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1.
JMIR Form Res ; 7: e48079, 2023 Nov 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37930758

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Living with a chronic illness such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) requires medications and therapies, as well as long-term follow-up with multidisciplinary clinical teams. Patient involvement in the shared decision-making process on medication regimens is an important element in promoting medication adherence. Literature review and needs assessment showed the viability of technology-based interventions to equip patients with knowledge about chronic illness and competencies to improve their adherence to medications. Thus, a web-based intervention was developed to empower patients living with RA to adhere to their disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) medication regimen. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to discuss the intervention mapping process in the design of a web-based intervention that supports patient empowerment to medication adherence and to evaluate its feasibility among patients living with RA. METHODS: The theory-based Patient Empowerment to Medication Adherence Programme (PE2MAP) for patients with RA was built upon the Zimmerman Psychological Empowerment framework, a web-based program launched through the Udemy website. PE2MAP was developed using a 6-step intervention mapping process: (1) needs assessment, (2) program objectives, (3) conceptual framework to guide the intervention, (4) program plan, (5) adoption, and (6) evaluation involving multidisciplinary health care professionals (HCPs) and a multimedia team. PE2MAP is designed as a 4-week web-based intervention program with a complementary RA handbook. A feasibility randomized controlled trial was completed on 30 participants from the intervention group who are actively taking DMARD medication for RA to test the acceptability and feasibility of the PE2MAP. RESULTS: The mean age and disease duration of the 30 participants were 52.63 and 8.50 years, respectively. The feasibility data showed 87% (n=26) completed the 4-week web-based PE2MAP intervention, 57% (n=17) completed all 100% of the contents, and 27% (n=8) completed 96% to 74% of the contents, indicating the overall feasibility of the intervention. As a whole, 96% (n=24) of the participants found the information on managing the side effects of medications, keeping fit, managing flare-ups, and monitoring joint swelling/pain/stiffness as the most useful contents of the intervention. In addition, 88% (n=23) and 92% (n=24) agreed that the intervention improved their adherence to medications and management of their side effects, including confidence in communicating with their health care team, respectively. The dos and do nots of traditional Chinese medicine were found by 96% (n=25) to be useful. Goal setting was rated as the least useful skill by 6 (23.1%) of the participants. CONCLUSIONS: The web-based PE2MAP intervention was found to be acceptable, feasible, and effective as a web-based tool to empower patients with RA to manage and adhere to their DMARD medications. Further well-designed randomized controlled trials are warranted to explore the effectiveness of this intervention in the management of patients with RA.

2.
Cancer Nurs ; 2023 Apr 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37088901

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Mind-body therapies (MBTs) have gained popularity among patients with cancer as a supportive therapy. To date, no systematic reviews have assessed the effect of MBTs on the health outcomes in women with gynecological cancer. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to synthesize the effectiveness of MBTs on quality of life, anxiety, depression, cancer-related pain, and fatigue among women with gynecological cancer. METHODS: We searched and screened randomized controlled trials in 7 databases, trial registries, and gray literature from the databases' inception to December 2021. Data were extracted from eligible studies, with each study's quality assessed using the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool. Meta-analyses were conducted using RevMan 5.4. Sensitivity and subgroup analyses were performed. The quality of evidence across the studies was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach. RESULTS: Nine trials were included. Statistically significant effects of MBTs on depression (standardized mean difference, -0.56; 95% confidence interval, -1.01 to -0.11; P = .01), pain (standardized mean difference, -1.60; 95% confidence interval, -3.14 to -0.07; P = .04), and fatigue (standardized mean difference, -1.17; 95% confidence interval, -2.16 to -0.18; P = .02) were observed, but not on quality of life and anxiety. The quality of evidence was low due to the high risks of bias and high heterogeneity among the studies. CONCLUSIONS: Mind-body therapies were effective in reducing depression, pain, and fatigue of women with gynecological cancer. However, the low quality of the evidence implies the need for more future studies with better methodologies. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Mind-body therapies may be used as an additional strategy to help manage depressive mood, pain, and fatigue among women with gynecological cancer.

