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1.
J Chromatogr A ; 1722: 464911, 2024 May 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626541

RESUMEN

In this study, we have synthesised a chiral l-hyp-Ni/Fe@SiO2 composite as a chiral stationary phase (CSP) for high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for the first time. This was achieved by coating two-dimensional (2D) chiral metal-organic framework nanosheets (MONs) l-hyp-Ni/Fe onto the surface of activated SiO2 microspheres using the "wrapped in net" method. The separation efficiency of the l-hyp-Ni/Fe chromatographic column was systematically evaluated in normal-phase HPLC (NP-HPLC) and reversed-phase HPLC (RP-HPLC) configurations, employing various racemates as analytes. The findings revealed that 16 chiral compounds were separated using NP-HPLC, and five were separated using RP-HPLC, encompassing alcohols, amines, ketones, esters, alkanes, ethers, amino acids and sulfoxides. Notably, the resolution (Rs) of nine chiral compounds exceeded 1.5, indicating baseline separation. Furthermore, the resolution performance of the l-hyp-Ni/Fe@SiO2-packed column was compared with that of Chiralpak AD-H. It was observed that certain enantiomers, which either could not be resolved or were inadequately separated on the Chiralpak AD-H column, attained separation on the 2D chiral MONs column. These findings suggest a complementary relationship between the two columns in racemate separation, with their combined application facilitating the resolution of a broader spectrum of chiral compounds. In addition, baseline separation was achieved for five positional isomers on the l-hyp-Ni/Fe@SiO2-packed column. The effects of the analyte mass and column temperature on the resolution were also examined. Moreover, during HPLC analysis, the l-hyp-Ni/Fe columns demonstrated commendable repeatability, stability and reproducibility in enantiomer separation. This research not only advances the utilisation of 2D chiral MONs as CSPs but also expands their applications in the separation sciences.


Asunto(s)
Estructuras Metalorgánicas , Dióxido de Silicio , Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Presión/métodos , Dióxido de Silicio/química , Estructuras Metalorgánicas/química , Estereoisomerismo , Nanoestructuras/química , Hierro/química , Níquel/química
2.
Int Wound J ; 21(4): e14621, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38531355

RESUMEN

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) has been used in patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) for many years, but its clinical efficacy is still controversial. Therefore, this study explored the efficacy of HBOT applied to DFU by means of meta-analysis. PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, CNKI and Wanfang databases were searched, from database inception to October 2023, and published randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of HBOT in DFU were collected. Two investigators independently screened the collected literature, extracted relevant data and assessed the quality of the literature. Review Manager 5.4 software was applied for data analysis. Twenty-nine RCTs with 1764 patients were included. According to the combined results, when compared with conventional treatment, HBOT significantly increased the complete healing rate of DFUs (46.76% vs. 24.46%, odds ratio [OR]: 2.83, 95% CI: 2.29-3.51, p < 0.00001) and decreased the amputation rate (26.03% vs. 45.00%, OR: 0.41, 95% CI: 0.18-0.95, p = 0.04), but the incidence of adverse events was significantly higher in patients (17.37% vs. 8.27%, OR: 2.49, 95% CI: 1.35-4.57, p = 0.003), whereas there was no significant difference in the mortality (6.96% vs. 12.71%, OR: 0.52, 95% CI: 0.21-1.28, p = 0.16). Our results suggest that HBOT is effective in increasing the complete healing rate and decreasing the amputation rate in patients with DFUs, but increases the incidence of adverse events, while it has no significant effect on mortality.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Pie Diabético , Oxigenoterapia Hiperbárica , Humanos , Oxigenoterapia Hiperbárica/métodos , Pie Diabético/terapia , Resultado del Tratamiento , Cicatrización de Heridas , Amputación Quirúrgica
3.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 264(Pt 2): 130729, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38460643

