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1.
Phytomedicine ; 123: 155160, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37984122

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Hypericum perforatum L. (HPL) is a potential traditional Chinese medicine. It could promotes menopausal 'kidney-yin deficiency syndrome' that characterized by renal function decline. However, its potential pharmacological effect and mechanism remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether HPL can improve menopausal renal function decline and to explore its mechanism of action. METHODS: The mainly ingredients of HPL were identified using UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS approach, and the potential therapeutic targets of HPL for renal function decline were chose via network pharmacology technique. The key therapeutic metabolites were selected through non-targeted metabolomic and chemometric methods. Then, the network were constructed and the key targets and metabolites were screened. At last, the validation experiments and mechanism exploring were adopted by using Immunofluorescence, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), real-time PCR (RT-PCR), and western blotting assays. RESULTS: mainly ingredients of HPL were identified and determined 17 compounds and 29 targets were chose as mainly active compounds and potential therapeutic targets. Based on OVX induced renal decline rat model, after chemometric analysis, 59 endo-metabolites were selected as key therapeutic metabolites, and AGE-RAGE signal pathway in diabetes complications was enriched as the key pathway. By constructing a "disease-component-target" network, Hyperoside, Quercetrin, and quinic were selected as the key therapeutic compounds, and the AKT1 and NOS3 were selected as the key therapeutic targets. The results of ELISA, RT-PCR and western blot experiments indicated that HPL could rescue the abnormal expressions both of AKT1 and NOS3, as well as their related metabolites distortion. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicated that HPL regulated expression of AKT1 and NOS3 through modulating AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in OVX stimulated rats` renal dysfunction, implicating the potential values of HPL in menopause syndromes therapy.


Asunto(s)
Antineoplásicos , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Hypericum , Femenino , Humanos , Animales , Ratas , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem , Metabolómica , Riñón , Ovariectomía , Aceites de Plantas , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt , Óxido Nítrico Sintasa de Tipo III
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 48(19): 5285-5293, 2023 Oct.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38114118

RESUMEN

This study aims to investigate the pathogenesis of chronic heart failure based on ferroptosis-mediated oxidative stress and predict the targets of Shenfu Injection in treating chronic heart failure. A rat model of chronic heart failure was established by the isoproterenol induction method. According to the random number table method, the modeled rats were assigned into three groups: a model group, a Shenfu Injection group, and a ferrostatin-1(ferroptosis inhibitor) group. In addition, a normal group was designed. After 15 days of intervention, the cardiac mass index and left ventricular mass index were determined. Echocardiography was employed to eva-luate the cardiac function. Hematoxylin-eosin staining and Masson staining were employed to reveal the pathological changes and fibrosis of the heart, and Prussian blue staining to detect the aggregation of iron ions in the myocardial tissue. Transmission electron microscopy was employed to observe the mitochondrion ultrastructure in the myocardial tissue. Colorimetry was adopted to measure the levels of iron metabolism, lipid peroxidation, and antioxidant indicators. Flow cytometry was employed to measure the content of lipid-reactive oxygen species(ROS) and the fluorescence intensity of ROS. Western blot and RT-qPCR were employed to determine the protein and mRNA levels, respectively, of ferroptosis-related factors in the myocardial tissue. The results showed that the rats in the model group had reduced cardiac function, elevated levels of total iron and Fe~(2+), lowered level of glutathione(GSH), increased malondialdehyde(MDA), decreased superoxide dismutase(SOD) and glutathione peroxidase(GSH-Px), and rising levels of ROS and lipid-ROS. In addition, the model group showed fibrous tissue hyperplasia with inflammatory cell infiltration and myocardial fibrosis, iron ion aggregation, and characteristic mitochondrial changes specific for iron death. Moreover, the model group showcased upregulated protein and mRNA levels of p53 and COX2 and downregulated protein and mRNA levels of GPX4, FTH1, SLC7A11, and Nrf2 in the myocardial tissue. The intervention with Shenfu Injection significantly improved the cardiac function, recovered the iron metabolism, lipid peroxidation, and antioxidant indicators, decreased iron deposition, improved mitochondrial structure and function, and alleviated inflammatory cell infiltration and fibrosis. Furthermore, Shenfu Injection downregulated the mRNA and protein levels of p53 and COX2 and upregulated the mRNA and protein levels of GPX4, FTH1, SLC7A11, and Nrf2 in the myocardial tissue. Shenfu Injection can improve the cardiac function by regulating iron metabolism, inhibiting ferroptosis, and reducing oxidative stress injury.


