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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 330: 118222, 2024 Aug 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38663778

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cinnamomum cassia Presl (Cinnamomum cassia) is a common traditional Chinese medicine, which can promote the secretion and digestion of gastric juice, improve the function of gastrointestinal tract. Cinnamaldehyde (CA) is a synthetic food flavoring in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to search for the active ingredient (CA) of inhibiting H. pylori from Cinnamomum cassia, and elucidate mechanism of action, so as to provide the experimental basis for the treatment of H. pylori infection with Cinnamomum cassia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It's in vitro and in vivo pharmacological properties were evaluated based on minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC), and an acute gastric inflammation model in mice infected with H. pylori. Drug safety was evaluated using the CCK8 method and high-dose administration in mice. The advantageous characteristics of CA in inhibiting H. pylori were confirmed using acidic conditions and in combination with the antibiotics. The mechanism underlying the action of CA on H. pylori was explored using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), adhesion experiments, biofilm inhibition tests, ATP and ROS release experiments, and drug affinity responsive target stability (DARTS) screening of target proteins. The protein function and target genes were verified by molecular docking and Real-Time quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR). RESULTS: The results demonstrated that CA was found to be the main active ingredient against H. pylori in Cinnamomum cassia in-vitro tests, with a MIC of 8-16 µg/mL. Moreover, CA effectively inhibited both sensitive and resistant H. pylori strains. The dual therapy of PPI + CA exhibited remarkable in vivo efficacy in the acute gastritis mouse model, superior to the standard triple therapy. DARTS, molecular docking, and qRT-PCR results suggested that the target sites of action were closely associated with GyrA, GyrB, AtpA, and TopA, which made DNA replication and transcription impossible, then leading to inhibition of bacterial adhesion and colonization, suppression of biofilm formation, and inhibition ATP and enhancing ROS. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated the suitability of CA as a promising lead drug against H. pylori, The main mechanisms can target GyrA ect, leading to reduce ATP and produce ROS, which induces the apoptosis of bacterial.


Asunto(s)
Acroleína , Antibacterianos , Cinnamomum aromaticum , Infecciones por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Pruebas de Sensibilidad Microbiana , Animales , Acroleína/análogos & derivados , Acroleína/farmacología , Helicobacter pylori/efectos de los fármacos , Cinnamomum aromaticum/química , Antibacterianos/farmacología , Ratones , Infecciones por Helicobacter/tratamiento farmacológico , Infecciones por Helicobacter/microbiología , Masculino , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Biopelículas/efectos de los fármacos
2.
Antimicrob Agents Chemother ; : e0031424, 2024 Apr 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38656185

RESUMEN

Currently, Helicobacter pylori eradication by antibiotic therapy faces various challenges, including antibiotic resistance, side effects on intestinal commensal bacteria, and patient compliance. In this study, loureirin A (LrA), a traditional Chinese medicine monomer extracted from Sanguis Draconis flavones, was found to possess specific antibacterial activity against H. pylori without the bacteria displaying a tendency to develop resistance in vitro. LrA demonstrated a synergistic or additive effect when combined with omeprazole (a proton pump inhibitor) against H. pylori. The combination of LrA and omeprazole showed promising anti-H. pylori potential, exhibiting notable in vivo efficacy comparable to standard triple therapy in mouse models infected with both drug-sensitive and drug-resistant H. pylori strains. Moreover, the narrow-spectrum antibacterial profile of LrA is reflected in its minimal effect on the diversity and composition of the mouse gut microbiota. The underlying mechanism of action of LrA against H. pylori involves the generation of bactericidal levels of reactive oxygen species, resulting in apoptosis-like cell death. These findings indicate that LrA is a promising lead compound targeting H. pylori without harming the commensal bacteria.