RESUMEN

Astrocyte elevated gene-1 (AEG-1) oncogene is a notorious and evolving target in a variety of human malignancies including osteosarcoma. The RNA interference (RNAi) has been clinically proven to effectively knock down specific genes. To successfully implement RNAi in vivo, protective vectors are required not only to protect unstable siRNAs from degradation, but also to deliver siRNAs to target cells with controlled release. Here, we synthesized a Zein-poly(l-lysine) dendrons non-viral modular system that enables efficient siRNA-targeted AEG-1 gene silencing in osteosarcoma and encapsulation of antitumor drugs for controlled release. The rational design of the ZDP integrates the non-ionic and low immunogenicity of Zein and the positive charge of the poly(l-lysine) dendrons (DPLL) to encapsulate siRNA and doxorubicin (DOX) payloads via electrostatic complexes and achieve pH-controlled release in a lysosomal acidic microenvironment. Nanocomplexes-directed delivery greatly improves siRNA stability, uptake, and AEG-1 sequence-specific knockdown in 143B cells, with transfection efficiencies comparable to those of commercial lipofectamine but with lower cytotoxicity. This AEG-1-focused RNAi therapy supplemented with chemotherapy inhibited, and was effective in inhibiting the growth in of osteosarcoma xenografts mouse models. The combination therapy is an alternative or combinatorial strategy that can produce durable inhibitory responses in osteosarcoma patients.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Óseas , Dendrímeros , Nanopartículas , Osteosarcoma , Zeína , Animales , Ratones , Humanos , Polilisina , Azidas , Preparaciones de Acción Retardada , Alquinos , Doxorrubicina/farmacología , Osteosarcoma/tratamiento farmacológico , Osteosarcoma/genética , ARN Interferente Pequeño/metabolismo , Neoplasias Óseas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Óseas/genética , Línea Celular Tumoral , Microambiente Tumoral
4.
Plants (Basel) ; 13(5)2024 Feb 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38475491

RESUMEN

Climate change plays a pivotal role in shaping the shifting patterns of plant distribution, and gaining insights into how medicinal plants in the plateau region adapt to climate change will be instrumental in safeguarding the rich biodiversity of the highlands. Gymnosia orchidis Lindl. (G. orchidis) is a valuable Tibetan medicinal resource with significant medicinal, ecological, and economic value. However, the growth of G. orchidis is severely constrained by stringent natural conditions, leading to a drastic decline in its resources. Therefore, it is crucial to study the suitable habitat areas of G. orchidis to facilitate future artificial cultivation and maintain ecological balance. In this study, we investigated the suitable zones of G. orchidis based on 79 occurrence points in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP) and 23 major environmental variables, including climate, topography, and soil type. We employed the Maximum Entropy model (MaxEnt) to simulate and predict the spatial distribution and configuration changes in G. orchidis during different time periods, including the last interglacial (LIG), the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), the Mid-Holocene (MH), the present, and future scenarios (2041-2060 and 2061-2080) under three different climate scenarios (SSP126, SSP370, and SSP585). Our results indicated that annual precipitation (Bio12, 613-2466 mm) and mean temperature of the coldest quarter (Bio11, -5.8-8.5 °C) were the primary factors influencing the suitable habitat of G. orchidis, with a cumulative contribution of 78.5%. The precipitation and temperature during the driest season had the most significant overall impact. Under current climate conditions, the suitable areas of G. orchidis covered approximately 63.72 × 104/km2, encompassing Yunnan, Gansu, Sichuan, and parts of Xizang provinces, with the highest suitability observed in the Hengduan, Yunlin, and Himalayan mountain regions. In the past, the suitable area of G. orchidis experienced significant changes during the Mid-Holocene, including variations in the total area and centroid migration direction. In future scenarios, the suitable habitat of G. orchidis is projected to expand significantly under SSP370 (30.33-46.19%), followed by SSP585 (1.41-22.3%), while contraction is expected under SSP126. Moreover, the centroids of suitable areas exhibited multidirectional movement, with the most extensive displacement observed under SSP585 (100.38 km2). This study provides a theoretical foundation for the conservation of biodiversity and endangered medicinal plants in the QTP.

5.
J Cancer ; 15(8): 2110-2122, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38495508

RESUMEN

Background: DHEA is a steroid hormone produced by the gonads, adrenal cortex, brain, and gastrointestinal tract. While the anti-obesity, anti-atherosclerosis, anti-cancer, and memory-enhancing effects of DHEA have been substantiated through cell experiments, animal studies, and human trials, the precise mechanisms underlying these effects remain unclear. Altered mitochondrial dynamics can lead to mitochondrial dysfunction, which is closely related to many human diseases, especially cancer and aging. This study was to investigate whether DHEA inhibits lung adenocarcinoma through the mitochondrial pathway and its molecular mechanism. Methods: Through animal experiments and cell experiments, the effect of DHEA on tumor inhibition was determined. The correlation between FASTKD2 expression and DHEA was analyzed by Western blot, Reverse transcription-quantitative PCR, Immunohistochemistry, and TCGA database. Results: In this study, DHEA supplementation in the diet can inhibit the tumor size of mice, and the effect of adding DHEA one week before the experiment is the best. DHEA limits the glycolysis process by inhibiting G6PDH activity, increases the accumulation of reactive oxygen species, and initiates apoptosis in the mitochondrial pathway of cancer cells. Conclusion: DHEA suppresses mitochondrial fission and promotes mitochondrial fusion by downregulating the expression of FASTKD2, thereby inhibiting tumor growth and prolonging the overall survival of lung adenocarcinoma patients, which also provides a new target for the prevention and treatment of lung adenocarcinoma.

