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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 328: 118059, 2024 Jun 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508430

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Psoriasis is characterized by hyperkeratosis that produces the classic silvery scales, and the pathogenesis of psoriasis involves abnormal proliferation of keratinocytes. Emerging evidence supports that apoptosis regulates keratinocyte proliferation and formation of stratum corneum, which maintains the homeostasis of the skin. Qinzhuliangxue mixture (QZLX) is a representative formula for the treatment of psoriasis, which was earliest recorded in the classic Chinese medicine book Xia's Surgery. In our previous clinical studies, QZLX demonstrated 83.33% efficacy with few side effects in the treatment of psoriasis. Furthermore, our published basic research has also proved that the QZLX mixture effectively inhibits the hyperproliferation of keratinocytes, thus exerting therapeutic effects on psoriasis. However, whether QZLX mixture can regulate keratinocytes apoptosis requires further clarification. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY: To investigate the mechanism of QZLX in the treatment of psoriasis from the perspective of keratinocyte apoptosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, psoriasis-like mice with imiquimod (IMQ)-induced were given QZLX intragastric administration and Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI) scores were recored for 11 consecutive days to appraise the efficacy. Then, tissue samples were collected for transcriptome analysis. The DEseq2 method detected significantly differentially expressed genes (DEGs), Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) Pathway databases were used to analyze the functions and pathway enrichment of DEGs. After that, the therapeutic mechanisms of QZLX in intervening with psoriasis were explored using TUNEL, immunohistochemical staining, and western blotting. RESULTS: QZLX ameliorated the symptoms and pathological characteristics of IMQ-induced psoriasis in mice. The epidermal cell hyperplasia in the skin was inhibited, in accordance with the suppressed expression of PCNA and Ki67 after treatment. Transcriptome sequencing showed that melanoma differentiation associated gene-5 (MDA-5) was downregulated. GO and KEGG enrichment analysis of the signaling pathways indicated that the differentially expressed genes were significantly enriched in apoptosis pathways. Besides, QZLX treatment decreased the apoptosis of keratinocyte as shown by reduced TUNEL-positive cells. As MDA-5 protein levels decreased, so did the expression of the downstream protein Caspase-8, which indicates that the apoptotic pathway was triggered. Furthermore, QZLX therapy might also help to balance the apoptotic Bcl-2 family expression. CONCLUSION: QZLX restrains the apoptosis of keratinocyte in psoriasis-like mice by downregulating the MDA-5 pathway. The restoration of the balance between cell apoptosis and proliferation in the skin may lead to considerable psoriasis relief. Our study reveals the possible molecular processes behind the effects of QZLX therapy on the skin lesions of psoriasis, and lends support to its clinical efficacy.


Asunto(s)
Psoriasis , Enfermedades de la Piel , Animales , Ratones , Psoriasis/patología , Piel , Queratinocitos , Enfermedades de la Piel/metabolismo , Imiquimod , Proliferación Celular , Hiperplasia/patología , Apoptosis , Ratones Endogámicos BALB C , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad
2.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 49(3): 274-282, 2024 Mar 25.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38500324

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on the changes of behavior and hippocampal inflammatory factors in rats with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), so as to explore its possible mechanisms in the treatment of CFS. METHODS: Twenty-seven SD rats were randomly divided into control, model and electroacupuncture (EA) groups (n=9 rats in each group). The CFS model was established by multi-factor compound stress stimulation method. Rats of the EA group received EA (10 Hz) at "Shenting" (GV24) penetrating "Baihui" (GV20), "Dazhui" (GV14) for 15 min, twice a day for 14 days. The general conditions, Morris water maze test, open field test, the exhausted running platform were conducted for determining the rats' locomotor and learning-memory activities. H.E. staining was used to observe the morphological structure of neurons in hippocampal CA1 region. The contents of interleukin (IL)-10, IL-17 and transforming growth factor (TGF) ß1 in hippocampus and serum of rats were detected by ELISA, and the positive expressions of IL-10, IL-17 and TGF-ß1 in hippocampal CA1 region were detected by immunofluorescence staining. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the score of general condition was increased (P<0.05), the escape latency was prolonged (P<0.05), the number of crossing the original platform was decreased (P<0.05), the numbers of crossing the grid and entering the central area were increased (P<0.05), and the exhaustive treadmill time was shortened (P<0.05) in the model group. The contents of IL-10 in the hippocampus and serum were decreased (P<0.05), while IL-17 and TGF-ß1 contents were increased (P<0.05). The immunofluorescence intensity of IL-10 in the hippocampus was decreased (P<0.05), while the intensity of IL-17 and TGF-ß1 were increased (P<0.05). After treatment, compared with the model group, the score of general condition was decreased (P<0.05), the escape latency was shortened (P<0.05), the number of crossing the original platform was increased (P<0.05), the numbers of crossing the grid and entering the central area were decreased (P<0.05), and the exhaustive treadmill time was prolonged (P<0.05) in the EA group. The contents of IL-10 in the hippocampus and serum were increased (P<0.05), while IL-17 and TGF-ß1 levels were decreased (P<0.05). The immunofluorescence intensity of IL-10 in the hippocampus was increased (P<0.05), while the intensity of IL-17 and TGF-ß1 were decreased (P<0.05). H.E. staining showed that in the model group, the number of neurons in the hippocampus decreased, with disordered arrangement and loose structure, and a small numbers of neuronal nuclei were missing. The degree of tissue damage of the EA group was milder than that of the model group. CONCLUSIONS: EA can alleviate fatigue and spatial learning and memory impairment in CFS rats, which may be related to the regulation of peripheral and central inflammation.