3.
J Pediatr Nurs ; 71: 6-13, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36947897

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of the Parent-Child Sandplay Therapy (PCST) Program on autism behaviors, social responsiveness and sleep quality among preschool children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and their mothers' parenting stress. DESIGN AND METHODS: A prospective, randomized controlled, parallel-group trial was employed. Fifty-two child-mother dyads were randomly assigned to an intervention group (n = 26) or a control group (n = 26) from February 2017 to February 2019. The intervention group was treated with a 20-week PCST Program plus an Applied Behavior Analysis-based program (ABA-based program), whereas the control group received only the ABA-based program. Outcome measures included the Autism Behavior Checklist total scores, Social Responsiveness Scale scores, Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire scores, and Parenting Stress Index-Short Form scores, measured at baseline, post-intervention (20 weeks after baseline) and follow-up assessments (32 weeks after baseline). RESULTS: Finally, 43 dyads completed the study. The linear mixed model analysis resulted in a significant group*time interaction effect of ABC score (Est = 2.027, t = 3.277; p < 0.01), SRS score (Est = 3.377, t = 6.095; p < 0.01), PSI-SF score (Est = 3.873, t = 4.253, p < 0.01), and CSHQ score (Est = 3.158, t = 6.485; p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggested that the PCST Program could potentially improve social interaction and sleep quality of preschool children with ASD while decreasing parenting stress. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: The PCST Program was found to be a feasible and a promising treatment for children with mild-to-moderate ASD as well as for their parents. It was a nurse-led program, which could be integrated into the usual nursing care of children with autism spectrum disorder in special education schools. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trials Registry, ChiCTR2100047699.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno del Espectro Autista , Madres , Femenino , Humanos , Preescolar , Trastorno del Espectro Autista/terapia , Ludoterapia , Estudios Prospectivos , Relaciones Padres-Hijo
4.
Int J Integr Care ; 22(1): 3, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35087352

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To examine the roles of transitional care nurses in an integrated healthcare system and how the integrated healthcare system influences their evolving roles. BACKGROUND: Transitional care teams have been introduced to enable the seamless transfer of patients from acute-care to the home settings. A qualitative case study of the transitional care team was conducted to understand the changing roles of these nurses in an integrated Regional Health System (RHS) in Singapore. METHODS: A hospital transitional team of an integrated RHS was studied. Purposive sampling was used. Non-participant observations and follow-up interviews were conducted with four nurses. Data were triangulated with the interviews of two managers and three healthcare professionals, and the analysis of documents. Within-case thematic analysis was carried out. RESULTS: Three themes were identified: 'Coming together to meet the needs of all'; 'Standing strong amidst the stormy waves'; and 'Searching for the right formula in handling complexity'. These themes have explained on the atypical roles taken on by nurses in their attempts to close the gaps and meet the patients' needs. Various factors influencing the evolving roles were revealed. CONCLUSION: The roles of nurses have 'emerged differently' from their traditional counterparts. Various nursing roles have been undertaken to facilitate care integration. The findings emphasised the important balance between formal structural practices and informal processes in facilitating and supporting the nurses in their role development.