6.
Environ Toxicol Pharmacol ; 107: 104430, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38552755

RESUMEN

The prevalence of metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease (MASLD) continues to increase due in part to the obesity epidemic and to environmental exposures to metabolism disrupting chemicals. A single gavage exposure of male mice to Aroclor 1260 (Ar1260), an environmentally relevant mixture of non-dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), resulted in steatohepatitis and altered RNA modifications in selenocysteine tRNA 34 weeks post-exposure. Unbiased approaches identified the liver proteome, selenoproteins, and levels of 25 metals. Ar1260 altered the abundance of 128 proteins. Enrichment analysis of the liver Ar1260 proteome included glutathione metabolism and translation of selenoproteins. Hepatic glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) and Selenoprotein O (SELENOO) were increased and Selenoprotein F (SELENOF), Selenoprotein S (SELENOS), Selenium binding protein 2 (SELENBP2) were decreased with Ar1260 exposure. Increased copper, selenium (Se), and zinc and reduced iron levels were detected. These data demonstrate that Ar1260 exposure alters the (seleno)proteome, Se, and metals in MASLD-associated pathways.


Asunto(s)
Arocloros , Hígado Graso , Selenio , Masculino , Ratones , Animales , Proteoma/metabolismo , Glutatión Peroxidasa/metabolismo , Selenoproteínas/genética , Selenoproteínas/metabolismo , Hígado/metabolismo
7.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 13(15): e2400049, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38416676

RESUMEN

Wound healing and infection remain significant challenges due to the ineffectiveness against multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria and the complex oxidative wound microenvironments. To address these issues, thymoquinone-reinforced injectable and thermosensitive TQ@PEG-PAF-Cur hydrogels with dual functions of microenvironment reshaping and photodynamic therapy are developed. The hydrogel comprises natural compound thymoquinone (TQ) and poly (ethylene glycol)-block-poly (alanine-co-phenyl alanine) copolymers (PEG-PAF) conjugated with natural photosensitizer curcumin (Cur). The incorporation of TQ and Cur reduces the sol-to-gel transition temperature of TQ@PEG-PAF-Cur to 30°C, compared to PEG-PAF hydrogel (37°C), due to the formation of strong hydrogen bonding, matching the wound microenvironment temperature. Under blue light excitation, TQ@PEG-PAF-Cur generates significant amounts of reactive oxygen species such as H2O2, 1O2, and ·OH, exhibiting rapid and efficient bactericidal capacities against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and broad spectrum ß-lactamases Escherichia coli via photodynamic therapy (PDT). Additionally, Cur effectively inhibits the expressions of proinflammatory cytokines in skin tissue-forming cells. As a result, the composite hydrogel can rapidly transform into a gel to cover the wound, reshape the wound microenvironment, and accelerate wound healing in vivo. This collaborative antibacterial strategy provides valuable insights to guide the development of multifunctional materials for efficient wound healing.


Asunto(s)
Curcumina , Farmacorresistencia Bacteriana Múltiple , Hidrogeles , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente a Meticilina , Cicatrización de Heridas , Hidrogeles/química , Hidrogeles/farmacología , Cicatrización de Heridas/efectos de los fármacos , Animales , Curcumina/farmacología , Curcumina/química , Farmacorresistencia Bacteriana Múltiple/efectos de los fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente a Meticilina/efectos de los fármacos , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Antibacterianos/farmacología , Antibacterianos/química , Polietilenglicoles/química , Polietilenglicoles/farmacología , Ratones , Escherichia coli/efectos de los fármacos , Fármacos Fotosensibilizantes/farmacología , Fármacos Fotosensibilizantes/química , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Fototerapia/métodos , Humanos
8.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1293468, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38362153

RESUMEN

Introduction: Despite the clinical value of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM), restricted comprehension of its toxicity limits the secure and efficacious application. Previous studies primarily focused on exploring specific toxicities within CHM, without providing an overview of CHM's toxicity. The absence of a quantitative assessment of focal points renders the future research trajectory ambiguous. Therefore, this study aimed to reveal research trends and areas of concern for the past decade. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on publications related to CHM and toxicity over the past decade from Web of Science Core Collection database. The characteristics of the publication included publication year, journal, institution, funding, keywords, and citation counts were recorded. Co-occurrence analysis and trend topic analysis based on bibliometric analysis were conducted on keywords and citations. Results: A total of 3,225 publications were analyzed. Number of annal publications increased over the years, with the highest number observed in 2022 (n = 475). The Journal of Ethnopharmacology published the most publications (n = 425). The most frequently used toxicity classifications in keywords were hepatotoxicity (n = 119) or drug-induced liver injury (n = 48), and nephrotoxicity (n = 40). Co-occurrence analysis revealed relatively loose connections between CHM and toxicity, and their derivatives. Keywords emerging from trend topic analysis for the past 3 years (2019-2022) included ferroptosis, NLRP3 inflammasome, machine learning, network pharmacology, traditional uses, and pharmacology. Conclusion: Concerns about the toxicity of CHM have increased in the past decade. However, there remains insufficient studies that directly explore the intersection of CHM and toxicity. Hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity, as the most concerned toxicity classifications associated with CHM, warrant more in-depth investigations. Apoptosis was the most concerned toxicological mechanism. As a recent increase in attention, exploring the mechanisms of ferroptosis in nephrotoxicity and NLRP3 inflammasome in hepatotoxicity could provide valuable insights. Machine learning and network pharmacology are potential methods for future studies.