Asunto(s)
Ferroptosis , Insuficiencia Cardíaca , Animales , Ratas , Antioxidantes , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno , Ciclooxigenasa 2 , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2 , Proteína p53 Supresora de Tumor , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/tratamiento farmacológico , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/genética , Estrés Oxidativo , Enfermedad Crónica , Glutatión , Fibrosis , Hierro , ARN Mensajero , Lípidos
3.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 48(9): 914-22, 2023 Sep 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37730262

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To observe the anti-tumor effect of moxibustion with seed-sized moxa cones on Hepa1-6 liver cancer bearing (HLCB) mice and its regulatory mechanism on cell apoptosis. METHODS: A total of 40 male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control, moxibustion, cyclophosphamide (CTX) and moxibustion+CTX groups, with 10 mice in each group. The HLCB model was established by subcutaneous inoculation of Hepa1-6 cancer cells into the right armpit. Mice of the CTX and moxibustion+CTX groups were given intraperitoneal injection of CTX (30 mg/kg), once daily for 3 days. Moxibustion with seed-sized moxa cones were applied to "Dazhui" (GV14), bilateral"Zusanli" (ST36) and "Sanyinjiao" (SP6), with 5 moxa cones for each acupoint, once daily for 10 consecutive days. The survival status scores and body weight of HLCB mice were observed, and the tumor weight and tumor inhibition rate were detected. HE staining was used to observe the morphological changes of tumor tissue. ELISA was used to detect the levels of serum interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). Western blot and fluorescent quantitative real-time PCR were used to detect the protein and mRNA expressions of cysteine aspartate protease (Caspase) -3 and Caspase-9 in tumor tissues, separately. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the survival status scores, body weight, serum IL-2 and TNF-α levels were significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01), the tumor weight and serum IL-4 levels were significantly decreased (P<0.05) in the moxibustion group;while the survival status, body weight, tumor weight, serum IL-2 and IL-4 levels were significantly decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05), the content of TNF-α was significantly increased (P<0.01) in the CTX group. The protein and mRNA expressions of Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 in the 3 trentment groups were significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). In comparison with the moxibustion group, the survival status scores, body weight and tumor weight, serum content of IL-2 were significantly decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05). In contrast to the CTX group, the survival status scores, body weight, serum IL-2 and TNF-α content, and the expressions of Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 in tumor tissue were significantly increased (P<0.01, P<0.05), and the tumor weight and serum IL-4 content were significantly decreased (P<0.05) in the moxibustion+CTX group. Results of HE staining showed that the tumor cells in the control group had clear nuclear membranes and nucleoli, with more dividing cells; while less nuclear division and an increase in tumor necrosis areas were found in the 3 treatment groups. CONCLUSION: Moxibustion with seed-size moxa cone can enhance the anti-tumor effect of CTX and improve the quality of life of HLCB mice, which may be related with its effect in activating the expressions of Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 in tumor tissue.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Moxibustión , Masculino , Animales , Ratones , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Cisteína , Interleucina-2 , Caspasa 3 , Caspasa 9 , Interleucina-4 , Calidad de Vida , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa/genética , Apoptosis , Ciclofosfamida , Ácido Aspártico , Peso Corporal , ARN Mensajero
4.
BMC Pediatr ; 23(1): 248, 2023 05 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37210477

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of vitamin D supplementation on physical growth and neurologic development of very preterm infants receiving nesting intervention in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: A total of 196 preterm infants had been hospitalized in NICU with the gestational age (GA) between 28 and 32 weeks. Among them, 98 preterm infants received nesting intervention, and the other 98 cases received both nesting and vitamin D supplementation (400 IU). The interventions were continued until 36 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA). The 25(OH)D serum levels, anthropometric parameters, and Premie-Neuro (PN) scores were compared at 36 weeks PMA. RESULTS: Higher median serum level of 25(OH)D was found in the nesting + vitamin D [38.40 ng/mL (IQR: 17.20 ~ 70.88) ng/mL] as compared to the nesting group [15.95 ng/mL (IQR: 10.80 ~ 24.30) ng/mL] at 36 weeks PMA. Besides, infants receiving combined nesting intervention and vitamin D supplementation had less proportion of vitamin D deficiency [VDD, 25(OH)D levels < 20 ng/mL] than those receiving nesting intervention alone. After intervention, the anthropometric parameters of infants, including weight, length, BMI and head circumference were improved in the nesting + vitamin D group as compared to the nesting group at 36 weeks PMA, with higher scores of neurological, movement and responsiveness. CONCLUSIONS: Vitamin D supplementation effectively decreased the prevalence of VDD and led to higher concentrations of 25(OH)D at 36 weeks PMA. This was one more study that supported the necessity of vitamin D supplementation to improve physical growth and neurologic development of preterm-born newborns who received nesting intervention in the NICU.


