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1.
Front Public Health ; 10: 965872, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36238237

RESUMEN

Objective: This article aims to explore the association between the trends of cortisol rhythm and the regularity of shift work among midwives. Methods: Midwives from six Southeast Chinese hospitals were recruited through cluster sampling in a multi-center cross-sectional study. Urine samples were collected half an hour after waking up, at 11:00, 19:00, and 23:00 on two consecutive days in a longitudinal cohort. The urinary cortisol was assayed by the chemiluminescence method. Results: A total of 86 midwives were included in this study, contributing 688 cortisol samples. The midwives displayed a circadian rhythm in cortisol secretion, with zeniths in the morning and nadirs in the evening. The trend of the first day was repeated on the second day. Although the total working hours per week of the two groups, namely the regular shift group (N = 43) and the irregular shift group (N = 43), were the same, significant main effects of groups (F = 62.569, p < 0.001), time (F = 45.304, p < 0.001), and group-by-time interaction (F = 226.695, p < 0.001) were indicated through linear mixed models. The main effect of day was not statistically significant, with F = 0.105 and p = 0.746. The fluctuation range of cortisol curve in the group with irregular schedules was slightly lower than that in the group with regular schedules. Conclusion: Our results may indicate that cortisol was more inhibited in midwives with irregular shift patterns than those with regular shift patterns. It is necessary to further study the relationship between cortisol rhythm and patterns of midwives' shifts in future so as to lay a foundation for hospital managers to develop a more reasonable scheduling system for midwives with the further purpose to minimize their occupational fatigue and ensure the safety of mothers and infants.


Asunto(s)
Partería , Horario de Trabajo por Turnos , Ritmo Circadiano , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Hidrocortisona , Lactante , Embarazo , Saliva , Tolerancia al Trabajo Programado
2.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(20): 9753-9766, 2021 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514714

RESUMEN

Oridonin, a natural diterpenoid compound extracted from a Chinese herb, has been proved to exert anti-oxidative stress effects in various disease models. The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effects of oridonin on oxidative stress-induced endothelial injury in ischaemic stroke. We found oridonin repaired blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity presented with upregulation of tight junction proteins (TJ proteins) expression, inhibited the infiltration of periphery inflammatory cells and neuroinflammation and thereby reduced infarct volume in ischaemic stroke mice. Furthermore, our results showed that oridonin could protect against oxidative stress-induced endothelial injury via promoting nuclear translocation of nuclear factor-erythroid 2 related factor 2 (Nrf-2). The specific mechanism could be the activation of AKT(Ser473)/GSK3ß(Ser9)/Fyn signalling pathway. Our findings revealed the therapeutic effect and mechanism of oridonin in ischaemic stroke, which provided fundamental evidence for developing the extracted compound of Chinese herbal medicine into an innovative drug for ischaemic stroke treatment.


Asunto(s)
Diterpenos de Tipo Kaurano/farmacología , Endotelio/metabolismo , Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico/metabolismo , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Estrés Oxidativo/efectos de los fármacos , Transducción de Señal/efectos de los fármacos , Animales , Antiinflamatorios/farmacología , Biomarcadores , Barrera Hematoencefálica/metabolismo , Permeabilidad Capilar , Supervivencia Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Susceptibilidad a Enfermedades , Endotelio/efectos de los fármacos , Endotelio/patología , Glucosa/metabolismo , Glucógeno Sintasa Quinasa 3 beta/metabolismo , Inmunohistoquímica , Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico/etiología , Masculino , Ratones , Neuronas/efectos de los fármacos , Neuronas/metabolismo , Oxígeno/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt/metabolismo , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo
3.
Comput Biol Med ; 134: 104452, 2021 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33984751

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is prevalent in patients receiving atypical antipsychotic drugs (AADs), but there are few effective interventions. The Traditional Chinese herbal decoction Liu-Yu-Tang (LYT) has achieved clinical improvement for AAD-induced MetS, but its pharmacological mechanism remains unclear. METHOD: A network pharmacology-based method was utilized in this study. First, the TCMSP and SwissTargetPrediction database were used to acquire plasma-absorbed components and putative targets of LYT, respectively. Second, an interaction network between shared targets of LYT and MetS was constructed using STRING online tool. Topological analyses were performed to extract hub gene targets. Finally, we did a pathway analysis of gene targets using the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) to find biological pathways of LYT. RESULTS: We obtained 655 putative targets of LYT, 434 known targets of AADs, and 1577 MetS-related gene targets. There are 232 shared targets between LYT and MetS. Interaction network construction and topological analysis yielded 60 hub targets, of which 18 were major hub targets, among which IL-6, IL-8, TNF, PI3K, MAPK, and NF-κB (RELA) are the most important in LYT's treatment of AAD-induced MetS. Pathway enrichment analysis revealed a statistically high significance of the AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications, lipid and atherosclerosis and the insulin resistance pathway. CONCLUSIONS: LYT may control activities of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-8, TNF and the important signal transduction molecules PI3K, MAPKs, and NF-κB (RELA), regulating metabolic disturbance-related pathways like the AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications, lipid and atherosclerosis, and the insulin resistance pathway, generating therapeutic effects for AAD-induced MetS.