3.
Phytomedicine ; 128: 155512, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38460357

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The overproliferation of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) contributes to synovial hyperplasia, a pivotal pathological feature of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Shikonin (SKN), the active compound from Lithospermum erythrorhizon, exerts anti-RA effects by diverse means. However, further research is needed to confirm SKN's in vitro and in vivo anti-proliferative functions and reveal the underlying specific molecular mechanisms. PURPOSE: This study revealed SKN's anti-proliferative effects by inducing both apoptosis and autophagic cell death in RA FLS and adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) rat synovium, with involvement of regulating the AMPK/mTOR/ULK-1 pathway. METHODS: SKN's influences on RA FLS were assessed for proliferation, apoptosis, and autophagy with immunofluorescence staining (Ki67, LC3B, P62), EdU incorporation assay, staining assays of Hoechst, Annexin V-FITC/PI, and JC-1, transmission electron microscopy, mCherry-GFP-LC3B puncta assay, and western blot. In AIA rats, SKN's anti-arthritic effects were assessed, and its impacts on synovial proliferation, apoptosis, and autophagy were studied using Ki67 immunohistochemistry, TUNEL, and western blot. The involvement of AMPK/mTOR/ULK-1 pathway was examined via western blot. RESULTS: SKN suppressed RA FLS proliferation with reduced cell viability and decreased Ki67-positive and EdU-positive cells. SKN promoted RA FLS apoptosis, as evidenced by apoptotic nuclear fragmentation, increased Annexin V-FITC/PI-stained cells, reduced mitochondrial potential, elevated Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, and increased cleaved-caspase 3 and cleaved-PARP protein levels. SKN also enhanced RA FLS autophagy, featuring increased LC3B, reduced P62, autophagosome formation, and activated autophagic flux. Autophagy inhibition by 3-MA attenuated SKN's anti-proliferative roles, implying that SKN-induced autophagy contributes to cell death. In vivo, SKN mitigated the severity of rat AIA while also reducing Ki67 expression, inducing apoptosis, and enhancing autophagy within AIA rat synovium. Mechanistically, SKN modulated the AMPK/mTOR/ULK-1 pathway in RA FLS and AIA rat synovium, as shown by elevated P-AMPK and P-ULK-1 expression and decreased P-mTOR expression. This regulation was supported by the reversal of SKN's in vitro and in vivo effects upon co-administration with the AMPK inhibitor compound C. CONCLUSION: SKN exerted in vitro and in vivo anti-proliferative properties by inducing apoptosis and autophagic cell death via modulating the AMPK/mTOR/ULK-1 pathway. Our study revealed novel molecular mechanisms underlying SKN's anti-RA effects.


Asunto(s)
Proteínas Quinasas Activadas por AMP , Apoptosis , Artritis Experimental , Artritis Reumatoide , Homólogo de la Proteína 1 Relacionada con la Autofagia , Autofagia , Naftoquinonas , Transducción de Señal , Sinoviocitos , Serina-Treonina Quinasas TOR , Animales , Serina-Treonina Quinasas TOR/metabolismo , Apoptosis/efectos de los fármacos , Artritis Reumatoide/tratamiento farmacológico , Naftoquinonas/farmacología , Transducción de Señal/efectos de los fármacos , Autofagia/efectos de los fármacos , Homólogo de la Proteína 1 Relacionada con la Autofagia/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinasas Activadas por AMP/metabolismo , Ratas , Artritis Experimental/tratamiento farmacológico , Sinoviocitos/efectos de los fármacos , Sinoviocitos/metabolismo , Masculino , Proliferación Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Humanos , Ratas Sprague-Dawley
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(12): e37596, 2024 Mar 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518017

RESUMEN

Although Western Medicine is considered as the mainstream medicine in China, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) still has its own advantages and characteristics. The attitudes and behaviors to TCM are divided, some West Medicine Doctors prefer TCM during treatment, while others consider it not effective. The objective of this study is to find out the attitudes and treatment behaviors of Chengdu physicians toward TCM, and identify factors associated with their attitude and behaviors. A representative sample of 2049 Chengdu physicians were recruited online to investigate their attitudes and behaviors toward TCM. During this research, previous Integrative Medicine Attitude Questionnaire were referred and modified, and adjusted questionnaire was made based on the actual situation of TCM in Chengdu. This questionnaire contains 3 distinct parts. The first part aimed at the attitudes of respondents toward TCM, and contains 15 questions in 3 sections, Holism, Knowledge, and Evidence. The second part tried to determine the behaviors toward TCM in terms of self-use, recommendations, as well as prescriptions. In addition, 6 modalities including Chinese Patent Medicine, Chinese Herbal Medicine, Acupuncture, Massage & Bone Setting, Qigong, and TCM diet were introduced in the behavioral part. In the third part, we aimed to collect personal, professional, and structural factors that may significantly influence TCM attitudes and behaviors. Physicians hold positive attitudes toward TCM in general, all the mean/highest possible subscales scores value of Holism (90.53%), Knowledge (63.77%), and Evidence (62.73%) domain were over 60%. On the other hand, physicians were more positive on self-use (49.40%) and recommendation (55.98%) of TCM than giving TCM prescriptions (36.60%) to patients. The attitudes and behaviors toward may not be consistent, which means physicians may not give prescriptions to patients even they have good attitudes to TCM. Education and self-use of TCM are important positive factors that influence the behaviors of physicians.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Médicos , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional China , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
5.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 340, 2024 Mar 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38532375