Asunto(s)
Electroacupuntura , Síndrome de Fatiga Crónica , Ratas , Animales , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Interleucina-10 , Síndrome de Fatiga Crónica/terapia , Interleucina-17/genética , Factor de Crecimiento Transformador beta1/genética , Hipocampo
3.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 24(1): 114, 2024 Mar 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454410

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common respiratory disease and the third leading cause of death worldwide. Previous evidence has shown that acupuncture may be an effective complementary alternative therapy for stable COPD. However, large-sample, rigorously designed long-term follow-up studies still need to be completed. Notably, the relationship between the frequency of acupuncture and clinical efficacy in studies on acupuncture for stable COPD still needs further validation. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for stable COPD and further investigate the dose-effect relationship of acupuncture. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial that uses central randomization to randomly allocate 550 participants in a 1:1:1:1:1 ratio to once a week acupuncture group, twice a week acupuncture group, three times a week acupuncture group, sham acupuncture group and waiting-list control group. The sham acupuncture group will receive placebo acupuncture treatments three times per week, and the waiting-list control group will not receive any form of acupuncture intervention. The study consists of a 2-week baseline, 12-week of treatment, and 52-week of follow-up. Patients with COPD between 40 to 80 years old who have received stable Western medication within the previous 3 months and have had at least 1 moderate or severe acute exacerbation within the past 1 year will be included in the study. Basic treatment will remain the same for all participants. The primary outcome is the proportion of responders at week 12. Secondary outcomes include the proportion of responders at week 64, change in the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) Scale, change in the Modified-Medical Research Council (mMRC) Scale, change in the COPD Assessment Test (CAT) Scale, change in the Lung Function Screening Indicators (LFSI), change in the 6-min walk distance (6-MWD), change in Short-Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) Scale, the number of moderate and severe acute exacerbations and adverse event rate during the follow-up period. DISCUSSION: This study will provide robust evidence on whether acupuncture is safe and effective for treating stable COPD. Meanwhile, comparing the differences in efficacy between different acupuncture frequencies will further promote the optimization of acupuncture for stable COPD. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR2200058757), on April 16, 2022.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica , Humanos , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/tratamiento farmacológico , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Estudios Multicéntricos como Asunto
4.
Microbiol Spectr ; 12(4): e0242523, 2024 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38470484

RESUMEN

Tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels & Gilg (TDG) has been recently planted in reclaimed lands in Zhejiang Province, China, to increase reclaimed land use. Winter cold stress seriously limits the growth and development of TDG and has become the bottleneck limiting the TDG planting industry. To investigate the defense mechanisms of TDG toward winter cold stress when grown on reclaimed land, a combined analysis of soil bacterial communities, metabolites, and physicochemical properties was conducted in this study. Significant differences were observed in the composition of soil bacterial communities, metabolites, and properties in soils of a cold-tolerant variety (A201201) compared with a cold-intolerant variety (B201810). The fresh weight (75.8% of tubers) and dry weight (73.6%) of A201201 were significantly higher than those of B201810. The 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing of soil bacteria showed that Gp5 (25.3%), Gemmatimonas (19.6%), Subdivision3 (16.7%), Lacibacterium (11.9%), Gp4 (11.8%), Gp3 (10.4%), Gp6 (7.0%), and WPS-1 (1.2%) were less common, while Chryseolinea (10.6%) were more common in A201201 soils than B201810 soils. Furthermore, linear discriminant analysis of effect size identified 35 bacterial biomarker taxa for both treatments. Co-occurrence network analyses also showed that the structures of the bacterial communities were more complex and stable in A201201 soils compared to B201810 soils. In addition, ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry analysis indicated the presence of significantly different metabolites in the two soil treatments, with 10 differentially expressed metabolites (DEMs) (8 significantly upregulated by 9.2%-391.3% and 2 significantly downregulated by 25.1%-73.4%) that belonged to lipids and lipid-like molecules, organic acids and derivatives, and benzenoids. The levels of those DEMs were significantly correlated with the relative abundances of nine bacterial genera. Also, redundancy discriminant analysis revealed that the main factors affecting changes in the bacterial community composition were available potassium (AK), microbial biomass nitrogen (MBN), microbial biomass carbon (MBC), alkaline hydrolysis nitrogen (AHN), total nitrogen (TN), available phosphorus (AP), and soil organic matter (SOM). The main factors affecting changes in the metabolite profiles were AK, MBC, MBN, AHN, pH, SOM, TN, and AP. Overall, this study provides new insights into the TDG defense mechanisms involved in winter cold stress responses when grown on reclaimed land and practical guidelines for achieving optimal TDG production.IMPORTANCEChina has been undergoing rapid urbanization, and land reclamation is regarded as a viable option to balance occupation and compensation. In general, the quality of reclaimed land cannot meet plant or even cultivation requirements due to poor soil fertility and high gravel content. However, Tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels & Gilg (TDG), extensively used in Chinese herbal medicine, can grow well in stony soils with few nutrients. So, to increase reclaimed land use, TDG has been cultivated on reclaimed lands in Zhejiang Province, China, recently. However, the artificial cultivation of TDG is often limited by winter cold stress. The aim of this study was to find out how TDG on reclaimed land deal with winter cold stress by looking at the bacterial communities, metabolites, and physicochemical properties of the soil, thereby guiding production in practice.