Asunto(s)
Recien Nacido Prematuro , Deficiencia de Vitamina D , Lactante , Femenino , Recién Nacido , Humanos , Unidades de Cuidado Intensivo Neonatal , Vitamina D/uso terapéutico , Vitaminas , Suplementos Dietéticos
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 48(5): 1212-1217, 2023 Mar.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37005805

RESUMEN

Rhizome rot is one of the main disease in the cultivation of Polygonatum cyrtonema, and it is also a global disease which seriously occurs on the perennial medicinal plants such as Panax notoginseng and P. ginseng. There is no effective control method at present. To identify the effects of three biocontrol microbes(Penicillium oxalicum QZ8, Trichoderma asperellum QZ2, and Brevibacillus amyloliquefaciens WK1) on the pathogens causing rhizome rot of P. cyrtonema, this study verified six suspected pathogens for their pathogenicity on P. cyrtonema. The result showed that Fusarium sp. HJ4, Colletotrichum sp. HJ4-1, and Phomopsis sp. HJ15 were the pathogens of rhizome rot of P. cyrtonema, and it was found for the first time that Phomopsis sp. could cause rhizome rot P. cyrtonema. Furthermore, the inhibitory effects of biocontrol microbes and their secondary metabolites on three pathogens were determined by confrontation culture. The results showed that the three tested biocontrol microbes significantly inhibited the growth of three pathogens. Moreover, the secondary metabolites of T. asperellum QZ2 and B. amyloliquefaciens WK1 showed significant inhibition against the three pathogens(P<0.05), and the effect of B. amyloliquefaciens WK1 sterile filtrate was significantly higher than that of high tempe-rature sterilized filtrate(P<0.05). B. amyloliquefaciens WK1 produced antibacterial metabolites to inhibit the growth of pathogens, and the growth inhibition rate of its sterile filtrate against three pathogens ranged from 87.84% to 93.14%. T. asperellum QZ2 inhibited the growth of pathogens through competition and antagonism, and P. oxalicum QZ8 exerted the inhibitory effect through competition. The research provides new ideas for the prevention and treatment of rhizome rot of P. cyrtonema and provides a basis for the di-sease control in other crops.


Asunto(s)
Polygonatum , Rizoma
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(7)2023 Apr 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37047679

RESUMEN

As key regulators of the Jasmonates (JAs) signal transduction pathway, JAZ protein, and MYC transcription factors are imperative for plant response to external environmental changes, growth, and development. In this study, 18 StJAZs and 12 StMYCs were identified in potatoes. Their chromosomal position, phylogenetic development, gene structure, and promoter cis-acting parts of the StJAZ genes were analyzed. In addition, Protein-Protein Interaction (PPI) network analysis of StJAZ and StMYC gene families and yeast two-hybrid assay demonstrated that five StMYCs can interact with 16 StJAZs, which provides new insights into the operation mechanism of StJAZs and StMYCs in JA signal response. Moreover, we explored the expression profiles of StJAZs and StMYCs genes in different tissues and during abiotic stresses by RNA-seq data. Based on the PPI network and transcriptome data, the genes StJAZ11, StJAZ16, and StMYC6 were chosen for further qRT-PCR study under salt or mannitol treatment. Under mannitol-induced drought or salinity treatment, the expression patterns of StMYC6, StJAZ11, and StJAZ16 were different, indicating that the JAZ protein and MYC transcription factor may be engaged in the response of potatoes to abiotic stress, which opened up a new research direction for the genetic improvement of potatoes in response to environmental stress.


Asunto(s)
Solanum tuberosum , Solanum tuberosum/genética , Solanum tuberosum/metabolismo , Filogenia , Estrés Fisiológico/genética , Regiones Promotoras Genéticas , RNA-Seq , Regulación de la Expresión Génica de las Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
7.
Phytother Res ; 37(7): 2965-2978, 2023 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36879546

RESUMEN

Acute lung injury (ALI) caused by acute bacterial infection remains a common life-threatening lung disease. An increased inflammatory response is the basis for the occurrence and development of ALI. Most antibiotics can only reduce the bacterial load but do not protect from lung damage because of an excessive immune response. Chrysophanol (chrysophanic acid, Chr), as a natural anthraquinone extracted from Rheum palmatum L., has various biological functions, including anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer activities, and ameliorative effects on cardiovascular diseases. Considering these properties, we investigated the effect of Chr in Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP)-induced ALI mice and its potential mechanism. Our results showed that Chr had protective effects against KP-infected mice, including increased survival rate, decreased bacterial burden, reduced recruitment of immune cells, and reduced reactive oxygen species level of lung macrophages. Chr reduced the expression of inflammatory cytokines by inhibiting the toll-like receptor 4/nuclear factor kappa-B (TLR4/NF-κB) signaling pathway and inflammasome activation and strengthening autophagy. Overactivation of the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway by the activator Neoseptin 3 led to Chr losing control of inflammatory cytokines in cells, resulting in increased cell death. Similarly, overactivation of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase signaling pathway using the activator anisomycin resulted in Chr losing its inhibitory effect on NOD-like receptor thermal protein domain associated protein 3 (NFRP3) inflammasome activation, and cell viability was reduced. In addition, autophagy was blocked by siBeclin1, so Chr could not reduce inflammatory factors, and cell viability was markedly inhibited. Collectively, this work unravels the molecular mechanism underpinning Chr-alleviated ALI via inhibiting pro-inflammatory cytokines. Thus, Chr is a potential therapeutic agent for KP-induced ALI.