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Assessment ability lies at the core of midwives' capacity to judge and treat clinical problems effectively. Influenced by the traditional teaching method of "teacher-led and content-based", that teachers involve imparting a large amount of knowledge to students and students lack active thinking and active practice, the clinical assessment ability of midwifery students in China is mostly at a medium or low level. Improving clinical assessment ability of midwifery students, especially critical thinking, is highly important in practical midwifery education. Therefore, we implemented a new teaching program, "typical case discussion and scenario simulation", in the Midwifery Health Assessment course. Guided by typical cases, students were organized to actively participate in typical case discussions and to promote active thinking and were encouraged to practice actively through scenario simulation. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of this strategy on the critical thinking ability of midwifery students. METHOD: A total of 104 midwifery students in grades 16-19 at the West China School of Nursing, Sichuan University, were included as participants through convenience sampling. All the students completed the Midwifery Health Assessment course in the third year of university. Students in grades 16 and 17 were assigned to the control group, which received routine teaching in the Midwifery Health Assessment, while students in grades 18 and 19 were assigned to the experimental group, for which the "typical case discussion and scenario simulation" teaching mode was employed. The Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory-Chinese Version (CTDI-CV) and Midwifery Health Assessment Course Satisfaction Questionnaire were administered after the intervention. RESULTS: After the intervention, the critical thinking ability of the experimental group was greater than that of the control group (284.81 ± 27.98 and 300.94 ± 31.67, p = 0.008). Furthermore, the experimental group exhibited higher scores on the four dimensions of Open-Mindedness (40.56 ± 5.60 and 43.59 ± 4.90, p = 0.005), Analyticity (42.83 ± 5.17 and 45.42 ± 5.72, p = 0.020), Systematicity (38.79 ± 4.70 and 41.88 ± 6.11, p = 0.006), and Critical Thinking Self-Confidence (41.35 ± 5.92 and 43.83 ± 5.89, p = 0.039) than did the control group. The course satisfaction exhibited by the experimental group was greater than that exhibited by the control group (84.81 ± 8.49 and 90.19 ± 8.41, p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: The "typical case discussion and scenario simulation" class mode can improve the critical thinking ability of midwifery students and enhance their curriculum satisfaction. This approach carries a certain degree of promotional significance in medical education.


Asunto(s)
Partería , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Humanos , Embarazo , Femenino , Partería/educación , Curriculum , Pensamiento , China
6.
Heliyon ; 10(5): e26898, 2024 Mar 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38439851

RESUMEN

Long noncoding RNA (lncRNAs) are involved in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC). Moxibustion, a traditional Chinese medicine, can improve symptoms in patients with UC and reduce intestinal inflammation in rats with UC. However, it remains unclear whether the ameliorative effect of moxibustion on intestinal mucosal inflammation in UC is related to lncRNAs. Thirty-two rats were randomly assigned to four groups: normal control, UC, moxibustion (MOX), and sulfasalazine (SASP). The UC rat model was induced by administering 4% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in drinking water. Rats in the moxibustion group underwent bilateral Tianshu (ST25) moxibustion using the herbs-partition moxibustion method. Rats in the sulfasalazine group received SASP solution via gavage twice daily for seven consecutive days. Our results revealed that, compared with the UC group [2.00 (1.00, 2.50)], the DAI score [0.25 (0.00, 0.50)] was significantly lower in the MOX group (P < 0.05). Compared with the UC group [13.00 (11.25, 14.00)], the histopathological score [5.50 (4.00, 7.75)] was significantly lower in the MOX group (P < 0.05). In addition, the CMDI and macroscopic scores were decreased in the MOX group (P < 0.05). Moxibustion significantly decreased the protein expression of inflammatory factors TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IL-1ß in the colonic tissues of UC rats (P <0.05), thereby suppressing the inflammatory response. Moreover, moxibustion exerted a regulatory influence on colon lncRNA and mRNA expression profiles, upregulating LOC108352929 and downregulating Phf11 in rats with UC (P <0.05). Moxibustion also led to a reduction in the expression and colocalization of Phf11 and NF-κB in the colons of UC rats. Moreover, knockdown of LOC108352929 in rat enteric glial cells demonstrated a significant upregulation of TNF-α mRNA expression (P <0.05). In summary, these data illustrate that moxibustion effectively ameliorates DSS-induced colonic injury and inflammation while exerting regulatory control over the lncRNA-mRNA co-expression network in UC rats. Collectively, the in vivo and in vitro studies suggested that LOC108352929-Phf11 may serve as a potential biological marker for moxibustion in the treatment of UC.

