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Medicinas Complementárias
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1.
Acta Biomater ; 179: 325-339, 2024 04 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561074

RESUMEN

Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is primarily attributed to the rupture of intracranial aneurysms and is associated with a high incidence of disability and mortality. SAH disrupts the blood‒brain barrier, leading to the release of iron ions from blood within the subarachnoid space, subsequently inducing neuronal ferroptosis. A recently discovered protein, known as ferroptosis suppressor protein 1 (FSP1), exerts anti-ferroptotic effects by facilitating the conversion of oxidative coenzyme Q 10 (CoQ10) to its reduced form, which effectively scavenges reactive oxygen radicals and mitigates iron-induced ferroptosis. In our investigation, we observed an increase in FSP1 levels following SAH. However, the depletion of CoQ10 caused by SAH hindered the biological function of FSP1. Therefore, we created neuron-targeted liposomal CoQ10 by introducing the neuron-targeting peptide Tet1 onto the surface of liposomal CoQ10. Our objective was to determine whether this formulation could activate the FSP1 system and subsequently inhibit neuronal ferroptosis. Our findings revealed that neuron-targeted liposomal CoQ10 effectively localized to neurons at the lesion site after SAH. Furthermore, it facilitated the upregulation of FSP1, reduced the accumulation of malondialdehyde and reactive oxygen species, inhibited neuronal ferroptosis, and exerted neuroprotective effects both in vitro and in vivo. Our study provides evidence that supplementation with CoQ10 can effectively activate the FSP1 system. Additionally, we developed a neuron-targeted liposomal CoQ10 formulation that can be selectively delivered to neurons at the site of SAH. This innovative approach represents a promising therapeutic strategy for neuronal ferroptosis following SAH. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is primarily attributed to the rupture of intracranial aneurysms and is associated with a high incidence of disability and mortality. Ferroptosis suppressor protein 1 (FSP1), exerts anti-ferroptotic effects by facilitating the conversion of oxidative coenzyme Q 10 (CoQ10) to its reduced form, which effectively scavenges reactive oxygen radicals and mitigates iron-induced ferroptosis. In our investigation, we observed an increase in FSP1 levels following SAH. However, the depletion of CoQ10 caused by SAH hindered the biological function of FSP1. Therefore, we created neuron-targeted liposomal CoQ10. We find that it effectively localized to neurons at the lesion site after SAH and activated the FSP1/CoQ10 system. This innovative approach represents a promising therapeutic strategy for neuronal ferroptosis following SAH and other central nervous system diseases characterized by disruption of the blood-brain barrier.


Asunto(s)
Ferroptosis , Liposomas , Neuronas , Hemorragia Subaracnoidea , Ubiquinona , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/farmacología , Hemorragia Subaracnoidea/tratamiento farmacológico , Hemorragia Subaracnoidea/metabolismo , Hemorragia Subaracnoidea/patología , Animales , Ferroptosis/efectos de los fármacos , Neuronas/efectos de los fármacos , Neuronas/metabolismo , Neuronas/patología , Liposomas/química , Masculino , Ratones , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL
2.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 49(4): 331-340, 2024 Apr 25.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38649200

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To observe whether acupuncture up-regulates chemokine CXC ligand 1 (CXCL1) in the brain to play an analgesic role through CXCL1/chemokine CXC receptor 2 (CXCR2) signaling in adjuvant induced arthritis (AIA) rats, so as to reveal its neuro-immunological mechanism underlying improvement of AIA. METHODS: BALB/c mice with relatively stable thermal pain reaction were subjected to planta injection of complete Freund adjuvant (CFA) for establishing AIA model, followed by dividing the AIA mice into simple AF750 (fluorochrome) and AF750+CXCL1 groups (n=2 in each group). AF750 labeled CXCL1 recombinant protein was then injected into the mouse's tail vein to induce elevation of CXCL1 level in blood for simulating the effect of acupuncture stimulation which has been demonstrated by our past study. In vivo small animal imaging technology was used to observe the AF750 and AF750+CXCL1-labelled target regions. After thermal pain screening, the Wistar rats with stable pain reaction were subjected to AIA modeling by injecting CFA into the rat's right planta, then were randomized into model and manual acupuncture groups (n=12 in each group). Other 12 rats that received planta injection of saline were used as the control group. Manual acupuncture (uniform reinforcing and reducing manipulations) was applied to bilateral "Zusanli" (ST36) for 4×2 min, with an interval of 5 min between every 2 min, once daily for 7 days. The thermal pain threshold was assessed by detecting the paw withdrawal latency (PWL) using a thermal pain detector. The contents of CXCL1 in the primary somatosensory cortex (S1), medial prefrontal cortex, nucleus accumbens, amygdala, periaqueductal gray and rostroventromedial medulla regions were assayed by using ELISA, and the expression levels of CXCL1, CXCR2 and mu-opioid receptor (MOR) mRNA in the S1 region were detected using real time-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The immune-fluorescence positive cellular rate of CXCL1 and CXCR2 in S1 region was observed after immunofluorescence stain. The immunofluorescence double-stain of CXCR2 and astrocyte marker glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) or neuron marker NeuN or MOR was used to determine whether there is a co-expression between them. RESULTS: In AIA mice, results of in vivo experiments showed no obvious enrichment signal of AF750 or AF750+CXCL1 in any organ of the body, while in vitro experiments showed that there was a stronger fluorescence signal of CXCL1 recombinant protein in the brain. In rats, compared with the control group, the PWL from day 0 to day 7 was significantly decreased (P<0.01) and the expression of CXCR2 mRNA in the S1 region significantly increased in the model group (P<0.05), while in comparison with the model group, the PWL from day 2 to day 7, CXCL1 content, CXCR2 mRNA expression and CXCR2 content, and MOR mRNA expression in the S1 region were significantly increased in the manual acupuncture group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Immunofluorescence stain showed that CXCR2 co-stained with NeuN and MOR in the S1 region, indicating that CXCR2 exists in neurons and MOR-positive neurons but not in GFAP positive astrocytes. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture can increase the content of CXCL1 in S1 region, up-regulate CXCR2 on neurons in the S1 region and improve MOR expression in S1 region of AIA rats, which may contribute to its effect in alleviating inflammatory pain.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Artritis Experimental , Quimiocina CXCL1 , Receptores de Interleucina-8B , Corteza Somatosensorial , Animales , Humanos , Masculino , Ratones , Ratas , Puntos de Acupuntura , Artritis Experimental/terapia , Artritis Experimental/metabolismo , Artritis Experimental/genética , Quimiocina CXCL1/metabolismo , Quimiocina CXCL1/genética , Inflamación/terapia , Inflamación/metabolismo , Inflamación/genética , Ratones Endogámicos BALB C , Dolor/metabolismo , Dolor/genética , Manejo del Dolor , Ratas Wistar , Receptores de Interleucina-8B/metabolismo , Receptores de Interleucina-8B/genética , Transducción de Señal , Corteza Somatosensorial/metabolismo
3.
Fitoterapia ; 175: 105959, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615754