Asunto(s)
Lesión Pulmonar Aguda , FN-kappa B , Ratones , Animales , FN-kappa B/metabolismo , Receptor Toll-Like 4/metabolismo , Klebsiella pneumoniae/metabolismo , Inflamasomas , Lesión Pulmonar Aguda/tratamiento farmacológico , Lesión Pulmonar Aguda/inducido químicamente , Antraquinonas/farmacología , Antraquinonas/uso terapéutico , Pulmón , Citocinas/metabolismo , Lipopolisacáridos/farmacología
8.
Phytomedicine ; 112: 154709, 2023 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36774843

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Mailuo Shutong Pills (MLST) have displayed pharmacological activity against thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO). However, the active ingredients and therapeutic mechanism of MLST against TAO remained to be further clarified. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the active components of MLST and their synergistic mechanism against TAO by integrating pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacometabolomics (PM). METHODS: TAO model rats were established by sodium laurate solution. Firstly, the efficacy of MLST was evaluated by gangrene score, blood flow velocity, and hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining. Secondly, PK research was conducted on bioavailable components to characterize their dynamic behaviors under TAO. Thirdly, multiple plasma and urine metabolic biomarkers for sodium laurate-induced TAO rats were found by untargeted metabolomics, and then variations in TAO-altered metabolites following MLST treatment were analyzed utilizing multivariate and bioinformatic analysis. Additionally, metabolic pathway analysis was performed using MetaboAnalyst. Finally, the dynamic link between absorbed MLST-compounds and TAO-associated endogenous metabolites was established by correlation analysis. RESULTS: MLST significantly alleviated gangrene symptoms by improving the infiltration of inflammatory cells and blood supply in TAO rats. Significant differences in metabolic profiles were found in 17 differential metabolites in plasma and 24 in urine between Sham and TAO rats. The 10 bioavailable MLST-compounds, such as chlorogenic acid and paeoniflorin, showed positive or negative correlations with various TAO-altered metabolites related to glutamate metabolism, histidine metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism and so on. CONCLUSION: This study originally investigated the dynamic interaction between MLST and the biosystem, providing unique insight for disclosing the active components of MLST and their synergistic mechanisms against TAO, which also shed light on new therapeutic targets for TAO and treatment.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Tradicional de Asia Oriental , Tromboangitis Obliterante , Ratas , Animales , Tromboangitis Obliterante/tratamiento farmacológico , Tromboangitis Obliterante/inducido químicamente , Gangrena , Tipificación de Secuencias Multilocus
9.
Dig Liver Dis ; 55(7): 899-906, 2023 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36669995

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the safety and the long-term outcomes of transarterial embolization (TAE) with lipiodol-bleomycin emulsion (LBE) plus N-Butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) in the treatment of children with large symptomatic focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH). METHODS: This is a retrospective case serial study. Children (aged <18 years) with FNH were treated. Indications for TAE were patients who were presenting with FNH related abdominal pain and the maximum diameter of FNH is more than 7 cm, and who were not candidates for surgical treatment. Technical success, adverse events, symptoms relief rate, and changes in the lesion size after TAE were evaluated. RESULTS: Between January 2003 and February 2018, 17 pediatric patients were included. Technical success was achieved in all patients. Mean follow-up was 67.5 months. All patients had complete resolution of abdominal symptom. The mean largest diameter of the lesions decreased from 10.5 cm to 1.9 cm (P < 0.01). The mean volume reduction rate was 96.9%. The complete resolution of the FNH was observed in 16 patients. No further therapy was needed for all patients. CONCLUSIONS: TAE with LBE plus NBCA appears to be a safe and effective treatment in pediatric patients with large symptomatic FNH. It could be considered as the first-line treatment for symptomatic large FNH.