7.
Environ Geochem Health ; 46(3): 78, 2024 Feb 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38367092

RESUMEN

Industrial by-products are stored in large quantities in the open, leading to wasted resources and environmental pollution, and the natural environment is similarly faced with phosphate depletion and serious water and soil pollution. This study uses these by-products to produce a new sludge/biomass ash ceramsite that will be used to adsorb nitrogen and phosphorus from wastewater, and solidify heavy metals in the soil while releasing Olsen P. The sludge/biomass ash ceramsites are made using sewage sludge and biomass ash in a certain ratio calcined at high temperatures and modified for the adsorption of nitrogen and phosphorus from wastewater. Sludge/biomass ash ceramsites before and after phosphorus adsorption, biochar and biomass ash were compared to analyze their heavy metal adsorption capacity and potential as phosphate fertilizer. After phosphorus adsorption, the sludge/biomass ash ceramsites released effective phosphorus steadily and rapidly in the soil, with a greater initial release than biochar and biomass ash, and the ceramsites were in a granular form that could be easily recycled. Biochar and biomass residue, due to their surface functional groups, are better at solidifying heavy metals than sludge/biomass ash ceramsites. Biochar, biomass ash and sludge/biomass ash ceramsites significantly reduced the concentrations of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn in the soil. Correlation analysis demonstrated that there was a synergistic relationship between the increase in soil Olsen P content and the change in pH, with the increase in soil Olsen P content and the increase in pH contributing to heavy metal solidification.


Asunto(s)
Mezclas Complejas , Metales Pesados , Contaminantes del Suelo , Aguas del Alcantarillado/química , Aguas Residuales , Biomasa , Metales Pesados/análisis , Carbón Orgánico/química , Suelo/química , Fósforo/análisis , Fosfatos/análisis , Nitrógeno/análisis , Contaminantes del Suelo/análisis
8.
J Hazard Mater ; 467: 133763, 2024 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38359757

RESUMEN

Practical gas sensing application requires sensors to quantify target analytes with high sensitivity and reproducibility. However, conventional surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) sensor lacks reproducibility and quantification arising from variations of "hot spot" distribution and measurement conditions. Here, a ratio-dependent SERS sensor was developed for quantitative label-free gas sensing. Au@Ag-Au nanoparticles (NPs) were filtered onto anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) forming Au@Ag-Au@AAO SERS substrate. 4-MBA was encapsulated in the gap of Au@Ag-Au and served as the internal standard (IS) to calibrate SERS signal fluctuation for improved quantification ability. Combined with headspace sampling method, SO2 residue in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) can be extracted and captured on the immediate vicinity of Au@Ag-Au surface. The intensity ratio I613 cm-1/I1078 cm-1 showed excellent linearity within the range of 0.5 mg/kg-500 mg/kg, demonstrating superior quantification performance for SO2 detection. Signals for concentration as low as 0.05 mg/kg of SO2 could be effectively collected, much lower than the strictest limit 10 mg/kg in Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Combined with a handheld Raman spectrometer, handy and quantitative TCM quality evaluation in aspect of SO2 residue was realized. This ratiometric SERS sensor functioned well in rapid on-site SO2 quantification, exhibiting excellent sensitivity and simple operability.


Asunto(s)
Nanopartículas del Metal , Nanopartículas del Metal/química , Oro/química , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Plata/química , Medicina Tradicional China
9.
World J Gastroenterol ; 30(1): 91-107, 2024 Jan 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38293320

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The pathogenicity of Helicobacter pylori is dependent on factors including the environment and the host. Although selenium is closely related to pathogenicity as an environmental factor, the specific correlation between them remains unclear. AIM: To investigate how selenium acts on virulence factors and reduces their toxicity. METHODS: H. pylori strains were induced by sodium selenite. The expression of cytotoxin-associated protein A (CagA) and vacuolating cytotoxin gene A (VacA) was determined by quantitative PCR and Western blotting. Transcriptomics was used to analyze CagA, CagM, CagE, Cag1, Cag3, and CagT. C57BL/6A mice were infected with the attenuated strains subjected to sodium selenite induction, and H. pylori colonization, inflammatory reactions, and the cell adhesion ability of H. pylori were assessed. RESULTS: CagA and VacA expression was upregulated at first and then downregulated in the H. pylori strains after sodium selenite treatment. Their expression was significantly and steadily downregulated after the 5th cycle (10 d). Transcriptome analysis revealed that sodium selenite altered the levels affect H. pylori virulence factors such as CagA, CagM, CagE, Cag1, Cag3, and CagT. Of these factors, CagM and CagE expression was continuously downregulated and further downregulated after 2 h of induction with sodium selenite. Moreover, CagT expression was upregulated before the 3rd cycle (6 d) and significantly downregulated after the 5th cycle. Cag1 and Cag3 expression was upregulated and downregulated, respectively, but no significant change was observed by the 5th cycle. C57BL/6A mice were infected with the attenuated strains subjected to sodium selenite induction. The extent of H. pylori colonization in the stomach increased; however, sodium selenite also induced a mild inflammatory reaction in the gastric mucosa of H. pylori-infected mice, and the cell adhesion ability of H. pylori was significantly weakened. CONCLUSION: These results demonstrate that H. pylori displayed virulence attenuation after the 10th d of sodium selenite treatment. Sodium selenite is a low toxicity compound with strong stability that can reduce the cell adhesion ability of H. pylori, thus mitigating the inflammatory damage to the gastric mucosa.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Selenio , Animales , Ratones , Antígenos Bacterianos/genética , Proteínas Bacterianas/genética , Proteínas Bacterianas/metabolismo , Factores de Virulencia/genética , Factores de Virulencia/metabolismo , Selenito de Sodio/farmacología , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Citotoxinas , Infecciones por Helicobacter/metabolismo
10.
J Sci Food Agric ; 104(7): 3926-3935, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38252625