Asunto(s)
Respuesta al Choque por Frío , Suelo , Suelo/química , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Bacterias/genética , Nitrógeno , Carbono/análisis
5.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 44(2): 231-238, 2024 Feb 12.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38373773

RESUMEN

To analyze the research hotspots, frontiers and trends of fire needle clinical randomized controlled trial (RCT) literature in the past 10 years by using bibliometrics and knowledge mapping methods. Six Chinese and English databases including CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed and Web of Science ( WOS ) were searched for RCT research literature on fire needle. CiteSpace V6.1.R6 and VOSviewer V1.6.18 software were used to analyze the cooperation network, keyword co-occurrence, keyword clustering, keyword timeline, keyword emergence, etc., and to draw a visual knowledge map. A total of 1 973 Chinese articles and 3 English articles were included. The top three institutions that publish articles were Guangzhou University of CM, Heilongjiang University of CM and Beijing Hospital of TCM Affiliated to Capital Medical University. The fire needle was often combined with acupuncture, cupping and bloodletting therapy in the treatment of acne, vitiligo, lumbar disc herniation, herpes zoster, stroke sequelae, facial paralysis, knee osteoarthritis and so on. The research frontiers included the combined application of fire needle and other therapies, clinical mechanism research and efficacy evaluation index research. In the future, we should expand the dominant diseases, optimize the research design, strengthen the cooperation between the teams, and carry out high-level clinical research.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Herpes Zóster , Humanos , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Agujas , Venodisección , Bibliometría
6.
Am J Chin Med ; 52(1): 1-33, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38351701

RESUMEN

Obesity is a common metabolic syndrome that causes a significant burden on individuals and society. Conventional therapies include lifestyle interventions, bariatric surgery, and pharmacological therapies, which are not effective and have a high risk of adverse events. Acupuncture is an effective alternative for obesity, it modulates the hypothalamus, sympathetic activity and parasympathetic activity, obesity-related hormones (leptin, ghrelin, insulin, and CCK), the brain-gut axis, inflammatory status, adipose tissue browning, muscle blood flow, hypoxia, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) to influence metabolism, eating behavior, motivation, cognition, and the reward system. However, hypothalamic regulation by acupuncture should be further demonstrated in human studies using novel techniques, such as functional MRI (fMRI), positron emission tomography (PET), electroencephalogram (EEG), and magnetoencephalography (MEG). Moreover, a longer follow-up phase of clinical trials is required to detect the long-term effects of acupuncture. Also, future studies should investigate the optimal acupuncture therapeutic option for obesity. This review aims to consolidate the recent improvements in the mechanism of acupuncture for obesity as well as discuss the future research prospects and potential of acupuncture for obesity.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Obesidad , Humanos , Obesidad/etiología , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Tejido Adiposo , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética/métodos
7.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 326: 117883, 2024 May 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38331120