Asunto(s)
Embolización Terapéutica , Enbucrilato , Hiperplasia Nodular Focal , Humanos , Niño , Hiperplasia Nodular Focal/terapia , Hiperplasia Nodular Focal/patología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Embolización Terapéutica/efectos adversos , Bleomicina , Aceite Etiodizado
10.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 433-439, 2023.
Artículo en Chino | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986148

RESUMEN

Drug-induced liver injury influencing factors are complex and have diverse clinical manifestations. Simple and reliable diagnostic methods are still deficient, and further classification of toxicological mechanisms is required. There are numerous pertinent discrepancies between domestic and international guidelines aimed at drug-induced liver injury diagnosis and treatment, with partial to no consensus on the content. The American Gastroenterological Association's 2021 Clinical Guidelines, the Asia-Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver's 2021 Consensus Guidelines, the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences' 2020 International Consensus, the European Society's Hepatology Committee's 2019 Clinical Practice Guidelines, and the 2015 Chinese Medical Association Guidelines are five influential clinical guidelines on drug-induced liver injury at home and abroad. The epidemiology, risk factors, diagnosis and evaluation, treatment management, and other contents, particularly traditional Chinese medicine, were compared and analyzed using other relevant consensus opinions or guidelines in order to improve understanding and provide a reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment of drug-induced liver injury.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Enfermedad Hepática Inducida por Sustancias y Drogas/terapia , Medicina Tradicional China
11.
Artículo en Chino | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970592

RESUMEN

Rhizome rot is one of the main disease in the cultivation of Polygonatum cyrtonema, and it is also a global disease which seriously occurs on the perennial medicinal plants such as Panax notoginseng and P. ginseng. There is no effective control method at present. To identify the effects of three biocontrol microbes(Penicillium oxalicum QZ8, Trichoderma asperellum QZ2, and Brevibacillus amyloliquefaciens WK1) on the pathogens causing rhizome rot of P. cyrtonema, this study verified six suspected pathogens for their pathogenicity on P. cyrtonema. The result showed that Fusarium sp. HJ4, Colletotrichum sp. HJ4-1, and Phomopsis sp. HJ15 were the pathogens of rhizome rot of P. cyrtonema, and it was found for the first time that Phomopsis sp. could cause rhizome rot P. cyrtonema. Furthermore, the inhibitory effects of biocontrol microbes and their secondary metabolites on three pathogens were determined by confrontation culture. The results showed that the three tested biocontrol microbes significantly inhibited the growth of three pathogens. Moreover, the secondary metabolites of T. asperellum QZ2 and B. amyloliquefaciens WK1 showed significant inhibition against the three pathogens(P<0.05), and the effect of B. amyloliquefaciens WK1 sterile filtrate was significantly higher than that of high tempe-rature sterilized filtrate(P<0.05). B. amyloliquefaciens WK1 produced antibacterial metabolites to inhibit the growth of pathogens, and the growth inhibition rate of its sterile filtrate against three pathogens ranged from 87.84% to 93.14%. T. asperellum QZ2 inhibited the growth of pathogens through competition and antagonism, and P. oxalicum QZ8 exerted the inhibitory effect through competition. The research provides new ideas for the prevention and treatment of rhizome rot of P. cyrtonema and provides a basis for the di-sease control in other crops.


Asunto(s)
Polygonatum , Rizoma
12.
Artículo en Chino | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993157

RESUMEN

Objective:To investigate the radiation dose and fractionation regimens for limited stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) in Chinese radiation oncologists.Methods:Over 500 radiation oncologists were surveyed through questionnaire for radiation dose and fractionation regimens for LS-SCLC and 216 valid samples were collected for further analysis. All data were collected by online questionnaire designed by WJX software. Data collection and statistical analysis were performed by SPSS 25.0 statistical software. The differences in categorical variables among different groups were analyzed by Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test. Results:Among 216 participants, 94.9% preferred early concurrent chemoradiotherapy, 69.4% recommended conventional fractionation, 70.8% preferred a total dose of 60 Gy when delivering conventional radiotherapy and 78.7% recommended 45 Gy when administering hyperfractionated radiotherapy.Conclusions:Despite differences in LS-SCLC treatment plans, most of Chinese radiation oncologists prefer to choose 60 Gy conventional fractionated radiotherapy as the main treatment strategy for LS-SCLC patients. Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology (CSCO), National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) and Chinese Medical Association guidelines or expert consensus play a critical role in guiding treatment decision-making.