RESUMEN

Lysimachia capillipes Hemsl., a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), is commonly prescribed for its anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor properties. Pharmacological studies have demonstrated that Lysimachia capillipes Hemsl. saponins (LCS) are the primary bioactive component. However, its mechanism for treating colorectal cancer (CRC) is still unknown. Increasing evidence suggests a close relationship between CRC, intestinal flora, and host metabolism. Thus, this study aims to investigate the mechanism of LCS amelioration of CRC from the perspective of the gut microbiome and metabolome. As a result, seven gut microbiotas and fourteen plasma metabolites were significantly altered between the control and model groups. Among them, one gut microbiota genera (Monoglobus) and six metabolites (Ureidopropionic acid, Cytosine, L-Proline, 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid, Cyclic AMP and Suberic acid) showed the most pronounced callback trend after LCS administration. Subsequently, the correlation analysis revealed significant associations between 68 pairs of associated metabolites and gut microbes, with 13 pairs of strongly associated metabolites regulated by the LCS. Taken together, these findings indicate that the amelioration of CRC by LCS is connected to the regulation of intestinal flora and the recasting of metabolic abnormalities. These insights highlight the potential of LCS as a candidate drug for the treatment of CRC.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Colorrectales , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Primulaceae , Saponinas , Saponinas/farmacología , Saponinas/aislamiento & purificación , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efectos de los fármacos , Animales , Ratones , Primulaceae/química , Neoplasias Colorrectales/tratamiento farmacológico , Masculino , Metaboloma/efectos de los fármacos , Ratones Endogámicos BALB C , Lysimachia
4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 329: 118158, 2024 Jul 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614263

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Trichosanthis pericarpium (TP; Gualoupi, pericarps of Trichosanthes kirilowii Maxim) has been used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) to reduce heat, resolve phlegm, promote Qi, and clear chest congestion. It is also an essential herbal ingredient in the "Gualou Xiebai" formula first recorded by Zhang Zhongjing (from the Eastern Han Dynasty) in the famous TCM classic "Jin-Guì-Yào-Lüe" for treating chest impediments. According to its traditional description, Gualou Xiebai is indicated for symptoms of chest impediments, which correspond to coronary heart diseases (CHD). AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to identify the antithrombotic compounds in Gualoupi for the treatment of CHD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A CHD rat model was established with a combination of high-fat diet and isoproterenol hydrochloride (ISO) administration via subcutaneous multi-point injection in the back of the neck. This model was used to evaluate the antithrombotic effect of two mainstream cultivars of TP ("HaiShi GuaLou" and "WanLou") by analyzing the main components and their effects. Network pharmacology, molecular docking-based studies, and a zebrafish (Danio rerio) thrombosis model induced by phenylhydrazine was used to validate the antithrombosis components of TP. RESULTS: TP significantly reduced the body weight of the CHD rats, improved myocardial ischemia, and reduced collagen deposition and fibrosis around the infarcted tissue. It reduced thrombosis in a dose-dependent manner and significantly reduced inflammation and oxidative stress damage. Cynaroside, isoquercitrin, rutin, citrulline, and arginine were identified as candidate active TP compounds with antithrombotic effects. The key potential targets of TP in thrombosis treatment were initially identified by molecular docking-based analysis, which showed that the candidate active compounds have a strong binding affinity to the potential targets (protein kinase C alpha type [PKCα], protein kinase C beta type [PKCß], von Willebrand factor [vWF], and prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1 [PTGS1], fibrinogen alpha [Fga], fibrinogen beta [Fgb], fibrinogen gamma [Fgg], coagulation factor II [F2], and coagulation factor VII [F7]). In addition, the candidate active compounds reduced thrombosis, improved oxidative stress damage, and down-regulated the expression of thrombosis-related genes (PKCα, PKCß, vWF, PTGS1, Fga, Fgb, Fgg, F2, and F7) in the zebrafish model. CONCLUSION: Cynaroside, isoquercitrin, rutin, citrulline, and arginine were identified as the active antithrombotic compounds of TP used to treat CHD. Mechanistically, the active compounds were found to be involved in oxidative stress injury, platelet activation pathway, and complement and coagulation cascade pathways.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad Coronaria , Fibrinolíticos , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Farmacología en Red , Trichosanthes , Animales , Fibrinolíticos/farmacología , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapéutico , Fibrinolíticos/química , Enfermedad Coronaria/tratamiento farmacológico , Ratas , Masculino , Trichosanthes/química , Pez Cebra , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/química , Extractos Vegetales/farmacología , Extractos Vegetales/química , Extractos Vegetales/uso terapéutico , Medicina Tradicional China/métodos
5.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1293953, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577575