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Chinese mugwort (Artemisia argyi) possesses extensive pharmacological activities associated with anti-tumour, antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. The present study aimed to investigate the antioxidant and anti-ageing effects of A. argyi extract (AAE) on the fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) ageing model by detecting antioxidant enzyme activities and the mRNA level of antioxidant genes. RESULTS: AAE could significantly lengthen the mean lifespan, 50% survival days, and maximum lifespan of D. melanogaster, especially when the amount of AAE added reached 6.68 mg mL-1, the mean lifespan of both female and male flies increased by 23.74% and 22.30%, respectively, indicating the effective life extension effect of AAE. At the same time, AAE could improve the climbing ability and tolerance to hydrogen peroxide in D. melanogaster. In addition, the addition of AAE effectively increased the activities of copper-zinc-containing superoxide dismutase, manganese-containing superoxide dismutase and catalase in D. melanogaster and reduced the contents of malondialdehyde. Moreover, when reared with diets containing AAE, the expression of antioxidant-related genes SOD1, SOD2 and CAT was up-regulated in D. melanogaster and down-regulated for MTH genes. CONCLUSION: The study indicates that AAE effectively enhances the antioxidant capacity of D. melanogaster and has potential applications as an antioxidant and anti-ageing agent in the nutraceutical industry. © 2024 Society of Chemical Industry.


Asunto(s)
Artemisia , Drosophila melanogaster , Masculino , Femenino , Animales , Drosophila melanogaster/genética , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Longevidad , Envejecimiento , Suplementos Dietéticos
11.
Chemistry ; 30(13): e202400007, 2024 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38258423

RESUMEN

Modern nanodrug delivery technologies offer new approaches in the fight against cancer. However, due to the heterogeneity of tumors and side effects of anticancer drugs, monotherapies are less effective. Herein, we report a novel pH and light dual-responsive nanodrug delivery platform. The platform was formed by sulfonate-modified gold nanoparticles loaded with the anticancer drugs doxorubicin (DOX) and glucose oxidase (GOx) and then covered by water-soluble pillar[5]arene as a nanovalve. The nanovalve formed by the host-guest interaction between pillar[5]arene and the sulfonic acid group grafted onto the gold nanoparticle increased the drug loading capacity of the nanoplatform and enabled sustained release of the drug in a simulated weakly acidic tumor environment. The released GOx can consume intracellular glucose, namely, starvation therapy, while the generated hydrogen peroxide can further kill tumor cells, complementing DOX chemotherapy. Gold nanoparticles have good photothermal conversion ability and can enhance the drugs release rate under specific wavelengths of light irradiation. The results of in vitro and in vivo experiments showed that this novel nanodrug delivery platform has good biocompatibility and better therapeutic efficacy relative to monotherapy. This study successfully developed a combined chemo/starvation therapy strategy with good tumor suppression, providing a new approach for cancer treatment.


Asunto(s)
Antineoplásicos , Nanopartículas del Metal , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Humanos , Oro , Fototerapia , Sistemas de Liberación de Medicamentos , Antineoplásicos/farmacología , Antineoplásicos/uso terapéutico , Doxorrubicina/farmacología , Doxorrubicina/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias/tratamiento farmacológico , Liberación de Fármacos , Línea Celular Tumoral
12.
J Chromatogr A ; 1715: 464621, 2024 Jan 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38198876

RESUMEN

White tea contains the highest flavonoids compared to other teas. While there have been numerous studies on the components of different tea varieties, research explicitly focusing on the flavonoid content of white tea remains scarce, making the need for a good flavonoid purification process for white tea even more important. This study compared the adsorption and desorption performance of five types of macroporous resins: D101, HP20, HPD500, DM301, and AB-8. Among the tested resins, AB-8 was selected based on its best adsorption and desorption performance to investigate the static adsorption kinetics and dynamic adsorption-desorption purification of white tea flavonoids. The optimal purification process was determined: adsorption temperature 25 °C, crude tea flavonoid extract pH 3, ethanol concentration 80 %, sample loading flow rate and eluent flow rate 1.5 BV/min, and eluent dosage 40 BV. The results indicated that the adsorption process followed pseudo-second-order kinetics. Under the above purification conditions, the purity of the total flavonoids in the purified white tea flavonoid increased from approximately 17.69 to 46.23 %, achieving a 2.61-fold improvement, indicating good purification results. The purified white tea flavonoid can be further used for nutraceutical and pharmaceutical applications.