5.
J Med Internet Res ; 23(12): e31917, 2021 12 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34878991

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Elective colorectal cancer (CRC) surgeries offer enhanced surgical outcomes but demand high self-efficacy in prehabilitation and competency in self-care and disease management postsurgery. Conventional strategies to meet perioperative needs have not been pragmatic, and there remains a pressing need for novel technologies that could improve health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to describe the development of a smartphone-based interactive CRC self-management enhancement psychosocial program (iCanManage) in order to improve health outcomes among patients who undergo elective CRC surgeries and their family caregivers. METHODS: A multidisciplinary international team comprising physicians, specialist nurses, a psychologist, software engineers, academic researchers, cancer survivors, patient ambassadors, and ostomy care medical equipment suppliers was formed to facilitate the development of this patient-centric digital solution. The process occurred in several stages: (1) review of current practice through clinic visits and on-site observations; (2) review of literature and findings from preliminary studies; (3) content development grounded in an underpinning theory; (4) integration of support services; and (5) optimizing user experience through improving interface aesthetics and customization. In our study, 5 participants with CRC performed preliminary assessments on the quality of the developed solution using the 20-item user version of the Mobile App Rating Scale (uMARS), which had good psychometric properties. RESULTS: Based on the collected uMARS data, the smartphone app was rated highly for functionality, aesthetics, information quality, and perceived impact, and moderately for engagement and subjective quality. Several limiting factors such as poor agility in the adoption of digital technology and low eHealth literacy were identified despite efforts to promote engagement and ensure ease of use of the mobile app. To overcome such barriers, additional app-training sessions, an instruction manual, and regular telephone calls will be incorporated into the iCanManage program during the trial period. CONCLUSIONS: This form of multidisciplinary collaboration is advantageous as it can potentially streamline existing care paths and allow the delivery of more holistic care to the CRC population during the perioperative period. Should the program be found to be effective and sustainable, hospitals adopting this digital solution may achieve better resource allocation and reduce overall health care costs in the long run. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04159363; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04159363.


Asunto(s)
Cuidadores , Neoplasias Colorrectales , Neoplasias Colorrectales/cirugía , Humanos , Estudios Interdisciplinarios , Evaluación de Resultado en la Atención de Salud , Atención Dirigida al Paciente
6.
Worldviews Evid Based Nurs ; 15(5): 386-393, 2018 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30098111

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Nonpharmacological interventions are often used to promote sleep among preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). However, there is a lack of synthesis in the evidence of their effectiveness. AIM: To synthesize the evidence on the effectiveness of nonpharmacological interventions on NICU preterm infants' sleep during hospital stay. METHODS: Seven databases were searched, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Wan-fang database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Biological Medicine Database, and VIP Journal Integration Platform from their inceptions to August 2017. Randomized controlled trials examining the effects of nonpharmacological interventions on preterm infants' sleep were included. RESULTS: This review included 36 studies. Nonpharmacological interventions included the Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP), music, non-nutritive sucking, touch, cycled light, cobedding, rocking, oral sucrose, remolding mattresses, and family nurturing. The meta-analysis results showed that 1. the NIDCAP had no significant effect on total sleep time efficiency (TST%; p = .34); 2. mattress interventions had significant effects on TST% (p < .001); and active sleep efficiency (AS%; p = .006) but no significant effect on quiet sleep efficiency (QS%; p = .75); 3. cycled light increased TST (p = .02); and 4. cobedding had no significant effects on QS% and AS% (p = .63 and p = .88, respectively). LINKING EVIDENCE TO ACTION: Remolding mattresses and cycled light had significant effects on sleep promotion in preterm infants, but the quality of the evidence was very low. Further high-quality studies are needed to strengthen this evidence.


Asunto(s)
Recien Nacido Prematuro , Trastornos del Sueño del Ritmo Circadiano/terapia , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Unidades de Cuidado Intensivo Neonatal/organización & administración , Unidades de Cuidado Intensivo Neonatal/estadística & datos numéricos , Musicoterapia/normas
7.
Int J Nurs Pract ; 23(6)2017 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29072353

RESUMEN

AIM: To present a synthesis and summary of midwives' perceptions on the facilitators and barriers of physiological birth. BACKGROUND: Medicalisation of birth has transformed and dictated how birthing should take place since the 20th century. Midwives' perceptions on their role within this medicalised environment have not been well documented. DESIGN: An integrative literature review. DATA SOURCES AND REVIEW METHODS: Primary research articles published in English from the period of 2004 to 2015 were included in this review. The Joanna Briggs Institute's critical appraisal forms were used to appraise the quality of the articles. Data were identified from CINAHL, PubMed, PsycINFO, ScienceDirect, and Scopus. RESULTS: Eighteen articles were reviewed. Lack of knowledge due to inadequate training, existing obstetrician-led practices, and midwives' negative perceptions of physiological birth were identified as barriers in the literature. Facilitators like shared decision-making, women's preferences, teamwork, institutional support, and midwives' positive perceptions of physiological birth promoted physiological birth. Most of the studies were conducted in Western countries. CONCLUSION: Midwives face barriers and facilitators when promoting physiological birth during their clinical practise. Future studies exploring midwives' perceptions of physiological birth are needed, especially in Asia where cultural and organizational factors may differ from Western countries.