RESUMEN

Background: The effect of surgery on advanced prostate cancer (PC) is unclear and predictive model for postoperative survival is lacking yet. Methods: We investigate the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database, to collect clinical features of advanced PC patients. According to clinical experience, age, race, grade, pathology, T, N, M, stage, size, regional nodes positive, regional nodes examined, surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, history of malignancy, clinical Gleason score (composed of needle core biopsy or transurethral resection of the prostate specimens), pathological Gleason score (composed of prostatectomy specimens) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) are the potential predictive variables. All samples are divided into train cohort (70% of total, for model training) and test cohort (30% of total, for model validation) by random sampling. We then develop neural network to predict advanced PC patients' overall. Area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) is used to evaluate model's performance. Results: 6380 patients, diagnosed with advanced (stage III-IV) prostate cancer and receiving surgery, have been included. The model using all collected clinical features as predictors and based on neural network algorithm performs best, which scores 0.7058 AUC (95% CIs, 0.7021-0.7068) in train cohort and 0.6925 AUC (95% CIs, 0.6906-0.6956) in test cohort. We then package it into a Windows 64-bit software. Conclusion: Patients with advanced prostate cancer may benefit from surgery. In order to forecast their overall survival, we first build a clinical features-based prognostic model. This model is accuracy and may offer some reference on clinical decision making.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Próstata , Resección Transuretral de la Próstata , Masculino , Humanos , Neoplasias de la Próstata/cirugía , Neoplasias de la Próstata/patología , Pronóstico , Biopsia con Aguja Gruesa , Redes Neurales de la Computación
6.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 35(3): 817-826, 2024 Mar 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38646770

RESUMEN

To explore the causes of red tides in Qinhuangdao coastal water, we conducted surveys on both water quality and red tides during April to September of 2022 and analyzed the relationships between main environmental factors and red tide organisms through the factor analysis and canonical correspondence analysis. The results showed that there were eight red tides along the coast of Qinhuangdao in 2022, with a cumulative blooming area of 716.1 km2. The red tides could be divided into three kinds based on the major blooming organisms and occurrence time, Noctiluca scintillans bloom, diatom-euglena (Skeletonema costatum, Eutreptiella gymnastica, Pseudo-nitzschia spp.) bloom, and dinoflagellate (Scrippsiella trochoidea and Ceratium furca) bloom. Seasonal factor played roles mainly during July to September, while inorganic nutrients including nitrogen and phosphorus influenced the blooms mainly in April and July. The canonical correspondence analysis suggested that N. scintillans preferred low temperature, and often bloomed with high concentrations of ammonium nitrogen and dissolved inorganic phosphorus. S. costatum, E. gymnastica, and Pseudo-nitzschia spp. could tolerate broad ranges of various environmental factors, but favored high temperature and nitrogen-rich seawater. C. furca and S. trochoidea had higher survival rate and competitiveness in phosphate-poor waters. Combined the results from both analyses, we concluded that the causes for the three kinds of red tide processes in Qinhuangdao coastal areas in 2022 were different. Adequate diet algae and appropriate water temperature were important factors triggering and maintaining the N. scintillans bloom. Suitable temperature, salinity and eutrophication were the main reasons for the diatom-euglena bloom. The abundant nutrients and seawater disturbance promoted the germination of S. trochoidea cysts, while phosphorus limitation caused the blooming organism switched to C. furca and maintained the bloom hereafter.


Asunto(s)
Diatomeas , Dinoflagelados , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Floraciones de Algas Nocivas , Agua de Mar , China , Dinoflagelados/crecimiento & desarrollo , Agua de Mar/análisis , Agua de Mar/química , Diatomeas/crecimiento & desarrollo , Océanos y Mares , Fósforo/análisis , Nitrógeno/análisis , Estaciones del Año
7.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 329: 118144, 2024 Jul 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583732