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a prevalent chronic inflammatory skin disorder that poses a significant global health challenge. There is a lack of safe and effective medications to treat AD. Astragalus membranaceous is a traditional Chinese medicine widely used in clinical treatment of skin diseases. Calycosin (CA), derived from the root of Astragalus membranaceous, exhibits dual attributes of anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, suggesting its promise for addressing cutaneous inflammation. Nonetheless, the precise mechanisms underlying CA's therapeutic actions in AD remain elusive. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of CA in treating AD while also delving into the mechanistic underpinnings of CA's action in AD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cell viability and anti-inflammatory impacts of CA in vitro were first gauged using CCK-8 and RT-qPCR. The potential mechanisms of CA were then probed using modular pharmacology. Flow cytometry was employed to ascertain the differentiation of Treg and Th17 cells derived from naïve T cells, as well as the proportions and mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of human iTreg cells. The expressions of IL-10 and TGF-ß1 were measured and Treg suppression assay was performed. The in vivo therapeutic efficacy of topical CA application was assessed using a calcipotriol (MC903)-induced AD mouse model. The expression metrics of inflammatory cytokines, IL-17A, FOXP3, and RORγt were authenticated via immunohistochemistry, RT-qPCR, Western blot, and ELISA. RESULTS: CA exhibited a favorable safety profile and reduced the mRNA expressions of Th2 inflammatory cytokines in HaCaT cells. Modular pharmacology analysis pinpointed Th17 differentiation as the pivotal mechanism behind CA's therapeutic effect on AD. In vitro, CA fostered the differentiation of naïve T cells into Tregs while inhibiting their differentiation into Th17 cells. Furthermore, CA augmented the proliferation of human iTregs. In vivo, CA alleviated skin manifestations and decreased the levels of inflammatory mediators (IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, TSLP, and NF-κB related cytokines) in AD-like mouse models. Simultaneously, it regulated Treg/Th17 balance through suppressing IL-17A and RORγt expressions and bolstering FOXP3 expression. CONCLUSIONS: The study provides insights into the mechanistic pathways through which CA exerts its anti-inflammatory effects, particularly through promoting Treg cell differentiation and inhibiting Th17 cell differentiation. Furthermore, CA emerges as an alternative or adjunctive treatment strategy for managing AD.


Asunto(s)
Dermatitis Atópica , Isoflavonas , Animales , Ratones , Humanos , Dermatitis Atópica/inducido químicamente , Interleucina-17 , Miembro 3 del Grupo F de la Subfamilia 1 de Receptores Nucleares , Linfocitos T Reguladores , Citocinas/metabolismo , Antiinflamatorios/efectos adversos , Diferenciación Celular , Inflamación/tratamiento farmacológico , Factores de Transcripción Forkhead/metabolismo , Células Th17
8.
Int J Biochem Cell Biol ; 169: 106550, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38340949

RESUMEN

Tujia ethnomedicine Xuetong (the stems of Kadsura heteroclita) have been widely used in folk for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), which can alleviate rheumatic pain through liquor soaking in folk. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the pharmacological effects and underlying mechanism of Xuetongsu (a key chemical component of Xuetong) on bone destruction. In our previous study, it was found that Xuetong extract can reduce adjuvant arthritic rats paw swelling and inhibit inflammatory factors in serum. Furthermore, Xuetongsu has been demonstrated to inhibit the proliferation of fibroblast-like synoviocytes, but its potential to inhibit bone destruction has not been explored. To address this, we employed the STRING database to predict protein interactions and utilized Autodock software to simulate the binding of Xuetongsu to target proteins. In this study, administration of Xuetongsu significantly alleviated paw swelling and bone destruction in C57BL/6 mice with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). Mechanistic studies have indicated that Xuetongsu promotes apoptosis of mature osteoclasts in joint tissues by activating Caspase-3 and Bax, while inhibiting Bcl-2. Additionally, Xuetongsu inhibits osteoclast differentiation by suppressing RANKL, RANK, P-NF-κB, and NFATc1, and reduces bone resorption activity by inhibiting MMP-9, CTSK, and TRAP. Importantly, Xuetongsu exhibits good biocompatibility in major organs of mice. In summary, Xuetongsu has the potential to treat bone destruction by promoting apoptosis of mature osteoclasts, inhibiting osteoclast differentiation, and reducing bone resorption. This study reveals the pharmacological effects of Xuetongsu and its mechanism of action, which may contribute to the development of novel approaches for treating RA.


Asunto(s)
Artritis Experimental , Artritis Reumatoide , Resorción Ósea , Ratones , Ratas , Animales , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Artritis Experimental/tratamiento farmacológico , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Resorción Ósea/tratamiento farmacológico , Ligando RANK/metabolismo , Diferenciación Celular
9.
Chin Med ; 19(1): 22, 2024 Feb 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38311790

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Expansins (EXP) are important enzymes that are involved in the extension of plant cells and regulation of root configurations, which play important roles in resisting various stresses. As a model medicinal plant, Salvia miltiorrhiza is well recognized for treating coronary heart disease, myocardial infection, and other cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases; however, the SmEXP gene family has not yet been analyzed. METHODS: The SmEXP family was systematically analyzed using bioinformatics. Quantitative real-time PCR was employed to analyze the tissue expression patterns of the SmEXP family, as well as its expression under abscisic acid (ABA) treatment and abiotic stress. Subcellular localization assay revealed the localization of SmEXLA1, SmEXLB1, and SmEXPA2. RESULTS: This study identified 29 SmEXP that belonged to four different subfamilies. SmEXP promoter analysis suggested that it may be involved in the growth, development, and stress adaptation of S. miltiorrhiza. An analysis of the expression patterns of SmEXP revealed that ABA, Cu2+, and NaCl had regulatory effects on its expression. A subcellular localization assay showed that SmEXLA1 and SmEXLB1 were located on the nucleus and cell membrane, while SmEXPA2 was located on the cell wall. CONCLUSION: For this study, the SmEXP family was systematically analyzed for the first time, which lays a foundation for further elucidating its physiological and biological functionality.

