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1.
Transl Behav Med ; 10(4): 928-937, 2020 10 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30476343

RESUMEN

Physical activity reduces cancer risk, yet African American adults remain insufficiently active, contributing to cancer health disparities. Harmony & Health (HH) was developed as a culturally adapted mind-body intervention to promote physical activity, psychosocial well-being, and quality of life among a church-based sample of overweight/obese, insufficiently active African American adults. Men and women were recruited to the study through an existing church partnership. Eligible participants (N = 50) were randomized to a movement-based mind-body intervention (n = 26) or waitlist control (n = 24). Participants in the intervention attended 16 mind-body sessions over 8 weeks and completed a physical assessment, questionnaires on moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and psychosocial factors, and accelerometry at baseline (T1), post-intervention (T2), and 6 week follow-up (T3). Eighty percent of participants (94% women, M age = 49.7 ± 9.4 years, M body mass index = 32.8 ± 5.2 kg/m2) completed the study, and 61.5% of intervention participants attended ≥10 mind-body sessions. Participants self-reported doing 78.8 ± 102.9 (median = 40.7, range: 0-470.7) min/day of MVPA and did 27.1 ± 20.7 (median = 22.0, range: 0-100.5) min/day of accelerometer-measured MVPA at baseline. Trends suggest that mind-body participants self-reported greater improvements in physical activity and psychosocial well-being from baseline to post-intervention than waitlist control participants. HH is feasible and acceptable among African American adults. Trends suggest that the mind-body intervention led to improvements in physical activity and psychosocial outcomes. This study extends the literature on the use of mind-body practices to promote physical and psychological health and reduce cancer disparities in African American adults.


Asunto(s)
Negro o Afroamericano , Calidad de Vida , Acelerometría , Adulto , Ejercicio Físico , Estudios de Factibilidad , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad
2.
Psychol Addict Behav ; 33(3): 197-207, 2019 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30829517

RESUMEN

Research has suggested that individuals with greater dispositional mindfulness (i.e., nonjudgmental, present-focused attention) are more likely to quit smoking, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. This study investigated mechanisms linking mindfulness and early smoking abstinence using ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Participants were 355 smokers (33% Caucasian, 33% African American, 32% Latino; 55% female) receiving smoking cessation treatment. Mindfulness was assessed at baseline and on the quit date. For 4 days prequit and 1 week postquit, participants completed up to 4 EMAs per day indicating levels of negative affect (NA), positive affect (PA), smoking urges, and affect regulation expectancies. Mean, slope, and volatility were calculated for each prequit and postquit EMA variable. Associations among mindfulness, EMA parameters, and abstinence on the quit day and 7 days postquit, as well as indirect effects of mindfulness on abstinence through EMA parameters, were examined. Mindfulness predicted higher odds of abstinence in unadjusted but not covariate-adjusted models. Mindfulness predicted lower NA, higher PA, and lower affective volatility. Lower stress mediated the association between mindfulness and quit-day abstinence. Higher ratings of happy and relaxed, and lower ratings of bored, sad, and angry, mediated the association between mindfulness and postquit abstinence. Mindfulness appeared to weaken the association between craving and postquit abstinence. This study elucidates real-time, real-life mechanisms underlying dispositional mindfulness and smoking abstinence. During the early process of quitting smoking, more mindful individuals appeared to have more favorable emotional profiles, which predicted higher likelihood of achieving abstinence 1 week after the quit date. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
Atención Plena , Fumadores/psicología , Cese del Hábito de Fumar/psicología , Fumar/psicología , Adulto , Ansia/fisiología , Evaluación Ecológica Momentánea , Emociones , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad
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