Asunto(s)
Partería , Enfermeras Obstetrices/psicología , Parto , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Toma de Decisiones , Femenino , Humanos , Embarazo
8.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 14(1): 160, 2016 Nov 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27855698

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac deaths have become a growing major public health concern that affects the world. Despite the various etiologies, life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias attribute the main cause of sudden cardiac deaths. Therefore in certain groups of high-risk patients, the Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) has been recommended as either a secondary or primary prophylactic method of prevention. OBJECTIVE: To summarise the perceptions of ICD recipients and provide an overview of their experiences with regards to the quality of life, coping strategies, and learning needs. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted using CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Scopus, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science. Primary research articles published from January 2005 to January 2016 that met the inclusion criteria were selected and assessed for methodological quality. RESULTS: Thirty-nine articles consisting of 16 qualitative studies, 22 quantitative studies, and 1 mixed methods study were included for the meta-synthesis. Findings extracted from these studies were grouped into eight subthemes with 'living the ICD experience: a constant process of redefining oneself' emerging as an over-arching theme. CONCLUSION: This review provides insight into the perspectives and experiences of ICD recipients. Current evidence highlights the need for healthcare professionals to improve future care standards and develop a patient-centric holistic program that meets the specific needs of ICD recipients. Moreover, future studies are required to address the research gaps identified and also explore the perceptions of patients living with ICD in the Asian context.


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Psicológica , Desfibriladores Implantables/psicología , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Percepción , Calidad de Vida , Humanos
9.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26999185

RESUMEN

Recently, more and more researchers have been using salivary cortisol reactivity to evaluate stress in preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The aim of this integrative literature review was to summarize the evidence of interventions leading to a change in salivary cortisol from the baseline in preterm infants in the NICU. The electronic databases of PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Scopus were searched for relevant studies. The inclusion criteria were studies with preterm infants exposed to an intervention evaluated by salivary cortisol reactivity before discharge from the NICU, which were published in English. In total, 16 studies were included. Eye-screening examination and heel lance provoked an increase in the salivary cortisol level. Music, prone position, and co-bedding among twins decreased the salivary cortisol level. Several studies reported a low rate of successful saliva sampling or did not use control groups. Future studies need to focus on non-painful interventions in order to learn more about salivary cortisol regulation in preterm infants. Moreover, these studies should use study designs comprising homogenous gestational and postnatal age groups, control groups, and reliable analysis methods that are able to detect cortisol in small amounts of saliva.


Asunto(s)
Hidrocortisona/análisis , Recien Nacido Prematuro/fisiología , Cuidado Intensivo Neonatal/métodos , Saliva/química , Saliva/metabolismo , Estrés Fisiológico/fisiología , Femenino , Humanos , Lactante , Recién Nacido , Unidades de Cuidado Intensivo Neonatal , Masculino
10.
Biol Res Nurs ; 18(2): 213-20, 2016 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26183182

RESUMEN

Stress-management interventions have been integrated into treatments for people with mental disorders. Nevertheless, most studies on these interventions have been conducted on patients with schizophrenia in Western countries, and limited studies have used objective measurements of stress. We developed a group-based, four-session stress-management (S-Manage) program for people with mental disorders, consisting of two major components: psychoeducation and relaxation practice. This single-group, pretest-posttest, quasi-experimental study was undertaken to test the initial effects and determine the effect sizes of the program. A convenience sample of 55 inpatients were recruited from a mental health ward at a tertiary hospital in Singapore. Self-report questionnaires and physiological measures of stress (skin temperature and salivary immunoglobulin A [SIgA]) were used for data collection. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and repeated-measures analysis of variance. Most participants were Singaporean, female, single, and employed. Diagnoses included schizophrenia, depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorder, and mixed diagnoses. All received standard care provided by the hospital. Participants had significant reductions in objective stress, measured by skin temperature (effect size = 0.54) and SIgA (effect size = 0.16), and subjective stress (effect size = 0.16) as well as improved psychological health (effect size = 0.40) in response to the intervention. This study provides preliminary evidence to support the positive effects of the S-Manage program on people with mental disorders. Future studies should further test the efficacy of the program using more rigorous methods such as randomized controlled trial and multicenter study.