Asunto(s)
Flavonoides , Resinas Sintéticas , Flavonoides/análisis , Adsorción , Resinas Sintéticas/química , Extractos Vegetales/química , Resinas de Plantas ,
13.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 24(1): 43, 2024 Jan 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38245739

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes in amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) and degree centrality (DC) values before and after acupuncture in young women with non-menstrual migraine without aura (MWoA) through rest blood-oxygen-level-dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD fMRI). METHODS: Patients with non-menstrual MWoA (Group 1, n = 50) and healthy controls (Group 2, n = 50) were recruited. fMRI was performed in Group 1 at 2 time points: before acupuncture (time point 1, TP1); and after the end of all acupuncture sessions (time point 2, TP2), and performed in Group 2 as a one-time scan. Patients in Group 1 were assessed with the Migraine Disability Assessment Questionnaire (MIDAS) and the Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) at TP1 and TP2 after fMRI was performed. The ALFF and DC values were compared within Group 1 at two time points and between Group 1 and Group2. The correlation between ALFF and DC values with the statistical differences and the clinical scales scores were analyzed. RESULTS: Brain activities increased in the left fusiform gyrus and right angular gyrus, left middle occipital gyrus, and bilateral prefrontal cortex and decreased in left inferior parietal lobule in Group 1, which had different ALFF values compared with Group 2 at TP1. The bilateral fusiform gyrus, bilateral inferior temporal gyrus and right middle temporal gyrus increased and right angular gyrus, right superior marginal gyrus, right inferior parietal lobule, right middle occipital gyrus, right superior frontal gyrus, right middle frontal gyrus, right anterior central gyrus, and right supplementary motor area decreased in activity in Group 1 had different DC values compared with Group 2 at TP1. ALFF and DC values of right inferior temporal gyrus, right fusiform gyrus and right middle temporal gyrus were decreased in Group1 at TP1 compared with TP2. ALFF values in the left middle occipital area were positively correlated with the pain degree at TP1 in Group1 (correlation coefficient r, r = 0.827, r = 0.343; P < 0.01, P = 0.015). The DC values of the right inferior temporal area were positively correlated with the pain degree at TP1 in Group 1 (r = 0.371; P = 0.008). CONCLUSION: Spontaneous brain activity and network changes in young women with non-menstrual MwoA were altered by acupuncture. The right temporal area may be an important target for acupuncture modulated brain function in young women with non-menstrual MwoA.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Migraña sin Aura , Humanos , Femenino , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética/métodos , Lóbulo Occipital/diagnóstico por imagen , Dolor
14.
Food Chem ; 439: 138133, 2024 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38064841

RESUMEN

This study was the first to comprehensively investigate the metabolic mechanism of flavonoid glycosides (FGs) and their contribution to flavor evolution during white tea processing using quantitative descriptive analysis, metabolomics, dose-over-threshold factors and pseudo-first-order kinetics. A total of 223 flavonoids were identified. Total FGs decreased from 7.02 mg/g to 4.35 mg/g during processing, compared to fresh leaves. A total of 86 FGs had a significant impact on the flavor evolution and 9 key flavor FGs were identified. The FG biosynthesis pathway was inhibited during withering, while the degradation pathway was enhanced. This promoted the degradation of 9 key flavor FGs following pseudo-first-order kinetics during withering. The degradation of the FGs contributed to increase the taste acceptance of white tea from -4.18 to 1.32. These results demonstrated that water loss stress during withering induces the degradation of key flavor FGs, contributing to the formation of the unique flavor of white tea.


