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1.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 24(5): 472-481, 2022 May 15.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644186

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of parent-child cooperative music therapy on the core symptoms of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their mothers. METHODS: In this prospective study, 112 children with ASD and their mothers were divided into a music therapy group and an applied behavior analysis (ABA) group using a random number table (n=56 each). The children in the ABA group were treated with ABA, and those in the music therapy group were given parent-child cooperative music therapy in addition to the ABA treatment. The duration of intervention was 8 weeks for both groups. Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC), Parenting Stress Index-Short form (PSI-SF), Family APGAR Index, and Herth Hope Index (HHI) were used to evaluate the core symptoms of children with ASD and the parenting stress, family APGAR index, and hope level of mothers before and after intervention. RESULTS: A total of 100 child-mother dyads completed the whole study, with 50 child-mother dyads in each group. After intervention, the children in the music therapy group had significantly lower total score of ABC scale and scores of sensation, social interaction, and somatic movement, as well as a significantly lower total score of CARS than those in the ABA group (P<0.05). After intervention, compared with the mothers in the ABA group, the mothers in the music therapy group had significantly higher total score of PSI-SF and score of parent-child dysfunctional interaction, significantly higher total score of HHI and scores of each dimension, and significantly higher total score of APGAR and scores of cooperation and intimacy (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Parent-child cooperative music therapy combined with ABA can alleviate the core symptoms of children with ASD, reduce the parenting stress of their mothers, and improve family APGAR index and hope level.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno del Espectro Autista , Musicoterapia , Trastorno del Espectro Autista/terapia , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Madres , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Estudios Prospectivos
2.
J Adv Nurs ; 77(4): 2033-2049, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33523488

RESUMEN

AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of the hospital-family holistic care model based on the theory of 'Timing It Right' in caregivers of patients with permanent enterostomy. DESIGN: A prospective randomized controlled trial. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-five caregivers of patients with permanent enterostomy were recruited from 1 May 2017-31 August 2019. They were randomized into either intervention group (N = 62) or control group (N = 63). The control group received routine care and follow-up, while the intervention group received routine care, follow-up, and hospital-family holistic care intervention based on 'Timing It Right'. The care ability, psychological distress, and life quality of the caregivers were evaluated between the groups before the intervention, at discharge, and 3 and 6 months after discharge. RESULTS: One hundred and eleven caregivers completed the study (88.8%). At 3 and 6 months after discharge, the care ability and life quality in the intervention group were significantly better than those in the control group (t = 8.506/9.783, t = 22.652/26.179, p < 0.05) based on the t tests, and the psychological distress was lower than that in the control group. The ostomy adaptability of the control group was significantly lower than that in the intervention group (p < 0.001) based on the t tests, and the χ2 test showed that ostomy complication was more than that in the intervention group (23.81% vs. 12.90% and 34.92% vs. 19.35%; p < 0.05) at 3 and 6 months after discharge. The interaction between time and group showed that the effect of time factor varied with the group and the four evaluation indexes in the intervention group gradually improved with the extension of the observation time and were better than those in the control group based on generalized estimating equation model. CONCLUSION: The hospital-family holistic care model based on 'Timing It Right' can effectively improve the care ability of caregivers of patients with permanent enterostomy, reduce psychological distress, and improve the quality of life. IMPACT: The caregivers of patients with permanent enterostomy showed dynamic changes in their care experience and needs at different stages of the disease. The hospital-family holistic care intervention strategy based on 'Timing It Right' can effectively improve the caregiver's care ability, alleviate psychological distress, and improve the quality of life. Additionally, improving the patients' stoma adaptability and reducing the incidence of complications related to ostomy.


Asunto(s)
Cuidadores , Enterostomía , Hospitales , Humanos , Estudios Prospectivos , Calidad de Vida
3.
J Clin Nurs ; 29(13-14): 2196-2208, 2020 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31970830

RESUMEN

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the effects of hospital-family holistic care model based on 'Timing It Right' on the health outcome of patients with permanent colostomy. BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is a common malignant tumour of digestive system, which seriously threatens human life and health. Colostomy is one of the main treatments for colorectal cancer, which effectively improves the 5-year survival rate of patients. However, the postoperative psychological and physiological rehabilitation nursing is still faced with great challenges due to the change of body image and defecation pathway caused by colostomy. METHODS: A randomised controlled trial was conducted, and 119 patients with permanent enterostomy were randomly divided into two groups, with 60 cases in the intervention group and 59 cases in the control group. The intervention group received routine care follow-up and hospital-family holistic care intervention based on 'Timing It Right', while the control group received routine care and follow-up. The resilience, self-care ability, complications and life quality of patients with permanent enterostomy were compared between two groups before intervention, at discharge, 3 months and 6 months after discharge. CONSORT checklist was applied as the reporting guideline for this study (see Appendix S1). RESULTS: A total of 108 patients with permanent enterostomy completed the study (90.76%). At 3 months and 6 months after discharge, the resilience and quality of life in the intervention group were significantly better than those in the control group (t = 4.158 vs. 7.406, t = 4.933 vs. 8.611, p < .05), while the complications in the intervention group were significantly lower than that in the control group (25.5% vs. 41.51%, 14.45% vs. 30.19%; p < .05). The self-care ability of the intervention group was significantly better than that in the control group (t = 1.543 vs. 3.656 vs. 6.273, p < .05) at discharge, 3 months and 6 months after discharge. The interaction between time and grouping showed that the effect of time factor varied with the grouping. After intervention, there were significant differences in psychological resilience, self-care ability, complications and quality of life between the two groups at different observation points (p < .01). The three evaluation indices of intervention group increased with the migration of observation time points and were significantly better than those of control group, especially the quality of life (84.35 ± 4.25 vs. 60.45 ± 8.42, p < .01). CONCLUSIONS: The hospital-family holistic care model based on 'Timing It Right' can effectively improve the psychological resilience, self-care ability and quality of life; reduce complications; and improve the health outcomes of patients with permanent enterostomy. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Patients with permanent enterostomy have different needs for nursing care at different stages of the disease, and they are dynamically changing. The hospital-family holistic care model based on 'Timing It Right' can effectively improve the health outcomes of patients with permanent enterostomy, which is worthy of clinical application.


Asunto(s)
Colostomía/psicología , Enfermería Holística/métodos , Calidad de Vida , Anciano , Neoplasias Colorrectales/cirugía , Colostomía/enfermería , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Evaluación de Resultado en la Atención de Salud , Resiliencia Psicológica , Autocuidado
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