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Gynecological disorders have the characteristics of high incidence and recurrence rate, which sorely affects female's health. Since ancient times, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), especially tonic medicine (TM), has been used to deal with gynecological disorders and has unique advantages in effectiveness and safety. AIM OF THE REVIEW: In this article, we aim to summarize the research progress of TMs in-vivo and in-vitro, including their formulas, single herbs, and compounds, for gynecological disorders treatment in recent years, and to offer a reference for further research on the treatment of gynecological disorders and their clinical application in the treatment of TMs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Relevant information on the therapeutic potential of TMs against gynecological disorders was collected from several scientific databases including Web of Science, PubMed, CNKI, Google Scholar and other literature sources. RESULTS: So far, there are 46 different formulas, 3 single herbs, and 24 compounds used in the treatment of various gynecological disorders such as premature ovarian failure, endometriosis breast cancer, and so on. Many experimental results have shown that TMs can regulate apoptosis, invasion, migration, oxidative stress, and the immune system. In addition, the effect of TMs in gynecological disorders treatment may be due to the regulation of VEGF, PI3K-AKT, MAPK, NF-κB, and other signaling pathways. Apparently, TMs play an active role in the treatment of gynecological disorders by regulating these signaling pathways. CONCLUSION: TMs have a curative effect on the prevention and treatment of gynecological disorders. It could relieve and treat gynecological disorders through a variety of pathways. Therefore, the appropriate TM treatment program makes it more possible to treat gynecological disorders.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Enfermedades de los Genitales Femeninos , Medicina Tradicional China , Humanos , Femenino , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/uso terapéutico , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Enfermedades de los Genitales Femeninos/tratamiento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional China/métodos , Animales
8.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607191

RESUMEN

Background: Repeated episodes of jaundice and pruritus are common in a group of autosomal recessive liver diseases known as benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis. Benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis (BRIC) is divided into two types, type 1 and type 2, and is caused by mutations in the ATP8B1 and ABCB11 genes. Here, we report a rare case of BRIC type 2 mutation. Case presentation: A 45-year-old Chinese man had three frequent episodes of jaundice marked by extensive excoriation and severe pruritis, although he had no prior history of jaundice. Laboratory investigations showed no evidence of liver damage caused by viral, autoimmune, or acquired metabolic etiologies. The CT scan revealed an enlarged gallbladder with numerous punctate high-density shadows, while no wall thickening was observed. Endoscopic ultrasonography showed no evidence of dilation of the intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile duct, as well as the absence of gallstone. Diagnostic evaluation: Immunohistochemical examinations of liver biopsy samples showed cytokeratin-7 positive hepatocytes, suggesting chronic intrahepatic cholestasis. The reticulin fiberstaining demonstrated that the portions of the hepatic plate in the center of the lobule were asymmetrically organized,and somewhat enlarged, with collapsed areas indicating intralobular inflammation. Moreover, there were areas of collapse that indicated the presence of intralobular inflammation. Whole exome sequencing revealed mutations in the ABCB11 gene; c.3084A>G, p.A1028A homozygous mutation (chr2-169789016), and c.2594C>T, p.A865V heterozygous mutation (chr2-169801131). Based on these findings, the final diagnosis of the patient was metabolism-related jaundice. Treatment: Apart from receiving tapering dosage of prednisone to lower bilirubin levels, the patient received no extra care. Conclusion: The comprehensive diagnosis of a middle-aged male patient with BRIC-2, which involved extensive radiological, hematological, and genetic investigations, informed a tailored tapering prednisone regimen, highlighting the importance of personalized medicine in managing atypical presentations of this rare cholestatic disorder.

9.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607211

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the application value of transabdominal ultrasonography in the diagnosis of gastrointestinal malignant tumors. Methods: This study retrospectively analyzed the transabdominal ultrasound imaging data of 284 patients with gastrointestinal tumors admitted to our hospital from April 2019 to March 2022 and assessed the accuracy of transabdominal ultrasound in diagnosing different types of gastrointestinal tumor diseases. The diagnostic accuracy of transabdominal ultrasonography for TNM staging of gastrointestinal malignancies was calculated. Results: The sensitivity and specificity of transabdominal ultrasonography in the diagnosis of gastric cancer were (82.40% and 83.72%, respectively), colon cancer (77.78% and 88.35%, respectively), gastric stromal tumor (95.45% and 93.65%, respectively), gastric lymphoma (72.22% and 94.66%, respectively), colorectal lymphoma (80.00% and 95.42%, respectively), gastric mucosal hypertrophy (85.71% and 96.69%, respectively), and pyloric hypertrophy (92.59% and 97.79%, respectively). Among the 284 patients included, 152 patients had malignant tumors, including 34 patients with stage I, 30 patients with stage II, 51 patients with stage III, and 37 patients with stage IV. The accuracy of transabdominal ultrasonography for TNM staging of gastrointestinal malignancies was 85.53% (130/152). Conclusion: Transabdominal ultrasonography shows promise as a diagnostic tool for gastrointestinal malignant tumors; however, it is recommended to be used in conjunction with other detection methods such as fibrous gastrointestinal tract examination to minimize the risk of missed diagnoses and misdiagnoses. The study highlights the potential of transabdominal ultrasonography as a non-invasive and accessible diagnostic method for gastrointestinal malignancies. Further research and advancements in imaging technologies are crucial for enhancing diagnostic capabilities and improving patient outcomes in the future.