Asunto(s)
Inmunoglobulina A/análisis , Pacientes Internos/educación , Pacientes Internos/psicología , Trastornos Mentales/terapia , Terapia por Relajación/métodos , Saliva/química , Estrés Psicológico/terapia , Adulto , Estudios de Factibilidad , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Singapur , Temperatura Cutánea , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
11.
Pain Manag Nurs ; 16(3): 425-39, 2015 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26025800

RESUMEN

Children undergoing surgical procedures commonly experience stress and anxiety, exhibit negative behaviors, and complain of postoperative pain. Parents also experience anxiety when their children undergo surgery. Therapeutic play intervention has been used to prepare hospitalized children for invasive medical procedures for decades. However, there has been no systematic review to examine the effectiveness of therapeutic play intervention for improving children's health-related outcomes such as perioperative anxiety and postoperative pain. The aim of this review was to synthesize current empirical evidence on the effectiveness of therapeutic play intervention in reducing perioperative anxiety, negative behaviors, and postoperative pain in children undergoing elective surgery and in reducing their parents' perioperative anxiety. Systematic searches of electronic databases of the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, PubMed, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, Scopus, and Web of Science and screening of the reference lists of included articles from these databases identified studies on the topic. Relevant studies were methodologically assessed and appraised by two independent reviewers using the Joanna Briggs Institute Meta-Analysis of Statistics Assessment and Review Instrument. Six studies were identified. The outcome measurements were heterogeneous across all six studies. These studies had conflicting outcomes regarding the effectiveness of therapeutic play intervention in children's perioperative anxiety, negative behaviors, and postoperative pain. Two studies showed that the intervention significantly reduced parents' preoperative anxiety. The current empirical evidence on the effectiveness of therapeutic play intervention in children's perioperative anxiety, negative behaviors, and postoperative pain is inconclusive. More studies on the effectiveness of therapeutic play intervention using rigorous designs and involving parents are needed.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad/prevención & control , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Electivos/efectos adversos , Dolor Postoperatorio/prevención & control , Ludoterapia/métodos , Niño , Preescolar , Emociones , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatorios/métodos , Dimensión del Dolor
12.
Arch Psychiatr Nurs ; 29(1): 6-13, 2015 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25634868

RESUMEN

This study aimed to investigate the effect of a VR-based stress management program on people with mood disorders. A quasi-experimental study was conducted in a tertiary hospital in Singapore, and a convenience sample of 22 was recruited. The program comprised three daily 1-hour sessions incorporating psychoeducation and VR-based relaxation practice. Participants who completed the program had significantly lowered subjective stress (t=6.91, p<0.001), depression (t=5.62, p<0.001), and anxiety (t=5.54, p<0.001); and increased skin temperature (F=17.71, p<0.001), perceived relaxation (F=26.20, p<0.001) and knowledge (F=13.77, p<0.001). Participants' feedback on the program was positive. Findings from this study contribute to improving clinical practice and serve as preliminary data to conduct more rigorous research in the future.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos del Humor/terapia , Estrés Psicológico/terapia , Terapia de Exposición Mediante Realidad Virtual/métodos , Adulto , Ansiedad/psicología , Ansiedad/terapia , Depresión/psicología , Depresión/terapia , Estudios de Factibilidad , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Trastornos del Humor/psicología , Satisfacción del Paciente , Terapia por Relajación/métodos , Estrés Psicológico/psicología , Adulto Joven
13.
Midwifery ; 30(6): 779-87, 2014 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24238935