9.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38330562

RESUMEN

Objective: This study investigates the efficacy of tangerine peel lemon glycerin extract oral spray in improving oral mucosal barrier, reducing microinflammation, and addressing malnutrition in maintenance dialysis (MHD) patients. Methods: Tangerine peel and dry lemon underwent glycerin extraction. From January 2021 to June 2022, 72 MHD patients with thirst were prospectively chosen at Sinopharm Gezhouba Central Hospital. Randomization divided them into an observation group (n=36) and a control group (n=36). Both received routine maintenance dialysis and chronic kidney disease management. Oral conditions were assessed using OHIP-14, a homemade visual thirst score scale, SFR, sAA, and saliva pH. Microinflammatory indexes (CRP, TNF-α, IL-6) and nutritional status indicators (Alb, PA, Hb) were measured. The observation group used 1ml of tangerine peel lemon glycerin extract with a pH value of 5.9~6.1 q6h, while the control group used 1ml of purified water q6h. Results: After 3 months, the observation group showed significant improvement in OHIP-14 and visual thirst score scale (P < .01). Saliva pH, CRP, TNF-α, and IL-6 levels decreased, and SAA activity, SFR, Alb, PA, and Hb levels increased significantly in the observation group compared to the control group (P < .01). Conclusions: Tangerine peel lemon glycerin spray demonstrates promise in improving the oral mucosal barrier, exhibiting antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that mitigate microinflammation and malnutrition. This finding suggests a connection between oral health, systemic pathology, psychological state, and social adaptability.

10.
Phytomedicine ; 126: 155222, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38382279

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) was one of the most popular and most significant microvascular complications of diabetes mellitus. Qingxin Lianzi Yin Decoction (QXLZY) was a traditional Chinese classical formula, suitable for chronic urinary system diseases. QXLZY had good clinical efficacy in early DN, but the underlying molecular mechanism remained unrevealed. PURPOSE: This study aimed to establish the content determination method of QXLZY index components and explore the mechanism of QXLZY on DN by network pharmacology and metabolomics studies. METHODS: Firstly, the content determination methods of QXLZY were established with calycosin-7-O-ß-d-glucoside, acteoside, baicalin and glycyrrhizic acid as index components. Secondly, pharmacological experiments of QXLZY were evaluated using db/db mice. UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS was used to carry out untargeted urine metabolomics, serum metabolomics, and kidney metabolomics studies. Thirdly, employing network pharmacology, key components and targets were analyzed. Finally, targeted metabolomics studies were performed on the endogenous constituents in biological samples for validation based on untargeted metabolomics results. RESULTS: A method for the simultaneous determination of multiple index components in QXLZY was established, which passed the comprehensive methodological verification. It was simple, feasible, and scientific. The QXLZY treatment alleviated kidney injury of db/db mice, included the degree of histopathological damage and the level of urinary microalbumin/creatinine ratio. Untargeted metabolomics studies had identified metabolic dysfunction in pathways associated with amino acid metabolism in db/db mice. Treatment with QXLZY could reverse metabolite abnormalities and influence the pathways related to energy metabolism and amino acid metabolism. It had been found that pathways with a high degree were involved in signal transduction, prominently on amino acids metabolism and lipid metabolism, analyzed by network pharmacology. Disorders of amino acid metabolism did occur in db/db mice. QXLZY could revert the levels of metabolites, such as quinolinic acid, arginine, and asparagine. CONCLUSION: This study was the first time to demonstrate that QXLZY alleviated diabetes-induced pathological changes in the kidneys of db/db mice by correcting disturbances in amino acid metabolism. This work could provide a new experimental basis and theoretical guidance for the rational application of QXLZY on DN, exploring the new pharmacological effect of traditional Chinese medicine, and promoting in-depth research and development.


