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1.
J Med Chem ; 59(11): 5356-67, 2016 06 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27167608

RESUMEN

Elevated levels of human lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) are associated with cardiovascular disease and dementia. A fragment screen was conducted against Lp-PLA2 in order to identify novel inhibitors. Multiple fragment hits were observed in different regions of the active site, including some hits that bound in a pocket created by movement of a protein side chain (approximately 13 Å from the catalytic residue Ser273). Using structure guided design, we optimized a fragment that bound in this pocket to generate a novel low nanomolar chemotype, which did not interact with the catalytic residues.


Asunto(s)
1-Alquil-2-acetilglicerofosfocolina Esterasa/antagonistas & inhibidores , Descubrimiento de Drogas , Inhibidores Enzimáticos/farmacología , Pirazoles/farmacología , Tiazoles/farmacología , 1-Alquil-2-acetilglicerofosfocolina Esterasa/metabolismo , Sitios de Unión/efectos de los fármacos , Cristalografía por Rayos X , Relación Dosis-Respuesta a Droga , Evaluación Preclínica de Medicamentos , Inhibidores Enzimáticos/síntesis química , Inhibidores Enzimáticos/química , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Estructura Molecular , Pirazoles/síntesis química , Pirazoles/química , Relación Estructura-Actividad , Tiazoles/síntesis química , Tiazoles/química
2.
J Med Chem ; 52(2): 379-88, 2009 Jan 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19143567

RESUMEN

Here, we describe the identification of a clinical candidate via structure-based optimization of a ligand efficient pyrazole-benzimidazole fragment. Aurora kinases play a key role in the regulation of mitosis and in recent years have become attractive targets for the treatment of cancer. X-ray crystallographic structures were generated using a novel soakable form of Aurora A and were used to drive the optimization toward potent (IC(50) approximately 3 nM) dual Aurora A/Aurora B inhibitors. These compounds inhibited growth and survival of HCT116 cells and produced the polyploid cellular phenotype typically associated with Aurora B kinase inhibition. Optimization of cellular activity and physicochemical properties ultimately led to the identification of compound 16 (AT9283). In addition to Aurora A and Aurora B, compound 16 was also found to inhibit a number of other kinases including JAK2 and Abl (T315I). This compound demonstrated in vivo efficacy in mouse xenograft models and is currently under evaluation in phase I clinical trials.


Asunto(s)
Bencimidazoles/farmacología , Inhibidores de Proteínas Quinasas/farmacología , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinasas/antagonistas & inhibidores , Urea/análogos & derivados , Animales , Aurora Quinasa A , Aurora Quinasa B , Aurora Quinasas , Bencimidazoles/química , Bencimidazoles/farmacocinética , Línea Celular Tumoral , Cristalografía por Rayos X , Evaluación Preclínica de Medicamentos , Humanos , Ratones , Inhibidores de Proteínas Quinasas/química , Inhibidores de Proteínas Quinasas/farmacocinética , Relación Estructura-Actividad , Urea/química , Urea/farmacocinética , Urea/farmacología
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