10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(1): 26-38, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403335

RESUMEN

The 29 plant species in the Kadsura genus of the Schisandraceae family are mainly distributed in eastern and southeas-tern Asia. Ten species of plants in this genus are distributed in China, some of which are folk medicinal plants with activating blood circulation, relieving pain, dispelling wind, and dehumidifying effects. Their main constituents are lignans and triterpenes. The current pharmacology and clinical studies have shown that their extracts and constituents have anti-rheumatoid arthritis, liver protection, antioxidation, anti-inflammatory, and other biological activities. The rheumatologic and liver diseases can also be treated with the plants in the clinic. The new chemical constituents reported in the last decade(2012 to date) from the plants of Kadsura genus in China, as well as their pharmacological effects and clinical applications in recent years were reviewed, so as to provide a theoretical basis for further research on the genus.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Kadsura , Lignanos , Plantas Medicinales , Lignanos/farmacología , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , China , Extractos Vegetales , Fitoquímicos , Etnofarmacología
11.
Heliyon ; 10(4): e26063, 2024 Feb 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38380039

RESUMEN

Accumulating evidence has highlighted a strong association between gut microbiota and the occurrence, development, prevention, and treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD). The regulation of gut microbial dysbiosis by oral traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has garnered significant attention. In the treatment of AD, the TCM formula Qingre-Qushi Recipe (QRQS) has demonstrated clinical efficacy. However, both the therapeutic mechanisms of QRQS and its impact on gut microbiota remain unclear. Thus, our study aimed to assess the efficacy of QRQS and evaluate its influence on the composition and diversity of gut microbiota in AD animal models. First, we investigated the therapeutic effect of QRQS on AD using two animal models: filaggrin-deficient mice (Flaky tail, ft/ft) and MC903-induced AD-like mice. Subsequently, we explored its influence on the composition and diversity of gut microbiota. Our results demonstrated that QRQS treatment ameliorated the symptoms in both ft/ft mice and MC903-induced AD-like mice. It also reduced the levels of serum IgE and pro-inflammatory cytokines, including IL-1ß, IL-4, IL-5, IL-9, IL-13, IL-17A, and TNF-α. Furthermore, QRQS remarkably regulated gut microbiota diversity by increasing Lactobacillaceae and decreasing Bacteroidales. The inflammatory factors in peripheral serum of ft/ft mice showed a close correlation with gut microbiota, as determined using the Spearman correlation coefficient. Additionally, PICRUSt analysis revealed an enrichment in ascorbate and aldarate metabolism, fatty acid metabolism and biosynthesis, and propanoate metabolism in the QRQS group compared to the ft/ft group. Finally, we identified liquiritin as the primary active ingredient of QRQS using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry (UPLC-HRMS). Our findings revealed that QRQS improved AD-like symptoms and alleviated skin inflammation in ft/ft and MC903-induced mice. This suggests that modulating the gut microbiota may help elucidate its anti-inflammation activation mechanism, highlighting a new therapeutic strategy that targets the intestinal flora to prevent and treat AD.

12.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 262(Pt 1): 129707, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38272416

RESUMEN

In this study, three pectin polysaccharides BP1, BP2 and BP3, were purified from blueberries. The weight-average molecular weight (Mw) of BP1, BP2, and BP3 were detected to be 9.027 × 104, 9.313 × 104, and 1.223 × 106 Da, respectively. The structures of the three pectin polysaccharides were characterized and compared based on the results of molecular weight, monosaccharide composition, GC-MS and NMR analysis. Structural characterization revealed that BP1, BP2, and BP3 all contain homogalacturonan (HG) and rhamnogalacturonan I (RG-I) domains, and the rhamnose residues in RG-I domains are substituted at C-4 with side chains such as araban and galactosan. BP2 had the highest degree of esterification and HG domain ratio, followed by BP3 and BP1. In addition, BP1, BP2 and BP3 showed great antioxidant and antibacterial activities, and could destroy the cell membrane of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Moreover, the better DPPH and ABTS free radical scavenging and antibacterial activities of BP1 and BP2 than BP3 might be related to their lower molecular weight. The results of this study will provide essential information for the structure-activity relationship of pectin polysaccharides and research basis for development and application of blueberry pectin polysaccharides.