Asunto(s)
Nefropatías Diabéticas , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Ratones , Animales , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/química , Farmacología en Red , Metabolómica/métodos , Medicina Tradicional China/métodos , Nefropatías Diabéticas/tratamiento farmacológico , Aminoácidos
11.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 24(1): 34, 2024 Jan 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38254013

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Dyclonine hydrochloride mucilage is a topical anaesthetic formulated for mucosal surfaces. It is employed frequently for topical anaesthesia of the pharynx prior to endoscopic examinations such as electronic gastroscopy, and few adverse reactions have been reported. This article describes a patient who experienced a transient but severe disturbance of consciousness following oral dyclonine hydrochloride mucilage administration. CASE PRESENTATION: A 75-year-old female presenting with gastrointestinal bleeding was examined by electronic gastroscopy. Six minutes after oral dyclonine hydrochloride mucilage administration, the patient entered a comatose-like state accompanied by loss of limb muscle tone and profuse perspiration. This response was not accompanied by changes in cardiac rhythm, blood pressure, or respiration rate, suggesting an effect on higher brain centres. After ten minutes, the patient's symptoms were alleviated. CONCLUSION: We suggest that sites of dyclonine hydrochloride mucilage use be equipped with appropriate rescue devices for these rare events.


Asunto(s)
Encéfalo , Estado de Conciencia , Propiofenonas , Femenino , Humanos , Anciano , Administración Oral , Anestesia Local
12.
Chin Med ; 19(1): 18, 2024 Jan 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38273399

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) theory, cold dampness obstruction is one of the common syndromes of osteoarthritis. Therefore, in clinical practice, the main treatment methods are to dispel wind, remove dampness, and dissipate cold, used to treat knee osteoarthritis (KOA). This report describes a mulitercenter clinical study to assess Zhuifeng Tougu Capsule's efficacy and safety in the treatment of patients who are cold dampness obstruction syndrome in KOA, and to provide evidence-based medical for the rational use of Zhuifeng Tougu Capsules in clinical practice. METHODS: This randomized, parallel group controlled, double-blind, double dummy trial will include a total of 215 KOA patients who meet the study criteria. 215 patients underwent 1:1 randomisation, with 107 cases assigned the experimental group (Zhuifeng Tougu Capsules + Glucosamine Sulfate Capsules Simulator) and 108 assigned the control group (Glucosamine Sulfate Capsules + Zhuifeng Tougu Capsules Simulator). After enrolment, patients received 12 weeks of treatment. The main efficacy measure is the Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) pain score. Visual analogue scale (VAS) pain score, Self-condition assessment VAS score, WOMAC KOA score, TCM syndrome score and TCM syndrome efficacy, ESR level, CRP level, suprapatellar bursa effusion depth, use of rescue drugs, and safety indicators are secondary efficacy indicators. RESULTS: Compared with before treatment, WOMAC pain score, VAS pain score, Self-condition assessment VAS score, WOMAC KOA score, and TCM syndrome score decreased significantly in both groups (P < 0.01). Also, the experimental group showed significant differences in the above indicators compared to control (P < 0.01). However, after treatment, no significant differences were showed in the ESR level, CRP level, and suprapatellar bursa effusion depth between the two groups (P > 0.05). No any serious adverse effects showed in the experimental group and control group. CONCLUSIONS: Zhuifeng Tougu Capsules can effectively improve knee joint function and significantly alleviate the pain of KOA. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical trial registration was completed with the China Clinical Trial Registration Center for this research protocol (No. ChiCTR2000028750) on January 2, 2020.

13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(3): e36588, 2024 Jan 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38241594

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a type of cardiovascular disease (CVD) caused by coronary atherosclerosis. It is a main cause of medical burden and cardiovascular related death. Zhishi Xiebai Guizhi Decoction (ZXGD) is a representative prescription of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the treatment of CHD, but there is poor systemically evidence-based appraisal. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ZXGD for CHD. METHODS: Eight databases were retrieved for randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Data was extracted independently by 2 reviewers. The quality of the included studies was assessed by Cochrane Collaboration risk of bias tool. Clinical efficacy, blood lipid, vascular endothelial function, inflammatory factor and homocysteine (Hcy) were prespecified outcome measures. RESULTS: Twenty-four studies (2272 patients) were included. Meta-analysis showed that compared with conventional western medicine (WM) alone, ZXGD was associated with a greater symptom improvement rate with a relative risk (RR) of 1.21 [95% CI (1.16, 1.26), P < .00001] and a greater electrocardiogram (ECG) improvement rate with a RR of 1.27 [95% CI (1.16, 1.40), P < .00001]. In terms of blood lipid, ZXGD reduced total cholesterol (TC) with a mean difference (MD) of -1.15 [95%CI (-1.75, -0.55), P = .0002] and triglyceride (TG) [MD = -0.72, 95%CI (-0.99, -0.45), P < .00001], reduced low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) [MD = -0.93, 95% CI (-1.17, -0.69), P < .00001], and increased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) [MD = 0.31, 95%CI (0.20, 0.42), P < .00001]. In terms of vascular endothelial function, ZXGD decreased the level of endothelin-1 (ET-1) [MD = -7.81, 95%CI (-9.51, -6.10), P < .00001], and increased nitric oxide (NO) [MD = 8.90, 95%CI (7.86, 9.93), P < .00001]. ZXGD also reduced high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) [MD = -1.73, 95% CI (-2.63, -0.83), P < .00001] and Hcy [MD = -2.03, 95%CI (-2.78, -1.28), P < .00001]. No significant differences were found in adverse event rate between the 2 groups with a RR of 0.77 [95% CI (0.44, 1.34), P = .36]. CONCLUSION: ZXGD is effective and safe in the treatment of CHD. However, more rigorous and high-quality RCTs are needed to verify the conclusion.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Enfermedad Coronaria , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Humanos , Enfermedad Coronaria/tratamiento farmacológico , LDL-Colesterol , Lípidos
14.
Microbiol Spectr ; 12(3): e0501622, 2024 Mar 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38289115