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: to explore first-time fathers' experiences and needs during their wives' pregnancy and childbirth in Singapore. DESIGN AND SETTING: a descriptive qualitative was conducted. Participants were recruited from two obstetric wards in a tertiary hospital in Singapore from November to December 2012. Semi-structured, face-to-face interviews were used to collect data and themes from the interviews were generated using thematic analysis. PARTICIPANTS: a purposive sample of 16 first-time fathers aged above 21 years who accompanied their wives throughout pregnancy and childbirth were recruited from the postnatal wards between one to three days after the birth of their children. FINDINGS: four themes emerged from 16 subthemes: (1) Emotional changes experienced; (2) Adaptive and supportive behaviours adopted; (3) Social support received and (4) Suggestions for improvement to the current maternity care. First-time fathers experienced a range of emotions from being happy and excited to feeling shocked and worried and to feeling calm. Adaptive and supportive behaviours were adopted to deal with the pregnancy changes and better support their wives. In the course of their transition to fatherhood, they also received support from their family, friends, workplaces and the health care professionals. Fathers suggested more information, timely, empathetic and professional care be given and a review to the current administrative/logistical policies. CONCLUSIONS: all fathers modified their behaviours for the sake of protecting their wives and unborn children. Support from their family, friends, workplaces and the health care professionals was invaluable and greatly appreciated. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: health care professionals can guide and support fathers by providing them with more information and preparing them for the unknown changes. Future studies are needed to develop intervention programme for fathers to improve their experiences and adaptive behaviours.


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Psicológica , Padre/psicología , Adulto , Parto Obstétrico , Femenino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto , Masculino , Partería , Atención Posnatal , Embarazo , Apoyo Social
14.
Midwifery ; 30(6): 772-8, 2014 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24161493

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: to explore first-time mothers' postnatal experiences and support needs after hospital discharge in Singapore. DESIGN AND SETTING: a descriptive qualitative study was adopted in this study. Participants were recruited from a public tertiary hospital in Singapore. Semi-structured interviews were used for data collection and the interview transcripts were analysed using thematic analysis. PARTICIPANTS: a purposive sample of 13 English-speaking first-time mothers of age 21 years and above were interviewed within 7-11 days after their hospital discharge. FINDINGS: five themes emerged from the thematic analysis: (1) mixed emotions: participants experienced anxiety, labile emotions and stress over infant care; (2) breast feeding concerns: low breast milk supply and physical discomfort; (3) social support: many participants had sufficient social support from family members except their husbands; (4) cultural postnatal practice: majority of participants followed traditional postnatal practices of their culture; and (5) professional support needs: participants needed more information, access to health care services and continuity of care. CONCLUSIONS: this study highlighted the importance of providing professional postnatal care to first-time mothers after their discharge from the hospital. Future studies are needed to explore new practices that will enhance the quality of maternity health care and promote positive maternal experiences and well-being in Singapore. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: there is a need for more innovative advertisement to promote antenatal classes and improve attendance rate. Health care providers should assist women in establishing proper breast feeding techniques. Alternative models of care in the postnatal period, such as midwifery-led care, could facilitate a more woman-centred approach. Postnatal home visits may be considered within the first week of the mothers' hospital discharge, which may be legislated by public health care policies.


Asunto(s)
Continuidad de la Atención al Paciente , Madres/psicología , Alta del Paciente , Atención Posnatal/métodos , Adulto , Femenino , Necesidades y Demandas de Servicios de Salud , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Entrevistas como Asunto , Partería/métodos , Embarazo , Singapur , Adulto Joven
15.
J Adv Nurs ; 70(2): 431-42, 2014 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23991679