10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(4): 1122-1128, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621919

RESUMEN

Based on literature and questionnaire research, related evidence and related data on Shexiang Tongxin Dropping Pills were collected in terms of safety, effectiveness, economy, innovation, suitability, and accessibility. In addition, multi-criteria decision analysis(MCDA) model was used to comprehensively evaluate the clinical value of Shexiang Tongxin Dropping Pills. Quality control was carried out strictly based on evidence-based medicine evaluation. Shexiang Tongxin Dropping Pills were recommended for stable fatigue angina of coronary heart disease with Qi deficiency and blood stasis by guidelines and experts. The conventional treatment of western medicine adds Shexiang Tongxin Dropping Pills to reduce the frequency of angina attacks, shorten the duration, improve exercise tolerance, and improve the quality of life and Chinese symptoms, and the effectiveness is rated as grade A. Adverse reactions are mostly general adverse reactions, and no serious adverse reactions have been reported, consistent with the known risks listed in the instruction for adverse events, contraindications, and precautions. The safety is rated as grade A, and the daily cost is 7.74 yuan. The cost-effectiveness shows that it is a treatment regimen with pharmacoeconomic advantages, and the economic performance is rated as grade A. According to specialist research, Shexiang Tongxin Dropping Pills have good clinical innovation and service innovation, and innovation is rated as grade A. There are no special storage conditions, medicinal material ingredients, or other restrictions, and the clinical use meets the specifications of the medication guidelines. The suitability is rated as grade A. The price level, availability, and affordability of drugs are generally good, and the accessibility is rated as grade A. The clinical value of Shexiang Tongxin Dropping Pills is great.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad Coronaria , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Humanos , Calidad de Vida , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/efectos adversos , Enfermedad Coronaria/tratamiento farmacológico , Angina de Pecho/tratamiento farmacológico
11.
J Sci Food Agric ; 104(10): 6085-6099, 2024 Aug 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38445528

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Red Panax notoginseng (RPN) is one of the major processed products of P. notoginseng (PN), with more effective biological activities. However, the traditional processing method of RPN has some disadvantages, such as low conversion rate of ginsenosides and long processing time. RESULTS: In this work, we developed a green, safe, and efficient approach for RPN processing by aspartic acid impregnation pretreatment. Our results showed that the optimized temperature, steaming time, and concentration of aspartic acid were 120 °C, 1 h, and 3% respectively. The original ginsenosides in PN treated by aspartic acid (Asp-PN) were completely converted to rare saponins at 120 °C within just 1 h. The concentration of the rare ginsenosides in Asp-PN was two times higher than that in untreated RPN. In addition, we examined the protective effect of RPN and Asp-PN on acetaminophen-induced liver injury in a mouse model. The results showed that Asp-PN has significantly more potent hepatoprotective action than the RPN. The hepatoprotection of Asp-PN in acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity may be due to its anti-oxidative stress, anti-apoptotic, and anti-inflammatory activities. CONCLUSION: These results indicated that aspartic acid impregnation pretreatment may provide an effective method to shorten the steaming time, improve the conversion rate of ginsenosides, and enhance hepatoprotective activity of RPN. © 2024 Society of Chemical Industry.


Asunto(s)
Ácido Aspártico , Enfermedad Hepática Inducida por Sustancias y Drogas , Ginsenósidos , Hígado , Panax notoginseng , Sustancias Protectoras , Animales , Panax notoginseng/química , Ratones , Ácido Aspártico/química , Ginsenósidos/química , Ginsenósidos/farmacología , Masculino , Hígado/efectos de los fármacos , Enfermedad Hepática Inducida por Sustancias y Drogas/prevención & control , Enfermedad Hepática Inducida por Sustancias y Drogas/tratamiento farmacológico , Sustancias Protectoras/farmacología , Sustancias Protectoras/química , Sustancias Protectoras/administración & dosificación , Humanos , Estrés Oxidativo/efectos de los fármacos , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/química , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/administración & dosificación , Saponinas/química , Saponinas/farmacología , Acetaminofén
12.
Fitoterapia ; 175: 105905, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38479616

RESUMEN

Six new dimeric 2-(2-phenylethyl)chromones (1-6) were successfully isolated from the ethanol extract of agarwood of Aquilaria filaria from Philippines under HPLC-MS guidance. Compounds 1-6 are all dimers formed by linking 5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-2-(2-phenylethyl)chromone and flindersia 2-(2-phenylethyl)chromone via a single ether bond, and the linkage site (C5-O-C8'') of compound 2 is extremely rare. A variety of spectroscopic methods were used to ascertain their structures, including extensive 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic analysis, HRESIMS, and comparison with literature. The in vitro tyrosinase inhibitory and anti-inflammatory activities of each isolate were assessed. Among these compounds, compound 2 had a tyrosinase inhibition effect with an IC50 value of 27.71 ± 2.60 µM, and compound 4 exhibited moderate inhibition of nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW264.7 cells with an IC50 value of 35.40 ± 1.04 µM.


Asunto(s)
Antiinflamatorios , Monofenol Monooxigenasa , Óxido Nítrico , Thymelaeaceae , Madera , Células RAW 264.7 , Animales , Thymelaeaceae/química , Ratones , Estructura Molecular , Madera/química , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Antiinflamatorios/farmacología , Antiinflamatorios/aislamiento & purificación , Antiinflamatorios/química , Monofenol Monooxigenasa/antagonistas & inhibidores , Filipinas , Cromonas/aislamiento & purificación , Cromonas/farmacología , Cromonas/química , Fitoquímicos/farmacología , Fitoquímicos/aislamiento & purificación , Flavonoides
13.
Ann Indian Acad Neurol ; 27(1): 27-33, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38495252