RESUMEN

Infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV) causes infectious hematopoietic necrosis and severe economic losses to salmon and trout aquaculture worldwide. Currently, the only commercial vaccine against IHNV is a DNA vaccine with some biosafety concerns. Hence, more effective vaccines and antiviral drugs are needed to prevent IHNV infection. In this study, 1,483 compounds were screened from a traditional Chinese medicine monomer library, and bufalin showed potential antiviral activity against IHNV. The 50% cytotoxic concentration of bufalin was >20 µM, and the 50% inhibitory concentration was 0.1223 µΜ against IHNV. Bufalin showed the inhibition of diverse IHNV strains in vitro, which confirmed that it had an inhibitory effect against all IHNV strains, rather than random activity against a single strain. The bufalin-mediated block of IHNV infection occurred at the viral attachment and RNA replication stages, but not internalization. Bufalin also inhibited IHNV infection in vivo and significantly increased the survival of rainbow trout compared with the mock drug-treated group, and this was confirmed by in vivo viral load monitoring. Our data showed that the anti-IHNV activity of bufalin was proportional to extracellular Na+ concentration and inversely proportional to extracellular K+ concentration, and bufalin may inhibit IHNV infection by targeting Na+/K+-ATPase. The in vitro and in vivo studies showed that bufalin significantly inhibited IHNV infection and may be a promising candidate drug against the disease in rainbow trout. IMPORTANCE: Infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV) is the pathogen of infectious hematopoietic necrosis (IHN) which outbreak often causes huge economic losses and hampers the healthy development of salmon and trout farming. Currently, there is only one approved DNA vaccine for IHN worldwide, but it faces some biosafety problems. Hence, more effective vaccines and antiviral drugs are needed to prevent IHNV infection. In this study, we report that bufalin, a traditional Chinese medicine, shows potential antiviral activity against IHNV both in vitro and in vivo. The bufalin-mediated block of IHNV infection occurred at the viral attachment and RNA replication stages, but not internalization, and bufalin inhibited IHNV infection by targeting Na+/K+-ATPase. The in vitro and in vivo studies showed that bufalin significantly inhibited IHNV infection and may be a promising candidate drug against the disease in rainbow trout.


Asunto(s)
Bufanólidos , Enfermedades de los Peces , Virus de la Necrosis Hematopoyética Infecciosa , Oncorhynchus mykiss , Vacunas de ADN , Animales , Virus de la Necrosis Hematopoyética Infecciosa/genética , Medicina Tradicional China , Antivirales/farmacología , Antivirales/uso terapéutico , Adenosina Trifosfatasas , Necrosis , Enfermedades de los Peces/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedades de los Peces/prevención & control
15.
Neurochem Res ; 49(1): 157-169, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37640824

RESUMEN

Postoperative delirium (POD) is a common and serious neuropsychiatric syndrome among older patients, and lacks effective therapies. Omega-3 fatty acids, possessing anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, have shown potent neuroprotective effects in several diseases. The present study investigated whether omega-3 fatty acids could exert a neuroprotective role against POD in aged mice. A mouse model of POD was established to explore the role of omega-3 fatty acids in laparotomy-induced delirium-like behavior by evaluating systemic inflammatory changes, neuroinflammation, oxidative stress, and behavior at different time points in aged mice. Oral gavage with omega-3 fatty acids (300 mg/kg) for 3 weeks before surgery significantly attenuated anesthesia/surgery-induced POD-like behavior and the accumulation of proinflammatory cytokines from the peripheral blood in aged mice. Moreover, it also remarkably mitigated neuroinflammation and the oxidative stress response (malondialdehyde [MDA] and superoxide dismutase [SOD]) in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus of surgical mice. Our findings provided evidence that pretreatment with omega-3 fatty acids may play a vital role in the treatment of POD through mechanisms involving its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, which may be a promising prevention strategy for POD in aged patients.