13.
Artículo en Chino | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980763

RESUMEN

To explore the methods of the explicitation of implicit knowledge and the construction of knowledge graph on moxibustion in medical case records of ZHOU Mei-sheng's Jiusheng. The medical case records data of Jiusheng was collected, the frequency statistic was analyzed based on Python3.8.6, complex network analysis was performed using Gephi9.2 software, community analysis was performed by the ancient and modern medical case cloud platform V2.3.5, and analysis and verification of correlation graph and weight graph were proceed by Neo4j3.5.25 image database. The disease systems with frequency≥10 % were surgery, ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology, locomotor, digestive and respiratory systems. The diseases under the disease system were mainly carbuncle, arthritis, lumbar disc herniation and headache. The commonly used moxibustion methods were fumigating moxibustion, blowing moxibustion, direct moxibustion and warming acupuncture. The core prescription of points obtained by complex network analysis included Yatong point, Zhiyang(GV 9), Sanyinjiao(SP 6), Dazhui(GV 14), Zusanli(ST 36), Lingtai(GV 10), Xinshu(BL 15), Zhijian point and Hegu(LI 4), which were basically consistent with high-frequency points. A total of 6 communities were obtained by community analysis, corresponding to different diseases. Through the analysis of correlation graph, 13 pairs of strong association rule points were obtained. The correlation between Zhiyang(GV 9)-Dazhui(GV 14) and Yatong point-Lingtai(GV 10) was the strongest. The acupoints with high correlation with Yatong point were Zhiyang(GV 9), Lingtai(GV 10), Dazhui(GV 14), Zusanli(ST 36) and Sanyinjiao(SP 6). In the weight graph of the high-frequency disease system, the relationship of the first weight of the surgery system disease was fumigating moxibustion-carbuncle-Yatong point, and the relationship of the first weight of the ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology system disease was blowing moxibustion-laryngitis-Hegu (LI 4). The results of correlation graph and weight graph are consistent with the results of data mining, which can be used as an effective way to study the knowledge base of moxibustion diagnosis and treatment in the future.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Moxibustión , Ántrax , Reconocimiento de Normas Patrones Automatizadas , Terapia por Acupuntura , Puntos de Acupuntura
14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1362-1366, 2023.
Artículo en Chino | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978634

RESUMEN

AIM: To observe the clinical efficacy of Yishen Yanggan Mingmu formula combined with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)in the treatment of wet age-related macular degeneration(wARMD).METHODS: A total of 58 patients(58 eyes)with wARMD who were treated in Ningbo Eye Hospital from September 2020 to November 2022 were collected. They were divided into two groups according to randomized digital table: 29 patients(29 eyes)for the combination group and the other 29 patients(29 eyes)for the injection group. The injection group was only given intravitreal injection of conbercept; the combination group was orally administrated with Yishen Yanggan Mingmu formula combined with intravitreal injection of conbercept. The best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), central macular thickness(CMT)and the improvement of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)syndromes after 3mo of treatment were observed and the clinical efficacy was evaluated.RESULTS: After 3mo of treatment, the total improved effective rate of the combination group(76%)was higher than the rate of the injection group(66%). After the treatment, the BCVA of the two groups was both higher than that before treatment(P&#x003C;0.05), the CMT in both groups was lower than that before the treatment(P&#x003C;0.05), and the improvement of CMT of the combination group was better than the injection group(-155.93±143.79μm vs. -95.36±56.81μm, P&#x003C;0.05). After 3mo of treatment, each kinds of TCM syndrome in the combination group were significantly improved compared with those syndromes before the treatment(P&#x003C;0.001). In the injection group, only blurred vision was improved(P&#x003C;0.05). After the treatment, the scores of dizziness and insomnia, soreness and weakness of waist and knees, paleness and cold limbs, dry eyes and fatigue in the combination group were significantly lower than the injection group(P&#x003C;0.001).CONCLUSIONS: The Yishen Yanggan Mingmu formula combined with intravitreal anti-VEGF drug injection is effective in the treatment of wARMD.

16.
Ann Bot ; 130(5): 749-762, 2022 11 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35961674

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Elucidating how plant species respond to variable light conditions is important to understand the ecological adaptation to heterogeneous natural habitats. Plant performance and its underlying gene regulatory network have been well documented in sun-grown plants. However, the phenotypic and molecular responses of shade-grown plants under variable light conditions have remained largely unclear. METHODS: We assessed the differences in phenotypic performance between Panax ginseng (shade-grown) and Arabidopsis thaliana (sun-grown) under sunlight, shade and deep-shade conditions. To further address the molecular bases underpinning the phenotypic responses, we compared time-course transcriptomic expression profiling and candidate gene structures between the two species. KEY RESULTS: Our results show that, compared with arabidopsis, ginseng plants not only possess a lower degree of phenotypic plasticity among the three light conditions, but also exhibit higher photosynthetic efficiency under shade and deep-shade conditions. Further comparisons of the gene expression and structure reveal that differential transcriptional regulation together with increased copy number of photosynthesis-related genes (e.g. electron transfer and carbon fixation) may improve the photosynthetic efficiency of ginseng plants under the two shade conditions. In contrast, the inactivation of phytochrome-interacting factors (i.e. absent and no upregulation of the PIF genes) are potentially associated with the observed low degree of phenotypic plasticity of ginseng plants under variable light conditions. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides new insights into how shade-grown plants respond to variable light conditions. Candidate genes related to shade adaptation in ginseng provide valuable genetic resources for future molecular breeding of high-density planting crops.