RESUMEN

AIM: To report a trial protocol to determine if a therapeutic play intervention leads to significant reduction in perioperative anxiety, negative emotional manifestations and postoperative pain of children undergoing inpatient elective surgery and in their parents' perioperative anxiety. BACKGROUND: Children undergoing surgery often experience anxiety, exhibit negative emotional manifestations pre-operatively and postoperative pain. Previous studies report that therapeutic play intervention has positive effects on anxiety reduction, while few studies have examined the effects of such intervention on children undergoing major elective surgery. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with repeated measures is proposed. METHODS: This study will recruit 106 pairs of 6-14-year-old children undergoing elective surgery in a Singaporean public hospital and their parents (protocol approved in October 2011). Eligible participants will be randomly allocated to either a control group (receiving routine care) or an experimental group (receiving 1-hour therapeutic play intervention plus routine care). Outcome measures include children's anxiety, emotional manifestation and postoperative pain, their parents' anxiety and process evaluation. Data will be collected at baseline (3-7 days before the operation), on the day of surgery and around 24 hours after the surgery. DISCUSSION: This study will identify a clinically useful and potentially effective approach to prepare children for surgery by reducing anxiety of both children and their parents during the perioperative period. The reduction of anxiety may lead to reduction of postoperative pain, which will eventually improve the physical and psychological well-being of children. This study was funded by the National Medical Research Council in Singapore.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad/prevención & control , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Electivos/efectos adversos , Dolor Postoperatorio/prevención & control , Ludoterapia/métodos , Adolescente , Niño , Niño Hospitalizado/psicología , Humanos , Padres/psicología , Resultado del Tratamiento
16.
J Adv Nurs ; 66(11): 2398-409, 2010 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20722797

RESUMEN

AIM: This paper is a report of study of the impact of an educational intervention in pain management on nurses' self-reported use of non-pharmacological methods for children's postoperative pain relief and their perceptions of barriers that limited their use of these methods. BACKGROUND: Non-pharmacological methods have been shown to be effective in relieving pain; however, many barriers, including lack of knowledge, limit nurses' use of these methods. Pain education is a promising strategy for changing nursing practice, but only a few authors have examined the effectiveness of educational interventions for nurses to help relieve children's postoperative pain. METHODS: A quasi-experimental one-group pre- and post-test design was used. Questionnaire surveys were conducted with a convenience sample of 108 Registered Nurses in two public hospitals in Singapore in 2008. RESULTS: Statistically significant increases were found in nurses' self-reported use of imagery, positive reinforcement, thermal regulation, massage and positioning in the postintervention survey. Before the intervention, these methods were less frequently used compared to other methods. Heavy workload/lack of time and the child's inability to cooperate were the most commonly reported barriers at pre- and post-test. CONCLUSION: The educational intervention had a positive effect on nurses' use of several non-pharmacological methods. Regular dissemination of updated information to nurses on these pain management methods is recommended to maintain the positive changes. Nevertheless, education alone was not sufficient to optimize nurses' use of these methods, as various barriers limited their practice.


Asunto(s)
Educación Continua en Enfermería/métodos , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital/educación , Dolor Postoperatorio/enfermería , Cuidados Posoperatorios/enfermería , Adulto , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Niño , Competencia Clínica/normas , Terapia Cognitivo-Conductual/educación , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Relaciones Enfermero-Paciente , Investigación en Evaluación de Enfermería , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital/psicología , Padres , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/educación , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/enfermería , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/estadística & datos numéricos , Cuidados Posoperatorios/educación , Singapur , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Factores de Tiempo , Carga de Trabajo , Adulto Joven
17.
J Nurs Care Qual ; 23(2): 170-6, 2008.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18344784

RESUMEN

This study implemented pain education for Chinese nurses using a pre-post test design and compared their use of nonpharmacological methods in children's postoperative pain management. Results show that nurses' use of most of these methods for pain relief increased significantly, which helped to improve the quality of care for children. This study enriches nurses' knowledge in children's pain management and develops evidence for practice by demonstrating the need for hospitals to provide continuous pain education to nurses.