Asunto(s)
Antioxidantes , Arándanos Azules (Planta) , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Pectinas/farmacología , Pectinas/química , Polisacáridos/química , Monosacáridos/análisis
13.
Chem Biodivers ; 21(2): e202301383, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38212902

RESUMEN

Herba Epimedii is widely used to promote bone healing, and their active ingredients are total flavonoids of Epimedium (TFE). Ras homolog gene family member A / Rho-associated protein kinase (RhoA/Rock), an important pathway regulating the cytoskeleton, has been proven to affect bone formation. However, whether TFE promotes bone healing via this pathway remains unclear. In this study, the therapeutic effects of TFE were estimated using micro-computed tomography and hematoxylin and eosin staining of pathological sections. F-actin in osteoblasts was stained to investigate the protective effects of TFE on the cytoskeleton. Its regulatory effects on the RhoA/Rock1 pathway were explored using RT-qPCR and Western blot analysis. Besides, flow cytometry, alkaline phosphatase and nodule calcification staining were performed to evaluate the effects on osteogenesis. The bone healing in rats was improved, the cytoskeletal damage in osteoblasts was reduced, the RhoA/Rock1 pathway was downregulated, and osteogenesis was enhanced after TFE treatment. Thus, TFE can promote bone formation at least partially by regulating the expression of key genes and proteins in the cytoskeleton. The findings of this study provided evidence for clinical applications and would contribute to a better understanding of Epimedium's mechanisms in treating bone defects.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Ratas , Animales , Microtomografía por Rayos X , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/uso terapéutico , Osteogénesis , Citoesqueleto
14.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 325: 117750, 2024 May 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38216100

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Herbal formulas from Traditional Chinese Medicine are common and well-established practice for treating acute pancreatitis (AP) patients. However, little is known about their bioactive ingredients and mechanisms, such as their targets and pathways to inhibit inflammation. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Qing Xia Jie Yi Formula (QXJYF) granules on AP and discuss the molecular mechanisms involved. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Major compounds in QXJYF granules were identified using UPLC-quadrupole-Orbitrap mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-Orbitrap MS). The effect of QXJYF granules on experimental AP models both in vitro and in vivo, and detailed mechanisms were clarified. Two AP models were induced in mice by intraperitoneally injections of caerulein or L-arginine, and QXJYF granules were used to treat AP mice in vivo. Histological evaluation of pancreas and lung, serum amylase and lipase levels, serum inflammatory cytokines, inflammatory cell infiltration and macrophage phenotype were assessed. Bone marrow derived macrophages (BMDMs) were cultured and treated with QXJYF granules in vitro. BMDM phenotype and glycolysis levels were measured. Lastly, clinical effect of QXJYF granules on AP patients was verified. Predicted severe AP (pSAP) patients eligible for inclusion were assessed for enrollment. RESULTS: Nine major compounds were identified in QXJYF granules. Data showed that QXJYF granules significantly alleviated AP severity both in caerulein and L-arginine-induced AP models in vivo, pancreatic injury and inflammatory cell infiltration, systematic inflammation, lung injury and inflammatory cell infiltration were all improved after QXJYF treatment. QXJYF granules significantly reduced M1 macrophages during AP both in vivo and in vitro; besides, the mRNA expression levels of M1 genes such as inos, Tnfα, Il1ß and Il6 were significantly lower after QXJYF treatment in M1 macrophages. Mechanistically, we found that HK2, PFKFB3, PKM, LDHα levels were increased in M1 macrophages, but significantly decreased after QXJYF treatment. Clinical data indicated that QXJYF granules could significantly reduce CRP levels and shorten the duration of organ failure, thereby reducing the incidence of SAP and preventing pSAP patients from progressing to SAP. CONCLUSION: QXJYF granules alleviated AP through the inhibition of M1 macrophage polarization by suppressing glycolysis.


Asunto(s)
Pancreatitis , Humanos , Ratones , Animales , Pancreatitis/metabolismo , Ceruletida/efectos adversos , Enfermedad Aguda , Inflamación/tratamiento farmacológico , Macrófagos , Arginina
15.
Chin J Integr Med ; 30(3): 222-229, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37597119

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of Tripterygium wilfordii multiglycoside (TGW) in the treatment of psoriatic dermatitis from a cellular immunological perspective. METHODS: Mouse models of psoriatic dermatitis were established by imiquimod (IMQ). Twelve male BALB/c mice were assigned to IMQ or IMQ+TGW groups according to a random number table. Histopathological changes in vivo were assessed by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Ratios of immune cells and cytokines in mice, as well as PAM212 cell proliferation in vitro were assessed by flow cytometry. Pro-inflammatory cytokine expression was determined using reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: TGW significantly ameliorated the severity of IMQ-induced psoriasis-like mouse skin lesions and restrained the activation of CD45+ cells, neutrophils and T lymphocytes (all P<0.01). Moreover, TGW significantly attenuated keratinocytes (KCs) proliferation and downregulated the mRNA levels of inflammatory cytokines including interleukin (IL)-17A, IL-23, tumor necrosis factor α, and chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1 (P<0.01 or P<0.05). Furthermore, it reduced the number of γ δ T17 cells in skin lesion of mice and draining lymph nodes (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: TGW improved psoriasis-like inflammation by inhibiting KCs proliferation, as well as the associated immune cells and cytokine expression. It inhibited IL-17 secretion from γ δ T cells, which improved the immune-inflammatory microenvironment of psoriasis.


