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1.
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol ; 66(5): 845-50, 2010 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20082080

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Fenretinide is a synthetic retinoid with activity in prostate cancer and other cell lines. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and tolerability of fenretinide in chemotherapy-naïve men with hormone refractory prostate cancer. METHODS: Eligibility criteria included hormone refractory prostate cancer with a rising PSA at least 6 weeks after peripheral anti-androgen withdrawal, ECOG performance status (PS) 0-1, and no prior chemotherapy. Fenretinide was administered orally at 900 mg m(-2) twice daily for 7 of every 21 days. PSA was measured before each cycle. The primary endpoint was a > or =50% reduction in PSA maintained for at least 3 weeks; secondary endpoints included duration of PSA response, time to treatment failure (TTF: treatment stopped for progression or toxicity) and adverse events (AE). RESULTS: Twenty seven pts were recruited from 7 centres over 27 months. Median age was 74 (range 49-86), median baseline PSA was 129 (range 19-1,000), and 70% had a PS of 0. The median number of cycles received was 2 (range 0-11) and 20 pts completed at least 1 cycle. One pt (4%) achieved a 50% reduction in PSA lasting 39 days and 15 pts (56%) had not progressed within 6 weeks of starting fenretinide. The median TTF was 54 days (IQR 19-73): 22 (81%) failed with tumour progression, 3 (11%) failed with toxicity and 2 (7%) never commenced the drug. Grade 3 rash occurred in 1 patient, all other AE were grade 1 or 2. The most common AE were nausea (40%), hot flushes (36%), constipation (32%) and nyctalopia (32%). CONCLUSION: High-dose fenretinide had limited anti-tumour activity in patients with advanced hormone refractory prostate cancer: further evaluation in this setting is not warranted.


Asunto(s)
Antineoplásicos/uso terapéutico , Fenretinida/uso terapéutico , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangre , Neoplasias de la Próstata/tratamiento farmacológico , Administración Oral , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Antineoplásicos/efectos adversos , Progresión de la Enfermedad , Fenretinida/efectos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias de la Próstata/patología , Insuficiencia del Tratamiento
2.
J Clin Oncol ; 16(5): 1948-53, 1998 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9586914

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Docetaxel (Taxotere, Rhone-Poulenc Rorer, Antony, France) and cisplatin are two of the most active single agents used in the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A recently reported phase I study of the combination of docetaxel and cisplatin recommended a dose of 75 mg/m2 of both drugs every 3 weeks for subsequent phase II study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligible patients were aged 18 to 75 years with a World Health Organization (WHO) performance status < or = 2 and life expectancy > or = 12 weeks, with metastatic and/or locally advanced NSCLC proven histologically or cytologically. Patients were not permitted to have received prior chemotherapy, extensive radiotherapy, or any radiotherapy to the target lesion and must have had measurable disease. Concurrent treatment with colony-stimulating factors (CSFs) or prophylactic antibiotics was not permitted. Docetaxel (75 mg/m2) in 250 mL 5% dextrose was given intravenously (i.v.) over 1 hour immediately before cisplatin (75 mg/m2) in 500 mL normal saline given i.v. over 1 hour in 3-week cycles. Premedication included ondansetron, dexamethasone, promethazine, and standard hyperhydration with magnesium supplementation. RESULTS: A total of 47 patients, two thirds of whom had metastatic disease, were entered onto this phase II study. The majority of patients were male (72%) and of good (WHO 0 to 1) performance status (85%). All 47 patients were assessable for toxicity and 36 were for response. Three patients were ineligible and eight (17%) discontinued treatment because of significant toxicity. In assessable patients, the overall objective response rate was 38.9% (95% confidence limits [CL], 23.1% to 56.5%), 36.1% had stable disease, and 25% progressive disease. On an intention-to-treat analysis, the objective response rate was 29.8%. Median survival was 9.6 months and estimated 1-year survival was 33%. Significant (grade 3/4) toxicities included nausea (26%), hypotension (15%), diarrhea (13%), and dyspnea mainly related to chest infection (13%). One patient experienced National Cancer Institute (NCI) grade 3 neurosensory toxicity after eight cycles. Grade 3/4 neutropenia was common and occurred in 87% of patients, but thrombocytopenia > or = grade 3 was rare (one patient). Significant (grade 3/4) abnormalities of magnesium levels were common (24%). Febrile neutropenia occurred in 13% of patients and neutropenic infection in 11%, contributing to two treatment-related deaths. No neutropenic enterocolitis or severe fluid retention was reported. CONCLUSION: Compared with other active regimens used in this setting, the combination of docetaxel and cisplatin in advanced NSCLC is an active regimen with a similar toxicity profile to other combination regimens.


Asunto(s)
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamiento farmacológico , Taxoides , Adulto , Anciano , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efectos adversos , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas/mortalidad , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas/patología , Cisplatino/administración & dosificación , Cisplatino/efectos adversos , Progresión de la Enfermedad , Docetaxel , Femenino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidad , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Paclitaxel/administración & dosificación , Paclitaxel/efectos adversos , Paclitaxel/análogos & derivados , Tasa de Supervivencia
3.
Br J Cancer ; 75(5): 690-7, 1997.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9043026

RESUMEN

This study assesses the effect of adding continuous-infusion fluorouracil to palliative thoracic radiation therapy (RT) on the rate and duration of symptom relief in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Two hundred eligible patients with NSCLC were randomized to receive either 20 Gy in five daily fractions as palliation for intrathoracic disease or the same RT with concurrent continuous infusion of 1 g m(-2) day(-1) fluorouracil for 5 days. Survival, response and rates of symptom relief in the two groups were compared according to treatment intent, and toxicities were compared according to treatment received. The overall response rate was higher in patients randomized to the combination (29%) than in patients randomized to RT alone (16%) (P = 0.035). However, there were no significant differences between the treatment arms in terms of overall or progression-free survival or in palliation of symptoms. Patients treated with RT plus fluorouracil had significantly more acute toxicity, including nausea and vomiting (P = 0.01), oesophagitis (P = 0.0003), stomatitis (P = 0.0005) and skin reaction (P = 0.003). This study suggests for the first time an interaction between RT and infusional fluorouracil in NSCLC. Although RT plus fluorouracil resulted in a significantly higher response rate than achieved with RT alone, this did not translate into more effective palliation. Because the combination produced significantly more toxicity than RT alone, it is not recommended for the palliative treatment of NSCLC. Nevertheless, these results suggest that opportunities may exist for exploitation of the observed enhancement of antitumour effect in the setting of high-dose radical RT for NSCLC.


Asunto(s)
Antimetabolitos Antineoplásicos/uso terapéutico , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas/tratamiento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas/radioterapia , Fluorouracilo/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Antimetabolitos Antineoplásicos/efectos adversos , Terapia Combinada , Femenino , Fluorouracilo/efectos adversos , Humanos , Infusiones Intravenosas , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos , Calidad de Vida , Radioterapia/efectos adversos
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