RESUMEN

Background: Potentially substantial impacts on the prognosis have been observed in individuals undergoing endovascular treatment due to cytochrome P450 2c19 (CYP2C19) polymorphism. In an attempt to improve prognosis and lower the recurrence rate, this study investigated the CYP2C19 polymorphism in acute ischemic stroke patients. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 292 patients with cerebral infarction who had acute endovascular recanalization at the Department of Neurology of Chongqing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine between May 2017 and 2019. The patients were categorized into rapid-, medium-, and slow-metabolism groups based on CYP2C19 gene polymorphism, and their prognosis was monitored. In addition, the prognosis of 188 patients selectively receiving carotid artery stenting at a selected time was also observed. Results: Among the 292 cerebral infarction cases receiving acute endovascular recanalization, the patients in the CYP2C19 rapid-metabolism group regularly took clopidogrel and aspirin combined with antiplatelet therapy and suffered from reoccurrence of apoplexy and cerebral hemorrhage; the 90-day good prognosis had a statistical difference (P < 0.05, prognostic assessment includes hospitalization and 6 months after discharge) and the other adverse events had no statistical difference (including mortality). The 188 patients selectively receiving carotid artery stenting had a recurrence of apoplexy, cerebral hemorrhage, and restenosis rate with a statistical difference (P < 0.05), and the other adverse events had no statistical difference. Conclusions: In conclusion, the findings of the current study indicate that irrespective of whether patients are undergoing selective carotid artery stenting or acute endovascular recanalization, those with rapid CYP2C19 metabolism have a significantly lower likelihood of experiencing adverse prognostic events compared to those with intermediate and slow metabolism. Furthermore, this group also has a more favorable prognosis than the other two groups.

14.
Phytomedicine ; 128: 155456, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38537446

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous metabolic and endocrine disorder that causes anovulatory infertility and abnormal folliculogenesis in women of reproductive age. Several studies have revealed inflammation in PCOS follicles, and recent evidence suggests that Berberine (BBR) effectively reduces inflammatory responses in PCOS, however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. PURPOSE: To determine the underlying mechanisms by which BBR alleviates inflammation in PCOS. STUDY DESIGN: Primary human GCs from healthy women and women with PCOS, and KGN cells were used for in vitro studies. ICR mice were used for in vivo studies. METHODS: Gene expression was measured using RT-qPCR. HAS2, inflammatory cytokines, and serum hormones were assayed by ELISA. Protein expression profiles were assayed by Western blot. Chronic low-grade inflammatory mouse models were developed by intraperitoneal injection with LPS, and PCOS mouse models were established by subcutaneous intraperitoneal injection of DHEA. BBR and 4-MU were administered by gavage. Ovarian morphologic changes were evaluated using H&E staining. HAS2 expression in the ovary was assayed using Western blot and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Our results confirmed that HAS2 expression and hyaluronan (HA) accumulation are closely associated with inflammatory responses in PCOS. Data obtained from in vitro studies showed that HAS2 and inflammatory genes (e.g., MCP-1, IL-1ß, and IL-6) are significantly upregulated in PCOS samples and LPS-induced KGN cells compared to their control groups. In addition, these effects were reversed by blocking HAS2 expression or HA synthesis using BBR or 4-MU, respectively. Furthermore, HAS2 overexpression induces the expression of inflammatory genes in PCOS. These results were further confirmed in LPS- and DHEA-induced mouse models, where inflammatory genes were reduced by BBR or 4-MU, and ovarian morphology was restored. CONCLUSIONS: Our results define previously unknown links between HAS2 and chronic low-grade inflammation in the follicles of women with PCOS. BBR exerts its anti-inflammatory effects by down-regulating HAS2. This study provides a novel therapeutic target for alleviating ovarian inflammation in women with PCOS.


Asunto(s)
Berberina , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Hialuronano Sintasas , Inflamación , Ratones Endogámicos ICR , Síndrome del Ovario Poliquístico , Síndrome del Ovario Poliquístico/tratamiento farmacológico , Berberina/farmacología , Femenino , Animales , Humanos , Hialuronano Sintasas/metabolismo , Inflamación/tratamiento farmacológico , Ratones , Ácido Hialurónico , Adulto , Células de la Granulosa/efectos de los fármacos , Células de la Granulosa/metabolismo , Deshidroepiandrosterona/farmacología , Ovario/efectos de los fármacos , Lipopolisacáridos , Citocinas/metabolismo
15.
Biomater Sci ; 12(9): 2292-2301, 2024 Apr 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38498328

RESUMEN

Colorectal cancer (CRC) ranks among the most prevalent cancers globally, demanding innovative therapeutic strategies. Immunotherapy, a promising avenue, employs cancer vaccines to activate the immune system against tumors. However, conventional approaches fall short of eliciting robust responses within the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, where CRC originates. Harnessing the potential of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and cytosine-phosphorothioate-guanine (CpG), we developed layered nanoparticles using a layer-by-layer assembly method to co-deliver these agents. ATRA, crucial for gut immunity, was efficiently encapsulated alongside CpG within these nanoparticles. Administering these ATRA@CpG-NPs, combined with ovalbumin peptide (OVA), effectively inhibited orthotopic CRC growth in mice. Our approach leveraged the inherent benefits of ATRA and CpG, demonstrating superior efficacy in activating dendritic cells, imprinting T cells with gut-homing receptors, and inhibiting tumor growth. This mucosal adjuvant presents a promising strategy for CRC immunotherapy, showcasing the potential for targeting gut-associated immune responses in combating colorectal malignancies.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Colorrectales , Fosfatos de Dinucleósidos , Nanopartículas , Tretinoina , Tretinoina/química , Tretinoina/administración & dosificación , Tretinoina/farmacología , Animales , Neoplasias Colorrectales/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorrectales/patología , Neoplasias Colorrectales/inmunología , Nanopartículas/química , Nanopartículas/administración & dosificación , Ratones , Humanos , Adyuvantes Inmunológicos/farmacología , Adyuvantes Inmunológicos/administración & dosificación , Adyuvantes Inmunológicos/química , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Femenino , Inmunoterapia/métodos , Ovalbúmina/administración & dosificación , Ovalbúmina/inmunología , Ovalbúmina/química , Línea Celular Tumoral , Ratones Endogámicos BALB C , Oligodesoxirribonucleótidos/química , Oligodesoxirribonucleótidos/administración & dosificación , Oligodesoxirribonucleótidos/farmacología , Células Dendríticas/efectos de los fármacos , Células Dendríticas/inmunología , Nanopartículas Capa por Capa
16.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 198, 2024 Mar 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38528538