Asunto(s)
Dermatitis , Psoriasis , Enfermedades de la Piel , Masculino , Animales , Ratones , Tripterygium , Psoriasis/tratamiento farmacológico , Queratinocitos , Enfermedades de la Piel/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Imiquimod/efectos adversos , Imiquimod/metabolismo , Dermatitis/metabolismo , Dermatitis/patología , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Ratones Endogámicos BALB C , Piel/metabolismo
16.
Scand J Med Sci Sports ; 34(1): e14521, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37815004

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal study aimed to investigate the effects of Qigong on the anxiety state, heart rate variability (HRV), and breathing of anxious college students. METHODS: A total of 37 individuals (18-25 years old) were randomly allocated to the control (n = 19) and intervention (n = 18) groups. Qigong interventions were conducted five times weekly for 12 weeks, with each session lasting 60 min. Hamilton Anxiety Scale, Fatigue Scale 14, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and 36-item Short Form Survey, HRV, and respiration data were collected before and after the 3-month intervention. RESULTS: Individuals who participated in the three-month Qigong exercise intervention showed a significant reduction in anxiety, particularly mental anxiety (p < 0.05). Subjects in the intervention group presented a decrease in skin temperature (p < 0.05) and an increase in blood volume pulsation (p < 0.05). Meanwhile, HRV exhibited a significant increase in the standard deviation of interbeat interval before and after comparisons (p < 0.05) and between the two groups (p = 0.039) and a reduction in the normalized low-frequency power after the intervention. Moreover, the intervention group experienced increased abdominal breathing depth and abdominal breathing per minute (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that Qigong is an effective mind-body exercise strategy for relieving anxiety. HRV and breathing were improved accordingly among college students after the completion of the 3-month Qigong program.


Asunto(s)
Qigong , Adolescente , Adulto , Humanos , Adulto Joven , Ansiedad/prevención & control , Frecuencia Cardíaca/fisiología , Estudios Longitudinales , Respiración , Estudiantes
17.
Nat Prod Res ; 38(1): 85-90, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35913407

RESUMEN

Nine diterpenoid alkaloids were isolated from Aconitum georgei Comber belonging to the genus Aconitum in Ranunculaceae family. Their structures were determinated by using HR-ESI-MS and 1 D/2D NMR spectra as geordine (1), yunaconitine (2), chasmanine (3), crassicauline A (4), forestine (5), pseudaconine (6), 14-acetylalatisamine (7), austroconitine B (8), and talatisamine (9). Among them, compound 1 is a previously undescribed aconitine-type C19-diterpenoid alkaloid, and compounds 3, and 5-9 have not previously been isolated from this species. The results of in vitro experiments indicated that new compound 1 possesses mild anti-inflammatory activity, which inhibited the production of NO in LPS-activated RAW 264.7 cells with an inhibition ratio of 29.75% at 50 µM.


Asunto(s)
Aconitum , Alcaloides , Diterpenos , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Aconitum/química , Alcaloides/química , Espectroscopía de Resonancia Magnética , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/química , Diterpenos/química , Estructura Molecular , Raíces de Plantas/química
18.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 322: 117579, 2024 Mar 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38104882

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Diabetic ulcers (DUs) are commonly seen in the lower limbs, especially the feet. Long-term hyperglycaemia in diabetic patients may cause peripheral microvascular damage, which affects local blood flow reconstruction when the skin is ruptured. This results in delayed or even non-healing of skin wounds. Chebulae Fructus Immaturus (CFI) is a traditional Chinese medicine. According to traditional Chinese medicine theory, CFI belongs to the lung channel and large intestine channel. Clinical data confirm a significant clinical effect of CFI in the treatment of skin diseases. CFI can be safely used to treat wounds due to its natural active ingredients. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study utilised HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS/MS combined with network pharmacology to investigate the mechanism of Chebulae Fructus Immaturus extract (CFIE) in the treatment of DU. Moreover, the efficacy of CFIE on DU was verified in vitro and in vivo by constructing cell models and mouse models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The main ingredients of CFIE were identified by HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS/MS. The targets of these ingredients were predicted by database analysis and intersected with the DU targets. Gene ontology (GO) was used for functional enrichment of differential genes, and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) was used for enrichment of signalling pathways related to the differential genes. The network pharmacology findings were validated in vivo and in vitro, and the affinity of key targets and active components was assessed using molecular docking. RESULTS: Twenty-nine compounds of CFIE were identified by HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS/MS, and their potential targets were predicted. Among these, 41 targets were associated with DU. KEGG enrichment analysis showed that the PI3K/AKT and HIF-1α signalling pathways were significantly enriched, which may be related to the promotion of wound angiogenesis. In vitro cell experiments showed that CFIE promoted the proliferation, migration and angiogenesis of HUVECs, and also affected the expression of pathway-related proteins. In vivo experiments showed that CFIE increased the expression of pathway-related proteins in wound tissue and promoted the formation of blood vessels. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, this study systematically demonstrated the possible therapeutic effects and mechanisms of CFIE on DU through network pharmacology analysis and experimental verification. The results revealed that CFIE can accelerate the angiogenesis of diabetic wounds through the PI3K/AKT and HIF-1α signalling pathways, ultimately promoting the healing of diabetic wounds.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Extractos Vegetales , Terminalia , Animales , Ratones , Humanos , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Farmacología en Red , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinasas , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem , Cicatrización de Heridas , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/uso terapéutico
19.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 323: 117662, 2024 Apr 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38160866