Asunto(s)
Camellia sinensis , Flavonoides , Flavonoides/análisis , Glicósidos/metabolismo , Camellia sinensis/metabolismo , Metabolómica/métodos , Té/metabolismo
15.
Mol Plant ; 17(1): 158-177, 2024 01 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37950440

RESUMEN

The Lamiaceae family is renowned for its terpenoid-based medicinal components, but Leonurus, which has traditional medicinal uses, stands out for its alkaloid-rich composition. Leonurine, the principal active compound found in Leonurus, has demonstrated promising effects in reducing blood lipids and treating strokes. However, the biosynthetic pathway of leonurine remains largely unexplored. Here, we present the chromosome-level genome sequence assemblies of Leonurus japonicus, known for its high leonurine production, and Leonurus sibiricus, characterized by very limited leonurine production. By integrating genomics, RNA sequencing, metabolomics, and enzyme activity assay data, we constructed the leonurine biosynthesis pathway and identified the arginine decarboxylase (ADC), uridine diphosphate glucosyltransferase (UGT), and serine carboxypeptidase-like (SCPL) acyltransferase enzymes that catalyze key reactions in this pathway. Further analyses revealed that the UGT-SCPL gene cluster evolved by gene duplication in the ancestor of Leonurus and neofunctionalization of SCPL in L. japonicus, which contributed to the accumulation of leonurine specifically in L. japonicus. Collectively, our comprehensive study illuminates leonurine biosynthesis and its evolution in Leonurus.


Asunto(s)
Lamiaceae , Leonurus , Leonurus/genética , Multiómica , Extractos Vegetales
17.
Altern Ther Health Med ; 30(1): 186-191, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37773671

RESUMEN

Objective: This meta-analysis aims to assess the efficacy of combining clotrimazole and metronidazole in the treatment of mixed infectious vaginitis (VA). The goal is to provide clinical guidance for future medication strategies. Methods: We conducted a comprehensive search of the literature database for studies involving the use of clotrimazole combined with metronidazole in the treatment of mixed infectious VA. After rigorous screening, eligible studies were subjected to meta-analysis using RevMan 5.3 software. Outcome measures included cure rates, recurrence rates, and the incidence of adverse reactions. Results: Six randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included, comprising 160 patients in the test group (treated with clotrimazole combined with metronidazole) and 160 patients in the control group (treated with alternative regimens). All selected studies were of high quality and possessed significant reference value. Meta-analysis results indicated that, in comparison to the control group, the test group exhibited a comparable incidence of adverse reactions (P > .05), higher cure rates, increased treatment satisfaction, and a lower recurrence rate (P < .05). Conclusions: The combination of clotrimazole and metronidazole is an effective treatment option for mixed infectious vaginitis, thus warranting recommendation.


Asunto(s)
Metronidazol , Vaginitis , Femenino , Humanos , Metronidazol/uso terapéutico , Clotrimazol/uso terapéutico , Vaginitis/tratamiento farmacológico , Resultado del Tratamiento
18.
Altern Ther Health Med ; 30(1): 192-197, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37773674

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the effects of thalassemia minor on the incidence of amniotic fluid abnormalities and the blood loss of pregnant women during delivery based on the database. Methods: PubMed, EMBASE, EBSCO, Web of Knowledge and Ovid databases were searched for articles on the incidence of amniotic fluid abnormalities and the amount of bleeding during delivery in pregnant women with mild thalassemia; it can also be combined with manual retrieval for literature review. The data retrieval period was from the establishment of the database to June 2022. According to the Newcastle Ottawa scale score, the quality of the six included literature was evaluated, and the Revman processing software was used for meta-analysis. Results: The 6 included articles are all high-quality literature, including 364 cases in the case group and 689 cases in the control group. The publication years of the literature are mainly from 2013 to 2021, and they are all high-quality literature. All literature was blinded, and a total of 4 pregnancy outcomes were extracted from the 6 included literature, including oligohydramnios/oligohydramnios, postpartum hemorrhage, preterm delivery, and cesarean section. Compared to normal pregnant women, the level of postpartum bleeding in thalassemia pregnant women was significantly increased [RR = 2.40, 95% CI (1.63-3.54), P < .05], and the difference was statistically significant. Compared to normal pregnant women, thalassemia pregnant women have a significantly higher risk of developing excessive/insufficient amniotic fluid [RR = 2.71, 95% CI (2.52-2.81), P < .01], and the difference is statistically significant. Compared to normal pregnant women, pregnant women with thalassemia have a significantly higher risk of premature birth [RR = 3.02, 95% CI (1.84~4.96), P < .05], and the difference is statistically significant. Compared to normal pregnant women, the risk of cesarean section in thalassemia pregnant women is significantly increased [RR = 1.68, 95% CI (1.39-2.02), P < .05], and the difference is statistically significant. Conclusion: Thalassemia minor can increase the incidence of amniotic fluid abnormalities and the amount of bleeding during labor. In the future, we should strengthen the health education of pregnant women, improve the understanding of the disease, avoid or reduce the impact of thalassemia on newborns, improve the pregnancy outcome, and provide a more reliable basis for clinical decision-making.However, there are still certain limitations: (1) the literature selected in the study for the past 5 years is relatively small, and they are all single center, retrospective studies, and have a small sample size, resulting in insufficient accuracy of the results of the meta-analysis; (2) Some literature lacks blind methods, which may lead to language bias and implementation bias in the results; (3) The research time is still short, and it has not been clear how different types of thalassemia affect abnormal amniotic fluid volume and postpartum bleeding.