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the protective effects of gentiopicroside against lipopolysaccharide-induced chondrocyte inflammation. METHODS: SW 1353 chondrosarcoma cells were stimulated with LPS (5 µg/ml) for 24 h and treated with different concentrations of gentiopicroside (GPS) for 24 h. The toxic effects of GPS on chondrocytes were determined using a CCK-8 assay and EdU staining. Western blotting, qPCR, and immunofluorescence analysis were used to examine the protective effect of GPS against the inflammatory response in chondrocytes induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). One-way ANOVA was used to compare the differences between the groups (significance level of 0.05). RESULTS: The CCK-8 results showed that 10, 20 and 40 µM GPS had no significant toxic effects on chondrocytes; GPS effectively reduced the production of IL-1ß and PGE2, reversed LPS-induced extracellular matrix degradation in cartilage by inhibiting the Stat3/Runx2 signaling pathway, and suppressed the hypertrophic transformation of SW 1353 chondrosarcoma cells. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that GPS significantly inhibited the LPS-induced inflammatory response and hypertrophic cellular degeneration in SW 1353 chondrosarcoma cells and is a valuable traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.


Asunto(s)
Condrosarcoma , Glucósidos Iridoides , Osteoartritis , Humanos , Condrocitos/metabolismo , Lipopolisacáridos/toxicidad , Osteoartritis/metabolismo , Sincalida/metabolismo , Sincalida/farmacología , Inflamación/inducido químicamente , Inflamación/tratamiento farmacológico , Inflamación/metabolismo , Hipertrofia , Condrosarcoma/tratamiento farmacológico , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , FN-kappa B/metabolismo
17.
Sci Total Environ ; 924: 171730, 2024 May 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38492603

RESUMEN

Eutrophication and its resulting harmful algal blooms greatly reduce the ecosystem services of natural waters. The use of modified clay materials to assist the phytoremediation of eutrophic water is a promising technique. In this study, ferric chloride and calcium hydroxide were respectively loaded on red soil for algal flocculation and phosphorus inactivation. A two-by-two factorial mesocosm experiment with and without the application of ferric- and calcium- loaded red soil (FA), and with and without planting the submerged macrophyte Vallisneria natans was conducted for the in-situ repair of eutrophic water and sediment. Furthermore, field enclosure application was carried out to verify the feasibility of the technology. At the end of the mesocosm experiment, the total phosphorus, total nitrogen, and ammonia nitrogen concentrations in water were reduced by 81.8 %, 63.3 %, and 62.0 %, respectively, and orthophosphate phosphorus concentration in the sediment-water interface decreased by 90.2 % in the FA + V. natans group compared with those in the control group. The concentration and proportion of chlorophyll-a in cyanobacteria decreased by 89.8 % and 71.2 %, respectively, in the FA + V. natans group. The content of active phosphorus in V. natans decreased and that of inert phosphorus increased in the FA + V. natans group, compared with those in the V. natans alone group, thus may reducing the risk of phosphorus release after decomposing of V. natans. The sediment bacterial diversity index did not change significantly among treatments. Field enclosure application have also been successful, with chlorophyll-a concentration in the water of treated enclosure decreased from above 200 µg/L to below 10 µg/L, and phosphorus concentration in the water decreased from >0.6 mg/L to <0.02 mg/L. These results demonstrated that the FA in combination with submerged macrophyte planting had great potential for the in-situ remediation of eutrophic water, especially those with severe algal blooms.


Asunto(s)
Ecosistema , Lagos , Calcio , Suelo , Eutrofización , Floraciones de Algas Nocivas , Agua , Clorofila , Clorofila A , Hierro , Hierro de la Dieta , Fósforo , Nitrógeno/análisis
18.
Int J Med Mushrooms ; 26(4): 9-27, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38523446