Asunto(s)
Antipsicóticos , Aterosclerosis , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Síndrome Metabólico , Antipsicóticos/farmacología , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/uso terapéutico , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional China , Síndrome Metabólico/inducido químicamente , Síndrome Metabólico/tratamiento farmacológico
4.
Jpn J Nurs Sci ; 17(4): e12357, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32588969

RESUMEN

AIM: Healthcare professionals who lack self-efficacy may fail to cope with stressful situations, which increases job burnout and turnout. Self-efficacy of midwives with high workload may affect the quality of service. However, little is known about midwives' self-efficacy and related factors. This study aimed to examine the level and influencing factors of self-efficacy among midwives, and to assess the relationships between their self-efficacy and job burnout. METHODS: This was a multi-center cross-sectional study involving 700 midwives from 33 hospitals in China. Data were collected by three self-administered questionnaires, including a socio-demographic questionnaire, General Self-Efficacy Scale and Maslach Burnout Inventory. Pearson correlation was utilized to analyze the association of self-efficacy with job burnout. A multiple linear regression model was performed to identify variables associated with midwives' self-efficacy. RESULTS: The score of self-efficacy among Chinese midwives was 24.34 ± 5.28. The incidence of job burnout was 52.9%. The influencing factors of self-efficacy among midwives were low personal accomplishment, emotional exhaustion, length of service, interest in the midwifery field, marital status and whether they came from a one-child family or not. CONCLUSIONS: Chinese midwives had a moderate level of self-efficacy which easily led to job burnout. Also, several personal-related and work-related factors would affect the self-efficacy of midwives. Nursing managers are called on to attach importance to self-efficacy of midwives and provide effective interventions to improve their self-efficacy.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , Partería , Niño , China , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Embarazo , Autoeficacia , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
5.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(3): 229-233, 2019 Mar.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30907345

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical effect of psychological and behavioral intervention combined with biofeedback in the treatment of preschool children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: Sixty children each with inattentive, hyperactive/impulsive or combined type ADHD were enrolled. According to the intervention measure, they were randomly divided into 4 groups: control, psychological and behavioral intervention, biofeedback treatment and comprehensive treatment (psychological and behavioral intervention + biofeedback). Attention concentration time and impulse/hyperactivity and hyperactivity index scores of the Conners Parent Symptom Questionnaire (PSQ) were evaluated after 4 months of treatment. RESULTS: The attention concentration time increased in all types children with ADHD after psychological and behavioral intervention, biofeedback treatment or comprehensive treatment (P<0.05). In children with inattentive ADHD, hyperactive/impulsive ADHD or combined-type ADHD, biofeedback or comprehensive treatment reduced the impulse/hyperactivity index score (P<0.05). In children with inattentive or combined-type ADHD, psychological and behavioral intervention or comprehensive treatment reduced the hyperactivity index score (P<0.05). In children with hyperactive/impulsive ADHD, biofeedback treatment, psychological and behavioral intervention or comprehensive treatment reduced the hyperactivity index score (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In children with ADHD, psychological and behavioral intervention combined with biofeedback treatment can improve the attention concentration and impulsive/hyperactive and hyperactive symptoms. The treatment strategies are slightly different for children with different types of ADHD.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad , Biorretroalimentación Psicológica , Preescolar , Humanos , Padres , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
6.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(3): 234-238, 2019 Mar.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30907346

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical effect of integrated sandplay therapy in preschool children with Asperger syndrome (AS). METHODS: A total of 44 preschool children with AS were randomly divided into an experimental group and a control group, with 22 children in each group. The children in the control group were given routine training, and those in the experimental group were given integrated sandplay therapy in addition to the routine training. The treatment response was assess by the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), emotional recognition tools and changes in sandplay theme characteristics after 6 months of treatment. RESULTS: Before intervention, there were no significant differences between the two groups in the total score of SRS, the score of each factor of SRS, and correct rates of facial expression recognition of the upright position, inverted position, upper face and lower face (P>0.05). After 6 months of intervention, both groups had significant reductions in the total score of SRS and the score of each factor of SRS (P<0.01); the control group had significant increases in the correct rates of facial expression recognition of all positions except the upright position (P<0.05), while the experimental group had significant increases in the correct rates of facial expression recognition of all positions (P<0.05). Compared with the control group after intervention, the experimental group had significantly lower total score of SRS and scores of all factors of SRS except social perception (P<0.01) and significantly higher correct rates of facial expression recognition of all positions (P<0.01). The experimental group had a significant change in the number of sandplay theme characteristics after intervention (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Integrated sandplay therapy can improve social responsiveness and emotion recognition ability in preschool children with AS.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome de Asperger , Preescolar , Emociones , Expresión Facial , Humanos , Ludoterapia
7.
Int J Nurs Pract ; 24(6): e12686, 2018 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30109750

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The high caesarean section rate is a prominent public health problem in China. AIM: This study aimed to determine the effects of midwife-led care during labour on birth outcomes for healthy primiparas. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: The Obstetrics Department of Fujian Provincial Maternity and Child Health Hospital. METHODS: A total of 666 primiparas in labour were randomly divided into an intervention and control group (333 in each group). The intervention group received a midwife-led model of care during labour. RESULTS: Data from 648 cases (331 intervention group and 317 control group) were analysed. The intervention group was less likely to experience caesarean section, postpartum haemorrhage, opiate analgesia, vaginal examinations, neonatal asphyxia, and neonatal hospitalization and was more likely to experience shorter length of labour and vaginal birth than the control group (all, P < 0.05). No differences were found in the number of artificial rupture of membranes and oxytocin use (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Midwife-led care can reduce the caesarean section rate, promote normal birth, improve birth outcomes, and promote maternal and child health.


Asunto(s)
Parto Obstétrico , Partería , Complicaciones del Trabajo de Parto/epidemiología , Trastornos Puerperales/epidemiología , Adulto , Cesárea , China , Femenino , Humanos , Trabajo de Parto , Paridad , Embarazo , Adulto Joven
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