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J Clin Oncol ; 19(22): 4195-201, 2001 Nov 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11709562


PURPOSE: To assess antitumor activity and safety of two regimens in advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with proven fluorouracil (5-FU) resistance in a randomized phase II study: 5-FU/folinic acid (FA) combined with alternating irinotecan (also called CPT-11) and oxaliplatin (FC/FO tritherapy), and an oxaliplatin/irinotecan (OC) combination. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-two patients were treated: arm FC/FO (32 patients) received, every 4 weeks, FA 200 mg/m(2) followed by a 400-mg/m(2) 5-FU bolus injection, then a 600-mg/m(2) continuous infusion of 5-FU on days 1 and 2 every 2 weeks administered alternately with irinotecan (180 mg/m(2) on day 1) and oxaliplatin (85 mg/m(2) on day 15). Arm OC (30 patients) received oxaliplatin 85 mg/m(2) and irinotecan 200 mg/m(2) every 3 weeks. RESULTS: In an intent-to-treat analysis, two partial responses lasting 10.7 and 16 months were observed with the tritherapy regimen, and seven (median duration, 11 months; range, 10.6 to 11.4 months) were observed with the bitherapy regimen. Median progression-free and overall survival times were 8.2 and 9.8 months, respectively, in the FC/FO arm and 8.5 and 12.3 months, respectively, in the OC arm. Main grade 3/4 toxicities were, respectively, neutropenia, 53% and 47%; febrile neutropenia, 13% and 3%; diarrhea, 19% and 10%; vomiting, 6% and 13%; and neurosensory toxicity, 3% and 3%. No treatment-related deaths occurred. CONCLUSION: The every-3-weeks OC combination is safe and active in advanced 5-FU-resistant CRC patients. The lower activity data seen with the tritherapy regimen may be related to the lower dose intensities of irinotecan and oxaliplatin in this schedule.

Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias del Colon/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias del Recto/tratamiento farmacológico , Adulto , Anciano , Camptotecina/administración & dosificación , Quimioterapia Adyuvante , Neoplasias del Colon/mortalidad , Neoplasias del Colon/secundario , Esquema de Medicación , Femenino , Fluorouracilo/administración & dosificación , Humanos , Irinotecán , Leucovorina/administración & dosificación , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Compuestos Organoplatinos/administración & dosificación , Oxaliplatino , Neoplasias del Recto/mortalidad , Neoplasias del Recto/secundario , Tasa de Supervivencia , Resultado del Tratamiento