Asunto(s)
Arabidopsis , Panax , Panax/genética , Panax/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Luz , Arabidopsis/genética , Fotosíntesis/genética
17.
BMC Psychol ; 10(1): 178, 2022 Jul 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35854347

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based intervention (MBI), an emotion-focused approach, has been shown promising and sustainable effects on enhancing the well-being of caregivers of patients with dementia (PWD). However, the conventional MBI was quite demanding, had high rates of attrition and inconsistent long-term effect. The social distancing measures introduced during the COVID-19 pandemic also restricted face-to-face psychosocial intervention. The study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a 6-week hybrid MBI in caregivers of PWD over a 6-month follow up. METHODS: This is a single-blinded, parallel-group randomized controlled trial (RCT). Eligible participants from three local nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) will be randomly divided into intervention groups and control groups in a ratio of 1:1. The participants in the intervention group will receive 6 weekly 90-min group-based sessions delivered through a face-to-face and online approach. The participants in the control group will receive brief education on dementia care with the same group size, duration, and frequency as the sessions in the intervention group. Immediately after the intervention and at the 6-month follow-up, caring stress and other outcomes will be assessed. Besides, a focus group interview will be conducted to identify the strengths, limitations, and therapeutic components of the intervention from their perspectives. For quantitative data, intention-to-treat analysis and Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) will be used. For qualitative data, content analysis will be used. DISCUSSION: This proposed hybrid model of MBI has several advantages, such as lower duration, longer follow-up period and easier access by family caregivers. Also, physiological indicators (e.g., heart rate viability and neuropsychiatric symptoms) will be measured in this study to show the body change after MBI. The quantitative and qualitative data of this research can also benefit the development of online or hybrid MBI for caregivers of PWD during the COVID-19 pandemic. Despite these strengths, it does have practical challenges and limitations. However, this proposed intervention has the potential to benefit not only the participants, but also the researcher as well as public health providers. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT05242614. Registered on 2022-02-16, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT05242614.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Demencia , Atención Plena , Cuidadores/psicología , Demencia/terapia , Emociones , Humanos , Atención Plena/métodos , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto
18.
Phytomedicine ; 104: 154313, 2022 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35810519

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Mailuoshutong pill (MLSTP) is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for the treatment of Thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO, Buerger's disease) which is a segmental non-atherosclerotic inflammatory occlusive disorder. However, the mechanism and quality standards of MLSTP have not been sufficiently studied. PURPOSE: This work aims to investigate the potential mechanisms and quality markers (Q-markers) of MLSTP treating TAO based on the chinmedomics strategy. METHODS: The therapeutical effect of MLSTP on TAO rats was evaluated by changes in body weight and clinical score, regional blood flow velocity and perfused blood vessel distribution, hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining, serum metabolic profile. Moreover, both endogenous metabolites and exogenous components were simultaneously detected in serum based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with a Q Exactive hybrid quadrupole-orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS), and multivariate analysis was applied to identify the biomarkers, as well as the dynamic changes of metabolites were observed to explore the mechanism of action of MLSTP. In addition, the pharmacodynamic material basis were identified by correlation analysis between biomarkers and absorbed constituents. Finally, the Q-markers of MLSTP were determined according to the screening principles of Q-marker and validated the measurability. RESULTS: MLSTP treatment alleviated disease severity of TAO, reduced inflammatory infiltration, and ameliorated vascular function. 26 potential biomarkers associated with glutamate metabolism, linoleic acid metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism and so on were identified. Besides, 27 prototypical components were identified in serum, 16 of which were highly correlated with efficacy and could serve as the pharmacodynamic material basis of MLSTP against TAO. In addition, 7 compounds, namely, sweroside, chlorogenic acid, calycosin-7-glucoside, formononetin, paeoniflorin, liquiritigenin and 3-butylidenephthalide, were considered as potential Q-markers of MLSTP. Ultimately, the measurability of the seven Q-markers was validated by rapid identifcation and quantifcation. CONCLUSION: This study successfully clarified the therapeutic effect and Q-markers of MLSTP by chinmedomics strategy, which is of great significance for the establishment of quality standards. Furthermore, it provides a certain reference for the screening of Q-markers in TCM prescriptions.


