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1.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 24(5): 472-481, 2022 May 15.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644186

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of parent-child cooperative music therapy on the core symptoms of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their mothers. METHODS: In this prospective study, 112 children with ASD and their mothers were divided into a music therapy group and an applied behavior analysis (ABA) group using a random number table (n=56 each). The children in the ABA group were treated with ABA, and those in the music therapy group were given parent-child cooperative music therapy in addition to the ABA treatment. The duration of intervention was 8 weeks for both groups. Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC), Parenting Stress Index-Short form (PSI-SF), Family APGAR Index, and Herth Hope Index (HHI) were used to evaluate the core symptoms of children with ASD and the parenting stress, family APGAR index, and hope level of mothers before and after intervention. RESULTS: A total of 100 child-mother dyads completed the whole study, with 50 child-mother dyads in each group. After intervention, the children in the music therapy group had significantly lower total score of ABC scale and scores of sensation, social interaction, and somatic movement, as well as a significantly lower total score of CARS than those in the ABA group (P<0.05). After intervention, compared with the mothers in the ABA group, the mothers in the music therapy group had significantly higher total score of PSI-SF and score of parent-child dysfunctional interaction, significantly higher total score of HHI and scores of each dimension, and significantly higher total score of APGAR and scores of cooperation and intimacy (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Parent-child cooperative music therapy combined with ABA can alleviate the core symptoms of children with ASD, reduce the parenting stress of their mothers, and improve family APGAR index and hope level.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno del Espectro Autista , Musicoterapia , Trastorno del Espectro Autista/terapia , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Madres , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Estudios Prospectivos
2.
Int J Nurs Pract ; 24(6): e12686, 2018 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30109750

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The high caesarean section rate is a prominent public health problem in China. AIM: This study aimed to determine the effects of midwife-led care during labour on birth outcomes for healthy primiparas. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: The Obstetrics Department of Fujian Provincial Maternity and Child Health Hospital. METHODS: A total of 666 primiparas in labour were randomly divided into an intervention and control group (333 in each group). The intervention group received a midwife-led model of care during labour. RESULTS: Data from 648 cases (331 intervention group and 317 control group) were analysed. The intervention group was less likely to experience caesarean section, postpartum haemorrhage, opiate analgesia, vaginal examinations, neonatal asphyxia, and neonatal hospitalization and was more likely to experience shorter length of labour and vaginal birth than the control group (all, P < 0.05). No differences were found in the number of artificial rupture of membranes and oxytocin use (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Midwife-led care can reduce the caesarean section rate, promote normal birth, improve birth outcomes, and promote maternal and child health.


Asunto(s)
Parto Obstétrico , Partería , Complicaciones del Trabajo de Parto/epidemiología , Trastornos Puerperales/epidemiología , Adulto , Cesárea , China , Femenino , Humanos , Trabajo de Parto , Paridad , Embarazo , Adulto Joven
3.
Worldviews Evid Based Nurs ; 15(5): 386-393, 2018 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30098111

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Nonpharmacological interventions are often used to promote sleep among preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). However, there is a lack of synthesis in the evidence of their effectiveness. AIM: To synthesize the evidence on the effectiveness of nonpharmacological interventions on NICU preterm infants' sleep during hospital stay. METHODS: Seven databases were searched, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Wan-fang database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Biological Medicine Database, and VIP Journal Integration Platform from their inceptions to August 2017. Randomized controlled trials examining the effects of nonpharmacological interventions on preterm infants' sleep were included. RESULTS: This review included 36 studies. Nonpharmacological interventions included the Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP), music, non-nutritive sucking, touch, cycled light, cobedding, rocking, oral sucrose, remolding mattresses, and family nurturing. The meta-analysis results showed that 1. the NIDCAP had no significant effect on total sleep time efficiency (TST%; p = .34); 2. mattress interventions had significant effects on TST% (p < .001); and active sleep efficiency (AS%; p = .006) but no significant effect on quiet sleep efficiency (QS%; p = .75); 3. cycled light increased TST (p = .02); and 4. cobedding had no significant effects on QS% and AS% (p = .63 and p = .88, respectively). LINKING EVIDENCE TO ACTION: Remolding mattresses and cycled light had significant effects on sleep promotion in preterm infants, but the quality of the evidence was very low. Further high-quality studies are needed to strengthen this evidence.


Asunto(s)
Recien Nacido Prematuro , Trastornos del Sueño del Ritmo Circadiano/terapia , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Unidades de Cuidado Intensivo Neonatal/organización & administración , Unidades de Cuidado Intensivo Neonatal/estadística & datos numéricos , Musicoterapia/normas
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