Asunto(s)
Delirio del Despertar , Ácidos Grasos Omega-3 , Humanos , Ratones , Animales , Anciano , Aceites de Pescado , Ácidos Grasos Omega-3/farmacología , Ácidos Grasos Omega-3/uso terapéutico , Enfermedades Neuroinflamatorias , Estrés Oxidativo , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Antioxidantes/uso terapéutico , Antiinflamatorios/farmacología
16.
Technol Health Care ; 32(1): 255-267, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37125587

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Research on the genetic mechanisms of hypertension has been a hot topic in the cardiovascular field. OBJECTIVE: To study the correlation between senile hypertension and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) constitution and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) gene polymorphism and to provide the theoretical basis for TCM prevention and treatment of hypertension. METHODS: The elderly population in communities in Shanghai (hypertensive: 264 cases; non-hypertensive: 159 cases) was taken as the research object. Essential data and information on TCM constitution were collected. The LPL gene mutation was detected using the second-generation sequencing method. Statistical analysis was performed to clarify the relationship between hypertension and senile hypertension. The correlation of TCM constitution with risk factors and LPL gene polymorphisms was studied. RESULTS: The primary TCM constitutions in the hypertension group were phlegm-dampness constitution (51.52%), yin-deficiency constitution (17.42%), balanced constitution (15.53%), and yin-deficiency (9.43%). Logistic regression analysis showed that the phlegm-dampness constitution (P< 0.05, OR = 2.587) and yin-deficiency constitution (P< 0.01, OR = 2.693) were the risk constitutions of hypertension in the elderly. A total of 37 LPL gene mutation loci (SNP: 22; new discovery: 15) were detected in the LPL gene, and the mutation rates of rs254, rs255, rs3208305, rs316, rs11570891, rs328, rs11570893, and rs13702 were relatively high, which were 26.24%, 26.24%, 16.08%, 14.66%, 13.24%, 12.06%, and 10.64%. In the phlegm-dampness group, the proportion of rs254 CC type, rs255 TT type, and rs13702 TT type in the hypertensive group (77.21%, 77.21%, and 93.38%) was higher than that in the non-hypertensive group (56.41%, 56.41%, and 82.05%), The difference was statistically significant (P< 0.05). CONCLUSION: The phlegm-dampness constitution and yin-deficiency constitution are the risk factors of hypertension in the elderly; in the phlegm-dampness population, rs254 CC type, rs255 TT type, and rs13702 TT type are the risk factors for elderly hypertension.


Asunto(s)
Hipertensión , Medicina Tradicional China , Humanos , Anciano , Medicina Tradicional China/métodos , China/epidemiología , Deficiencia Yin , Hipertensión/genética , Factores de Riesgo
17.
Food Chem ; 439: 138148, 2024 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38064826

RESUMEN

Gastrodia elata (GE) is traditionally subjected to steaming, and steaming duration plays a crucially important role in determining GE quality. This study examined the variations in bioactive components during the steaming process and proposed the utilization of electronic eye and Fourier Transform near-infrared (FT-NIR) spectroscopy for quality assessment. The findings revealed that the levels of parishin E parishin B, parishin A, and gastrodin initially rose and subsequently declined, while 4-Hydroxybenzyl alcohol exhibited a rapid decrease followed by stabilization. With prolonged steaming, the brightness of GE decreased, while the red and yellow tones became more pronounced and the color saturation increased. FT-NIR divided the steaming process into three stages: 0 min (raw GE), 0-9 min (partially steamed GE), and 9-30 min (fully steamed GE), and the partial least squares regression models effectively predicted the levels of five components. Overall, this study provided valuable insights into quality control in food processing.


Asunto(s)
Gastrodia , Gastrodia/química , Análisis de Fourier , Extractos Vegetales/química , Vapor
18.
Chemosphere ; 349: 140843, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38043611

RESUMEN

This article provides a comprehensive review of membrane biofilm reactors for waste gas (MBRWG) treatment, focusing on studies conducted since 2000. The first section discusses the membrane materials, structure, and mass transfer mechanism employed in MBRWG. The concept of a partial counter-diffusion biofilm in MBRWG is introduced, with identification of the most metabolically active region. Subsequently, the effectiveness of these biofilm reactors in treating single and mixed pollutants is examined. The phenomenon of membrane fouling in MBRWG is characterized, alongside an analysis of contributory factors. Furthermore, a comparison is made between membrane biofilm reactors and conventional biological treatment technologies, highlighting their respective advantages and disadvantages. It is evident that the treatment of hydrophobic gases and their resistance to volatility warrant further investigation. In addition, the emergence of the smart industry and its integration with other processes have opened up new opportunities for the utilization of MBRWG. Overcoming membrane fouling and developing stable and cost-effective membrane materials are essential factors for successful engineering applications of MBRWG. Moreover, it is worth exploring the mechanisms of co-metabolism in MBRWG and the potential for altering biofilm community structures.


