for pre- and interconceptional women designed to modify key risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes; pretest-posttest findings from a randomized, controlled trial have been previously reported. The following questions are addressed: 1) were significant pretest-posttest changes in health-related behaviors (previously reported) maintained over the 12-month follow-up period; 2) did the intervention impact weight and BMI over the 12-month follow-up period; and 3) did the intervention impact pregnancy weight gain for those who gave birth during the follow-up period? METHODS: Data are from 6- and 12-month follow-up telephone interviews of women in the original trial of the Strong Healthy Women intervention (n = 362) and from birth records for singleton births (n = 45) during the 12-month follow-up period. Repeated measures regression was used to evaluate intervention effects. MAIN FINDINGS: At the 12-month follow-up, participants in the Strong Healthy Women intervention were significantly more likely than controls to use a daily multivitamin with folic acid and to have lower weight and BMI. The intervention's effect on reading food labels for nutritional values dropped off between the 6- and 12-month follow-up. Among those who gave birth to singletons during the follow-up period, women who participated in the intervention had lower average pregnancy weight gain compared with controls. Although the intervention effect was no longer significant when controlling for pre-pregnancy obesity, the adjusted means show a trend toward lower weight gain in the intervention group. CONCLUSION: These findings provide important evidence that the Strong Healthy Women behavior change intervention is effective in modifying important risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes and may improve an important pregnancy outcome, weight gain during pregnancy. Because the intervention seems to help women manage their weight in the months after the intervention and during pregnancy, it may be an effective obesity prevention strategy for women before, during, and after the transition to motherhood.

Terapia Conductista , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Promoción de la Salud/métodos , Obesidad/prevención & control , Atención Preconceptiva , Complicaciones del Embarazo/prevención & control , Atención Prenatal , Adulto , Índice de Masa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Femenino , Ácido Fólico , Estudios de Seguimiento , Etiquetado de Alimentos , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto , Obesidad/complicaciones , Pennsylvania , Embarazo , Resultado del Embarazo , Factores de Riesgo , Tiempo , Resultado del Tratamiento , Vitaminas/uso terapéutico , Aumento de Peso , Salud de la Mujer , Adulto Joven
Psychol Addict Behav ; 16(2): 169-72, 2002 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12079258


There is limited research examining the physical (e.g., sex) and psychological correlates (e.g., imagery) of exercise dependence despite its harmful effects. The purposes of this study were to examine sex differences and the predictive ability of exercise imagery for exercise dependence symptoms. Participants were 408 university students who completed measures of exercise imagery, exercise behavior, and exercise dependence. The results indicated that men reported more exercise dependence symptoms than women. For the women, exercise behavior, appearance imagery, and energy imagery were positive predictors of exercise dependence symptoms. In contrast, for the men, exercise behavior and energy imagery positively predicted exercise dependence symptoms. Consistent with suggestions by C. Hall (1995), exercise imagery may be related to exercise dependence symptoms.

Conducta Compulsiva/psicología , Ejercicio Físico/psicología , Imaginación , Adulto , Imagen Corporal , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Muestreo , Autoimagen , Factores Sexuales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios