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Métodos Terapéuticos y Terapias MTCI
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Cancer Med ; 9(5): 1733-1740, 2020 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957269


PURPOSE: Chemotherapy side effects diminish quality of life and can lead to treatment delay. Nausea and vomiting can occur prior to chemotherapy because of classical conditioning. We studied the effects of 20-minute behavioral interventions, administered by oncology nurses, of higher intensity (mindfulness relaxation-MR) or lower intensity (relaxing music-RM), on anticipatory nausea and vomiting (ANV). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing chemotherapy for solid tumors were randomized to MR (N = 160), RM (N = 159), or standard care SC (N = 155). Subjects were mostly female (91.8%) and white (86.1%) with breast cancer (85%). Most patients had early stage disease (Stage I: 26%; II: 52.9%; III: 19%; IV: 0.1%). Anticipatory nausea and vomiting were assessed at the midpoint and end of the chemotherapy course using the Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesis (MANE). RESULTS: Compared to SC, there was reduced anticipatory nausea at the midpoint of chemotherapy in those receiving MR (OR 0.44, 95% CI 0.20-0.93) and RM (OR 0.40, 95% CI 0.20-0.93), controlling for age, sex, cancer stage, and emetogenic level of chemotherapy. There was no difference between treatment groups in anticipatory nausea at the end of chemotherapy or in anticipatory vomiting and postchemotherapy nausea and vomiting at either time point. CONCLUSION: A brief nurse-delivered behavioral intervention can reduce midpoint ANV associated with chemotherapy.

Antineoplásicos/efectos adversos , Atención Plena/métodos , Náusea/prevención & control , Neoplasias/tratamiento farmacológico , Atención de Enfermería/métodos , Vómito Precoz/prevención & control , Adulto , Condicionamiento Clásico , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Náusea/epidemiología , Náusea/psicología , Estadificación de Neoplasias , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/psicología , Calidad de Vida , Resultado del Tratamiento , Vómito Precoz/epidemiología , Vómito Precoz/psicología , Adulto Joven