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1.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 1022935, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36275509

RESUMEN

Cadmium (Cd) toxicity not only affects plant growth and development, but also affects human health through the food chain. Several studies have demonstrated that Selenium (Se) alleviates Cd stress in plants; however, whether and how Se-alleviated Cd stress by regulating the structure of soil microbial community remain largely unclear. Here, we investigated the alleviating effects of exogenous applied Se (foliar spraying or root application) on plant growth under Cd stress in perilla (Perilla frutescens L.) by measuring the biomass, photosynthetic fluorescence parameters, root cell wall components and soil microbial community structure and diversity. Under Cd stress, perilla seedlings supplemented with Se increased chlorophyll content. Foliar spraying Se increased the levels of relative chlorophyll content (ΦII), photosynthetic system II (ΦPSII) and electron transport rate (ETR) in perilla leaves under Cd stress; while, root application of Se increased the levels of photosynthetic rate (Pn), stomatal conductance (Gs), transpiration rate (Tr), water use efficiency (WUE) and stomatal limitation value (Ls) under Cd stress. Compared with Cd toxicity alone, root application of Se increased the contents of hemicellulosic 1 and hemicellulosic 2 in the cell wall of perilla roots. Cd toxicity or root application of Se did not affect soil bacterial community diversity. Root application of Se increased the relative abundance of Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Fibrobacteres, Sphingomonas and Nitrosospira in Cd-contaminated soil, and thereby improving soil microbial community structure, finally promoting the growth of perilla seedlings.

2.
Mol Ther ; 30(2): 644-661, 2022 02 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547462

RESUMEN

Preclinical and clinical studies have validated the antitumor effects of several oncolytic viruses (OVs). However, the efficacy of OVs is limited when they are administered as monotherapies. Combination therapy is a promising direction for oncolytic virotherapy in the future. A high dose of vitamin C (VitC) exerts anticancer effects by triggering the accretion of substantial amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS). OVs can induce immunogenic tumor cell death and elicit an antitumor immune response. ROS play an important role in immunogenic cell death (ICD). This study aimed to explore whether high-dose VitC in combination with oncolytic adenoviruses (oAds) exhibited a synergistic antitumor effect. High-dose VitC synergized with oAds against tumor by enhancing immunogenic tumor cell death. Combination therapy with high-dose VitC and oAds significantly increased the number of T cells in the tumor microenvironment (TME) and promoted the activation of T cells. Furthermore, the antitumor effect of the combination therapy was CD8+ T cell dependent. In addition, combination therapy with high-dose VitC and oAds reprogramed the immunosuppressive TME. Our study provides a new strategy for combination therapy of OVs.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias , Viroterapia Oncolítica , Virus Oncolíticos , Adenoviridae/genética , Humanos , Muerte Celular Inmunogénica , Neoplasias/terapia , Virus Oncolíticos/fisiología , Microambiente Tumoral
3.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem ; 78(4): 651-4, 2014.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25036963

RESUMEN

Studies indicated that lactate dehydrogenase C4 (LDH-C4) was a good target protein for development of contraceptive drugs. Virtual screening and in vitro enzyme assay using pika LDH-C4 as target protein revealed NSC61610, NSC215718, and NSC345647 with Ki of 7.8, 27, and 41 µM separately. This study might be helpful for development of pika contraceptive drugs.


Asunto(s)
Inhibidores Enzimáticos/farmacología , L-Lactato Deshidrogenasa/antagonistas & inhibidores , Lagomorpha , Animales , Dominio Catalítico , China , Evaluación Preclínica de Medicamentos , Inhibidores Enzimáticos/metabolismo , Isoenzimas/antagonistas & inhibidores , Isoenzimas/química , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , L-Lactato Deshidrogenasa/química , L-Lactato Deshidrogenasa/metabolismo , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular
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