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammation and relapsing disease that affected approximately 100 million individuals worldwide. In previous clinical study, it was observed that the topical application of Si Cao Formula (SCF) ameliorated psoriasis skin lesions and reduced the recurrence rate of patients over a period of three months. However, the precise mechanism remains unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness and safety of SCF in patients diagnosed with psoriasis and explore the molecular mechanisms that contribute to SCF's therapeutic efficacy in psoriasis treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized, controlled, and pilot clinical study was performed. This study assessed 30 individuals diagnosed with mild to moderate plaque psoriasis. 15 of them underwent local SCF treatment, the others received calcipotriol intervention. The outcome measure focused on Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI), Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI), and recurrence rate. In addition, IMQ-induced psoriasis-like mice model were used to assess the impact of SCF on ameliorating epidermal hyperplasia, suppressing angiogenesis, and modulating immune response. Furthermore, we performed bioinformatics analysis on transcriptome data obtained from skin lesions of mice model. This analysis allowed us to identify the targets and signaling pathways associated with the action of SCF. Subsequently, we conducted experimental validation to confirm the core targets. RESULTS: Our clinical pilot study demonstrated that SCF could ameliorate skin lesions in psoriasis patients with comparable efficacy of calcipotriol in drop of PASI and DLQI scores. SCF exhibited a significantly reduced recurrence rate within 12 weeks (33.3%). Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS) identified 41 active constituents of SCF (26 cations and 15 anions). Animal experiments showed SCF ameliorates the skin lesions of IMQ-induced psoriasis like mice model and suppresses epidermal hyperkeratosis and angiogenesis. There were 845 up-regulated and 764 down-regulated DEGs between IMQ and IMQ + SCF groups. GO analysis revealed that DEGs were linked to keratinization, keratinocyte differentiation, organic acid transport epidermal cell differentiation, and carboxylic acid transport interferon-gamma production. KEGG pathway analysis showed that SCF may play a vital part through IL-17 and JAK/STAT signaling pathway. In addition, SCF could reduce the number of positive cells expressing PCNA, CD31, pSTAT3, CD3, and F4/80 within the epidermis of psoriatic lesions, as well as the expression of Il-17a and Stat3 in IMQ-induced psoriasis mice. CONCLUSIONS: Our research suggests that SCF serves as a reliable and efficient local approach for preventing and treating psoriasis. The discovery of plausible molecular mechanisms and therapeutic targets associated with SCF may support its broad implementation in clinical settings.


Asunto(s)
Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia , Psoriasis , Humanos , Animales , Ratones , Proyectos Piloto , Imiquimod , Psoriasis/patología , Inflamación/tratamiento farmacológico , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Piel/patología , Ratones Endogámicos BALB C
20.
Blood Cancer J ; 13(1): 178, 2023 12 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38052803

RESUMEN

Realgar-Indigo naturalis formula (RIF), an oral traditional Chinese medicine mainly containing Realgar (As4S4), is highly effective in treating adult acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). However, the treatment efficacy and safety of RIF have not been verified in pediatric patients. SCCLG-APL group conducted a multicenter randomized non-inferiority trial to determine whether intravenous arsenic trioxide (ATO) can be substituted by oral RIF in treating pediatric APL. Of 176 eligible patients enrolled, 91 and 85 were randomized to ATO and RIF groups, respectively. Patients were treated with the risk-adapted protocol. Induction, consolidation, and 96-week maintenance treatment contained all-trans-retinoic acid and low-intensity chemotherapy, and either ATO or RIF. The primary endpoint was 5-year event-free survival (EFS). The secondary endpoints were adverse events and hospital days. After a median 6-year follow-up, the 5-year EFS was 97.6% in both groups. However, the RIF group had significantly shorter hospital stays and lower incidence of infection and tended to have less cardiac toxicity. All 4 relapses occurred within 1.5 years after completion of maintenance therapy. No long-term arsenic retentions were observed in either group. Substituting oral RIF for ATO maintains treatment efficacy while reducing hospitalization and adverse events in treating pediatric APL patients, which may be a future treatment strategy for APL.


Asunto(s)
Arsénico , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda , Niño , Humanos , Arsénico/efectos adversos , Trióxido de Arsénico/efectos adversos , Arsenicales/efectos adversos , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/tratamiento farmacológico , Resultado del Tratamiento , Tretinoina/uso terapéutico
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