RESUMEN

To assess the strain resources and address production challenges in Ganoderma cultivation. 150 Ganoderma strains were collected from 13 provinces in China. A comparative analysis of agronomic traits and effective components was conducted. Among the 150 strains, key agronomic traits measured were: average stipe diameter (15.92 mm), average stipe length (37.46 mm), average cap horizontal diameter (94.97 mm), average cap vertical diameter (64.21 mm), average cap thickness (15.22 mm), and average fruiting body weight (14.30 g). Based on these agronomic traits, four promising strains, namely, L08, L12, Z21, and Z39, were recommended for further cultivation and breeding. The average crude polysaccharide content ranged from 0.048% to 0.977%, and triterpenoids ranged from 0.804% to 2.010%. In addition, 73 triterpenoid compounds were identified, constituting 47.1% of the total compounds. Using a distance discrimination method, the types, and relative contents of triterpenoid compounds in 150 Ganoderma strains were classified, achieving 98% accuracy in G. lingzhi identification. The 16 triterpenoid components used for G. lingzhi identification included oleanolic acid, ursolic acid, 3ß-acetoxyergosta-7,22-dien-5α-ol, ganoderic acid DM, ganoderiol B, ganorderol A, ganoderic acid GS-1, tsugaric acid A, ganoderic acid GS-2, ganoderenic acid D, ganoderic acid Mf, ganoderic acid A, ganoderic acid K, ganoderic acid V, ganoderic acid G, and leucocontextin J. This study provides valuable insights for exploring and utilizing Ganoderma resources and for the development of new varieties.


Asunto(s)
Agaricales , Agaricus , Antineoplásicos , Ganoderma , Reishi , Triterpenos , Triterpenos/análisis , China
19.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 24(1): 123, 2024 Mar 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491439

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Daoyin therapy (DT), an ancient therapeutic approach with a history spanning thousands of years, has traditionally been employed to address musculoskeletal pain and psychosomatic disorders. However, the application of DT for chronic neck pain (CNP) has received limited attention in the existing literature, and systematic randomized clinical trials (RCTs) in this context remain scarce. This manuscript outlines an RCT protocol designed to investigate whether DT is more effective at alleviating CNP in adult individuals compared to other interventions. METHODS: A 12-week RCT was conducted, with participants undergoing randomization into one of three groups: DT, Meditation + Fitness Exercise (M+FE), or a control group. Participants in the DT and M + FE groups attended their respective training classes three times per week for 12 weeks. Participants in the control group were required to attend health education workshops every 2 weeks. Following the 12-week intervention period, all participants underwent follow-up assessments at the 16th week. Outcome measures encompassed the Simplified Chinese Neck Pain and Disability Scale (SC-NPAD) and Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for pain assessment, Static Neck Posture Assessment (SNPA) to evaluate neck and shoulder posture and function, Short Form-36 (SF-36) to assess quality of life, and blood tests measuring 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), Norepinephrine/Noradrenaline (NE/NA), γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), Adreno-Cortico-Tropic-Hormone (ACTH), ß-Endorphin (ß-EP), and Calcitonin-Gene-Related Peptide (CGRP) levels via high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and radioimmunoassay (RIA). Brain activity changes were monitored through MRI scans. Repeated measures analyses of variance (ANOVAs) will be used to evaluate the outcomes at baseline, at the 12th week, and at the 16th week. Generalized Estimating Equation (GEE) models will be applied to analyze changes in outcomes over time and differences between groups. DISCUSSION: This trial aims to evaluate the efficacy of DT in comparison to other interventions and explore the neuroendocrine mechanisms underlying its effects in adults with CNP. If the intervention and procedures demonstrate feasibility and acceptability, there are plans to conduct a more extensive controlled trial. This could potentially pave the way for the broader application of DT, not only in the context of CNP but also for other chronic diseases. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial has been registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (Registration ID: [ChiCTR2400079571]).


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Dolor Crónico , Adulto , Humanos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Dolor de Cuello/terapia , Evaluación de Resultado en la Atención de Salud , Ejercicio Físico , Dolor Crónico/terapia , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto
20.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1320500, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38525084

RESUMEN

Introduction: Postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP) is a common chronic disease, and the loss of bone density and bone strength after menopause are its main symptoms. Effective treatments for PMOP are still uncertain, but Chinese medicine has some advantages in slowing down bone loss. Shengu granules are often used clinically to treat PMOP. It has been shown to be an effective prescription for the treatment of PMOP, and there is evidence that gut flora may play an important role. However, whether Shengu granules attenuate PMOP by modulating gut flora and related mechanisms remains unclear. Methods: In this study, we mainly examined the bone strength of the femur, the structure of the intestinal microbiota, SCFAs in the feces and the level of FOXP3 cells in the colon. To further learn about the inflammation response, the condition of the mucosa and the level of cytokines in the serum also included in the testing. In addition, to get the information of the protein expression, the protein expression of OPG and RANKL in the femur and the protein expression of ZO-1 and Occludin in the colon were taken into account. Results: The osteoporosis was significantly improved in the SG group compared with the OVX group, and the diversity of intestinal flora, the secretion level of SCFAs and the expression level of FOXP3 were significantly increased compared with the OVX group. In terms of inflammatory indicators, the intestinal inflammation scores of the SG group was significantly lower than those in the OVX group. Additionally, the serum expression levels of IL-10 and TGF-ß in the SG group were significantly increased compared with the OVX group, and the expression levels of IL-17 and TNF-α were significantly decreased compared with the OVX group. In terms of protein expression, the expression levels of ZO-1, Occluding and OPG were significantly increased in the SG group compared with the OVX group, and the expression level of RANKL was significantly decreased compared with the OVX group. Discussion: Shengu granules treatment can improve the imbalance of intestinal flora, increase the secretion of SCFAs and the expression of FOXP3, which reduces the inflammatory response and repairs the intestinal barrier, as well as regulates the expression of OPG/RANKL signaling axis. Overall, Shengu granules ameliorate ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis by the gut-bone-immune axis.

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