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J Health Popul Nutr ; 43(1): 48, 2024 Apr 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576058


BACKGROUND: Integrated-pathy aims to integrate modern medicine with traditional systems via applying the holistic approach of Ayurveda, Yoga, and natural medicine. This is important for addressing the challenges surrounding the delivery of long-term palliative care for chronic ailments including cancer. The prime intent of this study was to substantiate the underlying hypothesis behind the differential and integrative approach having a positive impact on Quality of Life of cancer patients. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional Observational study. METHODS: A standardized questionnaire was developed and used, after obtaining written informed consent from patients to assess the impact of Integrated-pathy on patients (n = 103) diagnosed with cancer receiving care at Patanjali Yoggram. The research was carried out over 8 months. All participants received a uniform treatment protocol as prescribed by Patanjali. For the sample size determination and validation, α and 1-ß was calculated and for the significance of the pre- and post-treatment QoL ratings, Shapiro wilk test and other descriptive statistics techniques were explored. RESULTS: A total of 103 patients seeking cancer special-healthcare were interviewed, out of which 39 (37.86%) remained finally based on the inclusion/exclusion criteria with age (25-65 years), types of cancers (Carcinoma and Sarcoma), chemotherapy/radiotherapy received or not, before opting Integrated-pathy. Follow-ups revealed a significant increase in the QoL (17.91%) after receiving the integrated therapy over a course of at least 1 month. Further, a significant reduction in cancer-related pain followed by an increase in QoL index was reported in the patients. Shapiro-wilk test revealed significant pairing (p < 0.001) with validation of the model using test. CONCLUSIONS: To bolster evidence-based backing for Integrated-pathy, there is a need for clearly delineated clinical indicators that are measurable and trackable over time. Clinical investigators are encouraged to incorporate Integrated-pathy into their proposed interventions and conduct analogous studies to yield sustained advantages in the long run.

Neoplasias , Calidad de Vida , Humanos , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Neoplasias/complicaciones , Neoplasias/terapia , Fatiga/etiología , Fatiga/terapia
Biomed Mater ; 19(3)2024 Mar 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38387054


Mucilage is a sticky substance found in various plants and microorganisms and is made up of proteins and polysaccharides. Mucilage fromHibiscus rosa sinensisisis a complex polysaccharide traditionally used to treat different skin diseases. In our study, we fabricated mucilage polymer fromHibiscus rosa sinensisleaves and evaluated its potential application in second-degree burns and excision wounds. The physical properties of Hibiscus mucilage (HM) polymer were demonstrated by using Ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering, Scanning electron microscopy, Brunauer-Emmett-Tellerand, Swelling ratio. The human cell lines WI-38, and HaCaT have been used forin-vitroexperiments like MTT, scratch wound, BrdU, ROS scavenging assays, and western blot analysis. The results of the MTT, scratch-wound, and BrdU assay indicated that the HM polymer is nontoxic in nature and also enhances both the properties of cellular migration and proliferation, respectively. On the other hand, the result of the ROS scavenging assay suggested that HM polymer enhances the antioxidant activity of cells while the western blot analysis designated that the HM polymer treatment caused downregulation of the pro-inflammatory cytokine IFN-γand upregulation of the pAkt (Serine 473) protein, and TGF-ß1 signaling pathway. Therefore, allin-vitroexperimental studies recommended that HM polymer is biocompatible and has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. In thein vivoexperiment, second-degree burns and excision wounds were created on the dorsal surface of male BALB/c mice. After the sixth day of HM polymer treatment have developed new tissue, hair follicles, blood vessels,α-SMA, and Collagen type-1 fiber on the burn and excision wound area while the 11th day of HM polymer treatment cured the wound area significantly. Therefore, it could be contemplated that HM polymer is a potential agent for treating different wounds in the near future.

Quemaduras , Rosa , Enfermedades de la Piel , Ratones , Animales , Humanos , Cicatrización de Heridas , Extractos Vegetales/química , Bromodesoxiuridina , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno , Quemaduras/terapia
J Nutr ; 153(12): 3382-3396, 2023 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37660953


BACKGROUND: Maternal vitamin B12 deficiency plays a vital role in fetal programming, as corroborated by previous studies on murine models and longitudinal human cohorts. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the effects of diet-induced maternal vitamin B12 deficiency on F1 offspring in terms of cardiometabolic health and normalization of these effects by maternal-periconceptional vitamin B12 supplementation. METHODS: A diet-induced maternal vitamin B12 deficient Wistar rat model was generated in which female rats were either fed a control AIN-76A diet (with 0.01 g/kg vitamin B12) or the same diet with vitamin B12 removed. Females from the vitamin B12-deficient group were mated with males on the control diet. A subset of vitamin B12-deficient females was repleted with vitamin B12 on day 1 of conception. The offspring in the F1 generation were assessed for changes in body composition, plasma biochemistry, and molecular changes in the liver. A multiomics approach was used to obtain a mechanistic insight into the changes in the offspring liver. RESULTS: We showed that a 36% reduction in plasma vitamin B12 levels during pregnancy in F0 females can lead to continued vitamin B12 deficiency (60%-70% compared with control) in the F1 offspring and program them for cardiometabolic adversities. These adversities, such as high triglycerides and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, were seen only among F1 males but not females. DNA methylome analysis of the liver of F1 3-mo-old offspring highlights sexual dimorphism in the alteration of methylation status of genes critical to signaling processes. Proteomics and targeted metabolomics analysis confirm that sex-specific alterations occur through modulations in PPAR signaling and steroid hormone biosynthesis pathway. Repletion of deficient mothers with vitamin B12 at conception normalizes most of the molecular and biochemical changes. CONCLUSIONS: Maternal vitamin B12 deficiency has a programming effect on the next generation and increases the risk for cardiometabolic syndrome in a sex-specific manner. Normalization of the molecular risk markers on vitamin B12 supplementation indicates a causal role.

Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Deficiencia de Vitamina B 12 , Embarazo , Masculino , Humanos , Ratas , Animales , Femenino , Ratones , Ratas Wistar , Deficiencia de Vitamina B 12/metabolismo , Vitamina B 12 , Reproducción , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/etiología
Front Microbiol ; 12: 768739, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35273578


Gradual emergence of new bacterial strains, resistant to one or more antibiotics, necessitates development of new antibacterials to prevent us from newly evolved disease-causing, drug-resistant, pathogenic bacteria. Different inorganic and organic compounds have been synthesized as antibacterials, but with the problem of toxicity. Other alternatives of using green products, i.e., the medicinal plant extracts with biocompatible and potent antibacterial characteristics, also had limitation because of their low aqueous solubility and therefore less bioavailability. Use of nanotechnological strategy appears to be a savior, where phytochemicals are nanonized through encapsulation or entrapment within inorganic or organic hydrophilic capping agents. Nanonization of such products not only makes them water soluble but also helps to attain high surface to volume ratio and therefore high reaction area of the nanonized products with better therapeutic potential, over that of the equivalent amount of raw bulk products. Medicinal plant extracts, whose prime components are flavonoids, alkaloids, terpenoids, polyphenolic compounds, and essential oils, are in one hand nanonized (capped and stabilized) by polymers, lipids, or clay materials for developing nanodrugs; on the other hand, high antioxidant activity of those plant extracts is also used to reduce various metal salts to produce metallic nanoparticles. In this review, five medicinal plants, viz., tulsi (Ocimum sanctum), turmeric (Curcuma longa), aloe vera (Aloe vera), oregano (Oregano vulgare), and eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus), with promising antibacterial potential and the nanoformulations associated with the plants' crude extracts and their respective major components (eugenol, curcumin, anthraquinone, carvacrol, eucalyptus oil) have been discussed with respect to their antibacterial potency.

J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(6): 3404-3414, 2020 06 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31748033


Andrographolide, a diterpenoid compound found in the aerial parts of Andrographis paniculata (a well known anti snake venom plant) was conjugated with gold nanoparticle (andrographolide-AuNPs) and its efficacy against Daboia russellii russellii venom (DRRV) induced local damage, organ toxicity and inflammatory response was evaluated in animal models. Ethical clearance was obtained before animal experiments. Andrographolide-AuNPs was formed by adsorption method. Physico-chemical characterization of particle was done by dynamic light scattering (DLS), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Swiss albino male mice were divided into 5 groups: Gr. 1-Sham control, Gr. 2-DRRV control, Gr. 3-anti snake venom serum treated, Gr. 4-andrographolide treated and Gr. 4-andrographolide-AuNPs treated. 1/5th minimum lethal dose of DRRV (10 µg/s.c./20 g mice) was induced in animals of group 2, 3, 4 and 5 animals, followed by treatment with anti snake venom serum (2 mg/20 g mice, i.v.) andrographolide (50 µg/20g mice, i.p.) and andrographolide-AuNPs (50 µg/20 g mice, i.v.) in group 3, 4 and 5 animals, respectively. Blood was collected after 18 h, serum was prepared and organ toxicity markers (transaminases, phosphatases, lactate dehydrogenase, creatine phosphate, urea, creatinine, Ca2+, phosphorous), inflammatory markers (interleukin 1ß, 6, 17a, 10, tumor necrosis factor α) and local damage testings (defibrination, edema, hemorrhage) were assessed. Values were expressed as mean ± SEM (n = 4), one way analysis of variance was done, P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Formed andrographolide-AuNPs were pink in color with hydrodynamic diameter 30-50 nm, polydispersity index 0.412 and zeta potential -16.21 mV. XRD data confirmed the presence of crystalline gold in andrographolide-AuNPs. TEM (20-50 nm) and FE-SEM (20-25 nm) indicated the presence of nearly spherical particle. DRRV envenomation followed by treatment with andrographolide-AuNPs provided protection against venom induced edema, hemorrhage, defibrination, organ toxicity and inflammation in animal model. Venom neutralization by andrographolide-AuNPs was > andrographolide, which confirmed the increased efficacy of andrographolide after gold nanoparticle conjugation, may be due to anti-oxidant/anti-inflammatory activity of andrographolide, showing increased efficacy after gold nanoparticle tagging. Thus, andrographolide-AuNPs may serve as a supportive therapy in snakebite (against venom induced local damage, organ toxicity and inflammatory response) subject to further detail studies.

Diterpenos , Nanopartículas del Metal , Animales , Diterpenos/toxicidad , Oro , Nanopartículas del Metal/toxicidad , Ratones , Modelos Animales , Extractos Vegetales