Asunto(s)
Oligohidramnios , Complicaciones del Embarazo , Talasemia beta , Embarazo , Recién Nacido , Femenino , Humanos , Cesárea , Oligohidramnios/epidemiología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Incidencia , Líquido Amniótico
19.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 319(Pt 3): 117321, 2024 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37866465

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Zanthoxylum armatum DC. (ZADC) is a traditional medicinal plant with various pharmacological activities and is widely used in China, Japan, India, and other regions. Previous studies have revealed that the methanol extract of ZADC can cause neurotoxicity symptoms in rats, such as drooling, decreased appetite, decreased movement, and increased respiratory rate. However, the basis of these toxic substances and the mechanism of neurotoxicity remain unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the effects of ZADC on nerve cells and their damage mechanisms and discuss the possible toxic substance basis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ethyl acetate extract of ZADC is obtained by extracting the methanol extract of ZADC with ethyl acetate. The Q-Orbitrap LC-MS/MS method was employed to analyze the chemical composition of the EA extract of ZADC. SH-SY5Y cells were incubated with different concentrations of the ethyl acetate extract of ZADC. The cytotoxicity of the extract was evaluated using CCK-8, LDH, and ROS assays, and the oxidative stress status of cells was assessed using MDA, GSH, and SOD. Cell apoptosis was detected using flow cytometry. Damage to mitochondrial function was evaluated by labeling mitochondria, ATP, and MMP with fluorescence. Cyto-C, Caspase-3, Caspase-9, Apaf-1, Bax, and reduced Bcl2 expression were measured to evaluate the activation of the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway. Finally, NAC intervention was used to detect changes in the relevant indicators. The activation of mitochondrial apoptosis pathway was evaluated by measuring Cyto-C, Caspase-3, Caspase-9, Apaf-1, and Bax and Bcl2 expression. Finally, NAC intervention was utilized to detect changes in the relevant indicators. RESULTS: After treating SY-SY5Y cells with EA extract from ZADC, cell viability decreased significantly, and the intracellular ROS level increased in a dose-dependent manner. Meanwhile, ZADC can cause cellular oxidative stress and increase MDA and SOD concentrations while decreasing GSH concentrations. It can also shorten the mitochondrial cristae and decrease the number of mitochondria. In contrast, it can reduce ATP synthesis in the mitochondria and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP). Furthermore, it increased the apoptosis rate and the expression of Cyto-C, Caspase-3, Caspase-9, Apaf-1, and Bax and reduced Bcl2 expression. NAC intervention alleviated the reduction in SH-SY5Y cell survival and the accumulation of reactive oxygen species induced by the EA extract in ZADC. It also inhibits signaling pathways dominated by proteins, such as Cyto-C, reducing cell apoptosis and cytotoxicity. A total of 46 compounds were identified in the extracts. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that EA extract of ZADC can induce the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway by accumulating ROS in cells, leading to apoptosis. Antioxidants had a good inhibitory and protective effect against cell damage caused by the EA extract of ZADC. The neurotoxic components of ZADC may be organic acids and compounds containing amino groups.


Asunto(s)
Neuroblastoma , Zanthoxylum , Humanos , Animales , Ratas , Caspasa 3 , Caspasa 9 , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno , Cromatografía Liquida , Metanol , Proteína X Asociada a bcl-2 , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem , Mitocondrias , Apoptosis , Adenosina Trifosfato , Superóxido Dismutasa
20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38064604

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the effects of task-oriented biomechanical sensors-balance training on lower limb motor function and gait balance function in stroke patients with hemiplegia. Methods: Researchers divided 106 stroke patients with hemiplegia into observation and control groups. All received essential rehabilitation training treatment. The observation group's rehabilitation consisted of task-oriented biomechanical sensors-balance training. The modified Ashworth Scale score, FuGL-Meyer Motor Function Scale score, and other indicators measured the results of the two groups. Results: The Berg balance scale score and FuGL-Meyer Motor Function Scale score in the observation group were higher than in the control group (P < .05). The modified Ashworth Scale score of the triceps calf muscle in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P < .05). The observation group's step length, step frequency, maximum angle of hip extension, and knee flexion exceeded those of the control group. In contrast, the maximum angle of knee extension was smaller than those in the control group (P < .05). Conclusion: Basic rehabilitation training combined with task-oriented biomechanical perception-balance training can improve the lower limb motor function of stroke patients with hemiplegia.

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