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Medicinas Complementárias
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Int J Nurs Pract ; 24(6): e12686, 2018 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30109750


BACKGROUND: The high caesarean section rate is a prominent public health problem in China. AIM: This study aimed to determine the effects of midwife-led care during labour on birth outcomes for healthy primiparas. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: The Obstetrics Department of Fujian Provincial Maternity and Child Health Hospital. METHODS: A total of 666 primiparas in labour were randomly divided into an intervention and control group (333 in each group). The intervention group received a midwife-led model of care during labour. RESULTS: Data from 648 cases (331 intervention group and 317 control group) were analysed. The intervention group was less likely to experience caesarean section, postpartum haemorrhage, opiate analgesia, vaginal examinations, neonatal asphyxia, and neonatal hospitalization and was more likely to experience shorter length of labour and vaginal birth than the control group (all, P < 0.05). No differences were found in the number of artificial rupture of membranes and oxytocin use (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Midwife-led care can reduce the caesarean section rate, promote normal birth, improve birth outcomes, and promote maternal and child health.

Parto Obstétrico , Partería , Complicaciones del Trabajo de Parto/epidemiología , Trastornos Puerperales/epidemiología , Adulto , Cesárea , China , Femenino , Humanos , Trabajo de Parto , Paridad , Embarazo , Adulto Joven
Artículo en Chino | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312992


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the leptin resistance mechanism of Xiaoyan Decoction (XD) in lung cancer cachexia (LCC) rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>An LCC rat model was established. Totally 40 rats were randomly divided into the normal control group, the LCC model group, the XD group, and the positive control group, 10 in each group. After LCC model was set up, rats in the LCC model group were administered with normal saline, 2 mL each time. Rats in the XD group were administered with XD at the daily dose of 2 mL. Those in the positive control group were administered with Medroxyprogesterone Acetate suspension (20 mg/kg) by gastrogavage at the daily dose of 2 mL. All medication lasted for 14 days. The general condition and tumor growth were observed. Serum levels of leptin and leptin receptor in the hypothalamus were detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Contents of neuropeptide Y (NPY) and anorexia for genomic POMC were detected using real-time PCR technique.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Serum leptin levels were lower in the LCC model group than in the normal control group with statistical significance (P < 0.05). Compared with the LCC model groups, serum leptin levels significantly increased in the XD group (P < 0.01). Leptin receptor levels in the hypothalamus increased significantly in the LCC model group (P < 0.01). Increased receptor levels in the LCC model group indicated that either XD or Medroxyprogesterone Acetate could effectively reduce levels of leptin receptor with statistical significance (P < 0.01). There was also statistical difference between the XD group and the positive control group (P < 0.05). Contents of NPY was higher in the LCC model group than in the other groups with statistical difference (P < 0.05). There was no statistical difference in NPY between the normal control group and the rest 2 treatment groups (P > 0.05). There was statistical difference in POMC between the normal control group and the LCC model group (P < 0.05). POMC could be decreased in the XD group and the positive control group with statistical significance (P < 0.05), and it was more obviously decreased in the XD group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Leptin resistance existed in LCC rats. XD could increase serum leptin levels and reduce leptin receptor levels in the hypothalamus. LCC could be improved by elevating NPY contents in the hypothalamus and reducing POMC contents, promoting the appetite, and increasing food intake from the periphery pathway and the central pathway.</p>

Animales , Humanos , Ratas , Caquexia , Quimioterapia , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Usos Terapéuticos , Ingestión de Alimentos , Hipotálamo , Metabolismo , Leptina , Metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Neuropéptido Y , Metabolismo , Distribución Aleatoria , Ratas Sprague-Dawley