Asunto(s)
Biomarcadores , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Tromboangitis Obliterante , Animales , Biomarcadores/análisis , Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Presión/métodos , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/química , Medicina Tradicional China , Metabolómica , Ratas , Tromboangitis Obliterante/tratamiento farmacológico
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(7): 1802-1813, 2022 Apr.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35534250

RESUMEN

This study analyzed the quality markers(Q-markers) of Yuquan Capsules(YQC) based on serum pharmacochemistry of Chinese medicine and detected the components and metabolites of YQC absorbed into the blood by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS and UNIFI systems. As a result, 32 components of YQC were detected, including 17 prototype components and 15 metabolized components. Among them, 12 prototype components(ginsenoside Rh_2, genistein, formononetin, puerarin, daidzein, schizandrin A, schizandrin B, schizandrin C, schizandrol A, schizandrol B, gomisin D, and ononin) and 12 metabolized components(ginsenoside Rg_1, ginsenoside Rg_2, ginsenoside Rg_3, ginsenoside Ro, 3'-methoxypuerarin, daidzin, astragaloside Ⅱ, astragaloside Ⅳ, glycyrrhizic acid, liquiritigenin, isoliquiritin, and verbascoside) showed inhibitory effects and pharmacological activities against diabetes, and these 24 blood-entering components against diabetes were identified as Q-markers of YQC.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Ginsenósidos , Cápsulas , Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Presión , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Ginsenósidos/análisis , Medicina Tradicional China , Suero/química
20.
Eur J Psychotraumatol ; 13(1): 2023314, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35140880

RESUMEN

Background: With the development of positive psychology, posttraumatic growth research on cancer patients has attracted increasing attention from researchers. It is immensely important to effectively increase the posttraumatic growth level of cancer patients and improve their quality of life. Objectives: To investigate the effectiveness of a nurse-led mindfulness-based Tai Chi Chuan (MTCC) programme for increasing posttraumatic growth (PTG) and decreasing the perceived stress and anxiety of breast cancer survivors. Methods: A RCT was conducted. Participants were randomly assigned to either the MTCC group or the control group. The programme included 59 women with stage I-III breast cancer. Participants in the intervention group participated in a nurse-led 8-week, twice a week, one-hour per day mindfulness-based exercise programme. The effectiveness of the intervention was measured three times (T1 - before intervention; T2 - after intervention; T3 - one year after intervention) using validated scales, including the PTG inventory (PTGI), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS). A repeated-measure analysis of variance model was used to analyse the data. Results: Compared with the wait-list control group, the PTG level in the MTCC group was much higher after the 8-week intervention and the follow-up (F = 374.98, P < .000). The results showed that MTCC increased the level of PTG, and the effect persisted 1 year after intervention. In addition, PSS (F = 55.22, P < .000) and SAS (F = 148.92, P < .000) scores were significantly decreased at T2 and T3. Conclusion: The research preliminarily revealed that the MTCC programme was simple, effective, and more suitable to clinical nurses which should be recommended to cancer survivors to promote their recovery.


Antecedentes: Con el desarrollo de la psicología positiva, la investigación de crecimiento postraumático en pacientes con cáncer ha atraído cada vez más la atención de los investigadores. Es sumamente importante aumentar de manera eficaz el nivel de crecimiento postraumático de los pacientes con cáncer y mejorar su calidad de vida.Objetivos: Investigar la efectividad de un programa de Tai Chi Chuan basado en mindfulness (MTCC en sus siglas en inglés) dirigido por enfermeras para aumentar el crecimiento postraumático (PTG en sus siglas en inglés) y disminuir la percepción de estrés y ansiedad de las sobrevivientes de cáncer de mama.Métodos: Se condujo un ECA. Las participantes fueron asignadas al azar al grupo MTCC o al grupo control. El programa incluyó a cincuenta y nueve mujeres con cáncer de mama en estadio I-III. Las participantes en el grupo de intervención participaron en un programa de ejercicios basados en mindfulness dirigido por enfermeras, de 8 semanas, dos veces por semana, de una hora diaria. La efectividad de la intervención se midió tres veces (T1 ­ antes de la intervención; T2 ­ después de la intervención; T3 ­ un año después de la intervención) usando escalas validadas, incluidas el inventario de PTG (PTGI), la Escala de Estrés Percibida (PSS) y la Escala de Ansiedad Auto-reportada (SAS). Para analizar los datos se utilizó un modelo de análisis de varianza de medidas repetidas.Resultados: En comparación con el grupo control de la lista de espera, el nivel de PTG en el grupo MTCC fue mucho más alto después de intervención de 8 semanas y al seguimiento (F = 374.98, P< 0.000). Los resultados mostraron que la MTCC aumentó los niveles de PTG y el efecto persistió un año después de la intervención. Además, las puntuaciones de PSS (F = 55.22, P< 0.000) y SAS (F = 148.92, P< 0.000) disminuyeron significativamente en T2 y T3.Conclusiones: Las investigaciones preliminares revelaron que el programa de MTCC era simple, efectivo y más adecuado para las enfermeras clínicas, lo que debería recomendarse a las sobrevivientes de cáncer para promover su recuperación.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/terapia , Supervivientes de Cáncer/psicología , Atención Plena , Rol de la Enfermera , Crecimiento Psicológico Postraumático , Taichi Chuan , Ansiedad/prevención & control , Femenino , Humanos , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Estrés Psicológico/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
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