Asunto(s)
Analgesia/enfermería , Educación Continua en Enfermería/organización & administración , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital , Dolor Postoperatorio/enfermería , Enfermería Pediátrica , Adulto , Analgesia/métodos , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Niño , Niño Hospitalizado , China , Competencia Clínica/normas , Terapia Cognitivo-Conductual/educación , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Investigación en Educación de Enfermería , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital/educación , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital/psicología , Enfermería Pediátrica/educación , Enfermería Pediátrica/métodos , Enfermería Perioperatoria/educación , Enfermería Perioperatoria/métodos , Cuidados Posoperatorios/métodos , Cuidados Posoperatorios/enfermería , Desarrollo de Programa , Evaluación de Programas y Proyectos de Salud , Terapia por Relajación/educación , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
18.
Int J Nurs Pract ; 13(2): 89-99, 2007 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17394516

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study was to reveal the 8-12-year-old children's perceptions on the use of methods for pediatric postoperative pain alleviation by themselves, their parents and nurses. Face-to-face structured interviews were conducted with 59 subjects who had undergone surgical procedures in three provincial hospitals in Fujian Province, China in 2004. Content analysis and descriptive statistics were used to analyse the data. According to the children's perceptions, they commonly used rest/sleeping, a physical method (positioning) and a strategy of emotional support (requiring presence of their parents); their parents frequently used helping with daily activities and all strategies of emotional support; the nurses mostly used a strategy of emotional support (comforting) and a physical method (positioning). Children's suggestions mainly concerned the application of non-pharmacological methods, especially presence of caregivers. In conclusion, pain-relieving methods were not sufficiently used although children suffered from intense postoperative pain, which calls for health-care providers' future attention.


Asunto(s)
Actitud Frente a la Salud , Niño Hospitalizado/psicología , Dolor Postoperatorio , Cuidados Posoperatorios/psicología , Autocuidado/psicología , Niño , China , Femenino , Necesidades y Demandas de Servicios de Salud , Conducta de Ayuda , Humanos , Masculino , Investigación Metodológica en Enfermería , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital/psicología , Dolor Postoperatorio/prevención & control , Dolor Postoperatorio/psicología , Padres/psicología , Enfermería Pediátrica/métodos , Enfermería Perioperatoria/métodos , Cuidados Posoperatorios/métodos , Cuidados Posoperatorios/enfermería , Postura , Psicología Infantil , Terapia por Relajación , Autocuidado/métodos , Apoyo Social , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Resultado del Tratamiento
19.
Scand J Caring Sci ; 20(1): 2-9, 2006 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16489954

RESUMEN

Parental participation in paediatric postoperative care is common in China. However, the knowledge is limited on what methods parents use to relieve their children's postoperative pain in hospital. The purpose of this study was to describe what nonpharmacological methods parents use to relieve their children's postoperative pain and factors related to this. A previously validated Scandinavian questionnaire survey was conducted in five provincial hospitals in Fujian, China, in 2004. Parents (n = 206) whose children had undergone operation were asked to complete questionnaires concerning nonpharmacological methods for children's pain relief. The response rate was 88%. Results show that the most commonly used methods by parents were emotional support strategies, helping with daily activities, distraction and imagery. Breathing technique was the method used least frequently. Fathers and parents who were older, more educated, employed and with earlier hospitalization experience with their children used pain alleviation methods more frequently than mothers and parents without these characteristics. Moreover, parents used some methods more frequently with boys, younger children, as well as children admitted for selective operations, with longer duration of hospitalization and with moderate or severe pain. Parents utilized various nonpharmacological methods for children's pain relief, especially those easy to use. This study may serve to focus healthcare providers' efforts on educating parents with respect to various nonpharmacological pain alleviation methods available for postoperative pain. Furthermore, this study provides parents an opportunity to be aware of their role in their children's pain management.


Asunto(s)
Niño Hospitalizado/psicología , Dolor Postoperatorio/prevención & control , Padres/psicología , Autocuidado/métodos , Adulto , Actitud Frente a la Salud , Niño , China , Femenino , Humanos , Imágenes en Psicoterapia , Masculino , Masaje , Persona de Mediana Edad , Investigación Metodológica en Enfermería , Dimensión del Dolor/métodos , Dimensión del Dolor/psicología , Dolor Postoperatorio/diagnóstico , Dolor Postoperatorio/psicología , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Padres/educación , Educación del Paciente como Asunto , Cuidados Posoperatorios/métodos , Cuidados Posoperatorios/psicología , Postura , Terapia por Relajación , Autocuidado/psicología , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Apoyo Social , Tacto
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