Asunto(s)
Reactores Biológicos , Compuestos Orgánicos Volátiles , Gases , Eliminación de Residuos Líquidos , Biopelículas
19.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 321: 117540, 2024 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38056534

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Chimonanthus nitens Oliv. Leaf Granule (COG) is a commonly used clinical preparation of traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of cold, but there are folk reports that it can treat diarrhea and other gastrointestinal diseases. Therefore, the mechanism of COG in the treatment of ulcerative colitis with diarrhea as the main symptom needs to be studied. AIM OF THE STUDY: Combined network pharmacology and experimental validation to explore the mechanism of COG in the treatment of ulcerative colitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, the main components of COG were characterized by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS); subsequently, a network pharmacology approach was used to screen the effective chemical components and action targets of COG to construct a target network of COG for the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC). The protein-protein interaction network (PPI) and literature reports were combined to identify the potential targets of COG for the treatment of UC. Finally, the predicted results of network pharmacology were validated by animal and cellular experiments. RESULTS: 19 components of COG were characterized by LC-MS, among which 10 bioactive components could act on 377 potential targets of UC. Key therapeutic targets were collected, including SRC, HSP90AA1, PIK3RI, MAPK1 and ESR1. KEGG results are enriched in pathways related to oxidative stress. Molecular docking analysis showed good binding activity of main components and target genes. Animal experiments showed that COG significantly relieved the colitis symptoms in mice, regulated the Treg/Th17 balance, and promoted the secretion of IL-10 and IL-4, along with the inhibition of IL-1ß and TNF-α. Additionally, COG reduced the apoptosis of colon epithelial cells, and significantly improved the levels of SOD, MAO, GSH-px, and inhibited MDA, iNOS, eNOS in colon. Also, it increased the expression of tight junction proteins such as ZO-1, Claudin1, Occludin and E-cadherin. In vitro experiments, COG inhibited the oxidative stress and inflammatory injury of HCT116 cells induced by LPS. CONCLUSIONS: Combining network pharmacology and in vitro and in vivo experiments, COG was verified to have a good protective effect in UC, which may be related to enhancing antioxidation in colon tissues.


Asunto(s)
Calycanthaceae , Colitis Ulcerosa , Colitis , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Animales , Ratones , Colitis Ulcerosa/inducido químicamente , Colitis Ulcerosa/tratamiento farmacológico , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Farmacología en Red , Diarrea , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/uso terapéutico , Sulfato de Dextran
20.
Food Funct ; 15(1): 110-124, 2024 Jan 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38044717

RESUMEN

Increasing evidence supports the existence of fetal-originated adult diseases. Recent research indicates that the intrauterine environment affects the fetal hypothalamic energy intake center. Inulin is a probiotic that can moderate metabolic disorders, but whether maternal inulin intervention confers long-term metabolic benefits to lipid metabolism in offspring in their adult lives and the mechanism involved are unknown. Here, we used a maternal overnutrition model that was induced by excess energy intake before and during pregnancy and lactation and maternal inulin intervention was performed during pregnancy and lactation. The hypothalamic genome methylation in offspring was analyzed using a methylation array. The results showed that maternal inulin treatment modified the maternal high-fat diet (HFD)-induced increases in body weight, adipose tissue weight, and serum insulin and leptin levels and decreases in serum adiponectin levels. Maternal inulin intervention regulated the impairments in hypothalamic leptin resistance, induced the methylation of Socs3, Npy, and Il6, and inhibited the methylation of Lepr in the hypothalamus of offspring. In conclusion, maternal inulin intervention modifies offspring lipid metabolism, and the underlying mechanism involves the methylation of genes in the hypothalamus feeding circuit.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos del Metabolismo de los Lípidos , Efectos Tardíos de la Exposición Prenatal , Embarazo , Femenino , Humanos , Leptina , Dieta Alta en Grasa/efectos adversos , Obesidad/genética , Obesidad/metabolismo , Inulina/farmacología , Inulina/metabolismo , Efectos Tardíos de la Exposición Prenatal/genética , Efectos Tardíos de la Exposición Prenatal/metabolismo , Trastornos del Metabolismo de los Lípidos/metabolismo , Hipotálamo/metabolismo , Lípidos , Fenómenos Fisiologicos Nutricionales Maternos
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